An old myth is saying that the phoenix at the age of 500 years old would flew into fire burning itself into ashes, the flesh suffered from tremendous pains and trials,and then it attained its rebirth from the ashes with brilliance and immortality, so the whole process of destroying itself and rebirth is called Phoenix Nirvana, via nirvana the phoenix gained a new lease of life.
Phoenix Nirvana, bath in the raging fire, it is an extremely painful move, well, being aware of the suffering, why the phoenix still did so without hesitation? In my opinion, the ultimate purpose is to reshape itself by rebirth, put it more directly, it is a way of breaking through and eliminate the old self so as to regain a new self! As an ordinary person struggling in the realistic work or career, inevitably encountering bottleneck constraint could happen to anyone of us, at this moment how to exceed oneself and break through the bottleneck shall be a severe subject we cant dodge.
I am always thinking why those successful people are success? As they are unsatisfied with the status quo, they have their own ideals and goals, they want to break the current unsatisfactory status quo and progress forwards, not to be outdone, and then to be eliminated by others in fierce competition, then they take the initiative to eliminate themselves that could not keep up with the current trends, take the initiative to reshape themselves and break themselves, keep learning and improving, that is the key of success. Keep trying, what is called ＂aim for the moon, even if you miss, you may hit the star.”
When your life comes into a dead end, your career is retarded from going upwards, your mindset is likely to be subjected to depression or restriction, it is time to adjust, settle yourself down in a calm state, establish a clear goal and define what do you want from the bottom of heart, a clear-cut definition of goal is important, assuming there was no a clear-cut direction, a person shall be like a headless fly running around in the same place, ultimately exhausting its energy and vanishing its direction.
In physics, we talk about inertia, in fact it also exists in humanity, people like to stay in their familiar areas, as it makes people feel safe and comfortable, they are reluctant to deal with unfamiliar things, to stay away from the unknown areas so as to not incur troubles or risks, that is understandable. Well as it comes to innovations and breaking through one’s limitations, the inertia shall become negative shackles. So, to step out of comfort zone, break the routine thinking and explore unfamiliar areas are essential to break through our own limitation and accomplish self-realization.
Here I’d like to advocate stereoscopic thinking, a thinking mode conducive to break routine, as we know for most of us are accustomed to linear thinking that is a straight line, one-way one-dimensional and lacking of changes and comprehensive viewpoints, in contrast，the stereoscopic thinking is non-linear and non-planar, when we view things we are supposed to analyze and see it from different perspectives, things are interconnected with many other related environments, so we might as well jump out of the box and our limitations, as my personal experience, the stereoscopic thinking is helpful for us to break routine thinking and gain success.
Well, after all no one wants to be a looser, everyone is striving for their prosperous and successful life, as one of you, I wish every friend could break through your own limitations, realize phoenix nirvana and achieve a successful life!
By Xu Chong
Currently, Ethiopia is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Taking its young demographic base into consideration, it is not questionable to predict that the country would have bright future for its economic and political resurrection. UNICEF issued a report in 2014 that from the estimated 90 million population of Ethiopia; more than 52 per cent are under the age of 18. Thus, working on such significant portion of population would be rewarding in state building and transformation. Because they are the main driving forces who are capable to realize the renaissance and prominence of the once influential east African nation.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 to attract attention on the global extent of child labour and action and efforts needed to eliminate it. Each year on 12 June, the World Day brings together governments, employers and workers organizations, civil society as well as millions of people from around the world to highlight the predicament of children labourers and to indicate direction for next implementations. As part of the world, Ethiopia marks the day every year to show its willingness to fulfill the rules set by the United Nations to protect the rights and dignities of children.
The Ministry of Women and Children Affairs and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs have been celebrating World Day Against Child Labour to create awareness on the magnitude and effects of child labour in the country. According to researches, hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian children are obliged to accomplish tasks beyond their ages. Besides, they have been vulnerable to plenty of physical and psychological abuses for many years. Having realized this tragic scenario, the Ethiopian government has been working to alleviate child labour in collaboration with its partners.
As part of the concerted efforts being undertaken to improve the life of children, the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs has been accomplishing successful works on the well being of children over the last two decades. The activities are ensuring fruitful results so far. In an exclusive interview with The Ethiopian Herald in connection with June 12 World Day against Child Labour, Child promotion and protection Directorate Director, Kibru Hailu said that his directorate has been endeavouring to accomplish three basic initiatives; Child development, prevention and protection, and alleviating harmful practices.
‘‘Children are the future leaders of this country. If we want to produce competent, knowledgeable, healthy and ethical leaders of tomorrow, we should have to invest our time, skill and capital on children,’’ he said, adding ‘‘the Ethiopian government has been working devotedly to prevent child trafficking, eradicating harmful practices, child labour and child abuse.’’
According to the Director, 12,436 street children were identified in the capital Addis Ababa over the last five months; from that number 7,000 children were reunited with their families and the remaining 5,436 confirmed orphans have been granted local and foreign adoption.
‘‘The country has strict adoption policy. It would have serious consequences to send our children overseas without studying the background of the person who takes orphaned children for adoption. S/he must fulfill the necessary requirements,’’ Kibiri noted.
The government in collaboration with other partners has been providing caring and rehabilitation services for physically and psychologically affected children, Kibri pointed out.
In 2009, Ethiopia has launched children’s parliament with the objective of promoting children’s right. Moreover, such initiatives would go a long way in ensuring many advantages in the future fate of children. The Director said that 400 child parliaments have been established right now. The government supports the parliaments financially and technically. Since the children elect their president and vice-president as well as secretary of the parliament democratically, Kibiri insisted that the process has tremendous advantages.
‘‘Child parliament is very important for children. It enables them to exercise rule of law and democratization process. It also helps them to develop their political skills and strengthen their relations,’’
Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Child Labour Exploitation Expert, Wosenesh Birhanu for her part said special attention has been given to safeguarding the rights of the disabled, HIV positive and street children by government and other stakeholders.
She admitted that there are still many children under 14 who are facing physical and psychological abuse by their immediate family members and employers.
‘‘We receive daily information and complaints against child labour. Based on the information we receive from informants, corrective measures have been taken on abuser so far. Awareness creation workshops and discussions are made a point to root out the problem,’’ she added.
Wosenesh noted that the fast economic growth of the country especially the construction boom, being noticed in urban areas, has triggered the rural to urban displacement of children seeking casual work. According to her, children who work in manufacturing, agriculture and traditional weaving industry are more vulnerable to child labour.
The expert insisted that taking measures on abusers could not be enough to bring sustainable change on child labour. She rather believes continuous awareness creation activities should be launched so as to bring drastic change on the exploitation of child labour. As children who come from rural areas of the country have no registered birth certificate, the sad episode has been creating challenge in addressing the problem.
In 2015, Ethiopia has shown immense improvements in efforts to eliminate child labour. The Ethiopian government has adopted a proclamation which provides strict legal frameworks and guidelines for the prevention and suppression of trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, which criminalizes all forms of human trafficking and contains provisions to prevent child trafficking and other child labour activities. This legal framework has been changing everything particularly in safeguarding the rights and safety of children in the country.
The Ethiopian government believes that education would be an important weapon to transform the nation and to realize the renaissance. That is why it has been hugely investing in education especially in supporting children across the country to have access to education and other basic needs. It has been striving to produce healthy, qualified and competent engineers, doctors, scientists, innovators, teachers, lawyers, politicians and other professionals through properly implementing the policy starting from Kebele up to the federal level. Assessing the success stories being achieved on children's right so far, it is safe to claim the future of Ethiopia is flamboyantly bright.
BY TSEGAY HAGOS
It is quite some time the Ethiopian missions abroad have shifted into economic diplomacy which has been dominated by strengthening relations for political cooperation. The move has come up with the increased Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flow to the country that makes among the top by continuing in its positive trajectory for a fourth consecutive year.
Recently, Ethiopia’s Ambassador to India Asfaw Dingamo, while inaugurating the Honorary Consul of Ethiopia in Kathmandu, Nepal, on June 14, 2017 has made a call for the Nepalese investors to invest in Ethiopia as the country’s tremendous investment opportunities is rewarding, according to Kathmandu Post.
He proposed a plan for Nepal’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs to strengthen cultural exchanges and tourism promotion between the two countries. He envisaged setting up bilateral consultative committee between the foreign ministries of Ethiopia and Nepal that would strive to strengthen bilateral ties and scale up economic and cultural opportunities.
Ethiopia is an ideal country of investment destination for foreign investors, including Nepalese. It offers for investors to invest in agro-processing, manufacturing, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile and apparels, among others. These sectors are currently booming following the construction of numerous industry parks across the country. Moreover, foreign investors can benefit from the growing market and economy of Ethiopia which is registering commendable double digit growth.
Trade and investment activities are booming and foreign investors can exploit every available opportunity in Ethiopia, which is a hub of international diplomacy and get way of Africa to the rest of the world. Currently, so many foreign investors are investing in agro-processing and manufacturing activities and they are turning out productive as Ethiopia’s economic outlook is moving in upward trajectory.
As a spring board to flourish investment, Ethiopia has identified several strategic investment priorities with incentive package. One of the major areas that are currently enjoying a significant amount government incentive is the manufacturing sector. With the objective of substituting the bulk import of manufactured products, which is consuming the scarce resource of the country, the government has been providing tremendous incentives for the private sector interested to be engaged in a range of investment activities.
Currently, nation is beseeching foreign investors to make their way to Ethiopia, invest in profitable sectors and reap bountiful benefit. Cognizant of the availability of numerous packages and investment opportunities, Ethiopia is calling for prospective investors in the areas of agriculture and manufacturing.
To further enhance productivity and provide support selectively, agro-processing, production of textiles, leather and food processing and packaging are identified by the government as strategic sectors that have the potential to generate huge amount of jobs. The government has also been encouraging local production of medicines and chemicals, eyed at saving millions of hard currency being spent on import.
Taking nation’s huge opportunities into account, during the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II: spinning through 2015-2020), Ethiopia envisages raising the contribution of industrial output in the overall economy and eventually changing the style of economy to industry-led, from the current agriculture-led. Currently, many manufacturers from China, Turkey, India, USA, UK and Israel, among others, are attracted by the various investment opportunities and are engaged in the production of textiles and garments, leather goods, paper, mineral products, cement and chemicals.
The reason that allures investors to invest in Ethiopia includes its economy being one of the fastest growing in the world, with annual growth rate of 11 per cent, large amount of irrigable land; enormous quantity of water and mineral deposits; improving infrastructure and logistics; pro investment policy, political stability and security; macro-economic stability; regional and international market opportunities; competitive incentive packages, investment guarantee and protection.
As a result, foreign and domestic investment has been steadily growing in Ethiopia, following the encouragement of the federal and state governments aimed at satisfying the insatiable demand of the country for more investment. Currently, both levels of governments are providing land and incentives such as tax holidays. They have also put in place improved bureaucracy in their investment offices which would help save time and money of investors when starting and undertaking operation.
Seeing the increasing volume of investment, Ethiopia is exerting considerable effort to desirably improve its business and investment climate through the issuance of various legislative measures. In this regard, the 1996 revised Investment Code as well as the Investment Proclamation are providing incentives for development-related investments and have gradually removed most of the sectoral restrictions and red tape on investment.
These measures have levelled the ground for enhancing FDI flows to the country and Ethiopia has ranked the third largest FDI recipient country in Africa since 2013. According to latest World Investment Report, Ethiopia is one of the top performing African countries in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), registering a 46 per cent increase in 2016.
The report further said: “Some diversified producers of East Africa registered strong FDI in 2016, with Ethiopia attracting more inflows than ever before. Ethiopia stood out to become one of the largest recipients of FDI in the continent posting strong and record growth, up 46 per cent to three billion US dollars.”
The report attributed the achievements to investments in infrastructure and manufacturing. can create thousands of jobs, increase quality of export produce and foreign currency earning.
Noting the role and contribution of FDI to the country’s economy, the government has responsively set up offices vested with special duties to manage and facilitate matters of investors in custom offices and investment destinations. In addition, the government is and has been organizing various forums and events targeted to exchange views and gain invaluable ideas from investors; to proactively iron out possible hindrances that may encounter the investment sector.
The government believes that encountered problems and legislative issues could be alleviated through regular forums and dialogues. Boldly, it is also implementing measures to further privatize and liberalize the trade regime and, in turn, create a safer and more attractive investment environment to foreign and domestic investors.
Furthermore, the amended Investment Proclamation (2012) has introduced practicable provisions for the establishment of industrial development zones, both state-run and private, with favourable investment, tax and infrastructure incentives. Other measures include the revision of regulations for potential investors, standardization of appropriate accounting practices (to more accurately assess tax and other operating liabilities), increased protection for shareholders, provisions for bankruptcy filings, and the modernization of trade and registration processes. These all tailored improvements are expected to further attract investors and foster their investment activity.
So far wise performances and decisions have enabled to enhance healthy growth of the country and secure safety of financial activities in a desirable manner. The measures even help curb illegal out flow of foreign currency which might otherwise be aggravated by racketeers acting in the name of investment.
Besides, the very glaring fact on the investment and development history of the country, nation has reached the current level of development due to the unreserved effort of the government which selectively invests in public sectors that are not favoured by private investors (and the government will go on carrying out same duty until convenient time to fully taken over by capable investors). Hence, the government has been investing heavily to improve infrastructures. And as a result, the road network has burgeoned dramatically in the last few years enabling the country to be opened up for large volume of trade and investment.
Generally speaking, Ethiopia accepts investment proposals in a non-discriminatory manner, the screening process is not regarded as an impediment to investment, a limit to competition, or a means of protecting domestic interests. Starting from opening its doors to capable investors, Ethiopia will continue to undertaking activities that may whet their interest. Hence, foreign firms are welcome to invest in broadly privatized economy of Ethiopia.
Taking into account the instrumentality of foreign investment in job creation and lifting millions of citizens out of grinding poverty, the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP-II) has given emphasis to attract more FDI into Ethiopia. In this regard, Ethiopia should intensify the auspicious effort in promoting its investment opportunities and attract more foreign investors.
To this end, ensuring peace and stability in the country since it is the perquisite for any development activities, developing and expansion of well furbished industrial parks and provision of incentive packages and effective and series discussions with the investors here and abroad would certainly make the country a hot spot of FDI destinations.
Built on firm foundation, trusted by the public at large, loyal to the Constitution and the constitutional order, the Ethiopian Defence Force is the pride of our people and our nation. The services our Defence Force renders to our people, to our nation and indeed to our region and the world at large goes without saying. Our Defence Force represents Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of our Nation. It is a symbol and identity of Ethiopian Nations, Nationalities and Peoples. Our Defence Force has an impeccable track record and reputation of defending the nation and rendering developmental services to the public at large. Generally, the making, the history, characteristics and achievement of our Defence Force is quite unique. The Ethiopian Defence Force is made of all Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia; therefore, it represents Ethiopia’s Nations, Nationalities and Peoples, it emanates from them and is their reflection and representation. Further, our Defence Force is also a reflection of its core mission which is “To enhance peace and security through deterrence and diplomacy and should these fail, to ensure a swift and decisive victory over the aggressor”.
Currently, the Ethiopian Defence Force dispatches thousands peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission in order to secure peace and stability in countries with difficulties and that makes the Ethiopian Defence Force the number one UN peacekeeping mission in the world.
Our Defence Force is also unique not only because of the activities it deals with here at home, but also with those activities that deals abroad mainly within the countries of our African brothers and sisters as well. Our Defence Force has an impeccable reputation for humanity, neutrality, commitment, heroism both at home and abroad. These unique characters of our heroic Defence Force are demonstrated time and again in many African countries; Rwanda, Burundi, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia among others with utmost discipline and unparalleled heroism. Our heroic Defence Force still maintains an excellent reputation on those characters by those respective governments but most importantly by the people of those countries not only as a United Nations peacekeeping mission but most importantly for caring, for neutrality and for humanity. For that, our Defence Force has been decorated with various international medals and was awarded with high level recognitions and acknowledgements from those countries and from the United Nations for the excellent services it rendered to those governments and peoples.
In any Defence Institution, soldiers and officers are merited according to their services and braveries. For that, they can be bedecked with higher ranks, awards, medals etc. In any Defence institutions, service to their institution, loyalty to the Constitution and the constitutional order, service to the nation and the public at large is not only important but indeed indispensable. It takes courage, commitment, perseverance and higher degree of moral as well as ethical standards to become a higher ranking officer in the Ethiopian Defence Force. Every rank and file within the Ethiopian Defence Institution is thoroughly and impeccably monitored, evaluated and assessed before one gets to the higher level, and in that way, depending on the required merit and service rendered one is promoted to the higher level and that takes many years to get to the top level.
Since army service and army evaluation quite varies from almost all others, the competition to the top level is very tough. As a result, it is quite difficult to get replacements to such type of highly skilled, tested by fire and courageous army leaders in few years. In fact, it is often difficult to get their replacement for years given their extensive track record, experience, knowledge, professional skill and leadership qualities. The evaluation and development mechanism of our Defence Force is quite remarkable.
The history of the Ethiopian Defence Force track record with regards to courage, commitment and love for the motherland is simply outstanding. The Ethiopian Defence Force also possesses a remarkable track record in the international and UN peacekeeping mission as well.
Whereas the Ethiopian people who both live in the country as well as abroad are well aware of the significant role that our Defence Force plays and the fact it holds deep respect and appreciation.
As a means to fulfil their covert and destructive agendas there were attempts by few internal and external enemies and self centred anti-peace and anti-development elements to defame, disrupt, disregard and if possible, to dismantle our Defence Force.
They have more often than not been commenting and finger pointing on the structure and organizational framework of our Defence Force and indeed on our security institution as well. They even go as low as proposing dismantling and if possible replacing this highly respected, highly regarded and well equipped, well organized and with an implacable track record institutions with their own mediocre, not experienced, low level land picked yes men that they can play around.
The main factor behind their agenda is that they need to destroy the constitution and constitutional order. They have a vision to disrupt our peace and stability, weaken the nation by destroying our very able institutions thereby, they want to grasp power by any means including, through violence. They want to replace our tested by fire, courageous, hard working, peace loving and dedicated men and women serving our nation and our people with mediocre, not tested and with no background track record in terms of the required knowledge skill and profession. A kebele leader or a parliament member and even a political appointee can’t be a full-fledged corporal let alone Colonel or a full-fledged General in the Ethiopian Defence Force. The whole issue is but a cover up to advance their hidden agenda i.e. to confuse the public at large under the cover of ethnicity excuses, an agenda they have been preaching for years.
They are trying their best to spread hatred and poison the mind of innocent people for many years because they knew that they cannot fulfil their anti-Ethiopian menacing agendas as long as our Defence Force continues to perform its national responsibility with courage, commitment and determination: which in fact that has been its trade mark. As a result, these enemies of our nation continue to do their usual unholy work because they hope and want to create a vacuum and infiltration within this credible institution and wishing to finally create destruction through anarchy and lawlessness within our nation. They are importing and preaching propaganda terror to create bloodshed between brothers and sisters within our nation while they live very comfortably in North America and Europe and sending their children to schools of their choice there. On the other hand, they want our children to die for them while they and their children enjoy comfortable life there. What a bizarre idea! What a wishful thinking! In their wishful thinking, they think they can grasp power by poisoning the new generation with their false propaganda using variety media outlets such as ESAT.
BY YOHANNES GEBRESELLASIE (Ph.D.)
According to the climate change mitigation goal Ethiopia set to achieve by 2030 it has jump started to cover 15 million hectares of denuded and farmlands by forest. The goal Ethiopia set is part of the continental goal to cover 100 million hectares of land with forest. Ten of the countries are aiming at covering 31.7 million hectares of degraded lands with green mantles. Ethiopia is one of these countries. The goal will further fuel the country's passion of forest and catchment development, an area in which it has tightened its belt and begun to portray astounding achievements. This will enable the country step up its activities by utilizing its experience, fine tuned with the goal as well as the continental and global support it is being accorded with.
At this precise moment in time, an all out effort is called for to cushion the impacts of climate change. Hence, letting degraded lands resuscitate and promoting forest development are timely tasks. It is known that Ethiopia is doing its level best pertaining to preventing and mitigating climate change. Pertaining to this it is striving to see to the translation of the green-resilient economy it chalked out.
Ethiopia has tasted first-hand the bitter impacts of climate change than any other country. It had gone through the acid test of climate change. Not few are the times beset by hunger many citizens left their abodes. The situation has made Ethiopia synonymous with drought. Farmlands that boast of bumper harvest are suffering the attendant ills of climate change — Scorching sun and flood.
Before the global community mounted a concerted action to contain the severe impacts of climate change Ethiopia was already on the ball. Chief among the activities Ethiopia mounted are found the physical and biological conservation works and the safety net programme it brought into play in areas where vulnerability to drought is apparent. As a result, farmers were made to develop some asset parallel to resuscitating denuded areas. This task has drawn the attention of the world community.
Following the successful task, waters are gushing out from springs that had long run dry. The landscape is once more boasting of a greenery. Farmers have become beneficiaries of irrigation development, cattle fattening, apiary and fruits. Specially, following the afforestation work it carried out from the dawn of the new millennium its forest coverage has risen from 3 per cent to 11 per cent. When projected the result augurs the country will cover 15 thousand hectares of eroded land with trees by 2030.
As this move is part and parcel of the continental and global move of mitigating climate change, it enjoys the support of the global community. The support is believed to include financial, technical, professional and similar supports. Using the lesson it got and the support being extended to it Ethiopia must press ahead with its task. As the task of covering denuded farming lands with forest takes time, it is good to consider ways to render farmers beneficiaries.
Getting out of the box, focusing on sustainable work than a campaign oriented one must be espoused. Though the forest development of the country cuts a good posture, experts note that the development has some gaps. Even if million of tree seedlings are planted in the country not the necessary protection is accorded to them. Only 60 per cent of them make it to trees. According to experts, the development of the trees also lacks clearly defined purposes. Bridging the development gaps, there is a call for seeing to the attainment of the set goal.
Workshop on “Industrial Surfactants for Leather, Textile and Construction Industries” called for active engagement of local chemical manufacturers to support the construction and industry sectors.
Ministry of Industry Chemical and Construction Inputs Industry Development Institute, State Minister Samuel Halala told journalists that in addition to supporting the industrial sector, chemical industries have also a significant role to the success of import substitution strategy. “For example, industries like BEKAS Chemicals Plc have been success story in-terms of providing industrial susurfactant and construction inputs.”
Moreover, he said the ministry encourages such investors in the efforts of providing inputs that are supported by scientific research.
BEKAS Chemicals Plc. Managing Director Bekele Tsegaye said that the government is doing all its best to expand the industrial sector, in this regard; Chemical Industries have a key role in providing industrial and construction inputs.
According to him, if properly utilized, chemical industries would create ample jobs and generate good enough foreign currency.
He said, “Once, the country used to import putty [past sealing glass panes in wooden window frames]. However now, the construction sector is using locally made putty to set glass. This is a good indication that local chemical industries have a key role in import substitution strategy.”
BY LEULSEGED WORKU
Arba Minch University (AMU) said it is undertaking large-scale expansion projects in a bid to improve the quality of education.
University Business and Development Vice President Rahel Elias told The Ethiopian Herald that massive expansion projects have been undertaken in its six campuses that would help train qualified, knowledgeable and competitive professionals in various fields.
“When Arba Minch Water Technology was reestablished as university in 2004 it had only few classrooms, dormitories and administrative building, but since then expansion has been undertaken as fields of studies and intake capacity increased.”
In some campuses the libraries are small in size as to compare with the number of students and there are shortages of dormitory and laboratory facilities, she said.
Cognizant of this fact, the vice president said the university is building libraries at Sawla and Chamo campuses, laboratory, water research center, design studio, conference hall, store, administrative buildings and cafeteria at the main campus and two agricultural research centers at Chencha.
The construction of a teaching and referral hospital with 400 beds is also underway with an outlay of about 900 million Birr for health science students, Rahel said adding the hospital would give referral services to people in the town and its environs.
According to the Rahel, preparation has been finalized for the construction of 100 classrooms. Most of the expansion projects are well underway, she said, adding, few contractors lagging behind the schedule due to various reasons. However, the university is following closely the project for swift completion.
She said the university has allocated close to 3.4 billion Birr for the last five years.
The vice president noted that the expansion would help the university to produce competent work force thereby contributing effectively to the national development.
University’s intake capacity has reached 19, 992 in all streams of which 2,180 and 27 are attending MA and PhD programs respectively.
BY SINTAYEHU TAMIRAT
Ethiopia to host World Refugee Day for first time in Africa amidst growing international refugee crisis and huge financial gaps.
The country was selected in recognition to its longstanding generous act in welcoming refugees fleeing conflicts and persecution from neighboring countries, Administration for Refuge Return Affairs Deputy Director Zeynu Jemal told press conference.
Being among the fifth refugee hosting nation in the world, the country has opened 27 refugee camps in six states becoming safe haven and refuge for those affected in their countries of origin.
Ethiopia has never been more committed to support those displaced from their homeland. It currently gives shelter to about 850,000 refugees. That is why the United Nation Higher Commissioner for Refugees decided to mark world refugees day is in Ethiopia with theme “We Stand With Refugees” at Gambela state Nguenyyiel South Sudanese Refugee Camp , he adeded .
However, the Director said Ethiopia faces 80 percent fund gaps in handling refugees. As the country remains politically committed and keeps its borders open for refugees, more finance should be mobilized from the international community.
“We need more international assistance to provide the basic needs for the refugees such as shelter, food, water, sanitation, education and health.”
For the time being, the country is trying to promote the socioeconomic benefits of refugees through integrating the ongoing development projects. Through different mechanism, the country is integrating humanitarian intervention with local development plans.
The country is not only hosting refugees but making extensive efforts to address the causes of migration through different means.
The Deputy Director calls for increased commitment from partners to help refugees and hosting nations.
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT
Center Director Buzuneh Adugna
Adequate preparations have been made to bridge skilled human power gap in metal works sector and to reinforce the booming construction across the nation, disclosed Engineering Excellence Center and Ethiopian Metal Industries Development Institute.
Engineering Excellence Center Director Buzuneh Adugna told The Ethiopian Herald that the demand for engineer welders is sharply increasing owing to the construction boom nationwide. “The current demand is 4,000 and it will project to 10,000 in a few years.”
The Center has, therefore, maximized its efforts to meet the demands by applying various mechanisms, he added.
Center Training Coordinator Birhane Getachew for his part said equipment crucial to receive international accreditation would soon be in place. The move would tackle the challenge and help to ensure the sector’s quality.
As Ethiopia has been realizing many mega projects, the Center has a decisive role in ensuring their durability, he said.
“One notable contribution of the Center is that it has trained 400 Engineer welders who are now involving at the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam,” he said.
In addition, 60 Engineer welders drawn from various Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Institutions and Metal Industries across the nation graduated from the center recently.
Birhane mentioned that the required resource has been prepared to train more workforce and to support the national developmental feats
“At the Center, we do have engineer welders who instruct and lead training locally. As the Center is not yet providing accreditation, this task is executed by German assessors.”
The coordinator expressed hope that the Center would be accredited by internationally acclaimed German welding institute next year and similar centers would be established at every state in the country.
Due attention has also been given to local welding practices, he said, revealing plan to train semi-skilled personals through short term programs.
For his part, Ethiopian Metal Industries Development Institute Corporate Communication Director said the institute has allocated 6.8 million USD to upgrade the center’s human capital.
In addition, the Institute and Indian Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on June 13, 2017 aiming to bridge the metal works industry academic and leadership gaps. Short term training, curriculum development and higher education scholarship are among the benefits ensured as a result of the MoU.
CSIR would enhance the capacity and capability of Metal Industries Development Institute (MIDI) to enable it contributes more efficiently towards the development of Metals and Engineering sectors in Ethiopia.
“This move would enable Instructors from TVET colleges to pursue doctoral and master’s degrees on metal engineering.”
This reporter approached Esheteu Muche, a local welder, for comments. He had this to say: “I embarked upon the welding business simply without formal training or education. I now understand that welding requires skill as well academic knowledge.”
The welding sector has a profuse amount of contribution for the ever growing construction sector in the country. And to ensure quality and the concomitant durability, thus the Center and Institution’s move has unrivalled importance.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs disclosed that government and non-government organizations have redoubled supports to sustainably rehabilitate Saudi repatriates.
Briefing journalists Thursday, Ministry Spokesperson Meles Alem said that
MEDROC Ethiopia Technology Group Companies pledged a10-million Birr donation and jobs for 100 repatriates. It also vows to grant higher education scholarship for 100 returnees and additional 100 scholarships for students from Kindergarten to grade eight.
Ethiopian Athletics Federation, Ethiopian Olympic Committee, and Ministry of Youth and Sport have similarly pledged 5 million Birr donation.
Association of Women in Business has also contributed clothes and other necessary materials while 11 hospitals have expressed readiness to render services.
Similarly, Ministry of Transport would avail free transportation services in the effort of rejoining returnees to their respective families.
According to him, so far over 30,000 returnees arrived here, whereas 83,000 undocumented Ethiopians in Saudi have taken travel documents. And 1, 400 came home Thursday.
The deadline of the amnesty period is already at hand with remaining 10 days.
In the mean time, the spokesperson announced that Ethiopia is gearing up to mark the 2017 World Refugee Day on June 20.
Accordingly the UNHCR High Commissioner Filippo Grandi and other senior officials would grace the event in the state of Gambella where over 400,000 South Sudanese refugees are currently sheltered.
It is to be recalled that Ethiopia was chosen to host the event in recognition to the 850, 000 refugees it has sheltered.
BY FASICA BERHANE