Although macular degeneration is an incurable, top vision loss disease there may be a way to slow its progression and keep you seeing longer. Some studies show that by avoiding certain habits, foods and environments you may be able to keep your vision as healthy as possible.
These 4 ways to reduce macular degeneration may help if you are afflicted however if your vision is currently healthy, it is also good advice to keep it that way. Either alone or alongside continued medical achievements, these are simple natural preventative or acute applications to possibly control how your vision advances.
Up Your Antioxidants
According to Dr. Kamal Kishore, an ophthalmologist with Illinois Retina & Eye Associates,
“AMD [age-related macular degeneration] is more common in individuals with low levels of zinc and antioxidants,”
You probably are aware of antioxidants, but may not realize how or if you are getting enough. Antioxidants are specific compounds mostly found in fresh fruits and vegetables capable of neutralizing free radicals which can damage your body. A Harvard reports describes that antioxidants do this by either donating lost electrons that free-radicals have consumed from healthy cells or an “electron grabber” that feeds free-radicals electrons so they don’t take them from healthy cells.
Specific antioxidants work in specific parts of the body. Some of these include:
• Lycopene for prostate – red coloured produce
• Beta-carotene and other carotenoids for eyes –
orange coloured produce
• Flavonoids for heart – citrus fruits
• Proanthocyanidins for urinary tract health –
Overall, antioxidants work together for the benefit of the entire organism not just one area of the body. Therefore, consuming less processed foods and adding more fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet shows significant benefits for systemic health as well as preventing or slowing disease such as macular degeneration. It is always recommended to take a macular degeneration vitamin to help slow the progression of AMD.
Fish for Eyes
Omega-3 fatty acids which are abundant in fish have shown positive effects on combating macular degeneration. According to a study by researchers at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, senior men with the highest levels of fish consumption (more than two servings weekly) were 45% less likely to have AMD than those who ate the least amount of fish (less than one serving per week).
Best sources of Omega-3 include: salmon, tuna, anchovies, cod, shrimp and scallops. If you don’t eat fish look for omegas in walnuts, almonds, flaxseeds and soy.
Everybody knows smoking is a deadly habit but most don’t realize the potential for going blind from smoking first.
A 2013 study published in the Journal of Ophthalmology concluded that,
“…cigarette smoking is a proven risk factor for both development and progression of AMD, as well as for the clinical response in both atrophic and neovascular forms of AMD. As has been previously described, smoking  promotes molecular and pathological changes that may establish an ideal macular microenvironment for the development of AMD…”
The study also states, “…we believe that institutional support to disseminate the relevance of cigarette smoking in terms of visual health is warranted. Very few countries show health warnings on cigarette packets related to this issue (“SMOKING CAUSES BLINDNESS”)”
Get Off the Couch
Exercise has always been touted as a major health boost but some people become overwhelmed by the prospect of starting a physical fitness routine. When it comes to moving your body to lessen macular degeneration symptoms, all it takes is getting off the couch and going for a walk on a daily basis.
Medical Daily reports of a remarkable study on mice led by Dr. Machelle Pardue, a researcher at the Atlanta VA Centre for Visual and Neurocognitive Rehabilitation.
“Researchers trained a group of mice to run on a treadmill for one hour per day, five days a week. The mice were then exposed to a type of “toxic light” known to cause retinal degeneration. Compared to a control group that didn’t exercise at all, the mice that ran on the treadmill lost only half the number of photoreceptor cells. In addition, their retinal cells appeared to be more responsive to light and exhibited higher levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a protein involved in eye growth and health.”
Dr. Pardue comments, “This is the first report of simple exercise having a direct effect on retinal health and vision,”
Simple exercise can be walking briskly about thirty minutes per day or doing light activities such as bowling, golf, or climbing a few flights of stairs. Of course a weekly workout regiment should significantly improve your health, including your vision if you want to go beyond simple exercises.
Use these 4 ways to reduce macular degeneration effects regardless of whether you have this disease or not. It is sound, study based info that offers additional positive health benefits as well. There is no need to succumb to being tethered to your affliction, relying only on conventional medicine to get you through. Your body and mind are more powerful than you may think.
Yours in health
BY RAYAN RINGOLD
City Mayor with higher officials taking part on the draw at Addis Ababa Hall of Municipal
Though the problem of housing is a serious problem that manifests nationwide, specially teachers that had been disadvantaged during the previous regimes were hard-pressed by the problem.
Speaking in connection with the news condo-houses to be handed to teachers via a condo lotto, Dr. Tilaye Getiye, State Minster of Education said that “The Ministry of Education has been striving to address the challenges of teachers all over the nation. The Ministry acknowledges challenges facing teachers. That is why it is determined to address the demand in line with State's contexts. Addis Ababa City Government is working towards the actualization of this dream. Teachers are front liners in societal transformation and the engines of development. They deserve all due respect. The nation will step up similar efforts to address challenges faced by citizens.”
According to Dr. Tilaye, the Ministry holds that the world is in a constant state of change in every aspect: technologically, socially, politically, and economically. This demands a nation’s school system to be responsive and one that continuously upgrade the capacity of its staff. To this end, professional development programmes for teachers are expected to play a pivotal role, as they provide opportunities for teachers to learn and grow in their profession.
As per the aforementioned stance, the Addis Ababa City Administration Education Bureau has disclosed the finalization of preparations to let condo-houses for five thousand teachers based on service and family size at affordable rental fees.
The draw that brought together teachers from the Sub-cities, residents of the city and dignitaries was spectacular. On the occasion Addis Ababa City Administration Mayor Dirriba Kuma noted that this move could play quite a role in the betterment in the living standard of teachers. The city administration will press ahead with the task of addressing hurdles facing teachers. Offering teachers houses at affordable prices is one way of bridging the gaps of the housing problems in the city. The City administration has purchased the houses allocating more than 1.5 billion biir.
This writer had approached Leake Mesfin who won the condo lotto having two bedrooms. “Starting from the moment I heard the news I am elated. I never dreamed to own a governmental-run rental house with affordable price. The move goes a long way in overturning community's belittling perception of teachers seeing the relatively deplorable life they are forced to lead in the community. “I owe a gratitude for the government.”
Leake said the incentive will stir me up to execute responsibilities I am charged with with added zeal. Teachers can be rightly called builders of a nation. Through perseverance, love and sacrifices teachers have shown us the right paths, via which great men have been building their respective nation. It is our dear teachers who moulded our characters, our personalities and showed us the right direction which lead to our final destination.
Spurring a national development and creating knowledgeable citizens, with visions and aspirations, starts from having devoted and talented teachers. That is why everyone should appreciate the teachers' role in guiding and shaping us and the generations to come.
A knowledge imbibed without a teacher's guidance can be compared to a walk down a dark alley without a walking stick. Because of this, teachers need to have a high level commitment towards their duties and responsibilities.
Teachers inculcate moral principles. In the development of a country, great attention has to be paid to education and learning as well as good morals. Nobody is better placed than humble teachers in bringing the sought-for result.
Another winner of a one bedroom lotto is Addisu Shanko. He said “No other personality can have a more profound influence than that of a teacher. Teachers' love and affection influence students' character, their competence, and their moral commitment. An outshining teacher becomes a model for his students. Students imitate their teachers' manners, styles of conversation,life principles and gestures.”
Teachers, therefore , have a big role to play in shaping the behaviour of the next generation. It goes without saying that a civilization cannot take shape out of a vacuum or mere ideas and abstract concepts. Civilization finds a concrete shape in the practical behaviour of a nation, based on these principles and concepts. Once the practical aspect is gone, civilization also disappears and can only be studied through its heritages preserved in museums and chronicled manuscripts. This necessitates the provision of a learning atmosphere throbbing with life in our educational institutions through the active participation of teachers with a view to infusing confidence in our students and pride in their culture— to respect nationalistic sentiments, national emblems, and to adorn themselves with societal conduct and morals. They should root their identity on the centuries old foundations of their cultural tradition and at the same time should display standards of excellence in their academic performance.
According to Addisu, the move payoffs. As an educational supervisor he told this journalist that “The government is committed to address the hurdles besetting teachers as the other segments of the society.”
Pertaining to the incentive, Abinet Mamo, Entoto High School Teachers' Association Chairman noted that the role of the teacher is a multifacated one comprising academic, pedagogical and social roles. Academic roles comprise teaching, counselling and supervisory roles while pedagogical roles include instructional, evaluation and facilitating roles. As a facilitator of learning, the teacher is involved in motivating pupils to learn, maintain control in the classroom and the school in general, and creating a conducive environment for learning to take place. Social roles of the teacher includes, among others, socializing roles which is preparing pupils to participate in the way of life of the society; others include reference roles, detective roles, parent surrogates, confidants and affectionate roles.
“The move could do away with the less bright image attached with this holy profession. I just heard following the incentive teachers feel gratitude. They are and determined to discharge responsibility with renewed vigour.”
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME
Reuters on February 16, 2017 reported that Europe's largest hotel group, AccorHotels, will open three hotels in Ethiopia by 2021, becoming the latest international chain to tap into the growing business and tourism sectors in the country.
AccorHotels and others have been expanding in emerging markets such as Ethiopia, where a number of visitors have been rising by more than 10 per cent a year for the past decade.
According to Reuters, Ethiopia is a country in the Horn of Africa and the continent's second most populous nation whose fastest-growing economy has been propelled by huge spending on infrastructure.
The writer also stated that the new AccorHotels properties would offer more than 520 rooms in the capital, Addis Ababa. Sheraton, Hilton, Radisson, Marriott and Golden Tulip are among a handful of hotel chains that operate in Ethiopia. AccorHotels have been active in Africa for 40 years and is the continent's leading hotelier by number of rooms. The group operates in 21 African countries, employing more than 10,000 people at 94 hotels.
Meanwhile, Ethiopian Investment Commission (EIC) recently held consultative meeting with various governmental and non-governmental partners regarding the development of industrial parks and their merit to boost the industry sector. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) said it had been expediting various discussion forums used to gather invaluable ideas regarding successfully finalizing construction of industry parks and putting them into operation.
With a view to reinforcing industrial development of the country through construction of industry parks, EIA said it has been striving to help Industry Parks Implementation Proclamation 886/2015 go in full swing. Accordingly, it said it has facilitated four rounds of discussion on the draft regulation so far and it is expected to be submitted to the Council of Ministers and be endorsed. Stakeholders including Industry Parks Development Corporation, Development Bank of Ethiopia, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority, Finance and Economic Development Cooperation and Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs had raised issues that should be added, adduced and amended in the draft proclamation, before its enforcement.
Ethiopia has given due consideration to development of industry parks in the past two years. The Proclamation has so far been formulated and efforts are being exerted to issue regulation that helps proper enforcement of the Proclamation.
EIA stated that Ethiopia has become ideal destination point of FDI. Particularly, the construction of industrial parks has been increasing the interest of investors to Ethiopia. For instance, many foreign and local investors has been registered to settle in Hawassa Industrial Park. And nation will conduct rigorous selection of investors based on its need to develop manufacturing sector.
In this regard, Hawassa Industrial Park is expected to house over 37 factories and it would generate revenue of two billion Birr after two years. Earlier, it had been said that the park could generate one billion USD in one year. However, employment of work force, training and other unfinished works have prolonged the maturity and productivity time of the park up to two years. Whatever the cause, according to the Commission, the government is committed to strengthen productivity of industry parks and potential investors.
To this end, various incentives are being offered to investors interested to undertake manufacturing activities in industrial parks. The incentives include providing loan, importing duty free machinery, tax holiday and offering training and technical assistance. The investors would also be beneficiaries of up to 90 per cent financial assistance. The government is providing these all packaged assistances with a view to encourage investors to start production very soon (though some are questioning the importance of providing these all assistances to investors as they may abuse the excessive support of government).
The government has made manufacturing shades available and it is also inviting potential investors most of whom are foreigners. Among the incentive packages, foreign investors use only duty free import of machinery and the government does not need to provide loan as they come with their own sources of finance.
In the contrary, local investors are being invited to start manufacturing activities in industry parks in an open invitation call publicized to all. Accordingly, capable and ready investors may participate in the open bid. The government has no doubt that the industry parks may attract potential investors now and in the future. Currently, the world is witnessing relocation and shift of industries in an intention to look for cheap labour and resources. Hence, investors are transporting factories to potential host countries that could provide affordable price and wider profit margin. Accordingly, the movement has opened suitable opportunity to the Ethiopian manufacturing sector.
Hence, Ethiopia should be ready to make tough competition with South Asian Countries. In this regard, Ethiopia can provide pretty attractive incentives and cheap labour with affordable price, which in turn could woo more investors from China and Europe and replenish parks with sufficient manufacturers; parallel to the effort of the government to attract and recruit potential investors.
According to Ernest and Young, these days the underdeveloped and poverty-stricken Sub-Saharan region is in the race for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with its glittering growth prospects and natural resource endowment. Surely, Ethiopia is standing out from this pack since the last decade. Showing an astonishing leap in attracting new FDI capital and recording the highest number of FDI jobs in 2014 and 2015, Ethiopia is leading the continent to become top FDI attraction and destination attraction hub.
These days, FDI generating companies flock to countries like Ethiopia intended to be beneficiaries of lasting economic prospect. And hence FDI companies rush towards an emerging economy in search of something that suits them and that the countries care a lot about. Currently, Ethiopia is doing well to boost investor confidence and attract more investors with parcels of FDI; astutely striving to attract FDI since the competition to attract large foreign capital is getting fierce in this era of globalization with dynamic marketing technique.
Ethiopia is exerting endless effort to attract FDI in an invigorated manner. For instance, the nation has stated last January that it has intended to construct three industry parks at a cost of 10.5 billion Birr. Accordingly, Industry Parks Development Corporation has inked construction agreement with three Chinese companies.
The 1st phase of the construction of the parks includes Bole Lemi Park which is expected to cost 3.5 billion Birr. It is stated that Bole-Lemi park is designated for development of industries used to produce textile and garment; the park was to be constructed by CGCOC Company of China, while the consulting activity is to be carried out by Dawoo Company of South Korea. The project is expected to be finalized in 12 months.
The 2nd industry park is demarcated to be constructed in Qilinto site, in Akaki-Kaliti Sub-city of Addis Ababa. The park is designed to be ideal site for the production of pharmaceutical equipment and medical supplies. Construction of the park has been assumed to take 5.5 billion Birr and may be finalized within 12 months, like that of Bole-Lemi park. The construction is being undertaken by CTCE Company of China and Dawoo has also agreed to consult on the construction.
The 3rd park will be constructed in Jimma Town of Oromia State at a cost of 1.5 billion Birr. The construction is calculated to last nine months. The park is planned to specialize in textile and garment production; construction of the park is being undertaken by CCCC company of China, which is known to have undertaken construction of many projects in Ethiopia; consulting activity is to be undertaken by domestic company called M.H.
Similarly, construction of industry parks is well underway in Makalle, Adama, Kombolcha and Dire Dawa towns. Particularly, the Dire Dawa park is nearing its completion and it will soon resume production activity.
Over all, the government has given due attention to development of industry parks by allocating tremendous amount of budget for the construction. The sector is anticipated to have multi-prong benefit to the development of the country as it could employ thousands of productive work forces and consume huge amount of raw materials produced at home.
The construction of world-class industry park facilities like the Hawassa Industrial Park has garnered a lot of attention for big international garment and textile producers. Similarly, there are rosy prospects for investors interested to invest in Ethiopia and the country is attracting more multinational investment companies day after day.
Nevertheless, Ethiopia has to go a long way before it becomes an established FDI destination. To this end, the government is busy inaugurating the newly built industry parks. In addition, the country’s track record in ensuring stability over the past two decades is definite advantage to attract FDI investors from all corners of the globe. In the case of Ethiopia, and opportunities do outweigh the perceived risks.
Industry is indispensable to effect the country’s aspirations of transformation from an agrarian economy to an industrial one (GTP II of the country aspires to enhance the capacity of the manufacturing sector and gradually replace the role of agriculture to earn the lion’s share of foreign currency earning). To this end, nation is struggling to strengthen manufacturing and make ultimate transition to industrialization and export-led economy; multi-dimensional transformation to the economy through boosting production and striding to export quality and diversity.
BY FEKADU WUBETE
The 6th founding anniversary of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is to be celebrated in a few days ahead. It will be renewed the vigor of the public and the government in reaffirming their unreserved support. GERD was started in consideration of both the need for increased electric power for domestic consumption. It also aimed for the development of power with the specific aim of exporting it to neighbouring countries so as to enhance economic integration of the region.
Many political analysts argue that the dam could further boost national unity and consensus among all nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia. As a symbol of national identity, it is owned by the Ethiopian people. As a result, its total construction cost is covered by the Ethiopians themselves. domestic sources. GERD has not only played a significant role in strengthening cooperation among all nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia but also helped them to cement their unity. Besides, it has developed the spirit of the people’s capability to build such a huge project by themselves.
In fact, Ethiopia had conducted all the necessary surveys concerning the impact of the dam in the region. It also conducted an environmental impact assessment. At the beginning, there were some disputes on the sides of Egypt, one of the riparian countries along the Nile Basin.
Following Egypt’s misunderstanding about the importance of the dam to riparian countries, Ethiopia has been attempting to openly the insignificant impact of the dam on the flow of the water for many reasons. Firstly, it is constructed in deep gorge so that it reduces the amount of water that has been wasted due to evaporation. Secondly, it will provide constant amount of water throughout the year after its completion. Finally, it could provide electric power to riparian countries at cheap costs.
However, there are still doubts on Egypt’s side and evidences indicated that it interfered in the internal affairs of Ethiopia. Despite the fact that Ethiopia has developed the experience of conflict resolution and ways of promoting peace and stability, recently countries like Eritrea and Egypt had participated in the failed efforts of poisoning the country’s peace and jeopardize its development.
In the past decade, there were a lot of failed terrorist attack plots exerted against Ethiopia, which were directly or indirectly sponsored by the rogue state in Eritrea and Egypt. For instance, the recent violence in Ethiopia was backed by Egypt, which annoyed many of Ethiopians. However, Ethiopia has continued making vivid the immense benefit of the dam to downstream countries. Despite the frustrations that Egypt has been raising so many times, the impact of the dam was so insignificant that it won’t inflict any harm on the flow of water to downstream countries.
Ethiopia has identified poverty as its arch foe and it has been working industriously to alleviate it. The government planned a long term economic development strategy that has began laying bases for the transformation of economic structure. The country has a huge land and labour force as its major sources and the government has been investing on properly harnessing these resources. It is of paramount importance for the country to harness its resources if its basic strategy of alleviating poverty is to be accomplished.
The motive for the construction of GERD emanated from this very notion. This project is among many development initiatives launched in the country along with other mega projects like railway, road, sugar, fertilizers and cement factories The GERD and other dam projects will greatly contribute in alleviating poverty and ensuring sustainable economic growth of the country. GERD is so historical for three reasons. In the first place, there was a legendary thinking as if it was impossible to build any project on the Nile River.
In the second place, there were a number of enemies that have been jeopardizing Ethiopia’s efforts to use its resource for poverty alleviation. In the third place, Ethiopia hadn’t enough capital to construct such a huge project by itself. The building of the GERD, however, eroded that incapability attitude. That is why all nations, nationalities and peoples’ of Ethiopia, regardless of religion and age, have been exerting maximum efforts in unison to finalize the mega project with 6,450 MW power generating capacity since its inception.
Committed to develop its rivers, the country has targeted to increase its power generating capacity to over 17,000 MW by 2020, with an overall potential of 35,000 MW by 2037 in order to sustain Ethiopia’s continued economic growth and enable it to become a regional renewable energy hub in East Africa. So far, some 200,000 people drawn from across the country and representatives of many international media institutions have visited the project.
The construction is estimated to cost a total of 4.7 billion USD is being funded by the government and people of Ethiopia. There was a pledge of total 12.4 billion Birr by the public for the construction of the dam. Documents from GERD Public Mobilization Office indicated that close to nine billion Birr was collected till the end of 2008 E.C fiscal year. Although some groups in the region mainly in Eritrea and Egypt advocate as if GERD only benefits Ethiopians, political and economic analysts argue that this project has immense benefits to the entire people in the region.
It will play a significant role in enhancing the economic integration of countries along the Nile Basin apart from its contribution to minimize water evaporation, flood and maintain constant amount of water that flows to downstream countries. Therefore, GERD will not only benefit Ethiopians and downstream countries but also it will play a significant role in economic integration of the Nile Basin countries.
Recent documents indicated that Kenya could import cheaper and more reliable electricity from Ethiopia. It was known that the Kenyan Power has already announced that it has planned to start importing cheaper, clean and reliable electricity from Ethiopia. It would help Kenya to meaningfully reduce its cost of electricity as well as accelerate its goal of connecting over 1.5 million Kenyans to the national grid by 2020.
On the completion of the GERD, Kenya could commence importation of cheaper and clean energy Ethiopia to boost its manufacturing sector and connect more Kenyans to the national grid. This move could help to get cheap, reliable energy that will lure more foreign and local investors to the country. According to recent reports, such connectivity could increase Kenya's GDP to 15 per cent from the current 10 per cent over the next five years. It also indicated that industries account for more than 60 per cent of Kenya power sales revenue hence supporting the manufacturing sector will boost the Kenya’s all over development.
Ethiopia has been attempting to interconnect the region economically. And it believes electricity connectivity is one of the significant factors for the boosting economy in those countries. The intention of building the GERD is just to facilitate this economic integration and to boost mutual development of countries in the region.
The historical dam should not be interpreted as if it is designed to harm the people in downstream countries. However, it is aimed at helping the people in the basin to improve their economic situations. These countries have been hit by recurrent droughts. This occurs whenever there is shortage of rainfall as the countries are largely agrarian economies.
The only means of withstanding the disaster of such frequently occurring drought is obviously possible if and only if countries manage to harness their natural resources. The Nile River is one of the natural resources that countries along its basin commonly shared. Projects like the GERD should be built along such shared resources so as to benefit the people in the area. There should be cooperation for mutual development along the Nile Basin. It is crucial for all countries both at upstream and downstream countries to comprehend the importance of the dam for all people in the region. And should cooperate for the completion of the egalitarian project.
BY TESFAYE LEMMA
The Ethiopian victory over the invading forces of Italy at Adwa in 1896 is significant for many obvious reasons. Accordingly, it has been marked in various ways in Ethiopia across the years beginning with the imperial and following the Derg times. But many argue that the shining victory has not been given the kind of warm and extended celebrations that it would deserve. In some instances, the celebrations were even limited to laying of a wreath at Emperor Menelik’s Monument at Arada Giorgis and a few speeches by some government representatives and patriots and it was practically all over.
This is clearly not commensurate with the immense historical significance of the sacrifice of our patriotic forefathers and the glorious end result.
With doubt, its importance is not limited to Ethiopia alone but extends to the entire world particularly to those countries which were under alien and oppressive rules.
The victory of Adwa deserves much more than that and there could be a plethora of activities that could rotate around this victory and use it as an engine of transformation contributing to the ongoing development efforts of the country.
Truly, various researches and studies have been undertaken on this important event but a lot need to be done because it has various facets with various protagonists involved during an extended period of the history of Ethiopia.
While the actual celebrations on the day could be done in a variety of manners, noting how the younger generation is portrayed and understood the victory is worthwhile. Knowing every essence of the Adwa victory would mean a lot to the current generation since it has many battle fronts to forth.
In line to this, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and other ministries need to work closely in instilling the spirit of the victory of Adwa in the younger generation.
The notion to establish Pan African University at Mount Soloda is a wonderful initiative that certainly grace the sacrifice paid by Ethiopians for all people specially the black ones' freedom and liberty though some monumental works are anticipated to elevate its significance and resonance across the world.
Effort should be deployed to make Adwa a household name among all our youths so that they truly understand and appreciate fully what it means to be a free nation and how our forefathers fought bitterly and sacrificed whatever they possessed including their life, their dignity and sovereignty against invading alien forces.
For this generation, there is a key question to ask what would have happened if we lost the battle and the war? What kind of Ethiopia would have followed? and so forth.
Our youths must be able to know each and every detail of what Adwa stands for, how the campaign started and how it developed to become what it eventually became and what exactly materialized in those days and be able to narrate that to others.
Therefore, a lot of activities need to be undertaken beginning from the early days of our children. Making aware of the secret behind the outstanding victory of Adwa and the current stage will help us shape our future and build a better Ethiopia.
There are uncountable episodes and stories to be told around the battle of Adwa and this battle was only the final chapter of the struggle, diplomatic and otherwise, that took place between Italy and Ethiopia.
Hence, the glorious victory needs more research, more studies, more accounts and subsequently more documentary films, feature films and various forms of literature. This is a proudly huge treasure that Ethiopians, Africans and all the black people who were under oppression need to capitalize on and cherish. Specially for Ethiopia, a beacon of freedom and liberty should not be limited to a day’s celebration.
Therefore, it is clear that our scholars and intellectuals in general have a huge task ahead. They have a huge responsibility in this regard, a big home work to do because not only every Ethiopian is entitled to know about the history of their forefathers and their land but also other Africans in general because it was an unprecedented historical event even for Africa.
The gallant victory of Adwa must be owned by Ethiopians as well as by the rest of Africa as a treasury and celebrated throughout Africa. The one and many victory of Adwa has the power to significantly influence and overstep every boundary.
Evidently, having more or less similar knowledge and understanding of our history among fellow citizens, there is more probability of building up consensus as it is the gateway for development and other endeavours.
Sheger Mass Transport Service Enterprise said it has finalized preparations to begin school bus services for elementary and high school students in the coming year.
The Enterprise has a plan of introducing 100 school buses, 60 for high school and 40 for elementary school respectively next year.
The would be introduced mode is a step ahead to modernize city's transportation system, said Tesfaye Gebrel Enterprise Deputy Manger.
The buses are to be assembled here by Metals And Engineering Corporation (METEC).
BY FASICA BERHANE
Ethiopia Geological Survey General Director Masresha Gebresellasie
Geological Survey of Ethiopia (GSE) said efforts to provide quality geosciences data for end users are well underway.
Opening consultative workshop Wednesday, GSE General Director Masresha Gebresellasie said : “ National mapping coverage on average has so far grown up to 80 percent and preparations have been finalized to reach full coverage by end of the fiscal year.”
According to him , ground water resource assessment and engineering geological mapping have reached 98, 52 % respectively.
Masresha lauded the government for its unreserved supports in putting place the necessary infrastructure and creating conducive environment for mining investors and GSE.
Chief Geologist Hundie Meika for his part said basic geoscience mapping of Eastern Ogaden basin , engineering geology and geohazard mapping at Mekelle as well asl a Map sheet of Debre Tabor, Bure ,Gore and Agre Mariam were conducted in 2015/16 .
Moreover, detailed engineering geology and geohazard mapping was conducted at Dire Dawa area Leku and Arba Minch areas. Surface geothermal resource investigations also conducted at Tendaho and Boseti as well as Aluto.
According to Hundie, Ground water resource assessment and hydro geological Mapping were carried out at Degehabur, Debre Birhan and Itang- Togi, Jecha ,Deme as well Maji and Chido, among others.
Asamnew Besufikad, geologist who took part in mapping of Geology, Geochemistry and Gravity Survey Of Eastern Ogaden basin, said : “In the central part of the study area around Shilabo town, there are about four oil and gas drilled walls and encouraging results have so far been gained in this regard.”
Exploration expert for GSE Hana Getachew also said that new gold placer found in Oromia and Benshangul Gumz.
It was learnt that, GSE data could be available at Ministry of Mines, Petroleum and Natural Gas Geological Survey of Ethiopia.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME
The Federal Micro and Small Enterprises Development Agency has affirmed to create favorable market opportunity for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs).
Speaking at MSEs exhibition and bazaar held yesterday, Director General Zenebe Kumo said: “Creating market link for MSEs is a must in the efforts of poverty reduction.”
The Agency has been providing tremendous supports to lower income citizens to change their lives and sustain the fast economic growth of the nation, he stated.
‘‘MSEs have been changing the living standard of urban dwellers. Many youth, men and women have lifted themselves from absolute poverty. We should have to support them by preparing such bazaars and exhibitions to promote their products,’’ Zenebe said.
Creating market link, scaling up best experiences and sharing technologies and skills would be vital for MSEs to be competitive locally and internationally, according to him.
The Director General asserted that the Agency has been working to create 4.5 mln Birr market link in 2017 through organizing bazaars and exhibitions.
Urban Development and Housing Minister Ambachew Mekonnen for his part said job creation and food sufficiency schemes should be strengthened to realize the goal set in the GTP-II.
According to Ambachew , 70 percent of the total population is youth. Therefore, empowering them is part and parcel of the national ambition of becoming lower middle income economy by 2025.
BY TSEGAY HAGOS
The Addis Ababa City Administration Women and Children Affairs Bureau is about to create over 134,000 jobs for women.
Women Affairs Deputy Bureau Head Bizualem Gebeyehu told The Ethiopian Herald recently that unemployed women in the metropolis would get ample jobs in a six month period.
As hundred thousand women have already formed various associations and obtained licenses, she said the bureau is closely working with Addis Credit and Saving Institute in terms of providing loan service to them.
So far, the federal government has made 3.5 million Birr available for the project and various awareness raising training, related to credit, saving and proper budget utilization would be offered soon, Bizualem said.
“Unemployed women, youths and others are direct beneficiaries of the project. Those who loans are [supported] to be productive in the shortest period of time,” she noted.
BY GIRMACHEW GASHAW
Once degraded lands in Amhara state are now turned into fertile and productive through continuous integrated water and soil conservation endeavors.
Rewarding conservation and watershed development activities are still underway at 6,700 watersheds participating 4.6 million households organized themselves into 112,000 development groups, explained Getachew Engidayehu, Natural Resources Development and Conservation Team Leader with State's Agriculture Bureau.
He stated that previous best practices and management skills have been stepped up in a coordinated and effective manner. "There are 23,000 watersheds in the state. So far, 17,000 of them were developed."
Several successful endeavors have been achieved in areas where management and conservation activities introduced. The production and productivity of the lands have, therefore, risen to 89 %, Getachew noted.
Due to this farmers are able to grow vegetables, fruits and animal fodder.
Recognizing that the youth are pillar to the far-sighted agro-ecological development of the state, over 200, 000 youth have got the opportunity to involve in the endeavour, Getachew said.
Putting the watershed management in a wider context, the team leader said: The activities carried out so far will have significant role in preventing siltation at the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.
The task is done at national level, and around three million hectares of land are rehabilitated benefiting almost six million farmers, said Daniel Dentamo, Senior Public Relations Officer with the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
He added, this year, additional 6,233 watersheds are being developed at national level.
BY ALAZAR SHIFERAW