"Mona Lisa." Leonardo da Vinci Michelangelo. Galileo,
The term philosophy comes from the Greek word philosophia, which means ‘’ love of wisdom ’’. Wisdom is a power of everything. Without wisdom nothing can be done. Philosophers often distinguish wisdom (knowledge) into two as priori and empirical. You arrive at a priori knowledge by thinking, without independently appealed to experiences. For example, you know that there are 60 seconds in a minute by learning the meanings of the terms. In the same way, you know that there are 60 minutes in an hour. From these facts, you can assume that there are 3,600 seconds in an hour, and you can arrive at this conclusion by the operation of thought alone. You can acquire empirical knowledge from observation and experience. For example, you know from observation how many keys are on a typewriter and from experience which key will print what letter.
Based on this, I can say Philosophic thought is an inescapable part of human existence. "What does life mean?", “Did I have any existence before I was born?" and "Is there life after death?" are some philosophical thoughts. Most people also have different kind of philosophy in the sense of a personal outlook on life. This implies enormous influence of philosophy on individual’s daily life. If you take languages we speak classifications like sentence, verb, subject…were derived from philosophy. Every institution of society is based on institutional philosophic ideas, whether that institution is the law, government, religion, the family, marriage, industry, business, or education and so on. Systems of education follow a society's philosophic thoughts about what children should be taught and for what purposes. In the process of democracy and democratization democratic societies stress that people learn to think and make choices for themselves in democratic views. Nondemocratic societies discourage such activities and want their citizens to surrender their own interests to those of the state. The values and skills taught by the educational system of a society reflect the society's philosophic ideas of what is important and about how life should be ordered.
In the same way, it is a systematic approach to discover the nature of truth and knowledge to find what is of basic value and importance in life. It examines the relationships between humanity and nature as well as individual and society. Philosophy arises out of wonder, curiosity, and the desire to know and understanding. It is a form of inquiry, a process of analysis, criticism, interpretation, and speculation. The term philosophy cannot be defined precisely because the subject is very complex and so controversial. Different philosophers have different views of the nature, methods, and range of philosophy. The first known Western philosophers lived in the ancient Greek tried to discover the basic makeup of things and the nature of the world and of reality. According to him people had largely relied on magic, superstition, religion, tradition, or authority. Therefore, he concludes it as a wide and all sided subject. For this reason scholars divide it in to five branch metaphysics, epistemology, logic, ethics, and aesthetics respectively including language philosophy arise later during 1900’s. All of them are expected solve human being challenges.
Metaphysics deals with fundamental nature of reality and existence and the essences of things. Ontology and cosmology are particular area of metaphysics. Ontology is the study of being while Cosmology is the study of the physical universe, or the cosmos, taken as a whole. Cosmology is also the name of the branch of science that studies the organization, history, and future of the universe. Materialism, idealism, mechanism, and teleology are theories mentioned under metaphysics so far. Materialism maintains that only matter has real existence and that feeling, thoughts, and other mental phenomena are produced by the activity of matter. Idealism states that every material thing is an idea or a form of an idea. In idealism, mental phenomena are what are fundamentally important and real. Mechanism maintains that all happenings result from purely mechanical forces, not from purpose, and that it makes no sense to speak of the universe itself as having a purpose. Teleology, on the other hand, states that the universe and everything in it exists and occurs for some purpose.
Epistemology aims to determine the nature, basis, and extent of knowledge. It explores the various ways of knowing, the nature of truth, and the relationships between knowledge and belief. It ask "What is truth, and how can we know what is true and what is false?" and "Are there different kinds of knowledge, with different grounds and characteristics?"
Logic is the study of the principles and methods of reasoning. It distinguishes between good reasoning and bad reasoning. An instance of reasoning is called an argument or an inference. An argument consists of a set of statements called premises together with a statement called the conclusion, which is supposed to be supported by or derived from the premises. A good argument provides support for its conclusion, and a bad argument. A good deductive argument is said to be valid and the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises. A deductive argument whose conclusion does not follow necessarily from the premises is said to be invalid.
Ethics concerns human conduct, character, and values. It studies the nature of right and wrong and the distinction between good and evil and explores the nature of justice and of a just society, and also one's obligations to oneself, to others, and to society. It asks “What makes right actions right and wrong actions wrong?", “What is good and what is bad? " , Problems arise in ethics because we often have difficulty knowing exactly what is the right thing to do .
Aesthetics deals with the creation and principles of art and beauty. It also studies our thoughts, feelings, and attitudes when we see, hear, or read something beautiful. Something beautiful may be a work of art, such as a painting, symphony, or poem, or it may be a sunset or other natural phenomenon. Aesthetics is sometimes identified with the philosophy of art, which deals with the nature of art, the process of artistic creation, the nature of the aesthetic experience, and the principles of criticism. It involves both works of art created by human beings and the beauty found in nature.
The Philosophy of Language has become especially important in recent times. Some philosophers claim that all philosophic questions arise out of linguistic problems. Others claim that all philosophic questions are really questions about language. One key question is "What is language?", but there are also questions about the relationships between language and thought and between language and the world, as well as questions about the nature of meaning and of definition. The question has been raised whether there can be a logically perfect language that would reflect in its categories the essential characteristics of the world. This question raises questions about the adequacy of ordinary language as a philosophic tool. All such questions belong to the philosophy of language, which has essential connections with other branches of philosophy.
If you take “What is philosophy?" relies on itself, it is a question of philosophy. In the same way "What is art?" is not a question of art; it is the question of philosophy. The same is true in all subjects’ history, law respectively. Each of these fields attempts to determine the foundations, fundamental categories, and methods of a particular area of study. A strong relationship exists between philosophy, other fields and human activity examined in two fields such as science and religion.
Philosophy and Science studies natural phenomena and the phenomena of society. It quests "What is science?" "What is scientific method?" "Does scientific truth provide us with the truth about the universe and reality?" and "What is the value of science?’’ are some question expected to risen here. Based up on this philosophy has given birth to several major fields of scientific study. Until the 1700's, no distinction was made between science and philosophy. For instance, physics was called natural philosophy. Psychology was part of what was called as moral philosophy. In the early 1800's, sociology and linguistics separated from philosophy and became distinct areas of study. Logic has always been considered a branch of philosophy. However, logic has now developed to the point where it is also a branch of mathematics, which is a basic science.
Philosophy and science differ in many aspects. Science has attained definite and tested knowledge of many matters and has thus resolved disagreement about those matters. Philosophy has not. As a result, controversy has always been characteristic of philosophy. Science and philosophy share one significant goal. Both seek to discover the truth, to answer questions, solve problems, and satisfy curiosity. In the process, both science and philosophy provoke further questions and problems, with each solution bringing more questions and problems.
In general Philosophic thought is an inescapable part of human existence that appears in the different fields of study. Each and every society across the world has their own life philosophy to manage their culture, history, religious and political system. If so let me give you one example a richest experiences of Gada system of Ethiopia recently inscribed in intangible heritage list of UNCSO. Following the inscription many abba Gada’s, Oromo elites and researchers explaining about it at large. According to their explanation there are a number of philosophic ideas under Gada system that did not investigated yet. Among the philosophy the way Oromo people see and define this world is a very unique and quiet different from that of existed before. The way they manage their relationship between God and the creature even their living environment were in different. In their philosophy while they met each other or take part in meeting they gave prior for peace of God (thanks giving and praying for what they are going to do, blessing by elders and abba Gada) are some activities. On my view I tried to focus on how they manage their entire environment peacefully. As to their philosophical description peace with God, environment, individual, family, neighbor, rangeland, fields, water and wildlife have their own rule, norms and values. Regarding to peaceful managing of living environment especially forest conservation all member the society have no right to use forest illegal. It was strictly forbidden to cut down aged trees rather than using its branches for their daily consumption. It is forbidden to cut stood alone (one tree). Philosophically they are assuming forest as blanket of earth. If we turn off the blanket, the earth would turn to dry and result climate change like stream and rivers dry. Hence cattle lack rangeland and water then drought followed. That’s why they set their philosophy towards greenness and gave due attention to ensure peaceful relations with their environment. Without forest (greenness) there is no rain, water, rangeland, blessing in Oromo’s societal philosophy. As to them, unless, we manage positive relation between creatures, God would punish us is a center of their philosophy. Because they are assuming Gada system as son of God or rule given from God. Following the inscription of Gadaa system to UNSCO I hope most scholars surely put their eyes to investigate the secret in Gada system towards social services, women right, norms, values, politics, culture, religious, environmental conservation experiences. This philosophy would protect climate change being challenging the world if it has shared among other society across the world as well. Thank you.
BY GEMECHU KEDIR
Developing Africa’s ‘grey matter infrastructure’ through multi-sector investments in nutrition has been identified as a game changer for Africa’s sustainable development.
Experts at the 2017 African Development Bank’s Annual Meetings say investing in physical infrastructure alone cannot help Africa to move forward without building brainpower.
We can repair a bridge, we know how to do that, we can fix a port, we know how to do it, we can fix a rail, we know how to do that, but we don’t know how to fix brain cells once they are gone, that’s why we need to change our approach to dealing with nutrition matters in Africa,” said AfDB President, Akinwumi Adesina, pointing out that stunting alone costs Africa 25 billion dollars annually.
Malnutrition – the cause of half of child deaths worldwide – continues to rob generations of Africans of the chance to grow to their full physical and cognitive potential, hugely impacting not only health outcomes, but also economic development.
Malnutrition is unacceptably high on the continent, with 58 million or 36 percent of children under the age of five chronically undernourished (suffering from stunting)—and in some countries, as many as one out of every two children suffer from stunting. The effects of stunting are irreversible, impacting the ability of children’s bodies and brains to grow to their full potential.
On a panel discussion Developing Africa’s Grey Matter Infrastructure: Addressing Africa’s Nutrition Challenges” moderated by IFPRI’s Rajul Pandya-Lorch, experts highlighted the importance of urgently fighting the scourge of malnutrition.
Laura Landis of the World Food Programme (WFP) said the cost of inaction is dramatic. “We have to make an economic argument on why we need action,” she said. “The WFP is helping, in cooperation with the African Union and the AfDB, to collect the data that gets not just the Health Minister moving, but also Heads of State or Ministers of Finance.”
The idea is to get everyone involved and not leave nutrition to agriculture and/or health ministries alone. And panelists established that there is indeed a direct link between productivity and growth of the agriculture sector and improved nutrition.
Baffour Agyeman of the John Kuffuor Foundation puts it simply: “It has become evident that it is the quality of food and not the quantity thereof that is more important,” calling for awareness not to end at high level conferences but get to the grassroots.
Assisting African governments to build strong and robust economies is accordingly a key priority for the AfDB. But recognizing the potential that exists in the continent’s vast human capital, the bank included nutrition as a focus area under its five operational priorities – the High 5s.
And to mobilise support at the highest level, the African Leaders for Nutrition (ALN) initiative was launched last year, bringing together Heads of State committed to ending malnutrition in their countries.
As a key partner of this initiative, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation foresees improved accountability with such an initiative in place. “ALN is a way to make the fight against malnutrition a central development issue that Ministers of Finance and Heads of State take seriously and hold all sectors accountable for,” said Shawn Baker, Nutrition Director at the Foundation.
However, African Ministers of Finance want to see better coordination and for governments to play a leading role in such initiatives to achieve desired results. “Cooperation and coordination are key between government and development partners,” said Sierra Leone’s Finance and Economic Development Minister Momodu Kargbo. “Development partners disregard government systems when implementing programmes whereas they should align and carefully regard existing government institutions and ways of working.”
Notwithstanding the overarching theme of Africa rising, Muhammad Ali Pate, CEO of Big Win Philanthropy, says, “We can’t say Africa is rising when half of our children are stunted.” He pointed out the need to close the mismatch between the continent’s sustained GDP growth and improved livelihood of its people.
With the agreed global SDG agenda, Gerda Verburg, Scaling Up Nutrition Movement Coordinator sees nutrition as a core of achieving the goals. “Without better nutrition you will not1tter nutrition you will not improve health, find innovative approaches, or peace and stability, better nutrition is the core,” she says.
Therefore, developing Grey Matter Infrastructure is key to improving the quality of life for the people of Africa. But it won’t happen without leadership to encourage investments in agriculture and nutrition, and more importantly, resource mobilization for this purpose.
BY FRIDAY PHIRI
The contribution of charities and associations or Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in socioeconomic and political aspects of developing countries like Ethiopia is crucial. There have been various achievements made in changing the lives of many societies in need by integrated efforts of these organizations inline with enabling policies and strategies of the governments of such countries.
According to the Ethiopian Charities and Societies Agency, there are more than three hundred charities and societies throughout the country engaged in different programmes and missions.
Formerly known as the Ethiopian Relief Organization (ERO) and now Organization for Rehabilitation and Development in Amhara (ORDA) is one of the local NGOs which started with emergency recovery activities in 1984. And it rescued the lives of hundreds of thousands from the consequences of recurrent drought that affected the north eastern parts of the Amhara State at that time.
According to Ahimed Abitew, Chairman Board of Directors, the Organization has been implementing integrated development programmes in collaboration with the state government, donors and the public since 1997. It is currently engaged in natural resource conservation, forest development, agriculture and disaster risk management, irrigation and potable water development programmes.
In general, the Organization is managing 65 diversified and integrated sustainable rural development projects reaching 64 woredas and benefiting more than 1.7 million people in Amhara State. It is also putting effort in rehabilitating and benefiting 639,939 families or more than three million people during its fourth strategic plan whose implementation period goes from 2016 to 2020.
Even though the state is rich with natural resources, it seems that poor management has affected the resources and the economic well being of the public. For instance, from 200,000 hectares of annual deforestation in the nation, Amhara State takes the highest rate, according to LEMAT ORDA's annual magazine published in March 2017. It indicates that uncontrolled grazing, timber production and fire woods and charcoal, expansion of farm land, population growth, legal and illegal settlements and weak protections are among the major causes for the destruction.
In order to change this, agricultural and forest developmental activities are vital. Thus, ORDA has to take initiative and actions. Sources indicate that the dry forests of the semi-arid West Amhara low lands along the northern and southern Sudanese border form a green belt and build a buffer zone against the expanding Sahara and Sahel. The green belt compared to other areas in the country is a relatively intact system that is home to different species of trees, animals and birds which have significant contribution in restoring and conserving the ecosystem.
Explaining ORDA's effort in environmental protection and forestry, Executive Director Dr. Amlaku Asres said that over 667 million seedlings have been planted which covered 117,471 hectares of land and contributed 4.2 per cent of the forestry development in the state.
Meanwhile, among best achieved projects of ORDA, a project called Protection and Sustainable Forest Management in Alefa Woreda-Sahura town of west Amhara is exemplary due to restoring the ecology and biodiversity and benefiting 17,000 households of which 8.8 per cent are women. The project covers over 25,367 hectares of forest land in North Gondar zone particularly in 8 kebeles of Alefa and Quara woredas.
According to Mequanint Dagnew, manager of the project, the Participatory Forest Management (PFM) was the approach of the project which created sense of ownership and results in sustainable protection and restoration of forests, conservation of biodiversity and livelihood improvement in western part of the state.
Since the task needs active involvement of various actors, agricultural, marketing cooperatives, administrative, justice and tourism sectors are expected to put hands on the effort to preventing degradation and fragmentation of forests.
The western low land area of the state is a great potential to Boswellia incense species and Arabic gum. Nine cooperatives are currently operating in the project and not only in protecting the forest but also benefiting from the products particularly from incense and apiary. As a result, cooperatives in Metema and Quara woredas were able to produce 2,890 quintals of incense and earned more than eight million Birr in the previous year only.
Tesfahun Sittot is a settler in Quara woreda, Gelgo village of Dubaba kebele transferred from Maqdala woreda of South Wolo zone in 1997.Tesfahun describes the then Dubaba as a place covered by dense forest and inhibited by large variety of indigenous plants and animal species. However, within the following ten years, population growth and other factors caused distraction of the forest with high rate and animals like monkeys, antelopes, boars, deer, lions, leopards etc migrated the place. Later in 1997 through its protection and sustainable forest management project, ORDA took initiative and access restrictions to farming, uncontrolled grazing, etc. “And inline with recovering the forest, the Organization has organized us in participatory forest management system. Since 2014, we are able to generating income from incense and gum products,” said Tesfahun.
The Organization has also made certain achievements in agricultural development and disaster risk management supporting 660,107 households in nutrition and food security, according to Amlaku. And 204,000 were also assisted by twelve emergency recovery projects implemented, with a total of 188 million Birr, in 33 drought affected woredas during El Nino incident. It will continue its effort towards achieving the vision to see a prosperous society in the state,” says the Executive Director Amlaku.
BY HENOK TIBEBU
This piece is also written by same writer whose name was mistakenly missing in the first part.
May 28, 1991 is considered a watershed in the history of Ethiopia in many senses. Following the stability and reorganization of certain structures of the state, when the dust of transition and change was settling, focus was given to the preparation of a new constitution replacing the old one. In the meantime, the status of the Transitional Government was to totally change.
After repeated and protracted discussions and deliberations with extensive public gatherings and political parties’ participation, and long debates aired on TV and radio, the 1994 Federal Constitution was drafted and then promulgated establishing a new parliamentary system. In the process, many of the fundamental issues of the society were seriously discussed. Eventually, the new supreme law of the land consisted of eleven Chapters distributed into 106 Articles that practically dealt with all the core issues at stake.
The constitution has been acclaimed by many intellectuals and academicians as among the best in the world in absolute terms. In the federal structure, the Prime Minister has the executive power, while the president has a largely ceremonial position and with certain powers of his own, his being a symbol of unity. The bicameral parliamentary system consisting of the House of People's Representatives and the House of Federation is key and has its own raison d’être. Electoral districts elect the 547 representatives for the House of People's Representatives every five years, and the party that earns the majority of the votes nominates the prime minister. To date Ethiopia has successfully carried out five elections. Each election was preceded by the formalities and legal requirements as established by the National Electoral Board and extended campaigns including debates on issues aired on the mass media were carried out. This must be seen as an expression of democracy. Rallies of huge crowds exercising their rights to elect and be elected into a public office were carried out. This was the result of a newly established system following the advent of May 28.
Several comments and observations have been made on the issue of how political parties are formed and how they portray their messages to their constituencies. The ethnic or language based associations have been a source of fierce disagreements among the various political forces of the country if not controversy; and several comments and criticisms were made in that area. This is still to a certain extent an issue that has not been settled once and for all. The debate appears open. It was argued by some that such arrangement would be counterproductive in the wake of eventual divisions and risks of pleas of secession from the state as we know it now.
On the other hand, the idea behind ‘the secession clause’ was explained in terms of ample choice and ample freedom for any group of people that would like to have their rights totally respected and continue in a united nation rather than be forced to subscribe to a nationality that may not necessarily respond to their aspirations.
This appears the crux of the matter. The question arises: Can union be forced? Should a group of people of a certain background be forced to stick to a nation that does not respond to its aspirations as a people? Many people cite the example of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the former Yugoslavia when they think of the risk of disintegration of a republic. The remedy for that should have been a clause that would leave the door open for peaceful solutions that should have allowed a legal and consensual way of asserting ‘the right to self-determination of a people up to secession’ in a proper and legal manner. It would avoid the indulgence in relentless battles, destruction and deaths as has happened in the former Yugoslavia, for instance. And for all this, EPRDF and its allies responded Article 39 of the FDRE constitution was the best solution. They asserted people must feel free that if conditions are such that there are no reasons why they should be discriminated against or systematically mistreated as a group, then they have the choice to depart triggering Art 39.
Many criticized such provision of the constitution as an invitation or encouragement for an attempt to destabilize the state. They thought that the country’s survival as one state was at severe risk, that it encouraged secession and disunity etc. But the counter arguments seemed even more convincing because there would be no way of incarcerating a whole population if they did not have the conviction or will that they should continue in the coexistence as a united or one nation. New battles would be opened and there would be no end to conflicts and destruction.
In a society such as ours, there is one undeniable fact and that is, we are a group of nations, nationalities and peoples with different habits, different ways of living, different creeds and customs, different outlooks about life, and different perceptions about the future. But we also have several interests that tie us together due to years and years of cohabitation, intermingling, and intermarriage. We have had several stories of battle and wars together to prevent or extricate ourselves from foreign dominion that came against us because of our sovereignty and independence. Wars were waged against us because of our creed but we came together and repelled all those invasions and survived as a nation that never tolerated or accommodated humiliation and colonial regimes. One can easily assert that there are far more reasons and factors that ought to unite us as one people rather than divide us and weaken us due to fragmentation. The result would only be more misery and deprivation.
At a time when, more than ever before, unity of peoples is considered as a strength a raison d’etre, a reason for which to live, at a time when Africans are trying to unite with a common vision and common goals to face together the daunting tasks of winning the war against poverty and backwardness, there is no convincing reason why we should exert all our forces to try and create discrepancies in our society just because of temporary misconceptions and rectifiable wrongs that may have been made or inflicted on certain groups of people during the years and years of life of togetherness and interactions at times filled with strife and disputes and attempts of dominion. It was the spirit of the times or the reflection of a certain mentality, a certain historical context that now belongs to the past and to the books of history. It should be remembered that the world has passed through stages such as slavery, feudalism and other forms of repression and colonization and the like.
Various kinds of disputes and wars and even the use of atomic bomb on nations has been a part of it. Various systems of government such as apartheid and similar episodes and systems of racial abuse and discrimination were also experienced. But today there is the need to close those chapters of history and initiate a new one full of forgiveness and reconciliation. Mandela was instrumental to transform a divided society due to apartheid and open a new peaceful chapter. People cannot afford to live in the past, nor can they be prisoners of the past. There is hence a need to look into the future because the world belongs to the future, to the coming generation. The wrongs of the past must be rectified once and for all and lessons must be learned so that they should not be repeated.
In this regard, Europe is a clear example of reconciliation and peace and there are no comparisons between standing together and proceeding as fragmented small nations. The argument in favor of the secession clause as forwarded by the promoters of the constitution was presented in these terms that the provisions that allow for an eventual secession invoking the law should be considered as a ‘pact of unity’ and tolerance rather than division and strife. Knowing that there is this possibility, systematic mistreatment or discrimination against any group of people would die away. The constitutional provision consecrated at Article 39 would be a guarantee of continuity of the state as we know it.
The fact that many had considered such provision as a time bomb was criticized for undermining the strong bonds that Ethiopians had and that it was not a house made without a foundation. With aristocratic or military governments such scenario could be a probability, but with a democratic government that vows to respect the equal rights of all nations and nationalities with all the guarantees of the world firmly consecrated in the laws and regulations of the state, we can stick together. According to the constitution the House of Federation is the place where all the nations, nationalities and peoples are meant to be represented by at least one member and all grievances could be considered and settled.
The nine regional states within the country are drawn largely along linguistic and ethnic lines with each state having its own legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The State Council is the highest authority in each state, and it has even the authority to amend the state constitution. The Constitution calls for each State Council to decentralize the administration to the local authorities.
The strongest part of this constitution as remarked by many observers is Chapter III that guarantees the fundamental rights and freedoms of the people, beginning from Article 13 up to Article 44 that talk about environmental rights. It divides the Chapter into Part One, Human Rights, and Part Two, Democratic Rights where a whole range of really illuminated provisions guaranteeing the rights and freedoms of peoples are inscribed.
Finally, it should be understood that as conditions on the ground change, there could be reason for a change in the constitution as well. Hence taking that constitutions are susceptible of amendments as society or communities change and evolve as new desires and aspirations arise, it should be noted that the mechanism of amendment is enshrined under Articles 104 and 105 with all the conditions of initiation and amendment of the same.
BY FISTUM GETACHEW
It has been twenty six years since Ethiopia began building a multinational federal system. All along the road, innumerable success stories have been registered. People have turned beneficiaries of socioeconomic and political benefits. They are enjoying the breath of fresh air that ensued on the wake of the advent of democracy. The federal system the country pursues is one that answered questions on democratic and human rights, the strengthening of unity and the budding of political pluralism. Aside from seeing to a fast and sustainable economic growth, the system is ensuring social and infrastructural development. It is one of boons that entitled people across the board fruits that accrue. The maladministration highly prevalent in the country before 1991 has ceded place to a better today. Parrying instability not only in Ethiopia but also around east Africa,Red Sea and North East Indian ocean Ethiopia has allowed people to lead a unperturbed life. It has also allowed over the 80 ethnic groups to live respectfully and considerate of each other. They lead life united one. Apart from enabling its own peace,Ethiopia is dispatching its troops to maintain continental peace.
During the protracted feudal system, the boundary of government and religion was diffused. But the federal system of Ethiopia espouses a secular government. The constitution clearly indicates that religion does not interfere in the government's affair and vice versa. This move has leveled the ground for religions. Not only this fact, numerous are the benefits of May 28.That is why president of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Dr. Mulatu Homestead stressed “We have to keep the fruits gained specially in the peace,democracy and development front. We have to see to the furtherance of the ensued peace, the democratic system sending roots and the sustainable economic development. The task calls for an all out exertions. The victory May 28 declared is one that changed the tarnished image of the country punctuated by strifes and penury. It is one that laid a cornerstone for peace, development and democratic order. Peace is a bedrock for all things. The burgeoning of democracy and the strengthening of development presuppose a sustainable peace,an indispensable thing. Hence citizens need keep an open eye every time,”.
Ethiopia's peace warrant are the citizens themselves. The peace keeping duty must not be a task to be left for a segment of a society alone but to peoples of Ethiopia. For the successful of this mission people could reach at a consensus through discussion and take corrective measures. In case hurdles regarding lack of democracy, infringements of rule of law and maladministration surface citizens could solve them through discussion and public forums that could suggest solutions. The benefits of fruits of May 28,that are playing quite a role for the positive image of the country as they are. Yet it is clear that,contrariwise,there were tendencies that cast a shadow on the country's hard-won peace and development. Aside from derailing the country's development they could deprive citizens the right of peacefully conducting daily duties. Hence, there is a call for double checking peace is there.
It is also necessary to heed what experts suggest to amend some short falls in the federal system in a bid to well address the problems and ensure the furtherance of the system. There is a need to conduct sensitization works till the basic principles of the constitution sinks in the minds of citizens via peer learning process. There is also a call for nurturing the habit of respecting one another, accommodating the thoughts of others,tolerating or appreciating diversity and having kind hearts,among others. These virtues could buttress the function of the federal system in place.
The bottom line is lets us enjoy the fruits of May 28 to our heart's content. Parallel to that let us inexorably support the country's developmental thrust forward.///
Health Ministry said building compassionate, respectful and caring (CRC) health professionals requires time for it requires more of behavioral change than knowledge.
Ministry’s Human Resource Director Dr. Getachew Tolera told The Ethiopian Press Agency that CRC has not been only a matter of knowledge but also of behavioral change which requires changing ones behavior.
He said CRC demands all health professionals to be abided by medical codes of conduct, principles and laws. “An excelling practice of CRC, therefore, cannot be realized just after learning or graduation.”
Hence, CRC unlike the other three pillars of Health Sector Transformation Plan is not to be completed within the plan period. Because the target is to change a generation of health, media, and other concerned professionals.
It also requires undertaking large scale awareness raising tasks on the community, if it is to impact change on generation.
“CRC councils have been set up from Ministry of Health to selected health centers. In-service trainings are also underway. Primary and secondary school students are practicing CRC through different clubs,” the director said.
Dr. Getachew added that since the launching of CRC last year, universities have also the similar councils in accordance with agreement between Education and Health Ministries.
Low salary level, lack of incentives, promotion or their benefits should not be associated with CRC that these cannot be hindrance to the implementation.
BY SINTAYEHU TAMIRAT
Ethiopia needs to implement International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) which helps the country communicate with the rest of the world, said experts and officials.
In a training organized by Ethiopian Management Institute, Training Facilitator Wegayehu Woldeyesus said the IFRS training would aware trainees on the practices of IFRS while it develops their skills on this new reporting standard that Ethiopia has accepted recently.
Yimam Nurye one of the trainees and Effort Addis Office Senior Accountant noted that the new reporting standard enables government and non-government organizations to increase their financial transparency.
Ethiopian Management Institute Business Development and Licensing Authorization Director Terefe Tize also highlighted as IFRS ensures financial transparency and consistency besides enabling professionals communicate easily.
The pilot standard would be enforced as of next Ethiopian budget year, disclosed the director, vowing as similar training would be organized for government and non-government organizations.
Managers and financial analysts who are considered to quickly obtain the broad overview of key issues on IFRS are taking part in the training which lasts seven days.
One hundred and fifty countries of the world have already implemented IFRS, it was learnt.
BY YARED GEBREMEDEN
“Comparing to many African countries, our per capita milk consumption is the lowest one,” said Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries.
Celebrating the World Milk Day yesterday, State Minister Dr. Gebregziabher Gebreyohannes said that low productivity, fodder shortage, vet service, among others, are said to be the bottlenecks of the dairy sector.
Citing the data of Central Statistical Agency, Dr. Gebregziabher said livestock resource contributes 16-19 percent of the GDP. “The country’s economic development, population increment, urban expansion will boost animal and animal products demand in the future.”
According to him, recognizing the livestock and fisheries’ contribution in job creation, poverty reduction, food security, among others, the government has put due emphasis on the sector during GTPII.
For her part, First Lady Roman Tesfaye said: “We have to overcome the bottlenecks in a bid to enhance the milk production both in quality and quantity through effectively implementing the policies and strategies of the sector as well as working together with all stakeholders .”
Ethiopia has been known by its cattle population in Africa as well as in the world , but it has not yet unleashed its potential, she noted.
BY ALAZAR SHIFERAW
Ethiopian Airlines started Wednesday a direct, non-stop five times a week flight to Singapore using Boeing 787.
Ethiopian Airlines serves to over 95 international destinations across the five continents with over 240 daily departures.
Ethiopian Group CEO, Tewolde Gebremariam believes that this route would be successful given the bookings for the flight so far and the fact that they had an almost full flight the first time. “We are very encouraged that the demand is building up.”
The CEO also pointed out as a vibrant and innovative city in Asia, the airlines would be using Singapore as a connecting point to the rest of Asia, particularly, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Indonesia. “I am very optimistic that the route will be daily very soon and build a very strong bridge between Africa and Asia.”
Flights to Singapore, which used to have a stopover, were suspended for a short period of time, and the airlines will now serve the route with a direct service using the ultra-modern Boeing 787.
BY ROBEL YOHANNES
• Ethiopia continues voicing Africa
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has expressed its gratitude for the support partners and friends of Ethiopia extended to Dr.Tedros Adhanom WHO election.
Ministry Spokesperson Meles Alem told The Ethiopian Herald on phone that the ministry is grateful for African Union, and African, South American, Caribbean, Asian, European countries for their winning support to Dr. Tedros.
He said the ministry is also contented to thank all who handed out their support for the shining achievement of the Ethiopian candidate Dr. Tedros to lead the world health body.
Meles said the trust and recognition all partners bestowed on Ethiopia would further reinvigorate Ethiopia’s auspicious presence in the international discourse.
The spokesperson said the 70th World Health Assembly passed vote of confidence in Dr. Tedros implying the recognition of Ethiopia in international forums is growing.
He said Ethiopia would continue to explore international positions and recruiting capable Ethiopians to represent Ethiopia and Africa at the international forum.
Meles said Ethiopia and Africa has drawn lesson from Dr.Tedros’ arduous election process to further boost its role and contribution to safeguard the interest of Africa.
Ethiopia would continue to be the voice of Africa, he said and adding Ethiopia reaffirms its collaborative engagement with other partners to advance the cause of Africa.
Dr. Tedros, who has been in stiff competition to lead the World Health Organization, lastly is standing out the first African son to head the world health organ at the 70th World Health Assembly in Geneva as the successor of Dr. Margaret Chan.
BY HAILEGEBRIEL BINIYAM