As indicated in historical documents, after the planet suffered from the ramshackle of the very expensive warfare, World War II, the world was forced to establish an organization with the primary purpose of maintaining sustainable world peace and international socioeconomic cooperation. It is called the United Nations, an Organization which replaced the weak and failed League of Nations.
Giving special emphasis on peace building initiatives through two sate solutions and implementing other binding mechanisms of dissect interest, the UN swiftly moved onto post war construction of global economy using the creation of favourable frameworks whereby countries work together. Securing a world where respect for human rights gets assured is also a fit retort for the enigma behind “why the world needs to have a UN? at that juncture.
Critical pacts, that determine how a member country can deal with common challenges either unilaterally or collaboratively, are cautiously crafted and distributed based on principles. Yet, the subject of peace and security has always been the agenda of the organization at the expense of other UN’s matters in the row because it is a pre-requisite of a healthy global-self.
Though peace is a very lose term and is’s intricate to discern where it begins and ends, it is bald-faced to understand that peace intertwined with any world affairs especially as it requires to encompass all the rests. Accordingly, it is rational to finish off that this cause-effect analysis forced the then UN assembly to decide to establish a global Peace and Security Council, one of the six principal organ of UN, that constitutes representatives of countries.
Since its inception, the council has 15 members, out of which, 5 are permanent and the rest 10 have non-permanent seats. Under the auspicious of UN, the Security Council has a legal authority and responsibility to find a two-way solution between warring parties via negotiation and mediation before moving onto other necessary measures. Nevertheless, if these trials failed, the council is given the mandate to make sure peace exists in the course of the application of three actions as per the UN charter.
This are; “Under chapter 6 of the charter, the UN can assist in the peaceful resolution of international disputes. This authority has evolved into the use of UN authorized peacekeeping forces. Under chapter 7, the UN can authorize military action to enforce its resolutions. Finally, the UN can serve as a forum for international deliberations on long-term solutions to pressing security issues, such as arms control and terrorism”.
Tricking down from this set of idea, the council has been executing its mandate under different conditions beginning from a Middle East Israel-Arab first engagement to present time of South Sudan civil-war. However, critics stresses, after WW II the geopolitics configuration of the world has changed dramatically, insecurity has already become a major issue between countries unlike before. This reality is highly manifested in African soil than any other region around the world, even from Middle East.
As a result, the Security Council has always been busy in dealing with African peace problems while deploying peacekeepers along with allocating millions of dollars adding to varying types of its peace leads apparatus. However, ending conflict and finding a solution for countries that have plunged with a ravage of civil war has always been a concern of the world.
why is so?
A number of reasons may be drawn by different scholars and lay persons as to finding a sustainable solution for the anguish of black people across the continent. Picking from the row of suggestions put forwarded, there is a need to fortify political arrangements that can pass a binding resolution for the predicament.
In sync, it’s been well recorded that African scholars have always been serious on the issue that “Africa should have a permanent seat on the Security Council of UN”
. Domestic problems are threatening African peace process. It has been the lack of an insider perspective for African problem in the council that has been in part the reason behind failure and for African insecurity so far. This is because, world’s peace problem usually revolve around Africa and its cost-lands. However, in UN Security Council there are nations that have a veto power with a giant economy. As a result, the council is dubbed as one making disarray over reflecting the true order of world socio-politics side-lining Africa from having a permanent seat in the council against the reality.
Newly UN Secretary-General; Antonio gutters has accepted this claim and assured the continent of Africa that the council doesn't mirror a true picture of the world, arguing that it is unfair. Additionally, he asserted that this complaint would be one of the basic agenda that has to be given consideration while UN holds high-profile summit on issues of Africa.
While giving briefings for media crew, which I was part of, about the issue, he even seemed to agree with African political commentators and head of states that call for securing Africa a permanent seat in the council. But, he stressed that making Africa a permanent member of the council requires changing the founding charter of UN. The secretary covertly indicated that there is a long way to go to reach that climax. This heralded a tough time that Africa should go through and exert an optimum effort to appeal for the UN and secure the permanent seat.
Meanwhile, Ethiopia holds the driver's seat in promoting this idea as the nation kept on with its daily task of securing African interests in the council. It might be a great opportunity for Ethiopia to a make a history to be told a head of us conversely. It is also a hard-hitting occasion since it takes a lot of errands.
Yet, Ethiopian lofty experience on securing peace in Africa and other parts of the world started from 1950, when Ethiopian stood beside South Korea in its fight against North Korea.It would customarily ease its incumbent effort to appeal for the general assembly of UN. It’s because Ethiopia can be taken as a good reference in terms of African peace and security affairs as the nation has been engaging in peace keeping and peace building operations across the continent. Therefore, arguably there would be no country better placed or trustful than Ethiopia in addressing the problem of peace and how that should be solved. UN commitment of securing Africa with a renewed dedication can also be an advantage for Ethiopia that can be used as a determinant card.
When the AU peace and security architecture was launched in 2004, there has been strong support from UN and its member states for Africa. And, for the full-fledged implantation of the documents in particular. The then Secretary-General of UN, Kofi Annan, pledged that UN will make special consideration for Africa with priority, on conflict prevention, mediation, peace keeping and peace building. Furthermore, in 2007, the general assembly adopted a resolution 61/296 to meet a special need of the continent, primarily to take step by the Secretary-General. This showcased, there is a high probability that African concern of precedence would have a chance to be heard including the appeal of Africa to have a permanent seat in the council.
Other than this, Ethiopia should put more effort on conflict prevention and resolution in the continent as post conflict peace operation incur Africa either life or property costs, as promised in the beginning.
Strengthening Africa’s as well as nations Conflict Early Warning System requires to be given special consideration for conflict prevention during Ethiopian tenure of non-permanent membership. This includes deploying information communication technology for a daily task of security sector and it beckons painstaking endeavours since it is capital intensive.
Providing ways to develop and nurture democracy in Africa should be a way forward for having peace by peaceful resolutions. Correcting a quandary related act with peacekeeping operation of UN across the world shouldn’t be left aside as Ethiopia headed for apt political way out for Africa, thereby contributing for the globe as well.
Finally, I would like to state that Ethiopia should be supported by the African union and member states for its best performance and role in the council as a representative of the continent.
It should be noted that making Africa to have a permanent seat is a big deal because it enables the continent to end up an age-longing problems and enhance its multifaceted developmental progress. If this happen, African dreams of becoming a prosperous continent, where there is suitable development for its citizens, would be realized beyond the rhetoric of a “dark continent”.
BY BEREKET SISAY
Health worker visit in a rural community near Dessie Ethiopia
The Health Sector Transformation Plan of Ethiopia has set very ambitious goals and aspires to transform the health system so as to deliver equitable and quality health care. To realize this, the Woreda health offices should be transformed to a high- performing entities, which translates the national aspirations and the desires of the public into a reality.
The woreda transformation eyes at a higher coverage with a focus on ensuring high quality service in an equitable manner. Taking this in to consideration, The Ethiopian Herald had raised few question to woreda official on how they have been implementing the agenda so far.
Hailu Ketema is head of Oromia State Arsi Zone Ankoberr Woreda Health Office. He said to transform the Woreda, his office has been creating model kebles. “We have been exchanging best practices among primary health care units. Of the 26 rural kebeles in the woreda, we are able to create 11 model Kebeles that work against delivery at home. Due to this effort, our woreda has become a model receiving award competing with 17 woredas,”he added.
The woreda is now trying to make all the kebles standard-bearers, Hailu said. “If we do this properly, we believe that we can transform the woreda. All the five primary health care units would register high scores.” Specially, the woreda has been focusing on ensuring good governance at health institutions through providing quality service creating caring, respectful and compassionate(CRC) health professionals.
So far, we have faced challenges, when we are implementing woreda transformation at the woreda level. The major thing here is, if professionals have achieved CRC level, transforming the woreda is so simple. Hence, professionals are expected to work at community level.
The other thing is the issue of coordination, the health sector alone cannot transform a woreda. Thus, all sectors at woreda level should be integrated with the health sector to bring the desired change. Most of the time, people think that the health sector is more resourceful than others. But the truth is the activities and the budget allotted are incomparable. And the woreda transformation agenda should be mainstreamed with other offices. If this is a reality, transforming the woreda is an easy job.
The third thing is the need for strong assistance and supervision. The commencement of a certain job by itself is not an end. Thus, strict supervision and follow ups here is critical. Thus it has been carried out in an organized manner.
Shikuretu Ababiya is also Woreda Health Bureau Head at SNNP State Silite Zone Aser Berbere district. Since last year, the woreda has been offering training to all professionals and the public at large about woreda transformation agenda. The Weredas have prepared a common plan and have been registering better results focusing on three core woreda transformation agendas, i.e creating model kebeles, reaching out all kebeles with health insurances and creating high performing health institutions.
He said that out of 19 kebels in the woreda, 16 have become models. These kebels are relived from home delivery and open defecation. They have graduated 85 per cent of their households. They also have 100 per cent health insurance coverage. Next year, the woreda,which has now placed itself in top five lists at federal level , will ensure its transformation. It now ranks second state wise . “ Accordingly, we have received 500,000 birr from federal and state too. Together with health development army we will ensure woreda transformation.”
The agenda is supposed to create same understanding among each members of the society. But ensuring the sinking in of the agenda is among the challenges faced so far. Professionals skill gap, turnover of individuals, lack of health extension workers, shortage of medical equipment are some of the challenges, but the woreda is now solving problems together within the society.
According to Health Ministry 2016 Annual Report, the transformed woreda is expected to have an accountable and transparent governance system that nurtures meaningful community participation; strives to meet the needs of the people; makes data-informed decisions; applies evidence-based frameworks to systematically identify bottlenecks and scale up best practices to address them; and, achieve universal health.
The agenda has three key goals: developing high performing primary health care units, graduation of model Kebeles, and achievement of universal health coverage with financial risk protection. The ministry has made efforts to lay down the groundwork in the existing conducive environment for the successful implementation of the transformation agenda. So far, the ministry has developed and distributed Woreda -transformation-agenda-implementation guideline to states.
Model Kebele selection criteria and verification guide are also developed. Orientation was provided to HEWs except in some states. Resource mobilization and financial supports are provided to states. About 26 High performing woredas were selected and ready for recognition. Thirty six woredas are identified for the transformation agenda. In 191 woreda 2,372,736 (35.7per cent) household have joined CBHI programme and 198,655,247 birr (52 per cent) was collected so far, the report indicates.
BY GIRMACHEW GASHAW
People live in a world dominated by various religious beliefs and practices. And religion has a role in economic development and provides significant perspectives that integrate economic theory with an understanding of socio-political structures. The economic concern with religion and development is not new, nor is it restricted to scholars of the 21st century. The writings of Thomas Aquinas, notably the De Regno, written in 1267, dealt extensively with religion and public finance.
Indeed, some scholars have considered the ideas as strikingly relevant for poverty reduction today; their themes of the universal common good and global civil society have implications for current debates about globalization and human development.
According to Dr. Sriya Iyer, Professor in Faculty of Economics - University of Cambridge, the links between religion and development also feature in Joseph Schumpeter’s History of Economic Analysis, written in 1954. Similarly, Jacques Le Goff argued that purgatory was a necessary religious innovation for medieval capitalist development.
It was also in 1904, Max Weber put forward his famous theory of the Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism, arguing that economic development in northern Europe could be explained by developments that were associated with the literacy needed to read the scriptures. Many scholars have also concerned how religion affected development, and in turn how economic and social changes themselves acted on religious beliefs.
Drawing a perspective from all these forms of studies, it strikes one that emerging economies are experiencing considerable modern economic growth, yet this is coterminous with the increasing resilience of religious institutions. And it is the sacred and the secular scriptures that preach the role of peaceful co-existence to strengthen the relationship between religion and economic development.
Ethiopia is a symbolic country to the world that maintained the culture of peaceful co- existence, where over 97 per cent of the people have their own religious beliefs. In one way or the other, they are members of their respective religious institutions. Hence, if institutions mobilize their fellows for peace and co-existence, the nation will realize its renaissance journey and be a better place for citizens.
A three-day consultative forum recently held at Adama, the government together with Inter-Religious Council of Ethiopia (IRCE) highlighted that the role of religious teachings could play a role in conflict resolution and peace-building for a given society.
Reverend Adane Dechasa said Sacred books have wide-ranging teachings in which religious institutions used and considered them as sources and guidance about co-existence and development. It is through co-existence that humans create conducive living environment, strengthen security, establish unison, and cultivate new generation.
According to Adane, both Christian and Islamic sacred books promote peaceful co-existence in all of its form. Pessimism, misconception, hasty generalizations, extremism, and terrorism are among the obstacles for peace and co-existence, Adane believed.
Of course, Ethiopia is the country of diverse nations, nationalities and peoples’ together with people who believe in different religions and is an exemplary of the world with regard to maintaining remarkable economic growth and peaceful co-existence for longer years.
To attain the projected outcome in the future, the Ministry of Federal and Pastoralist Dsevelopment Affairs together with Inter-Religious Council of Ethiopia (IRCE) are exerting implacable efforts to address good-governance and related problems as well as faith-related challenges at state and national levels in order to harness nation's long-lasting culture of religious tolerance, peaceful co-existence and sustain its emerging economic growth paths.
In this regard, State Minister with Federal and Pastoral Development Affairs Awol Wogris said: “Ethiopia received Christianity before any European country and Islam before it had spread to Middle East. And Judaism came here from Middle East prior to other countries. Therefore, the government is aggressively working to pass down such epoch-making assets to the posterity through promoting peaceful co-existence of various religions.”
According to Awol, civil servants and the public at large are believed to have membership in various religious institutions. “Thus, if such institutions mobilize their respective fellows for peace and co-existence, the country will realize its renaissance journey.”
Currently, Ethiopia is led by a federal democratic system that enables to develop major economic sectors and improve the livelihood of the people through ensuring equality of its people, building the peaceful co-existence, and resolving conflicts arising from various social groups.
The government and religious institutions are also exerting efforts to develop culture of round table discussions within this generation to narrow differences raised among different sections of the society.
The act of extremism under the cover of religions has been the major obstacle on the effort for the economic development and the maintenance of peace values in the country. The idea of extremism arises from lack of knowledge of the fundamentals of any religion’s doctrines and constitution of the country.
In fact, humanity is currently facing some of the greatest challenges in its history: economic, environmental, social and financial. Yet such tumultuous change provides a unique opportunity for us to reconsider and redefine the issues that are essential to our survival; of which most notable is peace.
Obviously, humanity has entered into a new epoch during the last twenty years. This has been brought by the occurrence of many factors. The impact of climate change and environmental barriers are now being reached on multiple fronts. The number of world population is increasing from time to time. Technology connected nations in the world and supported the growth of globalization. Wars are no longer economically viable. Change is occurring so fast that nations are struggling to keep up with both the legal and social ramifications. Our notions and concepts of peace are changing with it.
Therefore, it is apparent clear to say that peace lies at the centre of being able to manage these many and varied challenges, simply because peace creates the favourable conditions in which the other developmental activities that contribute to human and economic growth can take place. In this sense, peace is an accelerator in paving paths easier for workers to produce, businesses to sell, entrepreneurs to innovate and governments to regulate.
In the efforts to strengthen our peace-building activities, institutions need to first reach mutual consensus to fight against hidden agendas of terrorists and extremists, and thereby to foster the anticipated growth rates at hand, Ministry Religious and Beliefs Affairs Director General Getawa Destaw said.
On the other hand, the benefits that could be attained by peace would be measured in economic terms. Peace has a monetary value that independently associated with the human values. It can be expressed in terms of the global GDP that would ensue from creating a peaceful world.
The study released in 2009 by the Institute for Economics and Peace highlighted that the impact of lost peace on the world economy reached at 7.2 trillion dollars annually. Over a ten year period this adds up to 72 trillion USD. This number is comprised of 2.4 trillion USD annually that would move from industries that create violence to other economic activities and 4.8 trillion USD from additional economic activity that had been suppressed through violence.
Likewise, the Global Peace Index (GPI) strongly supports that peace is an important factor in economic growth. It has spill-over effects across national borders. Economic wealth can be a potent driver of peace, but only if translated into the welfare of a nation in health and education, and international cooperation. Thus, human capital, good infrastructure and open markets may be important factors in growth, but their contributions will be diminished or even eliminated if they are subject to violence and serious societal conflict.
Peace is also operator for productive activities, particularly true for material and human resources as well as for investment capital. Moreover, peace would create a stable environment that is compatible for long-term planning. This then supports investment, employment and strategic planning, which are important to produce highly productive activity.
Therefore, economists will enthusiastically study religion and economic development in the future, and they will do so with research data in order to provide thoughtful prophecy for development policy. Hence, religious institutions have great role in cultivating ethical citizens, building national development, and strengthening peace-building efforts. Peaceful coexistence depends on the ability to welcome faith-based conversations that emphasize tolerance, promote mutual understanding, clear misunderstandings, and reach at the common good of the society.
BY ZELALEM GIRMA
Globalization has brought an accelerated circulation of capital, goods, information and an ever increased human migration. Nowadays three percent of the total world population, that is more than 200 million people live outside their birth place; and studies suggest that the figure will rise by 2.9 percent every year.
Similarly, statistics on Africans living outside their countries vary, but some sources estimated that the African Diaspora consisted of more than 30 million people across the world including those who live in the continent. While Africa faces severe financial constraint for development, remittances by African migrants have become as significant as official development assistance.
Diasporas are viewed as important agents of economic and social development in countries of origin given that the existence of an enabling environment considered a very essential component to maximize the benefits of migration.
China, Korea, and India are among countries which have shown that Diaspora contributions can significantly help to transform economies. The approaches adopted by these Asian nations point to country-driven initiatives that are built on shared development objectives between the government and the Diaspora, and underlined by comprehensive policies, administrative structures and incentives to foster an enabling environment for mobilizing Diaspora resources namely, expertise, investments, entrepreneurship and corporate affiliations around critical growth and development pillars.
In light of the fact that, Ethiopian Diaspora has to play a great role in consolidating their efforts, developing their country and alleviating poverty out of the country, they should be encouraged to take part in the country’s development undertakings through various investment activities.
In the meantime, since the Ethiopian Diaspora are registering concrete results by engaging in investment, trade and tourism in the country, in transfer of foreign currency, knowledge and technology, and image building, the government paid special emphasis to intensify their efforts in a way they can contribute to and benefit from the country’s development endeavors. Diaspora abroad should unify together to attract foreign investors to come to Ethiopia and invest.
Simultaneously, the Ethiopian Diaspora has organized themselves in to an association in a target of facilitating their affairs in the country as they dedicate their time, knowledge and wealth in to investment efforts.
Speaking to The Ethiopian Herald, Abraham Sium, Ethiopian Diaspora Association, Chief Executive Director reveals that the Association is dedicated to providing relevant and updated information to the Diaspora community, writing recommendation letter and supportive letters, providing consultancy services for their business rights, advocating their rights and privilege according to the Diaspora Policy and proclamation, resolving issues that members face by creating a discussion platform with government offices.
In addition to the ratified Diaspora Policy and Proclamation to enhance Diaspora engagement in investment, the government’s effort with regard to facilitation of loan on identified business sectors by the government, tax free incentives on some selected business investment areas are found to be encouraging, according to Abraham.
Despite these abundant situations for the Diaspora to come and invest in their home country, Abraham insists that there are also challenges hindering their efforts. According to him, the tedious bureaucracy that takes elongated process in most offices, corruption, lack of sufficient and accurate investment related information, the lack of awareness about Diaspora among many people even from the government side, a negative perspective on Diaspora issues are the major obstacles that are hindering the active involvement of the Diaspora in the development efforts of the country, which requires to be improved so as to attract more scholars, investors and other individuals or teams to come and work in the country they call home.
Abraham also calls up on the government to be committed to implement the policy and the proclamation in every governmental office. “There should be strong relation with the Ethiopian Diaspora Association in order to fill in the gaps, and also the banks, The Federal Revenue and Customs Authority should improve their service as much as possible. In addition, Ministry of Foreign Affairs should commend more attention in the implementation of the Diaspora Policy and Proclamation. Besides, other institutions, like the Ethiopian Investment Commission should work on reducing the much elongated procedures that take a big chunk of time to go through the bureaucratic process in their office and others,” asserts Abraham.
Moreover, said Abraham, information should be disseminated for the communities through different media and the contribution of the Diaspora should be declared officially. Besides, the government better put its trust on Diaspora to build up the image of the country in various ways. The services to Diaspora Communities in the Ethiopian embassies should be made quick and easy to satisfy the need of the Ethiopians living abroad who wish to contribute to their country's development activities.
The government of Ethiopia has been inviting the Ethiopian Diaspora to come to their motherland so that they can contribute the required outstanding shares at bettering the lives of Ethiopian people with unmeasured efforts and holistic approach in introducing new technologies globally accepted.
Accordingly, a vast number of the Ethiopian Diaspora is engaged in various kinds of businesses in the country. Pursuant to the data of the Ethiopian Customs and Revenue Authority more than 35,000 Diasporas have established businesses in different levels ranging from small scale enterprises to huge manufacturing industries.
As explained by Demeke Atinafu, Diaspora Affairs Director General at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ethiopian Diaspora living in London, New York and other parts of the world are getting organized in groups to engage in knowledge and technology transfers as well as mammoth manufacturing investments.
Moreover, the Ethiopian Diaspora community all over the world contributed a sum of 39 million US dollars for the GERD until January 30,217 through Bond purchases, said Demeke. He added from the 2.21 million USD worth of Bonds purchased by the Diaspora in the last six months, 85 percent of it was leveraged by the Ethiopian community in the Middle East. “Our community from Kuwait, Beirut and Dubai take the lions share in this contribution which I believe should be duly acknowledged” asserts Demeke.
However, proper incentives and guarantees must be created by governments to attract the capital, skills and expertise resources of the Diaspora. Moreover, communication and strategic outreach are central to effective implementation of programs and policies for a more extensive Diaspora engagement.
The Diaspora should be considered not just as source of financing, but as development partners. A stronger relationship between the state and the Ethiopian Diaspora is therefore appropriate and urgent to harness the holistic development of the country.
BY HOMA MULISA
The deep renewal movement that the government has initiated at every level is deepening even further. Meetings are being held in all corners of the country with the massive involvement of the people. In addition to expressing their opinions freely, the people are going as far as exercising their rights to fire government officials alleged to have created good governance problems.
However, some people tend to diverge from the reality and become sceptical about the outcomes of the movement. These group of people are of the cynical opinion that the movement would not bring about any change or form of accountability. The aim of this article is to show with concrete evidence what the people are actually gaining from the deep renewal. What benefits is the deep renewal bringing about to the people? is the question and I will probe into some practical outcomes in some regions as an illustration.
One of the outcomes of the renewal movement that best demonstrates its benefit to the people is the fact that they were able to exercise their constitutional/sovereign power without any interference.
The main reason that led to the initiation of the deep renewal is good governance problem that has prevailed in public service institutions across the nation. The government’s decision to carry out deep renewal by understanding the desire of the people demonstrates its commitment for transparency and accountability, and the people’s rights to be heard. The government’s responsibility is not limited to properly responding to the democratic quest of the public, but also to involve them actively and directly in addressing the challenges. I think the fact that the people are getting what they wanted out of the process is a great success.
The deep renewal process that took place in Oromia State is part and parcel of the nationwide movement. During the first round of the movement that took place in the last six months, administrative and political actions were taken against 4,460 leaders (officials) at senior and middle level and 13,578 at lower level.
According to the state government, the senior and middle level leadership held political positions from regional to kebele levels. Apart from those who faced administrative and political measures, legal actions have been taken against 260 of the 694 leadership that are alleged to have committed grave malpractice. Further investigation is under way against the remaining.
Out of the measures taken against the leadership that held positions from regional to kebele structures, 2587 cases were in connection with incompetence, 964 for rent-seeking, 397 for ethical misconduct and 512 for personal problems. Due preparation is under way to sue 2470 leaders at kebele level.
In the meantime, the region’s ethics and anti-corruption commission has frozen assets and bank accounts belonging to the officials pending trial. The frozen assets include more than 7.2 million birr in cash, four vehicles, two buildings and 40 residential houses, 244 326 m2 urban land and 548 , 662 m2 forest area.
In my opinion the people and the state government of Oromia have mainly achieved two fundamental successes from this first round of the deep renewal movement.
First, they were able to investigate the reason behind the unrest that destabilized the region, and second they are able to institute sense of accountability in the region. All in all, I would say that they should further uphold this initiatives in the coming rounds as well.
The Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples State has also illustrated a remarkable instance for the success of the ongoing deep renewal movement. The regional government noted that it has managed to build the capacity to respond to the burning needs of the public in due course of time though popular participation. Reports indicate that about 5.3 million people of the region have participated in the deep renewal process. After thorough evaluation of each government official, the people have taken actions including firing or relegation.
More than 19,000 senior, middle and lower level leaders have been from their positions. On the other hand 2,359 new and young leaders that have won the trust of the people have been raised to middle and senior level leadership position.
Administrative and legal measures are going to be taken against any government officials alleged to have committed grave administrative offences. In connection with this, 15 million birr that was embezzled from the region has been restituted while favourable conditions are being put in place to consolidate sense of accountability at every level. As these deep renewal platforms ensured the people’s ownership of sovereign power, they should be further strengthened and sustained.
Last but not least, Addis Ababa City Administration has also come up with commendable achievements out of the deep renewal. The administration stated that through the works the administration has been undertaking for the past 15 years has come about with challenges in the social, political and economic sector, resulting in a demanding society. And through the deep renewal, measures were taken against rent-seeking and incompetence.
The measures are likely to sustainably address the good governance problems that reigned in the city. The City Government is also working strenuously to deliver appropriate and timely response to the people’s quest for democracy and development as these two issues were the key driving factors behind the turmoil that somehow rocked not only the metropolis but also the entire nation.
Nevertheless, the public should continue to be the frontline participants of the ongoing deep renewal movement. I think it is obvious for anyone that the deep renewal measures and subsequent results I mentioned above are few of the instances that could be mentioned to argue that the movement will have a meaningful role not on in settling the immediate cause of it but also to reinforce the overall process of building democratic system and accountability in the country.
This fact shows that the false rumour disseminated by some people that there is no accountability and change involved with the process is not right or correct. Therefore, it should be understood that the deep renewal process is bringing change, and I would like to add that it is a democratic process that will hold the culprits accountable. More than anything, it should be understood that the demand presented by the public is getting answers in an appropriate manner with the people playing a protagonist role in it. Therefore, the deep renewal process should be looked into through concrete evidence.
BY DAWIT MITEKU
It is crystal clear that the Horn of Africa is one of the most unstable regions in the world. Terrorist attack, poverty, civil war, drought, hunger, chaos and others are some of the manifestations of the region. Luckily, unlike most East African countries, Ethiopia's peace, security and economic growth are displaying a turn for the better. Despite all the attempts of anti-peace elements to jeopardize the peace and stability of the nation, Ethiopia has kept on heading towards economic growth and political stability. Due to the commitment of its peace loving people and the government, Ethiopia has kept its pace and it is registering a remarkable economic growth. Such sustainable peace and security are not overnight outcomes. It did take decades of hard work. The peaceful relationship with its neighbours and bilateral relations with African countries have their own significant role in this regard.
Seeing the benefit of peace and security for the region, Ethiopia has stood guard against any form of conflict. Using its geographical location and its strong commitment to peace, the country is striving to bring about a sustainable peace in the region. That is why Ethiopia is always ready to send its peacekeeping forces to any African country whose peace and security are threatened by violence and conflict.
There was no time that Ethiopia fought shy from engaging in peacekeeping activities. This commitment is not limited only to Africa. It has also showed its commitment to the world. Its anti-terrorism act is a good testimonial in this regard.
Economic progress and infrastructure in Ethiopia: The past two decades have witnessed Ethiopia's commitment to economic development and fighting poverty. Using all its resources, the nation has registered a significant economic growth. This economic growth has became a model for other African countries. This is specially true for those East African countries.
In addition to becoming a model East African country in its economic boom, Ethiopia is also becoming a peaceful model in the region.
The various infrastructural development activities that are being carried out throughout the country are becoming a stimulant for other African countries.
The growing economy of Ethiopia is not only attracting international investors. It is also attracting its neighbours. Inspired by the growing economy of the country, these African countries are showing their interest to strengthening their bilateral relationship with Ethiopia.
The recent visits of Liberian and South Sudan's presidents are good indicators. What is more, Prime Minister Hailemariam's visit to Uganda is another corroborative example.
During their stay in Ethiopia, Liberian and South Sudan presidents have appreciated Ethiopia's role in the region and they have showed their commitment to work with Ethiopia.
As it was mentioned by Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, her country wants to share from Ethiopia’s rich experience in creating conducive environment for investors.
The president appreciated Ethiopia’s efforts in attracting local and domestic investors by developing industrial parks across the country.
According to her, the investment incentives provided by the government to attract investors to the industrial parks are strong.
The training given to investors to develop their leadership skill in doing business is also appreciated by the president.
The President expressed her desire to closely work with Ethiopia, whose economic growth she hinted exceeds that of Liberia's. “Liberia is a country embarking on the development of industrial parks. Therefore, it wants to learn a lot from Ethiopia’s experience in the sector.”
According to Sirleaf, Liberia is one of the top rubber producers in Africa and wants to work with Ethiopia to supply the product to shoe factories in Ethiopia.
The president assured that the two countries will work together to enhance trade and investment that would strengthen trade integration among African countries.
On the other hand, Liberia is keen to utilize Ethiopia’s livestock resource and related products, according to the president.
Meanwhile, Ethiopia and South Sudan had signed agreements aimed at further forging their fraternity. Ethiopia and South Sudan have a lot in common as people of the two countries are not only connected by geography but also by blood.
At the signing event, Prime Minster Hialemaraim Dessalegn underlined Ethiopia and South Sudan are looking at possible ways of enhancing their connectivity.
The first Ethiopia-Malawi Joint Cooperation Commission meeting which was held at Lilongwe, the capital city of Malawi is another implication of Ethiopia's commitment towards working with its African brothers.
As it was mentioned by Malawi Foreign Affairs Minister Francis Kasaila, Ethiopia is Malawi’s main partner in the Horn of Africa. The basis of Ethiopia’s fast economy growth, which has won worldwide recognition, is the implementation of its policy designed to ensure development, the minister noted.
As part of its vision to create regional integration Ethiopia has also became a model East African country. This is witnessed when the first fully electrified cross-border railway was opened between Ethiopia and Djibouti.
This electrified railway that links Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa, to the Red Sea port of Djibouti - a stretch of more than 750km (466 miles) is one of the best experience in the region.
The recent economic progress of the country has witnessed that Ethiopia is becoming one of the leading country in Africa. Using its economic advantage the nation can further play a key role in the region. In this regard the already started economic progress has to move with the same speed.
Chadian Foreign Minister Moussa Faki Mahamat would sworn in as the new Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC) Tuesday, 14 March 2017.
The official handover would take place at the Nelson Mandela Hall of the AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa.
AUC outgoing Chairperson Dr. Dlamini Zuma together with other dignitaries, welcomed the incoming Chairperson in March 9, 2017 at the Bole International Airport.
Both chairpersons would co-preside a two- day joint retreat of the new and ex- commissioners to facilitate a smooth transition.
Dr. Zuma would officially bid farewell to Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn today.
The new Commission was elected by AU Member States during the 28th AU Summit of Heads of State and Government last January in Addis Ababa, according to the press release issued by AUC
BY BILAL DERSO
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Ethiopia underlined the need for putting in place quality infrastructure to achieve inclusive,sustainable and resilient quality growth. This was disclosed yesterday during the agency's media workshop.
Speaking at the occasion JICA Senior Representative Takeshi Matsuyama said promoting quality infrastructure investment would unlock the bottlenecks facing today's global economic growth.
As to him, economic efficiency,inclusiveness , safety and resilience,sustainability and convenience
as well as amenities are part and parcel of quality infrastructure.
Regarding JICA's support in infrastructure to Ethiopia, Matsuyama said the agency is working closely with Addis Ababa City Roads Authority (AACRA )on road maintenance management system. “Our joint road capacity enhancement project in the metropolis has shown great improvement in terms of using latest technology like Road Condition Survey Vehicle”
At the workshop, AACRA and Ethiopian Water Technology Institute representatives presented JICA's
infrastructure support and outcomes.
Established in 2003, JICA is a governmental agency which coordinates Japanese development assistance in around 1 50 countries with financial resources of 8.5 billion USD.
BY DANIEL BEYENE
The Sasakawa Africa Fund for Extension Education (SAFE) announced it would host a regional networking conference here from March 13-15, 2017.
According to a press release sent to The Ethiopian Herald, the conference is designed to share experiences on appropriate value enhancing technologies and practices that can make a difference at a
During the event employers are expected to share experiences of value- enhancing technologies and practices for crops and livestock among smallholders. Universities as well will present practical examples.
SAFE works jointly with 924 universities and colleges in nine African nations, including Ethiopia. It is operating to bring Africa's agricultural education institutes more forthrightly into agricultural development process.
BY SINTAYEHU TAMIRAT
Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute is expected to work aggressively towards
unleashing the potential of the livestock sector in the country.
Speaking at a workshop organized to hear the institute's last six- month performance report yesterday, Investment and Technology Support Deputy Director General Kelifa Hussen said despite the huge livestock potential resource in the country , the sector has not yet made to contribute its share in the economic growth, Therefore,“We gather here to discuss extensively the challenges faced in the sector and put a way forward.”
According to him , abattoirs could not perform on their full capacity as there are shortage of animals supply, lack of market destination and the like,meat export earning has been unsatisfactory in the reported period.
Moreover, he said that there are quality and supply challenges in the dairy production too. “ We are jointly working with the Ministry of Livestock and Fishery to facilitate milk marketing system and improve the quality as well.”
Industry State Minister Dr. Mebrahtu Meles said that lack of coordination and other related reasons have made the sector to register below its set plan during the last six months.
As the government has recently laid cornerstones to construct a number of integrated agro- industrial parks across the country, he said some of the sector's challenges related to market ,quality and others would be solved for good.