Daniel Jote Mesfin Abraham Seyum
The movement of people from one place to place, from country to country and from continent to continent has been a common phenomenon for several centuries now. Most of the time, those who left their original area are called Diaspora. Encyclopaedia Britannica defines Diaspora as populations, such as members of an ethnic or religious group that originated from the same place but dispersed to different locations. The word Diaspora comes from the ancient Greek dia speiro, meaning ‘‘to sow over.’’ The concept of Diaspora has long been used to refer to the Greeks in the Hellenic world and to the Jews after the fall of Jerusalem in the early 6th century BC. Beginning from the 1950s and 1960s, scholars have been using it with reference to the African Diaspora, and the use of the term was extended further in the following decades.
According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Diaspora Engagement Affairs Directorate Director Report, more than four million Ethiopians and foreign citizens of Ethiopian origin Diaspora live outside their country. Most of them live in North America (US and Canada) and Europe. Despite their number, the Ethiopian Diaspora were not active participants in social, political and economic activities of their country of origin due to many reasons. One of the many reasons that restrain them from contributing their capital, skill, knowledge and experience was lack of mobilization and coordination. There was no link which brings the Diaspora and the government together to discuss their common agendas. Having understood the problem, the Ethiopian government has been undertaking various mobilization activities through embassies and consulates.
Since 2005, the Ethiopian Diaspora Association has been serving as a bridge between the Diaspora community and the Ethiopian government. Ethiopian Diaspora Association (EDA) Chief Executive Director Abraham Seyum for his part said his association has been providing updated information and undertaking advocacy works to create favourable investment environment for the Diaspora community.
‘‘Our association was established for the benefit of the Diaspora. Its main objective is to safeguard the rights and privileges of its members. We make sure that the policies and strategies designed to benefit the Diaspora are properly implemented,’’ he said.
He stated that EDA provides current and updated information concerning the policies, rules and regulations and investment and development guidelines, adding ‘‘When we provide updated information, we believe that this office is the first destination for the Diaspora to come and share what they want. We provide them relevant information related with their business, investment plan as well.’’
EDA has been responding to the Diaspora investors’ complaint on the red-tape and other malpractices, Abraham admitted.
‘‘The Diaspora tell us that they face many challenges from kebele to federal level. After collecting those complaints, we communicate with the government to respond to those questions’’
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Diaspora Engagement Affairs Director General Demeke Atnafu told The Herald that more than 10,000 licensed Diaspora investment projects have been operational. They have created 15,000 job opportunities over the last ten years. Most of the Diaspora have been engaging in agriculture, trade, manufacturing, hotel and tourism sectors.
The Director General added that the Diaspora community have been involved in building image, sharing technology, creating marketing linkage and attracting foreign direct investment, purchasing bond to GERD and generating foreign exchange.
He stated that the Ethiopian government has been implementing feasible Diaspora investment policy and strategy to utilize the untapped Diaspora potential of the country.
‘‘The government has been taking various incentive measures to encourage the Diaspora community to invest in their country of origin. They are allowed to open foreign currency account in Commercial Bank of Ethiopia and they are allowed to use their foreign currency accounts as collateral to access loans and credits from banks,’’ he said.
Demeke stated that Oromia became the top Diaspora investment attracting state in the country where 1,286 Diaspora investment projects with 37.38 billion birr capital have been registered.
According to him, Amhara and Tigray are following Oromia with 400 and 282 Diaspora investment projects respectively.
The Director noted that 4,361 Diaspora projects have become operational in the capital Addis Ababa over the last ten years.
The government is clicking with its developmental partners to increase the Diaspora involvement in other states, according to Demeke.
Regarding remittance, the Director revealed that Ethiopian remittance is increasing in an amazing pace. It reached four billion USD in the 2016 fiscal year, exceeding the the export earnings.
‘‘The remittance flow has improved the livelihood of millions of Ethiopians through paying for their tertiary education and supporting to create their business opportunities. We should work to boost it more,’’ he added.
Office of National Council for Coordination of Public Participation on the Construction of the GERD, Public Relations Directorate Director Hailu Abraham said the Diaspora community have contributed 40 million USD for the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).
‘‘Members of the Diaspora community are participating to realize the Dam. They are contributing in cash and in kind. They should have to step up their contribution to realize this gigantic project,’’ he added.
Hailu stated that his office has been intensifying the public mobilizations activities so that the Diaspora could contribute their due share in various development endeavours of their country.
Speaking to The Herald, Ethio-national Tour and Travel General Manager Kebede Bellema said the peace and stability that ensued in the nation is what initiated him to come back to his homeland after living for 10 years in the United States to invest in the tourism industry.
‘‘Ethiopia is a very peaceful country. Moreover, it is rich in man-made and natural heritages. I came to my country to play my part in exploiting the untouched tourism potential,’’ he noted, adding ‘‘beyond investing in tour and travel, we have already started constructing a five star franchised hotel in Burayu, 11k.ms from Addis’’
Daniel Jote Mesfin is the owner of 50 rooms Babugaya Resort, built in Bishoftu. He overcame all the red-tapes and other bureaucratic hurdles he faced while establishing his business 17 years ago.
‘‘I was born and brought up in Ethiopia. I know the challenges from my early childhood. I had tolerated all the challenges I faced at the beginning of my business as a minor challenge that could be addressed. I never said die from continuously investing in my country of origin,’’ he said.
Daniel strongly advised his Diaspora compatriots to come back to their country of origin and invest their capital, skill, knowledge and technology.
Ethiopia is rising at an incredible pace. The World Bank, IMF and other international bodies have witnessed the tremendous progress the nation has been exhibiting over the last couple of decades. What makes the Ethiopian growth amazing is it doesn’t lean on oil resources. Its inexpensive human resources, the availability of land and investment opportunity could be noted for Ethiopia’s double-digit economic growth. Ethiopians at home and abroad are more eager than never before to sustain the economic growth and to make their country middle income nation by 2025. Hence, the role of the four million Diaspora communities, dispersed worldwide, would be taken as huge asset for its bright future. Having realized this, the Ethiopian government has been working with its partners to buoy up the Diaspora involvement. If it ensures the furtherance of this trend, the Diaspora would be a huge driving force for transforming their country. Besides, they would be key actors to promote the culture, tourism and history of their country of origin.
BY TSEGAY HAGOS
The oceans’ health is only getting worse and the cycle of decline must be reversed, said representatives at the opening of a high-level UN conference.
Approximately 5,000 representatives from governments, civil society, and the private sector from around the world have gathered at the UN for its first ever Ocean Conference, a high-level meeting which aims to address and mobilize action to improve the state of oceans.
“The health of our oceans and seas are inextricably linked with the health of our planet and all life on earth,” Secretary General Antonio Guterres told the full General Assembly hall.
However, the oceans are under threat as a result of human activity.
“We are here on behalf of humanity to restore the sustainability, balance, and respect in our relationship with our primal mother, the source of all life, the ocean,” said President of the 71st Session of the General Assembly Peter Thomson.
“The time has come for us to correct our wrongful ways,” he added.
Among the pressing issues to be addressed during the conference is marine pollution, and much of this pollution is from plastic.
Over 5 trillion pieces of plastic weighing more than 260,000 tons are currently floating in the world’s oceans, a figure that may be an underestimate. More than 80 percent of such plastic waste in oceans comes from land.
Because of ocean currents, this trash accumulates in what is known as “ocean garbage patches,” located in virtually every ocean in the world. The largest such patch is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch located between Hawaii and California which is estimated to be around 1 million square kilometers.
This has contributed to the massive piles of trash that have washed upon the shores of the isolated and once pristine Henderson Island in the South Pacific. A recent study found that the UNESCO world heritage site is covered with over 38 million pieces of trash, making it the most densely polluted place in the world. Researchers found discarded fishing nets, toy soldiers, and hardhats.
“It is inexcusable that humanity tips the equivalent of a large garbage truck of plastic into the ocean every minute of every day. We have unleashed a plague of plastic upon the ocean that is defiling nature in so many tragic ways,” Thomson told conference attendees.
And plastic that ends up in the ocean does not solely float harmlessly, but rather have real, long-term implications on animal and human health.
Oceans and peoples’ health as one
Animals, which often find themselves entangled in trash, have also been seen to be ingesting plastic with deadly consequences.
In a dialogue on marine pollution on the first day of the conference, Norwegian Minister of Climate Vidar Helgesen pointed to the case of a goose-beaked whale which beached on Norway’s cost earlier this year and was found with nothing but 30 plastic bags in its stomach.
Plastics also release toxins when ingested which have found to be damaging the reproductive health of many fish species.
Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP)’s Director General Kosi Latu noted that plastic was found in 97 percent of fish species studied in the Pacific alone.
WEF predicts there could be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050 if such trends in ocean pollution continue.
Evidence also shows that people are consuming plastics by eating seafood.
After purchasing fish from markets in Indonesia and the U.S., researchers found that 1 in 4 fish had plastic in their guts. European researchers estimated that Europeans could be eating 11,000 microplastics every year through seafood.
Though the impacts are still uncertain, studies have shown that plastic ingested by humans could be toxic and can increase the risk of health problems such as cancer.
A call for action
Representatives have therefore urged for action to prevent and reduce marine pollution during the conference.
Already, countries have outlined commitments to combat the issue.
Indonesia has vowed to reduce 70 percent of its marine litter by 2025 while Thailand has established a pollution management plan that comprises of encouraging eco-friendly substitute for plastic materials and implementing a 3Rs strategy of reduce, reuse, and recycle.
The lack of strong policies and infrastructure on waste management have largely contributed to ocean pollution. For instance, only 14 percent of plastic packaging is collected for recycling globally, allowing millions of tons of plastic to end up in landfills and oceans each year.
“Without effective recycling, I don’t think we will be able to solve the problem,” said Latu.
The Ocean Conservancy also found that Indonesia and Thailand are among the top five plastic-polluting nations in the world.
Other countries such as Austria have committed to reducing plastic bag use while Sweden introduced a ban on plastic microbeads in cosmetics. More than 600 commitments have been received.
Civil society groups have also promised to take action including the Dutch foundation Ocean Cleanup which has developed a cost-effective net system that could clean up 50 percent of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in five years.
Though there is no one size fits all solution, conference participants agree on one thing: we must act now if we want a secure future on this planet.
“This is the year that we cease to steal from the future of our grandchildren,” said Thomson.
Guterres highlighted the long history of people’s relationship to the ocean as a call for action, stating: “The Swedes were sailing around the Baltic Sea and as far away as present-day Istanbul 7,300 years ago. Fijians were sailing canoes at record speeds and for record distances around the Pacific well before that. A Japanese creation myth tells of how the archipelagos formed from seawater, and Inuit creation myths is central on Sedna, the goddess of the sea. The sea indeed belongs to all of us.”
The globally agreed 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes goal 14 which stresses the need to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development. Within the goal is a target to prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds by 2025.
BY THARANGA YAKUPITIYAGE
The contribution of well developed transportation system in supporting the growing investment is substantially high since the sector is very crucial for the proper performances of the the other sectors. This sounds plausible even in a global economy where economic opportunities have been increasingly related to the mobility of people, goods, knowledge, technology and the like.
Cognizant of the economic importance of the transportation sector in intensifying the on going development, the Ethiopian government has been investing a great deal in the sector for more than a couple of decades. The double digit economic development the country registered can be associated to the well established transportation facilities.
The transportation system of the nation in land, water and air has been improving to the high extent it can effectively and efficiently support the growing economy. This well established transportation system continued providing economic and social opportunities and benefits that result in positive effects such as better accessibility to markets, employment and additional investments.
Besides improving the land and water transport, the Ethiopian government has been accomplishing several activities to further improve the air transport system to meet the rising demand due to the growing economy of the nation. The number of the airports has been increased to 24 with quality services. “The Airlines has been pioneering African cargo by introducing the latest technology and fostering the growth of air cargo transport by providing convenient cargo import and export. Ethiopian was the first in Africa to receive and operate the B777-200 LR freighter, which has exceptional uplift, range and fuel efficiency, and is perfectly suited for the transport of Africa’s growing import and export of freight,” stated African Aviation last year.
Furthermore, the Airlines won the African Aviation ‘African Airline of the Year’ Award for 2017, for the second year in a row, during the 26th Annual Air Finance Africa Conference & Exhibition held in Johannesburg, South Africa recently.
The award was presented to Ethiopian in recognition of its continued rapid growth, increased profitability and its outstanding contribution to aviation development in Africa.
Ethiopian Airlines Acting Chief Financial Officer Meseret Bitew said, “We are pleased to win the 'African Airline of the Year Award for the second time in a row; a testimony of our commitment to serve our beloved continent Africa. The commendable success of Ethiopian Airlines attributes to the visionary leadership of Ethiopian management and the hard work of thousands of Ethiopian employees who work hard around the clock with unity of purpose. Mobility and air connectivity being the economic engine of growth and development, we shall continue to play vital roles in connecting African countries with their major trading partners around the world and realize an economically liberal Africa.”
African Aviation CEO Nick Fadugba said, “In the past 12 months, Ethiopian Airlines has further expanded its route network, modernized its fleet, inaugurated three new aircraft maintenance hangars, as well as a new world-class in-flight catering facility and has strengthened its airline joint ventures in Africa._ In addition, Ethiopian Airlines has achieved a record financial turnover and profitability in spite of various industry challenges. Currently, the airline is well on track to exceed the goals of its Vision 2025 Strategy.”
Furthermore, the airlines will host the ICAO Global Air Cargo Development Forum with the theme: “Action for the Sustainable Development of Air Cargo in Africa”, from 27th to 29th June of this year. Group CEO Tewolde Gebremariam said: “As the largest cargo operator in Africa, we are pleased to host this vital communication platform,
which builds upon the Declaration on the development of Air Cargo in Africa and
commit a roadmap for priority actions. With the aim of complementing the booming African economy, Ethiopian Cargo and Logistics Services has availed the most efficient air cargo services within, to and from Africa: expanding cargo destinations across the globe; inaugurating the first phase of a state of the art cargo Terminal I, which together with the second phase has annual uplift capacity of 1.2 million tons,and automating its entire cargo business process with one of the best cargo IT systems. I believe, this forum will create an ample opportunity for participants to see the immense potential Ethiopian Cargo and Logistics Services has developed to ensure easy cargo movement across the continent and beyond, while enjoying side visits to the beautiful natural and historic attractions at the Land of Origins.”
Minister of Transportation Ahmed Shide recently stated that the Ethiopian Airlines continued to be the leading airlines in the world through interconnecting Africa with the rest of the world.
BY WAKUMA KUDAMA
Post war international relations have been conditioned by various politico-ideological and economic factors that continued to determine the scope of the foreign policy and diplomacy of nations and the global economic order.
The formation of a virtual iron curtain between the communist block and western democracies and the corresponding battle of ideas between the free enterprise system and the Marxists Leninist ideology determined the foreign relations between major political power houses of the world. The formation of two major military blocks, NATO and Warsaw Pact and the advents of the Cold War and détente to a greater degree determined the foreign policy objectives of nations and the nature of the balance of power between the blocks.
Major attempts in curbing the arms race were pursued through Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1970), SALT 1 (1969) treaty between the former USSR and US and another treaty on Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (STARTS).
Since late 19 century, multi-faceted revolutions in technology, trade and investments paved the way for globalization which is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world, (Globalization 101).
The disintegration of the socialist block following the balkanization of the Soviet Union helped to end the bi-polarity of global blocks and create a number of states in Europe, ushering major changes in the so-called socialist oriented countries like Ethiopia and the military socialist regime, the Derg was defeated 26 years back.
Along with the multifaceted manifestations of globalization and the formation of regional politico-economic integration like the EU and in response to the speedy economic competitions among the major developed countries, nationalist trends took hold of in recent administrations in the USA and UK based on economic and trade protectionism. The EU led by Germany and France are using everything at their disposal to save the Union from the encroachments of protectionist strategies and the rise of nationalist trends manifested in UK’s Brexit and the “Make America Great Again” strategy that is being popularized by the Trump Administration.
The dichotomy of the rivalry between democratic developmental states and liberal and neo-liberal democracies is ushering complications that are repeatedly manifested on major international forums like the UN and other regional organizations.
Neo-liberalism further developed in the womb of globalization but the advent of nationalist trends in the Western world and tendency towards trade protectionism is certainly not in tune with the current global situation.
Technology is growing by hours making the world a small village but the neo-liberal nationalist trends seem to swim upwards against the tide and new political trending are cropping up by days, not even weeks or months.
The US’ recent dramatic shift of position on climate change and environmental protection created a new and unexpected alliance between China and the EU on the issue of climate change in general and the Paris climate change forum popularly known as Cop 2, signed by 195 countries with a global objective of "Holding the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels ..." while the Trump Administration heralded “putting American workers first”.
The recent press release issued jointly by EU and AU shows that despite the withdrawal declared by the US, the rest of the world has joined hands in pushing for more action on battling the effects of climate change through various programmes like the strategy of the development of green economy in Africa.
Whether pulling out of COP 2 will “Make American workers first” or not is not only subject to discussion but will also be disclosed over time.
Against the back drop of such global events, terrorism has already become a major threat globally adding more fire to the already complex trends in geo-political settings in international relations. Nations are being forced to either pursue their battle of ideologies or act in unison in curbing the global threat of terrorism that is underpinning global peace and tranquillity.
Ethiopia is already pioneering in the battle against climate change by issuing a major policy and strategy on the development of green and clean economy by utilizing its natural/renewable energy resources. By and large, based on Agenda 2065, the nation is playing a major role in developing carbon free energy and is already in action in creating East African hydro power energy gird as a decisive component of East African economic and infrastructural integration.
By strategizing its economic development on self reliance and mutual benefit among the neighbouring countries, Ethiopia has already become a pace setter in developing a national economy that is no more based on spoon feeding or handouts. The developmental democratic development ideology of the country is not a replica or an imported blue print copied from any country.
While the world’s economy is growing in an ebb and flow, Ethiopia, a country which was known for famine, destitution and poverty is handling the effects of EL-Nino and La-Nina by falling back on its own resources and know how.
Way back before nations were even aware of the magnitude of terrorism, Ethiopia had already started waging a protracted ideological battle and practical war against terrorism in East Africa. Indeed, in keeping peace in Africa, Ethiopia focused on saving peace and not on any ideology or political difference.
It is very difficult and probably erroneous to totally conclude that Ethiopia cannot be affected by ongoing global trends or battle of ideologies. The tug of war between global powers and the impending ideological battle would certainly compel the nation to find out its own niche in pursuit of its national interest. Ethiopia cannot afford to be a free rider of global socio-economic and political trends that would not tally with its strategic development goals.
As a developmental democratic state, Ethiopia can benefit from global economic, social and cultural equity not only by advocating for its own peace and development, but also in spearheading the socio-economic development of the African continent.
However, the nation has a Rubicon to cross. Ethiopia’s export sector is not growing in the desired pace. The nation’s tax policy and strategy is being complicated by the Trojan horse of rent seekers, contrabandists, tax evaders and selfish bureaucrats that cry after me the deluge!
Ethiopia now stands among four African counties with the most favoured investment destinations. Better and swift ways of attracting FDI still need to be put in place. While the world is at loggerheads on disputes over various ideological and political issues, Ethiopia needs to accelerate its pace to give better life particularly for the young generation.
While major powers are engaged in endless polemics, Ethiopia believes in peaceful coexistence and partnership. The war of strategies and ideologies may be carried on unabated but Ethiopia is running to become a middle income country in less than a decade.
BY SOLOMON DIBABA
From the very first day of the announcement of a 90-day amnesty period for undocumented migrants in Saudi Arabia, the Ethiopian government has been working around the clock to bring back fellow citizens home by all manner of means. However, after over two months of the amnesty announcement, hundred thousands of Ethiopian undocumented migrants are not ready yet to come back home for various reasons.
Some of them have held wrong view that Saudi won't repatriate them when the amnesty period is over. This is because they thought that the Saudi kingdom would grant pardons to them like the previous times.
Others have delayed their flights to home due to wrong information of their employers there. According to some undocumented migrants, some employers are intentionally making them to stay long for their own personal gains saying “Nothing is going to happen to them.”
For any reason whatsoever, the Ethiopian undocumented migrants have to return home before the end of the amnesty period.
The Saudi government has stated in a plain language that those who do not go back home using the amnesty period will face the consequences. Accordingly, apart from being sentenced to 10 years in prison, the undocumented migrants face the confiscation of property. Plus a ten-year travel ban will be imposed on them. This means that they will be denied entry to Saudi for 10 years.
What is worse, forced deportation will be in effect for undocumented migrants so long as they do not leave Saudi during the amnesty period. Undoubtedly, the traumatic effects of forced deportation on the migrants and their family will be intolerable for a long period of time.
Therefore, the undocumented fellow citizens in Saudi have to come back soon as they have only a few days left before the end of the amnesty period.
It is true that Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been redeploying its staff of diplomatic missions across Saudi with a view to issuing travel documents for the undocumented Ethiopian migrants. Around 50,000 fellow citizens have so far taken the travel document. Hopefully, the figure will show a dramatic increase in the remaining amnesty days.
Indeed, the Ethiopian and Saudi governments have a friendly and historic ties. These two sisterly countries have recently signed overseas employment agreement. This by itself will discourage illegal migration to some extent. Fore example, those people who want to work in Saudi can go fulfilling all requirements.
More importantly, the Ethiopian government and the general public on several occasions have reassured their full and unreserved support to Saudi returnees. Some private organizations have vowed to hire some of the repatriates and extend the needed support as well.
Ethiopian public figures are also at forefront of disseminating the necessary information to the undocumented fellow citizens in Saudi.
Moreover, the members of Ethiopian Public Diplomacy have expressed their readiness to work hand in glove with government in the efforts to bring about lasting solution to the problem.
In fact, to speed up the repatriation efforts, the returnees have been privileged to bring some personal goods free from custom duty in to the country and special attention has been given to enhance the custom system as well as additional flights have been scheduled.
Last but not least, despite numerous social and economical challenges, Ethiopia's economy has been growing rapidly. Saudi returnees need to recognize the fact that they make fortune seizing the golden future economic opportunity here.
Every fellow citizen needs to step up national rehabilitation efforts for Saudi returnees through carrying out intensive public mobilization. The people at large have to do everything in their capacity to rehabilitate Saudi returnees together with the government.
Sustaining the ongoing African countries' economic growth is crucial for improving productivity, integration and foreign exchange,said the Pan-African Coalition for Transformation (PACT).
The remark was made Monday while discussing the continent’s manufacturing status and future ambition.
Presenting a paper on the occasion, International Economic Development Group Research Fellow Neil Balchin said African countries are somehow on the right truck related to light manufacturing industry development.
“Ethiopia has cheap electricity, and affordable labour wage, but it needs to improve labour productivity so as to support the growing industry.”
He noted that the study has identified countries like Ethiopia, Nigeria, Kenya, Mozambique and Zambia that have a huge domestic market for light industry products.
On the other hand ,these countries also need to work in boosting incentives and private owners' share to create fair industrial system as part of the initiation to increase productivity.
PACT Policy Advisory Service Director Edward Brown for his part said the panel would help countries to discuss on how to increase productivity through taking lessons from the progress of the fairly successful nations.
He also noted that PACT has created an important platform to discuss economic cooperation of African countries in light manufacturing through exchanging success stories, sharing knowledge and finding solutions for common problems.
Special Advisor to the Prime Minister and Industrial Park Development Corporation Board Chairperson Arkebe Oqubay said that economic integration has a pivotal role in boosting productivity.
As Ethiopia is a doing well in putting place industrial infrastructure ,such platform will help the country in selecting strong companies that have pretty good experience on the international market, he added.
Ethiopia has abandoned industrial inputs such as the growing number of industrial parks, energy and labour, he said, adding that Ethiopia has learnt lessons from successful PACT member countries like Mauritius in-terms of labour productivity .”
He noted that the country would work closely with its partners in enhancing labour productivity along with improving TVET’s and higher learning institution’s role.
BY YOHANES JEMANEH
The Ministry of Industry said that the government has been embarked on all round, sector focused policies and strategies which enable the country to join middle income countries by 2025.
Speaking at familiarization workshop on “Development of Aquaculture and Fisheries Value Chains in Ethiopia” project Tuesday , State Minister, Dr. Mebratu Meles said the government has taken bold steps to benefit the country from its livestock and fisheries resources.
Ethiopia has a lot of natural resources including natural lakes and quite big number of artificial lakes. All these huge water resource are suitable for aquaculture and fishery development in the country.
“Ethiopia is in -terms of livestock population is number one in Africa. Despite these potentials, we cannot unlash and use it. “ In GTP II, we have ambitions targets in livestock sector and of course to attract investment in the sector.”
He further said that the project will be launched at Bahir Dar, Amhara but it will be scaled up into the other corridors as well. When population grows, demand for food also grows.
Hence, fish’s importance in this case is immense. Unfortunately, Ethiopia imports fish products but it has the biggest livestock and fish resources. The government is committed to make successful the project and scale it up in order to achieve the set targets in the plan.
Russian Federation Ambassador to Ethiopia Vsevolod Tkachenko for his part said that the primary objective of the project is to support development and diversification of the fisheries sector of Ethiopia through the establishment and upgrading of a Fisheries and Aquaculture Training and Vocational Institute.
The capacity building program is expected to bring multiple positive achievements including job creation, improving nutrition and ensuring more efficient management of Ethiopia’s ample natural resources.
He further said that Russian commitment to support international efforts in assisting sustainable industrial development of Africa. He further said that the implementation of this project will give a new impetus to Russia-Ethiopia bilateral scientific and technological cooperation as among the key technical partners are the Institute of Marine Technologies of Astrakhan State Technical University and the Joint Russian-Ethiopian Biological Expedition.
UNIDO Representative and Regional Office Director to Ethiopia Gustavo Aishemberg said the project would help Ethiopia achieve key sustainable development goals.
The project will be implemented by the Ministries of Industry and Livestock and Fisheries for four years with the budget 2.26 million USD secured from the Russian Federation through the UNIDO Industrial Development Fund.
BY ALAZAR SHIFERAW
The Ethiopian Airports Enterprise announced that the country has become top among African countries in its safe air transport and reliable services.
Enterprise' Chief Executive Manager Tewodros Dawit told Addis Zemen daily newspaper that as the daily security audit information realizes its safeness, customers build trust on the Ethiopian air transport service. To protect the possible attacks and perils on the air transport, the facilities installed in all airports have been frequently tested, he added.
American Transport Security Agency often conducts tests on planes' security bodies, and identify and protect the possible security risks on using the required manpower and operation system, Tewodros noted.
Tewodros said : “ Security is the prime issue for air transport. The works of testing safeness is still sustainably continuing. The nation will take experience from other countries to prevent the ever-changing security threats. As it is not left to a single body, government security forces and intelligence bureaus are taking part in this regard.”
According to Tewodros, as the security tools such as body scanner, baggage tester and handling machine, security cameras, fire brigade station, and electric generators are crucial to achieve security works, frequent updates and maintenance is undertaken.
To make the country's flight service more secure and reliable, modern testing facilities will sustainably be operated with the required skilled human power, he added.
BY ZELALEM GIRMA
Ministry of Communication and Information Technology said Hi-tech industrial development would accelerate the transformation aspiration from agriculture- led economy to industry one .
Speaking at a panel discussion under the theme “ Hi-tech Innovation for Ethiopia’s Renaissance.’’ Tuesday Communication and Information Technology Minister Dr. Debretsion Gebremichael said Ethiopia has been using Hi-tech industry to realize the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTPII).
‘’Overall economic changes have been witnessing in this country. We are working tirelessly to maintain structural transformation equipped with Hi-tech industry by 2020. We are using it as a driving tool to sustain the noticeable change in all sectors,’’ he added.
The Minister said Ethiopia has not been utilizing its information technology potential to tackle its social and economic problems.
However, the Ethiopian government has understood that Hi-tech industry has an irrepressible role in helping the country to leapfrog from agriculture- led economy to industrialization.
Dr. Debretsion has urged state and private organizations to exert their concerted efforts towards the development of science and technology.
Walta Media and Communications Corporate, CEO Teteka Bekele for his part said the Hi-tech industry has been playing pivotal role in manufacturing industry, agricultural research, health and science.
"Nowadays, it is difficult to live without the direct support of Hi-tech industry. The infrastructure development, the peace, safety and security of citizens would not be ensured without Hi-tech industry,’’ he said.
Teteka added that Walta and INSA have been undertaking researches to identify the challenges being detected in the Hi-tech industry sector and they have already sorted out their possible solutions.
The participants of the panel-discussion called on the government and other concerned bodies to work together to further enhancing science and technology.
The panel discussion was organized by Walta Media and Communication in collaboration with Information Network Security Agency (INSA).
BY TSEGAY HAGOS
First Lady Roman Tesfaye Education Minister Shiferaw Woldemariam
• Ministry preparing nat'l strategy
The National Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) Patron First Lady Roman Tesfaye said despite some challenges, the school feeding program provided by Ye Enat Weg Charitable Association is bearing fruits.
First Lady Roman told The Ethiopian Herald : “ Students from low income families as well as at drought affected states are unable to get enough food which restrains their natural learning capabilities.
She said this challenge should be addressed sooner than later for the future of the country lies on the present children.
She said 90 percent of fund for school feeding has so far been secured locally and this has to be further strengthened. She also urged pertinent bodies to work hard towards lasting solution and overcome the challenge.
Ye Enat Wog Charitable Association Chief Executive Director Debrework Leulseged for her part noted that the Association was established in 2007 targeting 5,010 students, but it has currently over 20,000 beneficiaries.
Speaking at a school feeding day, Education Minister Dr. Shiferaw Teklemariam said : “As
a nation working to meet SDGs, putting quality education at the center, the school feeding is additional quality driving factor,” Shiferaw said.
Noting its importance, he said the Ministry is preparing itself to draft a National School Feeding Strategy aimed at ensuring its sustainability.
He added that the Ministry allocated 767 million Birr for school feeding at states hit by El-Nino induced drought. When??
HGSF is well practiced all over the globe letting students enjoy fresh food at proximity. It is aimed at garnering educational benefits: to improve enrollment and attendance of pupils and academic results boosting cognitive abilities.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME