The pharmaceutical industrial park under construction at Kilento site in Addis Ababa is deemed to add value to the effort being exerted in transform the health sector.
The specialized industrial park, expected to be completed in eight months of time, is the outcome of the nation’s pharmaceutical manufacturing development strategy.
China Tiesiju Civil Engineering Group jointly with local contractors is undertaking the construction.
Mentioning the encouraging construction pace, Project Contractor Representative Getahun Agegnehu told The Ethiopian Herald that the park would be a showcase of modern infrastructural facilities including waste treatment plant. “The park will be well serviced pharmaceutical investment hub.”
Up on its completion, the park would cut the sharply growing national medicine import expenditure, Pharmaceutical Fund and Supply Agency Public Relations Head Adinna Berie expressed her conviction.
“The park will prove the market potential for investors that could join it and attract foreign currency to the country,” she added.
Following its establishment four years ago, the Agency has been distributing essential medicine and medical equipment worth 600 million Birr annually, she said, adding the expansion of health centers spiked the demand to 22 billion Birr. “Only in the last nine months of the just concluded fiscal year, the Agency purchased and distributed drugs and medical equipments worth 10 billion Birr.”
She also unveiled that the park would become so decisive in availing the medicines at local market. “It also proves the market potential for investors that could join the park when it comes to completion.”
The Agency opened 17 branches nationwide to ensure the proportionate supply of medicines and medical equipment to the public. “The main objective of the agency’s establishment is to harmonize pharmaceuticals demand and supply in the country.”
Challenges including financial scarcity, weak information exchanges among hospitals and health institutions have been noticed in the sector, she stated.
A medicine supply command post comprising the Ministry of Health and the Agency as well as hospitals, state health bureaus and other pertinent stakeholders was established to counter the challenges, she added.
Currently, the Agency is striving to modernize its management system and standardize bidding process to secure healthy pharmaceutical supply chain.
BY TEWODROS KASSA
I had once read a piece which focused on the bad habit of copying all the Western movie styles without caring the local value systems. The writer, who is a friend of mine, has tried to show the reader how Hollywood movies are contaminating African film industry and its culture.
According to the writer, most African movies are obsessed by the West. Despite the fact that movies are means to nurture one's culture, African filmmakers are modelling the technique as well as the culture (both bad and good culture that does not represent African people) of the West in their movies. For these amateur film makers, it is money and fame rather than preserving an age-old African culture which matters the most.
This story has reminded me to reflect my view on miniskirt obsessed graduate girl students from different universities in Ethiopia. It is obvious that graduation day is an important part of life that transfers us into a new chapter. That is why it is given a special place in different section of the society.
Education and graduation are two sides of a coin. In most families, not only is graduation seen as an academic transition but is also considered as a sign of pride to that particular family. No matter where or how a student graduated, they are the pride of the family. That is why; parents do dare spend hundreds and thousands of birr for graduation ceremony.
With some rare exceptions there is no single parent/family that will hesitate to spend thousands of birr to their child graduated. This extravagant graduation ceremony is not only limited to those students who graduated from higher learning institutions, colleges, universities, it is also becoming a culture to celebrate the graduation ceremony of the kids that graduated at KG level.
Graduation ceremony that is backed by unnecessary financial expenditure has a devastating impact for that family. This problem will be exacerbated if there is a problem to get job within the shortest time possible.
The problem associated with celebrating graduation ceremonies with miniskirt is the other problem that I personally noticed. I hope that that you [reader] could take side with me. I don't know when and how graduation and miniskirts have become complimentary. As far as I know, there is no any University or higher learning institute that obliged its graduates to wear miniskirts during their graduation ceremony. However, it has become a norm.
I had recently the chance to attend a graduation ceremony in different universities. During my short stay I was able to witness how locally made clothes (Yehabesha Kemis) were overtaken by miniskirts.
Ethiopia is rich in culture. This culture can be reflected in different forms. The dressing style of different nations, nationalities and peoples of the country is the reflection of this rich culture. However, these days, our culture is threatened by the so called civilization-imported west culture. Miniskirts are the implication of this cultural diffusion and contamination.
BY LEULSEGED WORKU
Do you know that around seven large and up to 76 medium and small rivers flow year long in Addis Ababa?
However, this water bodies that could add a lot to the city’s tourism potentials received little or no attention for long time. The population pressure upstream along with other contributing factors has given them an unpleasant look.
But, it was recently that pertinent bodies have taken practical steps to see healthy rivers in Addis which could play a fundamental role in improving human lives both emotionally and economically.
Addis Ababa River and Riversides Development Project Office is the government institution tasked with rehabilitating and developing the rivers of the city.
The office has a five year project with a budget as big as one billion birr aimed at rehabilitating the city’s rivers, Project Office Director Walelign Desalegn told The Ethiopian Herald.
The effective completion of the project can have a significant impact on the lives of the city’s residents and beyond. On top of this, it creates additional recreational value and increases tourists’ stay in the city.
Among the rivers Kebena, Kechenie and Kurtimie are larger rivers in terms of water catchment. The project envisions to free 4,000 hectares of land from any water related contaminations on these riversides. The move would also increase the green value of the city.
Over 300 city youth organizations have been engaged in cleansing the project sites. This youth organizations are joined by additional 600 youths recently.
The office also takes the initiative to give recognition to environmental friendly industrial factories owners in the city with a view to reduce possible pollutants. This effort is in line with the country’s plan of building green economy.
The economic benefits of the project could be seen from the perspectives of horticultural development in the city. As to him, over 10,000 residents of the city and its environs have engaged themselves in urban agriculture and supply fruits and vegetables in the city’s market.
Most of the beautiful and attractive cities worldwide are the gift of water bodies like; lakes, rivers and artificial ponds. The development of city’s rivers would be helpful to entertain oneself without the need to travel long ways to Langano, Hawassa, Bahir Dar or other recreation destinations far from the city. The development of the rivers in this manner will give power to the city to attract more tourists’ inflow.
Urban rivers benefit downstream and upstream residents in tremendous ways directly or indirectly. This is what the international experience also tells us.
Different countries and cities across the world strive to maintain a smart planet earth that is comfortable to living things.
River Thames that flows through southern England, most notably through London is among the notable contributing rivers towards the beatification of city. This river is widely accessed for river tour and trips inside London city.
Thus, it gives impetus to the increasing number of tourists who visited the city. Keeping the river tidy and attractive enhances the city beauty and left green all over the year.
The Volga River is the other longest river in Europe which is noticeable for its extensive role in transportation. It is also Europe's largest river in terms of discharge and watershed. The river flows through central Russia and into the Caspian Sea, and is widely regarded as the national river of Russia.
Nile River in Cairo is also the other African river playing a larger share in adding a greater value to the city before fished up mixing with Mediterranean Sea.
The European Centre for River Restoration (ECRR) established in 1995 explains river restoration as a large variety of ecological, physical, spatial and management measures and practices. These are aimed at restoring the natural state and functioning of the river system in support of biodiversity, recreation, flood management and landscape development.
By developing natural conditions, river development improves the resilience of the river systems and provides the framework for the sustainable multifunctional use of rivers and streams. River restoration is an integral part of sustainable water management and is in direct support of the aims of the Water Framework Directive, and national and regional water management policies.
River development involves a wide range of stakeholders from the public and private sector including policy makers, practitioners, scientists and non-government organizations, as well as all citizens groups potentially impacted. By actively drawing these various stakeholders into the process, visions can be shared and tuned towards each other. This makes for different interests to be met, and increases support for restoration efforts.
BY TEWODROS KASSA
Micro and Medium Scale Enterprises (MMSEs) have been creating ample job opportunities for the youth, while helping this important segment of the community to unleash their full entrepreneurial capability, not to mention the sector’s role in paving the way for import substitution.
The government has also been supporting this important growth engines in various ways ranging from creating favorable environment for the youth to organize themselves to availing finance, manufacturing sheds to facilitating of service provisions.
The Federal Urban Job Creation and Food Security Agency is one important government institution that facilitates the delivery of clear, fast and effective services for job seekers and the enterprises. The Agency has established a one-stop service centers in all states across the country. The centers are meant to deliver all the necessary services in one stop thereby to save time and cost.
Establishing the centres could be a key step, but it cannot be a goal. In this regard, the Agency has established a sustainable mechanism to follow up whether the service delivery is effective or not. And it annually evaluates and recognizes best performers while identifies those lagging behind.
Recently the Agency has given recognitions to 1, 371 best performers from across all states and the two city administrations [Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa].
A report by the Agency states that the centers have provided services to over 2,606,844 people organized into SMES in terms of loan grant and training.
The services also triggered 14.5 billion market chains which were provided for 181,044 enterprises over the last 11 months of the fiscal year already concluded. In addition, 5,501 sheds were transferred to 10,446 enterprises.
Agency’s Enterprise Development Sector Vice Director General Bekele Mengistu explained that currently over 1,650 service centers are operating nationwide which provides supporting services for new job seekers and existing SMEs.
The award and recognition was based on last Ethiopian fiscal year’s execution report, the Vice-Director highlighted, pointing out that 1, 371 one-stop service center workers were nominated and received recognitions.
Accordingly, 88, 271, 314,325 centers have taken 1st, 2nd ,3rd and 4th
grades respectively. However, the evaluation also cast beam of light on others which are lagging behind. “We would work hard to bring the rest centers to front positions as they are important for the youth to harness their potentials.” The winning centers received printers and Desktop computers.
The recognition is crucial to strengthen the service provision. One of the awardees from Kobo Woreda in Amhara State Muleta Muhamad backs this assertion saying: “This recognition helps us to work more and other individuals will also follow suit.”
The service provision is critical in giving hope to the youth for it convince them to work and prosper in their home towns, he said, adding that countless youth organizations have engaged in urban agriculture, manufacturing and construction fields. “We offered trainings, loans as well as manufacturing sheds.”
For him, the tasks had gone successful due to the effective collaboration among centers, Woreda and Kebele administrations.
Boja Kena Oromia State Dukem city service centre coordinator is also of the same opinion with Muleta, and added that the services helped some six enterprises to upgrade their positions to high level investors while 13 investors would move into develo pmental youth investors.
BY FASICA BERHANE
Kombolcha Industerial Park
Ethiopia is pursuing an ambitious plan that speeds up its growing economy. The nationwide industrial parks construction comes at the forefront of the developmental feats in this regard. Lying on a-75 hectare of land in north-central part of the country, the recently launched first phase of Kombolcha Industrial Park is sparking hopes among the residents of the town and beyond.
Tadiyos Ero, is a plant protection expert. He said: “I am delighted by the opening of the new industrial park. Because, it means a lot not only to Kombocha people but also to other adjacent towns of Amahra, Tigray and Afar states. Besides unleashing job opportunities in the town, the industrial park constructed at a cost of 90 million USD will further speed up the economic growth of the towns.
Tadiyos added that Kombolcha town is situated in a strategic town that has reasonable proximity to port of Djibouti. For this reason, the opening of the industrial park would add extra values to the economic development of the town.
“This Industrial Park has a significant economic contribution to the town. The park will create job opportunities for over 20,000 individuals. The future looks bright to all business peoples as well as the surrounding farmers.”
According to him, the government is pursuing a policy that promotes industrialization. In this regard, Industrial Parks Development Corporation (IPDC) is doing encouraging activities. The Corporation has shown relentless efforts and achievements in constructing various industrial parks.
Tadiyos believes that the industrial park would catalyze urbanization for it is accompanied by infrastructural provisions besides creating off-farm jobs for residents and beyond.
The youth in the town would also learn new technologies. “I heard that companies from the U.S., Korea and Italy have requested to plant their industries in the park. That means technology transfer is imminent. This is additional asset to the nation that aspires to get a middle income status. What is more, the experience of Kombolcha Town would be replicated to the nearby towns of Debre Berhan and Minjar Shenkora.”
The commitment of the government in transforming the nation towards industry-led economy is becoming visible. In this regard, the Industrial park could provide industrialists an opportunity of acquiring a good location and modern factory accommodations.
Kombolcha Industrial Park is a well-planned park that provides sufficient land space to allow industrialists to expand factory space in the future. Plants of different size could also meet the different growth rates of enterprises. With more space available, it is possible to provide larger loading docks and parking space, as well as easier access to less congested roads or to railroad sidings.
Asked about the potential of the industry park in catching the attention of global anchor companies Tadiyos said that Industrial park's closeness to the port of Djibouti is expected to grasp the attention of several international class textile companies.
Habtamu Haile, is electrician by profession whom this journalist interviewed. Reflecting his views concerning to the industrial park, he said that Kombolcha is situated at a cross-road equidistant of major Ethiopian cities. This makes the town an ideal destination to distribute manufactured products to domestic market.
What is more, the park has also a significant role to the national economy by providing job opportunity to the youth. This has a direct impact on the national economy by minimizing dependency ratio.
Kombolcha and its surrounding areas are sources of illegal migration particularly to the Middle Eastern countries. For this reason, the park could be one option to increase employment opportunity in region and tackle the migration.
He also hopes that the service delivery of the town administration and private sectors would get new momentum as a result of the park. “For instance, expansion of housing projects, education, health facilities as well as financial institutions is expected as the parks are to create new demands.”
This writer had also asked Alemu Assefa, who is a resident of Dessie Town. He is engaged in financial institution that provides credit service to low income communities. According to Alemu, the park is to stimulant farmers to produce more inputs to the textile factory.
With a population of over 90 million, Ethiopia is reliable market for investors. In addition, the Ethio-Djibouti railway remains as an important factor in promoting exports. This is not to mention the cheap labor and dependable energy supply of the nation. Thus, investors joining the industrial parks seem to reap quick returns while supporting the fast-tracking economic growth of the nation.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME
The latest Horn dynamics ensued from the presence of Arab coalitions at the port of Assab, with the intention of fighting the Houthi rebels in Yemen, seems to have opened a window of opportunity for Asmara’s regime to escape the UN Security Council’s sanction which includes arms embargo.
Mainly tasked with maintaining international peace and security, the UN body has imposed the stringent measure in 2009 as part of putting pressure on the regime to refrain from assisting the Al-Qaeda linked Al-Shabab militants.
On the contrary, the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) in its report on October 2016 reported that Eritrea forged “strategic military relationship with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates” which may undermine the outcome of the sanction. It also proved the construction of permanent military base at Asseb International Airport and a sea port adjacent to it. The SEMG, however, indicated that using the land, airspace, and territorial waters do not explain violation of sanction in itself. But, the Monitoring Group expressed worries on a direct and indirect compensation for the use, that may include benefiting the Eritrean Army, would constitute violation.
As the port is close to the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, a strategic neck between Red sea and Gulf of Aden, any country that wishes to secure its maritime trade or whatsoever may forge alliances with Eritrea, and this should not be worrisome to Ethiopia, Mogus T. Michael, Deputy Executive Director of Ethiopian Foreign Relations Strategic Studies Institute argues.
“I do not think that we should be much concerned with what the Middle Eastern countries would or wouldn’t do regarding Ethio-Eritrean issues. The point should be to find a solution that may help resume the interaction between the two countries,” he adds.
However, there is a looming problem in the region. Eritrea’s engagement in destabilizing the region has not shown any sign of decline. It rather lies-in-wait until favorable situation unfolds, as it has recently been seen from Djibouti’s accusation over Eritrea’s troops’ occupation of Dumeira mountain following the Qatari withdrawal from the area. Al Shabab’s attacks on Somalia and Kenya continued while the regime trains, arms and equips groups that Ethiopia labeled as terrorists. Thus, Asmara’s policy of Horn destabilization looks like to persist.
Mentioning the increasing red sea militarization with the advent of non- African and African, Mekele University Peace and Conflict Studies Asst. Prof. Meressa Tsehaye firmly believes that Eritrea’s adamant policy should carefully be dealt with for Issias is attempting to throw Ethiopia’s national security in a complicated sphere of influence. In addition, the alliances are likely to complicate any possible effort of dealing with Eritrea.”
Be this as it may, the regime’s internal and external problems look like to put it at a heartbeat away from its death, Meressa believes, and if this is to unfold soon, Eritrea’s fate would either end up in the wrong hands or get into the woods, a succinct threat to Ethiopia’s national security.
Addis Ababa University African Human and Economic Development graduate students, Mussa Adem and Getachew Melaku also share their views on the topic.
Mussa was unequivocal to argue that Ethiopia is big enough to play a constructive role both in Eritrea and the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC). For him, the GCC’s presence is not a problem, but it is their possible assistance of various kinds to the regime. In this case, the political clique would resume flexing its muscle. “Thus, Ethiopia should devise another policy towards Eritrea that helps to ensure our security and economic interests.”
The existing Ethiopian policy towards Eritrea does not completely slam doors for peaceful relations with the country. It states that the two countries can enter into an era of cooperation, the former to get sea access and the latter to get electricity and market for its products, provided changes in Eritrea’s regime or its policies. But, what is at stake is both seem far- fetched goals. Thus, the policy change seems timely.
Mogos also upholds the proposal. He says Ethiopia should clearly understand the prevailing Horn dynamics and devise another policy that would invite Eritrea to come to negotiation table. If the status quo is maintained, obviously, Eritrea would continue twisting any event available to its advantages, whether it affects individual countries in the Horn or not.
Meressa also sees the importance of a new policy but never sees any docile nature of the Issias regime. The regime has long failed to decide its own fate, and has no time to succumb to peace deals. He backs his argument mentioning the shaky foreign relations Eritrea long pursues. The fair weather friend had been a close ally of Iran and Qatar, but now taking sides with Saudi and its alliances. “So, the policy needs to consider the adamant character of the regime.”
Though the Ethiopian government hinted a possible policy change towards Eritrea, details are yet to come.
Besides, any development in the Horn is linked with Ethiopia’s import-export trade directly or indirectly. “A country which is home to over 90 million people can’t afford to see any unholy Horn relations with others,” argues Getachew, suggesting that countries creating alliances with Eritrea should make sure whether their relationship is against the interest of Ethiopia or not.
Mogos also hopes that separate relationships of Ethiopia with the GCC countries cannot come to stalemate. “I haven’t seen any motive from the GCC or Arab league to get into conflict with Ethiopia, diplomatic relations with the countries is by and large normal.”
The bigger opportunity to Ethiopia is to tap its ever maturing relations with the Arabian countries to put pressures on Eritrea besides the policy option. The agriculture, investment and market potential of Ethiopia are important elements in their relations, apart from the historical, religious and cultural similarities.
Equally, peace in the Horn is no less important to the international community. Almost all the maritime trade of Europe and Asia, worth well over 700 billion USD [Center for International Maritime Security, 2016], passes through the narrowest strait. Thus side by side with Ethiopia’s promised policy changes, the UN, AU and IGAD should take the matter more seriously than ever before.
BY WORKU BELACHEW
Ethiopia is a traditional society with deep religious feelings and spiritual engagements entrenched in the society’s psyche practically across the board. By many standards, Ethiopians are spiritual people, many foreigners perceive it, and note it in their observations or accounts of our country. They like to observe and after watching us in our daily lives, they put their remarks. For instance, there are few moments in a day when we do not mention or invoke the name of God or Allah, or all the spiritual leaders such as the disciples and the messengers of God and the prophets. Prayers are in many instances the activity that breaks our day or other activities depending on the kind of fervour we have with our beliefs. Muslims do pray at least five times a day as a matter of religious principle and order, and Christians usually pray before having any meal thanking God for the blessing and during the early morning or the late night before we go to bed. Besides, we frequently go to churches and mosques to present our requests to the Lord. I say this because I want to underline that basically we are a deeply religious people and our commitment extends to our neighbours and our compatriots as well and if you stretch it a bit, to all other human beings without any distinction of any kind, without discrimination, be it nationality, race, religious orientation, gender and social status etc. Our religious stance, our values tell us that we need to be ‘good’ toward others, and we need to do all we can towards assisting others who are in need. The idea of ‘volunteering’ is even deeply entrenched in our basic beliefs if we think of it in these terms.
The Sacred Books say if you have two, give away one, to those who do not have any! This is a kind of golden rule of ‘ethics’ and ‘morality’. We all cherish being able to give to others and we usually feel really gratified by our good deeds. This leads us straight to the idea of volunteering.
We volunteer to help others who are in less fortunate situations than ours, and the way one can find about that is the kind of families we have here. We normally have very large extended families in our society, and it is something very common to have even a dear friend allow live in our compound if he or she was in need of such accommodation. We are also a very charitable society in the sense that we cherish giving to others alms both because it is part of the religious dictates we are supposed to follow ( the one tenth principle to be shared to others in the Christian faith, and the ‘Zecca’ in the Muslim faith). Hence, one could say that it is almost institutionalized to donate to stretch a hand to those who are in dire conditions.
Begging has been considered as a way of life in many quarters in our society and traditionally students of the spiritual books and religion had the right to go around and beg for food and other necessities in order to be able to study without any worries and as people would understand it, there was no stigma to beg. Nowadays, many say that begging has become a sort of an ‘occupation’ even without the educational enterprises and premises we have noted above. Reasonably, people with serious disabilities may have no choice but to rely on the generosity or alms of others but those who can actually look for a job such as even the kind that does not need any skills, such carrying things for someone who comes from a market with lots of stuff or washing a car or getting employed as a guardian in some compound are seen preferring to resort to begging, and as we are a society that does not condemn totally begging and rather take it with some understanding, viewing the circumstances of the beggar, we tend to stretch our generous hands to those who lower their dignity to the extent of begging.
They would say he or she begs because they are in dire need and do not have alternatives! This is a sort of ‘moral justification’ we give to those who beg us for something. And we tend to be indulgent. One can see scores of people in any religious establishment, be it a church or a mosque, seated with sufficient dignity and calm, and wait for alms to pour on them from the laity. Church and mosque goers just have the habit of distributing coins as well as food items and even drinks to these people who rely on such gestures.
In other simple terms, we volunteer to help others because there would not be any one or body that would force us to do that. It is simply in our habits and mentality to do it. But when it comes to giving in an institutional manner to a certain establishment that is engaged with some humanitarian activity, we are not so willful or zealous. Individually, all of us are charitable and anyone who begs would manage to have some coin from us when we see them begging along the roads or around the taxi or bus terminals. And nowadays there are even several ways of begging, including alluding serious medical cases and asking for remarkable contributions, for transport purposes as they say they have been robbed or subjected to theft and would not have the resources to go back to their native land. We have seen some begging for fees to cover ‘funeral services’ because they have lost a relative. And people would not go by without tossing a coin or two to these ‘unfortunate’ people. But not always have these claims resulted to be genuine and when we manage to find out that it was all a make-believe, we tend to be unkind even to those who actually would deserve to be helped.
BY FITSUM GETACHEW
Following the opening of Suez Canal by the end of 1860s, Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden ceased to be a mere water body between Africa’s Horn and the Arabian Peninsula, and began to serve as the most important waterway of strategic and economic importance.
The episode brought both challenges and blessings to the world. But for the Horn, the challenges seem to weigh heavier. Political and ideological mishaps among major world powers have been shaping and reshaping the lives of the millions of people in the region. Recently, the crisis in the Gulf region has quickly descended to the Horn, and the region has unfortunately become an indirect victim of the Yemeni and Qatari crises. To make matters worse, the Isaias’ regime, which is in a complete fiasco, has tapped into the situation to “prolong” its life.
Needless to mention the regime has long engaged in spoiling peace and security in the region and beyond, serving as safe havens for anti-peace forces. For instance, its unholy alliance with al-Shabaab has been undermining the state building effort in Somalia, while remaining threat for Ethiopia’s national security. The unpalatable foe is also the architect behind forces that work to “deter” the fast-tracking progress of Ethiopia. Understanding these and other actions of the Asmara’s political clique, the UN Security Council in 2009 passed Resolution 1702 sanctioning it from importing and exporting arms, among others.
The sanction had been a little respite for countries in the region. But, the regime opts for more lying- in- wait tactics until the emergence of a favourable situation for its malicious actions than working to correct its behaviour. Its recent provocative moves against Djibouti say it all. It clearly shows that the regime would never attempt to treat its schizophrenic health. A fuel on a fire could be the Yemeni crisis that has drawn the Gulf States to the port of Assab. For a group with such ill-intents, any possible compensation by the Gulf coalition for the use of the port would be a burden on the Horn, particularly if it goes in terms of military benefits.
Anyone that understands the regime’s character could not take this as trying to stick one’s nose into the bilateral relations of sovereign states for sovereignty itself is explained by the extent of efforts countries exert not to harm the peace and security of other nation-states.
It could also be legitimate to deal with the crisis in the Gulf region, but the move remains counter-productive if it directly and indirectly helps anti-peace forces in the Horn to get stronger military and financial muscles. To put it another way, fixing one problem at the expense of the other would mean nothing other than immature gambling over the security and economic interest of all those that use the waterway. Isn’t it?
The entire issue is, therefore, to say that every Horn players including the Arabian states should critically look into the future of the region within the present context.
Firstly, Ethiopia, as a country that is making headlines on its development fronts, needs to devise a policy that gives the “No war, no peace” situation an end sooner than later. This is high time to further consolidate its security and economic interests along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
The country’s ongoing peaceful relationship with the GCC countries presents ample opportunity to sustainably deal with the Eritrean regime, in one hand. The country’s non-permanent status in the UNSC is additional impetus to urge member states respect the sanction against Eritrea, on the other.
Moreover, for a maritime route worth well over 700 billion USD annually [Centre for International Maritime Security, 2016], keeping war mongers at bay cannot be a matter of choice but a must do job. In this case, the UN, AU and IGAD have bigger responsibilities of ensuring peace in the Horn.
Close to 900 youths organized in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises are cleansing the rivers and riversides of Addis Ababa with a view to creating additional touristic value to the city.
Addis Ababa River and Riversides Development Project Office told The Ethiopian Herald that the youths’ effort is part of the five year project to development the area.
The development received one billion Birr from Addis Ababa City Government as indicated by Project Office Director Walelign Desalegn.
The primary role of the rivers’ development is to promote the health of residents and visitors besides boosting city’s tourism sector. Addis Ababa has more than 7 large rivers and up to 76 small to medium rivers that flow year long, he added.
“The rehabilitation work will be helpful to sustain green economy, prevent water contamination, control flash flood and landslide, expand recreational options as well as motivate the publics’ towards the preservation of the environment.”
The project would be phased out by 2022 after the development of Kebena, Kechenie and Kurtimie rivers is completed, he reaffirmed. He also said that his office is working actively focusing on green economic development through recognizing and supporting pro-environmental friendly industrialists.
BY TEWODROS KASSA