In connection with the celebration of the 12th Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Day (NNPD), Hibre Biher Magazine held exclusive interview with Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn on the significance of celeberating NNPD and other related issues. Here follows the second and last part of the interview. Excerpts:
Question: Some claim that all the conflicts that have occurred in the country emanated because of the shortcomings of the federal system. What is your reflection on this point?
PM: As I have mentioned earlier, the federal system has enabled us to resolve fundamental sources of conflicts and answered the basic questions of the peoples of Ethiopia. Our country has been in [civil] war for so many years and it is the federal system that ended it.
The current conflicts could not be compared with the war at that time. The federal system is not the basic cause of the conflicts. Conflicts may not only occur due to boarder disputes. They might also result from resources such as grazing land or other economic benefits. The point here must be finding solutions after identifying the causes of the conflict. We have managed to confirm that over the last 26 years, our federal system has proven itself as means of addressing the fundamental causes of conflict and other issues. Hence, the [current] conflicts and other related issues for sure would be resolved. When the ruling party and its affiliates resolve their internal issues, the problem would be resolved.
It is a political problem which is not related with the federal system. The problem is related with rent seeking. Whether in a unitary or federal systems, rent seeking is a basic cause of conflict. In fact, the fundamental questions have already been addressed. This has been manifested through the successive double digit economic growth registered over the past 15 years. We are now the second fastest growing economy in the world.
We have sustained and ensured peace. The clashes here and there do not put the federal system in question. Our federal system is heading in the right direction. The NNPs are living together harmoniously with love and equality thereby cementing their strong unity. By any means, the federal system could not be a source of conflicts. Above all, Ethiopians do believe this reality.
Question: How do you assess the role and contribution of the House of Federation and other democratic institutions in consolidating the democratic system and unity of the people?
PM: The process of building a democratic system is related with building the culture of democracy. In the country which had for many years been devoid of democratic practices, it is tough to instill the culture among the public and build a democratic culture. It is important to start to work from primary school level to deepen the culture of democracy among the youth.
Experiences of many countries have shown that building democracy is not a short term phenomena. Even the developed countries, which have been nurturing the democratic system for 200 and 300 years, have not yet made it complete.
Of course, democracy will grow with times and develop as a culture. For this to happen, responsible institutions must be established. One of these institutions is schools where democratic practices are nurtured. Civic associations also have their own responsibilities. They play critical role in raising the awareness and enhancing participation of the public in the democratization process.
There are also Constitutional institutions such as the House of Federation, which is the council of the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of the country. It is also an institution that ensures fair and equal resource distribution as well as budget subsidy as per the federal system.
This council of nations and nationalities is established with the mandate to enhance the democratic process in the country. The House is also mandated with the task of interpreting the Constitution. Therefore, we can understand that the council has potential to consolidate nations, nationalities and peoples’ unity thereby creating a single political and economic community. It is also working to solidify the federal system through strengthening the relations between states.
By distinguishing the rights and duties of each government structure, our Constitution has put in place a system that guides the relations between the federal and state governments. In general, based on its constitutional mandate, the House of Federation is playing a role in nurturing common values and building strong unity among the peoples of Ethiopia.
Besides, the House of Peoples Representatives, state councils, Human Rights Commission and Office of the Ombudsman are also playing a significant role in nurturing democratic culture. The media is also a prominent institution with a potential to deepen the democratic system.
Eventually, these institutions are expected to create national consensus on democracy and fight backwardness to advance modern democracy.
Religious institutions have also a big role in this regard. As it is clearly stated in the Constitution, government and religion are separated. Government should not interfere in religious matters and vice-versa. It is agreeable that religious institutions should instill the very essence of the Constitution to build nationalism. Precisely, the aggregate efforts of all democratic institutions and other pertinent actors are immensely contributing towards deepening democratic culture in the country.
Question: It has been exactly a decade since the dawn of the Ethiopian millennium. How has been the country’s renaissance journey in the following decade? And what is the expectation in the following years?
PM: At the beginning of the third millennium in 2000 EC, the country has declared that the following years would be the age of Ethiopian Renaissance. History has it that Ethiopia was once among the civilized nations. Many are always asking why we could not maintain the momentum of civilization.
For instance, our countrymen had bravely defeated a well-armed foreign colonial army using their unity and courage. That shining victory is colorfully recorded in the history of the black people and honors Ethiopia as a beacon of freedom.
Having such glory in the past, the [status of the] country had been deteriorating, as it failed to accommodate differences and diversities.
Capitalizing on the achievements registered during the decade before the millennium and the promising opportunities that followed the new millennium, we have launched a campaign to proclaim the country’s renaissance by making poverty history, and getting rid of dependency and war. We just want to change the bad image of the country by making it center of civilization and progress once again. It is against this backdrop that the country’s renaissance was proclaimed.
As far as we march together with stern commitment, we can certainly achieve our aspirations. When we say renaissance, we mean getting rid of the things that caused disgrace on the country and regain its previous elevated spirit. Being proud of the past could not achieve this goal. Rather, this generation should write its own history. Over the past ten years that followed the dawn of the millennium, the country has registered rapid and fair economic growth.
We have registered 10.5 percent economic growth on average. We have achieved a lot. If we maintain this pace for additional ten years, we can become a middle income country and make poverty history. Our achievements over the last ten years have laid the foundation for the successful journey of the third millennium. In the coming 30 to 40 years, we will possibly become a developed nation.
Therefore, we should take note that we have to intensify our efforts in the coming 40 years to ensure the renaissance.
To realize this grand aspiration, we should step up our fight against anti-democratic practice, take corrective measures and ensure economic structural transformation, active participation of the public as well as good governance.
The fight against poverty must not be stopped for a second. The spirit of renaissance would give impetus to the bitter struggle to defeat poverty.
Question: We have been implementing various development projects with the aim to become a lower middle income country. Do you think it is likely achievable?
PM: Definitely, I believe it is achievable. We have registered fast and fair economic growth over the last 15 years. As we register rapid growth, the structure of the economy has also been transforming. This would help us to get citizens out of poverty and ensure the renaissance of the country. But fighting the challenges I mentioned earlier and take corrective measures would guarantee success. The public should also join hands and rally behind the government in the fight against poverty as it is not the responsibility of the ruling party alone. All actors should actively participate and own the grand project aimed at creating a single political and economical community because we do not have another country. Peace is prerequisite for everything we have to ensure sustainable peace. We will work to widen up the political landscape.
We have to work more to ensure the expansion of the manufacturing industry to enhance the export sector. Making our export competitive at global market is also central. We are also required to build our capacity with the ever growing advanced technology. If we are able to carry out all the interventions and undertakings effectively, I believe that we undoubtedly realize the vision to join the middle income economies.
Question: What should be done to improve constitutionalism? What is your message in connection with the celebration of the 12th NNPs Day?
PM: First of all, our Constitution is a document that holds a covenant. All Ethiopians should understand and respect the Constitution. It is also stated in the Constitution that this is the responsibility of both citizens and the government. Therefore, we have to discharge our responsibilities. Thus, we have to know the Constitution and the federal system. We have to tackle any ideologies or actions that contradict the principles of the constitution. As it is promulgated in the grand document, we have to respect citizens’ rights to live in any part of the country. We have invested a lot to sustain the country’s fast economic growth. We need to create enabling investment climate and avoid rent seeking.
The rights of NNPs have been respected. But much care should be taken in interpretation. I believe we should consolidate our unity and common values as far as NNPs’ rights are fully respected. We do have ethnic and national identity. We must build a country that can compete internationally. Thus, we should work hard extensively. We have already designed a new strategy aimed at deepening the values of the Constitution. I believe there is no better option that must be nurtured with peace, development and democracy than the existing federal system for Ethiopia. If we deviate from this ideology, we will instigate conflicts and clashes between the NNPs of Ethiopia. In our context, the ethnic conflicts would have a devastating consequence. Therefore, taking strong punitive measures on those who involved in such disruptive acts would help sustain the federal system. Most importantly, ensuring rule of law is vital. It is not allowed to expand illegal activities under the disguise of ethnicity.
I would like to use this opportunity to call upon the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia to protect and nurture their federal system and fight any act that would reverse the renaissance journey. Once again, I would like to happy 12th Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Day celebration to all Ethiopians.
Translated by YARED GEBRMEDIN
Ethiopia, after decades of socioeconomic and political reformations has become exemplary in terms of sustainable development and economic growth in Africa. The nation is now among the fastest growing nonoil dependent economies in the continent.
As it kept moving on the track of sustainable economic growth, the nation is attracting foreign investment from around the globe in different sectors. The sustainable peace and stability as well as the enabling investment policy have attracted investment that supports the country’s forex earnings.
Currently, the country is endowed with untapped and immense investment opportunities in the areas of agriculture with favorable climate, which is suitable for the production of varieties of pulses and oilseeds, compounded with considerable quality products that would meet the standards of international markets, said President Dr. Mulatu Teshome at the opening ceremony of the seventh International Conference on Pulses and Oilseeds held here recently.
President of Ethiopian Pulses Oilseeds and Spices Processors and Exporters Association, Haile Berhe also said the sector has earned 472.2 and 343.3 million USD during the first and second Growth and Transformation Plan periods (GTPI & II) respectively. This nearly accounts 24 percent of the nation’s forex earnings. Even though this is a great achievement, there are gaps in meeting the plan set in GTPII. This is due to the slow down of the global economy, the fall in the international price of spices, and unfavorable rainfall. But the sector has been and can still contribute to the overall economic development of the country, he noted.
Currently, Ethiopia is exporting its pulses and oilseeds to more than fifty-five countries around the world, according to him.
Minister of Trade, Dr. Bekele Bulado for his part said the core of the agricultural development strategy is indicated on the rapid and sustained increase in land and labor productivity as well as commercialization of small scale agriculture so that smallholder farmers could have market based opportunities to lift themselves to prosperity.
Thus, efforts will be made to strengthening rural capacity through extension services, training, research and investment. The government is committed to expand heavy infrastructural services such as roads to facilitate commercialization of agriculture. It is also constructing schools to substantially upgrade the human resource in agriculture and electricity to enhance agro-processing.
The Minister also said that the country is trying to establish an efficient marketing system. “Our nation is very keen in attracting investments that can link our smallholder farmers to predictable and guaranteed output markets and local and global supply chains. In this regard, we believe highly profitable opportunities exist in Ethiopia. So, we are ready to engage with partners who are interested in agro-processing and to unlock markets in this sector,” he added.
On GTPII, the country has targets to increase production, productivity and improve quality as much as possible.
Brihanu Amsalu, coordinator at Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute of Melcasa Center, told The Ethiopian Herald that the main concern is conducting demand based research. “We gather information from such International conferences about what type, color and volume of pulses, oilseeds and spices that exporters need. Thus, we provide improved seeds for farmers. But that doesn’t mean there is no problem in production and productivity.”
The first major reason for this problem is pests that affect pulse and oil seeds. “Therefore, in order to reduce this, we intensify efforts to reproduce pest-resistant seeds. In addition, it is mandatory to provide more improved seeds in terms of productivity and quality, which is also one of our major area of focus,” said Brihanu.
He also stressed that the main factor that is posing challenge in securing quality is awareness gap. There are also arguments that the market at local level doesn’t provide a fair price based on product quality. This could affect the farmers’ in terms of quality and productivity. Thus, much effort should be exerted in improving the exchange system based on product quality and fair price, according to Brhanu.
Biniam Bedewi is owner and manager of Zablone Trading, which is one of the well-recognized export companies who have contributed highest forex earnings this year. It has contributed close to eighteen million USD from its exports. He said that the company started by exporting two commodities and now has improved the variety to twelve. It has also expanded its export destinations.
Even though, the government is providing incentives in terms of loans and tax, the company is not engaged in value addition. “We have been planning to participate in value addition for more than five or six years. But due to the inefficient logistics system in the country, we haven’t been able to engage in value addition. Meanwhile, there is a hope that we could involve in value addition when the Addis Ababa- Djibouti railway goes fully operational,” he noted.
BY HENOK TIBEBU
As a jaw-dropping displays of genius towards the beginning of industrial transformation, Ethiopia has been throwing its full weight to the development of industrial parks building and inaugurating one after the other.
The huge projects are believed to have several multifaceted importance for the country. As asserted by Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, the parks support the country to sustain the double digit economic growth and speed up economic and structural transformation.
The parks serve as an engine for Ethiopia’s journey to bring about industry-led economy ultimately becoming Africa's manufacturing hub. The specialized industrial parks like Mekelle and Hawassa dedicated mainly to production of textile and apparel will make the country well placed to be one of the top producers at global level.
At the heart of these cutting-edge parks is the recently inaugurated Mekelle Industrial Park. The park which was inaugurated in July 9 2017 is one of these huge industrial parks, built on the basis of the very essence of the objectives aforementioned . The park with 100 million USD outlay is believed play own role in attaining the major goals of the country.
Situated in 75 hectare of land given by the Tigiray State, the park at the final stage of its appearance will be positioned on 1000 hectare of land. The park that has gone through nine month construction period, in consistency Ethiopia’s dream, will specializes on the production of export oriented textile and apparel.
Zekeraias Woldehana, Project Coordinator of the park told journalists that the specialization will look for other products as the second and third phases construction is done. “We know that some other industrial parks like the one in Hawassa have also specialized on the same production. This decision came after a thorough inquiry of garment , market documents and the environment of international market arena” Zekeraias says.
Explaining about the strategic location of the park, Zekarias said that the industry is found on west of Mekelle, the socio-economic and political capital of the Tigray State, some 5 km far, adding he said “The strategic position considered the accessibility of the park to Ethiopian cross country rail way connection, land port and main road of Mekelle.”
According to Zekarias, in its current potential, the park contains 15 shed that have three different sizes. Five shades are large-sized sheds covering 11,500 square meters. There are also six medium-sized sheds with 11,500 square meter area. The remaining four sheds are only 3000 meter large are so very small. 4 shades are 3000 meter large. “Of which the total 15 shades, 10 are given to four Bangladeshi companies. One 11,500 square meter shed and four 3000 square meter large sheds are on the processes of negotiation. When this is converted to percentage about 83 percent has been occupied” Zekeraias added.
The project coordinator also noted that the park has not yet started production but is utilizing its best potential to finish underground works to start exporting products and generating income. He affirmed that “All preparations are finalized according to the memorandum of understanding that was signed between the companies and Ethiopian Industrial Park Development Corporation and Ethiopian Investment Commission. Consequently, logistic issues, customs duty agreements, and tariff adjustments are soon to be finalized. Recruiting of workers and training in the industry is also on its process. The machineries required for production are shipped and after all this we are expecting the park to export its product in the coming three or four months.”
The park is expected to create more than 20,000 jobs. It was learnt that currently recruitment process is underway with more than 30,000 people being selected for further qualifications and training. It is believed that the employees in addition to wages or salaries would be beneficiaries as they get skilled training on the operation of heavy industrial machineries.
The official website of the Industry Park Development Corporations stated that the park, in consistency with Ethiopia’s effort to create green economy, has facilities for a zero-liquid-discharge standard. “Considering the inadequate water supply in the city, the park releases no water to rivers but recycle it for the total utilization of the industry again” adds Zekarias.
In his final comment on the sound management of the park, Zekarias further stated that the park administrations is closely working with the Tigray State, Industrial Park Development Corporation and Ethiopian investment commission to address possible challenges at early stages. For instance, Zekarias mentioned the fast collaborative hands of the state to provide land for the park construction, stone crusher and soil.
“ Investigation was started after thorough study to reduce operation cost, as taking important lessons were very profitable following Mekelle Industry Park’s construction after the other giant industrial park was finished at Hawassa” Zekarias finalized his comment .
BY MISAEL LEMMA
Many scholars and politicians have come to accept federalism and decentralization of government authority, as it brings with it several political, economic, social, cultural and administrative advantages. While several new federal states have emerged in the past three decades, including Ethiopia and Russia, older federal states such as Canada, USA, and Switzerland have made their federal systems stronger and remained intact.
In fact, while many countries have transformed from a unitary to a federal form of government, on the contrary, no country has transformed or returned from a federal to a unitary form of government. Indeed, over 56 percent of the world’s populations live in federal countries that adopted a multi-party system.
Though federal systems across the world have similar features, i.e decentralization and the presence of two government structures, some federal systems have their own distinguishing and unique features depending on their specific contexts. Then again, as a federal system has always room for improvement, there is always a chance to learn from others’ unique features and circumstances
For example, Ethiopia’s federal system has its own unique features that others can take a lesson or two. One of the things that make the country’s federal system unique is the fact that the nations, nationalities and peoples are the sovereign holders of the ultimate power of the land.
The power of the federal government also derived from this reality. This is because; it is the diversified peoples of Ethiopia who created the federal system by their own consent. Accordingly, the federal government acts on behalf of the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia through their representatives.
The common benefits the diversified peoples of Ethiopia receive from federalism include using their own language in education institutions and courts. Further, each ethnic group has the right to self-administration and to develop its own culture.
While there are several countries that adopted a federal system as mentioned above, the experiences and unique features of Switzerland and Canada are notable examples for having unique features that can be taken as a lesson for others to thoroughly look into and develop their own form of federalism.
Switzerland is a country of 7 million people. It is surrounded by Austria, France, Germany, Italy, as well as Liechtenstein, a small principality. According to Professor Dr. Thomas Fleiner’s paper, Federalism: Basic Structure and Value of Switzerland, Recent Developments In Swiss Federalism, modern Switzerland has been constituted out of 25 sovereign (6 half cantons) cantons with the first Federal Constitution of 1848. The 26th Canton (Jura) has been constituted out of secession from the Canton of Berne in the end of the seventies. 17 Cantons are German speaking, four Cantons are French speaking, one Canton is Italian speaking, three Cantons are bilingual (German – French) and one Canton has three languages (German, Romansh and Italian).
“The diverse Swiss societies were able to form their own governmental system and to constitute a state composed of different sovereign Cantons, that is, of politically very diverse political units, of different language communities and different religions. The main purpose of the Alliance (“Bund”), which later developed into a federal state, was to rule the political affairs of the Cantons and of the Alliance independently and according to their own values of democracy,” wrote Professor Fleiner.
First, the Alliance was able to unite speakers of German, French and Italian, three main Western European languages and 25 democratic corporations. Latter, it was transformed into a federal state with a Federal Constitution in 1948.
The Swiss federal system is based the constitutional autonomy of the Cantons (self-rule) and their constitution making power on the federal level (shared-rule), according to the above mentioned professor. Hence, the federal system exists through and by the will of the Cantons. “Each of the cantonal democratic communities could thus live and develop according to its own culture, history, language and religion. They kept their own perception of a cantonal nationhood and state legitimacy. In consequence, they maintained their own cantonal and even municipal citizenship. Thus, until today every Swiss has kept its three-fold citizenship: municipal, cantonal and federal.”
Switzerland’s Federal Constitution has been repeatedly amended throughout the years. On the dawn of the new Millennium, Switzerland has introduced a new Federal Constitution, which did not radically change the political system. But, it introduced new provisions that heralded a new federal policy for Switzerland. Although in theory sovereignty is not divisible, the old as well as the new constitutions claim the Cantons to be sovereign as far as their sovereignty is not limited by the Federal Constitution.
On the other hand, Canada is also one of the oldest and most successful federal states in the world both in terms of societal (cultural) as well as economic aspects. Under the federal principles, Canada has two constitutionally autonomous levels of government: the country-wide federal government and ten provincial governments. The nation’s basic division of government plays an important role in public finances and public policy, according to Federalism in Canada: Basic Framework and Operation.
The federal state of Canada was formed in 1867 following the negotiations among political leaders from the Province of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which were British colonies at the time. Following the negotiations, Imperial Parliament adopted the British North American Acts which are a serious of acts that are core to the constitution of Canada.
According to, Richard Simeon, Federalism in Canada, A Visitor's Guide 2002, the fundamental basis for federalism in Canada was and remains the need to reconcile, balance and accommodate diversity. Which means the new federation was born in large part out of the need to reflect two different linguistic diversities, the Maritimes and the Province of Canada, particularly the sharp distinction between the French-speaking inhabitants of Lower Canada and the English-speaking inhabitants of Upper Canada and the Maritimes.
The federal government has jurisdiction over the entire country and each provincial government has jurisdiction over particular portions of the population. Both levels of government derive their authority from the written Constitution. Most sectors are under federal jurisdiction (such as foreign affairs and telecommunications) or that of the provinces, such as education and healthcare, stated according to the Canadian Encyclopedia.
As it has multifaceted aspects, federalism is always a work in progress. Each country has its own unique experiences. Having discourses on such experiences open the door to look into the possible ways of improving the system. In this regard, international institutions such as Forum of Federations play a crucial role in facilitating such platforums.
BY ABIY HAILU
Despite being a developing country, Ethiopia has been playing a leading role in climate change negotiations. It has become a country that is engaged in successful climate diplomacy so that the voice of developing countries is heard in various international arenas. Ethiopia is also a model country in implementing a green economy development strategy.
One of the key factors that enabled the country to play a key role in climate negotiations is the fact that it has integrated climate into its domestic development and foreign policies and strategies. This strong commitment has earned the country a voice in international climate negotiations.
Many agree that Ethiopia has been among the proactive countries in the process of ratifying the Paris Climate Change Agreement. Though the adoption of the agreement is historic by itself, it does not mean that the mission is accomplished as the continuing climate change is posing threat on the lives of billions across the world. That is why the country has shifted its diplomatic engagement to keeping the momentum of the agreements so that they are swiftly implemented.
In the recent global Cope 23 climate change negotiation which was held in Bonn Germany, Ethiopia successfully led as a Chair, some 47 climate change vulnerable developing countries that are suffering from the severe consequences despite their insignificant contribution to global warming.
Ethiopia is also a member of the group that represented the African continent in global climate change negotiations. The group holds a firm position that the compensation financial support and other technical support to cope with the impacts of climate change should be improved.
One of the success stories of the climate change negotiations is the fact that developed countries agreed to pay 90 million USD as compensation payment for climate change. They also pledged additional 100 million to developing countries that are severely harmed by the impacts of climate change.
Locally, the government has prepared a National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy to avert the impact of climate change on the country’s economy.
The government has also demonstrated its commitment to the green economic development through its environment friendly projects such as the expansion of renewable energy for industry and transportation (railways operation). This commitment has also been demonstrated by the extensive rural environmental rehabilitation works.
Various awareness creation programs regarding desertification and environmental rehabilitation works such as reforestation and afforestation have been taking place country wide. As a result, the country’s forest coverage has reached 15 percent, which was at an all time low of less than 4 percent almost two decade ago.
Having such strong commitment, developing countries like Ethiopia still need better economic and technological capacity to upgrade their coping mechanisms. Hence, developed nations need to step up their support as per their promises in the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
But Ethiopia should exert maximum effort to mobilize local resources, both the public and private sectors and above all its huge human resource potential to further pursueits ambition to become an advocate of green economic development.
Addis Ababa University is celebrating the Global Entrepreneurship Day with panel discussion beginning yesterday.
Opening the ceremony, Dr. Matheos Ensermo Vice President of Human Resource Management and Students’ Service at the University said the celebration of the day plays a paramount role in bringing together the best minds in Ethiopian and finding solutions to the country’s biggest challenges.
“We shall look at ways to harness our great networks of entrepreneurs and innovators to improve the lives of ordinary people in our country,” he noted. According to him, despite its contribution as a driver of economic growth, many innovative ideas of entrepreneurs have not yet been successfully translated in to products and services that would touch and improve citizens’ quality of life across the country.
Several research findings and best experiences of entrepreneur’s would be presented in the three day panel. Thus, the researches finds that come about with practical solutions to the nation’s problems would be published, presented, he added.
Dr. Andreas B.W Wesselmann, Managing Director of Africrops told journalists that his company would like to establish businesses with Ethiopia and develop local companies based on their entrepreneurial visions.
Speaking of his observation in Ethiopia, Andreas said the country has a lot of possibility in the agro-business. Besides production, there is also a business possibility for transporting, processing and storage.
“I have an impression that the potential is not yet exploited. Our specialization is on organic farming. Entrepreneurship in agro-business in particular, organic farming is very important field that Ethiopian farmers can develop,” he added.
Ethiopia is set to host the 3rd International Dental Exhibition in Africa slated to be held from December 14 to 16 at the Economic Commission for Africa.
The exhibition which will bring 50 international exhibitors together is organized by the Italian Trade Agency in collaboration with Italian Dental Industries Association (UNIDI) and Ethiopian Dental Professional Association (EDPA).
EDPA Secretary, Dr. Natenael Birhanu told The Ethiopian Herald that the international event envisions to bring major manufacturers of medical and dental knowledge, equipment and materials to Africa and thereby they display the latest technologies and product of the sectors. The sector is understandably compromised due to some other health priorities. There has been wrong perception towards dental health, to this end, the exhibition would showcase the importance of technological advancement in dental treatments.
Some 12 countries would exhibit their products at the expo. And many major European manufacturers of medical and dental requirements would accompany the exhibition as well.
The exhibition was previously held Senegal. Italian Trade Agency's decision to stage the exhibition has come because of Ethiopia’s growing economy and aviation industry which will make it easier for logistic transportation.
The exhibition is believed to be a platform for cooperation between the international and local medical, dental and pharmaceutical industries, he says
According to Dr. Natenael, Ethiopian dental clinics are faced with shortage of equipment and advance technologies. Hence, the exhibition would bridge the gap and foster the linkage between the local clinics and international manufacturers.
More than one thousand people are expected to set foot in the exhibition. It is believed that there are up to 400-700 dental professionals and approximately 280 dental clinics in Ethiopia.
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT
Mamusha Alema, Capacity Development Officer at ILRI told The Ethiopian Herald that, even though modernizing agricultural system plays crucial role for productivity and growth, introducing the local knowledge of farmers and pastoralists in the system is also mandatory.
He said there has been misconceptions that the sources of knowledge are only scientific researches or scientists. Thus, earlier experiences in all developmental aspects have been restricted to sticking up with researches of scholars with modern knowledges. And the system has been led by only importing new agricultural practices and giving them to the farmers and pastoralists as well through experts and extension workers. However, farmers and pastoralists are owners of a very deep and long aged knowledge and experience about land or soil protection, pest management, environmental situations, animal and plant diseases.
According to him, a project that aimed at mixing local agricultural knowledge with modern practices has been implemented in Tigray state by Mekele University in collaboration with free University of Netherlands, the Agriculture Bureau and Agricultural Research Institute of the state.
As a result, a great deal of achievement was made by identifying model farmers and expanding their knowledge to others in every zone and woreda of Tigray. “Most of all, new developmental approaches are introduced. For instance, farmers research groups, now part of the extension system, are results of this new approach,” Mamusha noted.
The new approach has also made a significant influence in conducting researches based on local knowledge and coming up with improved, effective and sustainable technologies, he added.
A network called Promoting Local Innovation in Ecologically Oriented Agriculture and Natural Resource Management has been established and is expanding throughout Africa. Thus, using this network, ILRI has plans to launch a project that could enable researchers and pastoralists work together in generating new technologies in different aspects of livestock based on local knowledges to increase productivity, said Mamusha.
BY HENOK TIBEBU
The global climate insurance initiative will help vulnerable and low-income communities to withstand and mitigate the impacts of natural disasters with Ethiopia introducing and implementing similar mechanism years before the initiative came to spotlight, said Ethiopia’s Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
The idea InsuResillance was tabled and proposed officially and globally by the German government at the climate conference held in Marrakesh, Morocco.
In the conference, Ethiopia has echoed the need to come up with financial protections of vulnerable communities, Debasu Bayleyegn, Climate Change Implementation Director General at the Ministry told The Ethiopian Herald.
The impact of climate change is irreversible but countries must find the ways to mitigate the consequence of natural disasters and speed up the recovery process.
Natural disasters have increased in intensity and frequency over the past years, so are their repercussion effects in developing countries. So the global initiative is directed at protecting the most vulnerable and low-income communities through affordable financial insurances.
In the face of the rising costs of climate change, new forms of financial protection have increasingly become imperative partly to protect the most vulnerable countries. Hence, the initiative aims to promote access to direct and indirect insurances.
Ethiopia has introduced the scheme before the global initiative came to the spotlight. The nation has piloted the scheme in five states which proofed effective. Being vulnerable country to recurrent droughts, Ethiopia values the importance of the initiative and would do its level best for the effective implementation of the global commitment.
So far, countries have pledged to contribute millions of USD to the initiative with German promising to contribute around 160 million USD.
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT
Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute said it plans to earn 182 million USD from meat, milk, fish and honey exports this fiscal year.
So far, the Institute has earned some 25 million USD from meat, milk, fish and honey export in the first quarter of the budget year, Dr. Tekeba Eshete, Institute Deputy Director General told The Ethiopian Herald.
Yet the institute could not realize its plan to earn 36 million USD in the first quarter of the budget year due to drought, instability, illegal trade and strong competition.
As to him, the country is working to strengthen its market linkage across the world by identifying 27 major importer countries.
While 90 percent of Ethiopia's meat export goes to United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, recently, China has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to import about one million tons of meat products per annum, he stated.
Currently, the country has about 13 private agro-processing industries that are mainly producing processed meat and meat products.
Allana Sons_Frigorifico Boran Foods PLC, an Indian meat processing and slaughterhouse established at Adami Tulu town of Oromia State would begin export this fiscal year.
The PLC is expected to increase the productive capacity by 500 percent and enable the country earn 500 million USD per annum, he noted.
On the other hand, the growing number of agro-processing industrial parks will play significant role in utilizing nation’s abundant agricultural products and increasing export, according to Dr. Tekeba.
The Institute has been striving to add value to agricultural exports through building capacity, creating market linkage and promoting investment opportunities.
BY YOHANES JEMANEH