Ethiopia is pressing ahead with slashing down maternal mortality rate and sticking out.
This achievement makes it exemplary to developing countries but in light of the plan it set out to achieve there is still a lot to be desired, disclosed Ministry of Health (MoH).
Zenebe Akale Mothers' and Youths' Health Group Coordinator for Maternal and Children Directorate within MoH told to The Ethiopian Herald that, in 2013, all countries had agreed to downsize mothers' death by 75%. As per the World Health Organization (WHO) evaluation, Ethiopia has achieved 72% of the set goal proving the leader of developing countries.
He mentioned that the nation has succeeded in crystallizing a lot of changes pertaining to reducing the maternal mortality. Back in the years, out of 100 thousand mothers about 1500 of them used to die but now the number of mothers that face such a tragic end out of the same number is cut down to 412.
“It is safe to claim that we are successful. But this should not open door for complacence. We are striving hard to fully translate our plan, which aims at parrying maternal mortality, into a laudatory achievement worth emulating. However, still it is not few who are dying when giving birth,” the coordinator added.
Erimias Kasahun is a health officer here in Addis, he seconded Zenebe that the maternal mortality rate is making a nose dive.
He said specially in urban areas, as spouses have enough awareness about preempting possible complications they keep on dropping at close by health institutions starting from day one pregnancy is known.
“This does not mean that there is no women who do not pass away while giving birth. But as a trend, most pregnant women continuously seek pieces of advice, to spare themselves pregnancy-related complications. Happily, in traditional coffee ceremonies and when they cross roads they advice women in the family way to follow suit,” he added.
It is a laudatory move on the part of the government that the service is given without payment. This encourages
impregnated and financially constrained women to come to health institutions without harboring fear, Ermias appreciated. Those who can afford visit private health stations mushrooming specially in big towns alleviating the delivery burden.
Zenebe ascribed maternal mortality to bleeding and blood pressure. MoH is working hard to circumvent these challenges to turn its plan almost a complete hit. MoH envisages to bring down the number of mothers who breathe their last while giving birth to less than 199 by 2020.That will be a great success.
At a national level, focal attention is placed on containing bleeding, a formidable factor for the increment of mothers' mortality rate. Various training are tailored to address the challenge. Efforts are underway to import equipment, which help to control excess bleeding that occurs when mothers are referred to hospitals from health stations, as he mentioned.
As the Publication of the National Blood Bank Service indicates in concert with National Blood Bank networks are put in place to ensure that accessibility of clean and safe blood and blood components from hospitals down to health centers. It as well highlights as the catch phrase of the nation is “No mother must die while giving birth!”It sure is good citizens voluntarily give blood.
The other challenge is creating a strong system of interlinking health stations with hospitals. This system could allow hospitals to support and strengthen the former.
Currently, MoH is communicating with about 100 hospitals. In this regard, when the ball gets rolling, the hospitals could click with more health stations. Gradually the move will ripple across the nation, the coordinator said.
The expansion of health institutions and facilities helps to increase the change for the better in the sector. The number of health stations is increasing dramatically and now at least one ambulance is available at each wereda.
In collaboration with stakeholders, works are underway to make the training geared towards averting bleeding vibrant. So if the plans get going fully, more changes will take shape, according to MoH.
Zenebe further said still not few mothers give birth in health institutions. Out of the 3 millions pregnant women in Ethiopia every year only close to 70% of them give birth in health stations. So aggressive sensitization works including far flung corners of the country are expected from pertinent bodies, the media and the society at large. The incumbent must press ahead with its encouraging road networks expansion that contributes a huge role in cutting down maternal mortality.
BY GENET FEKADE
“More women are required in the parliament,leadership position and political terrain as they are more sensitive to justice and the participation of cross sections of the society in developmental as well as democratization processes. Globally, women display conviction towards the actualization of equality, the observance of human rights, and the acceptance of their ideas regarding the future of their family, community and country,” according to officials and various segments of the society.
In an exclusive interview with The Ethiopian Herald, Minister of Women and Children Affairs Demitu Hambissa says if conducive environment is created for women, they become pillars of the country incontestably determined to enhance its political, social and economic development.
As this year’s International Women’s Day comes on the heels of a powerful global movement for women’s rights, equality and justice, the incumbent is deepening awareness and ensuring their benefits and participation in every national issues through organizing mass mobilization in women’s day both at national and international level.
The Minister recalled, empowering women is empowering the society. The events staged in every government institution are also helping members of the fair sex to struggle against obstacles that could hinder women from contributing for their society and country, she added.
“It is almost two decades since the government ratified international conventions that are significant for contributing in ensuring the rights and security of women and children. So far, encouraging outcomes have been registered in enhancing their participation and ensuring the benefits they enjoy from the fruits of national developments,” the Minister noted.
As to her, men will not be advantageous unless recognizing and utilizing the power and contribution of women in all endeavors. Thus, women in our country have to contribute more to the betterment of the lives of all thereby to strengthen the burgeoning of the country’s economy, she stressed.
Indeed, many agreed that women are mothers of a new generation of icons, game-changers and path breakers who are boldly climbing new heights and transforming the world.
As stated by Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, “Our aim is to build on the rich experience, capacities and aspirations of women and girls, and to help them realize their full potential –through better access to education, decent work, and legal and health services.”
Many people agreed that gender equality, in Parliament or in political leadership, is one of those popular causes on which more is said than done. In these regard, The Ethiopian Herald contacted some women from Addis to discuss on the move that the government is now making to empower women at every layer.
Roman Demeke, working at Arada Sub City Women and Children office, told The Ethiopian Herald that it was obvious that for ages oppressed women were forced to stay at home to tackle domestic chores allowing men to wholly dominate the socioeconomic and political participation in superior position.
Currently, women have began to come to the front to equally participate with men in national or nationwide issues, and they are now providing immense contributions for the society. Women are now celebrating ‘March 8” which signifies extrication from those days of captivity and imprisonment.
Roman believes that women empowerment in leadership seems more of a rhetoric than a vibrant action. The golden policies and strategies encourage women to be powerful, and to feel empowered and less isolated. Whether this will lead to permanent change in behavior is yet to be seen, but the fact that role models were key to the struggle is clear, she says.
“Of course, there are many women in top jobs to showcase they could even outsmart their male counterparts, but the number of women leaders is not enough compared to the men ones. The government must further promote the empowerment of women in all spheres of endeavor to lead the society in motherly and sisterly way,” Roman commented.
Though several studies in Ethiopia highlight the relationship between female leadership and financial performance, women remain firmly under-represented at the top of the corporate hierarchy. Hence, as in the current unrest in some parts of Ethiopia, the country needs to have women in the premier position, even at least as a Deputy Prime Minister level.
Thus, women should not be pushed to the back seat as many women, taking the driver's seat, have the capacity to give decisions that bring lasting solution for public inquiries .
Almaz Befikadu, from Bole Sub City Women and Children Office, says women are the kernel of life, freedom and care. “We need more women in leadership to fill the gender gap and reinforce the rights and issues of women in politics.”
Tekalign Feyisa, 49, a graduate student at Private College, says men and women are inseparable to harmoniously and peacefully lead every circumstance such as social, economic and political lives. He flattered saying: “Everything is meaningless without women—our mothers, sisters wives(better halves) and daughters;” and agreed that gender diversity among political decision makers is key to good governance, and essential to render our democracy vibrant.
Undoubtedly, men and women can build together a more equal and sustainable world to live. The society needs more women in leadership and in every table where decisions are made at national level. People can all lead better and happier lives availing themselves of women talents, drive and voices.
BY ZELALEM GIRMA
Though various factors are attributable to the death of mothers, death due to bleeding takes the bigger slice. Regarding curbing this challenge hospitals and blood banks have their due role.
In order to allow hospitals and health institutions conduct blood transfusion, there are certain criteria they have to fulfill. Also they have to sign Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).
After fulfilling this criteria any governmental and non governmental Hospital or heath institutions could get blood and blood components from the Blood Bank for free. On their turn they have to give these gifts to patients for free.
Pertaining to handling the bleeding of mothers Blood Banks and health institutions have their respective roles to play. In sufficient amount Blood Banks should have safe and clean blood in store. They must also make blood and blood components available to Hospitals and Institutions. Hospitals and Health institutions on their part must be informed beforehand about a pregnant woman asking for delivery.
Establishing petty blood Banks in hospitals and health institutions, it is essential to wait alert. Also during check up if a pregnant woman is found in need of blood components, she must be referred to health institution or hospital where the delivery of such services is available.
If the absence of blood is confirmed other options must be performed before she starts bleeding.
What hospitals and health institutions should know is that petty blood banks they establish on their premises must not run out of blood.
With a vibrant information exchange network and strong clicking spirit hospitals and Blood Banks must downscale and gradually arrest the bleeding problem ascribable to 48% of the mortality rate witnessed in the country.
(Source Yedem Neger Publication of Ethiopian National Blood Transfusion Service. Story by Semeneh Atnafu, MD)
Translation By Alem Hailu
Following the advent of democracy, citizen's awareness on good governance is deepening. Their demand for the same is increasing from time to time. Specially, service seekers of different organizations have started challenging administrators and leaders at every layer who cannot discharge their responsibilities.
True, citizens need to enjoy the bliss of good governance, the government penned down on its policies with golden inks.
The current instability Ethiopia is facing at some places indicates that people, turning out demanding, are voicing some complaints, among which the quest for good governance takes the bigger slice.
The government does not hide the presence of complaints related to lack of good governance at every level of management areas. In most governmental organizations, it is not uncommon to listen to peoples' dissatisfaction over reception, service delivery, honesty and time the execution of tasks takes.
Bad governance surfaces due to asymmetry of information between the service seekers and service givers. Usually service givers will have enough information about their obligations and responsibilities but they keep service seekers on the dark about service seekers' rights. Such gaps of information will give rise to lack of good governance.
The other factor that exacerbates bad governance is disrespect towards the rule of law on the part of service givers. If the responsible service giver is not held accountable when badly treating clients, good governance will be eroded.
Technology could help troubleshoot improprieties. The development of technology will arm society with the necessary information and alert service givers to be more responsible. Hence, the significance of technological achievements is unquestionable for good governance.
It is mandatory, therefore, to adopt technology to deliver appropriate services and address public's grievances in some offices of the nation.
For the past ten years now, leaning on technological aids a palpable change in good governance has been taking shape in some offices, according to Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT).
The government is striving to develop technological means which support the nation's good governance movement.
The government needs to facilitate modern technologies which can strengthen its communication with its people. In cognizance of this fact now most government organizations are made to have their standardized portals. This enables the organizations upload their information online. So, currently even basic information of most governmental organizations in the nation are available on online.
Dr. Abiyot Bayu, Electronic Government Directorate Director within MCIT told to The Ethiopian Herald that electronic-devices-assisted services are being introduced in service delivery. The introduction of call centers is one of the services developed by the ministry. Through these call centers, different federal and state organizations deliver information for their clients.
“If service seekers need any information about the service they need from a given organization they can request anything via a center. If that organization using such center reluctantly fail to give the required information, it is possible to make it accountable for its negligence,” he said. On the other hand, to be more transparent if any governmental organization needs to use these centers, it is possible.
Now, willingness of the organizations to adopt and adapt this technology is needed to communicate effectively with their clients. Currently, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Land Development,Federal Documents Authentication and Registration Agencies and other governmental organizations are using this service. Call centers also serve to give suggestions.
Two types of portals are being developed under MCIT. There are portals which give only basic information. They are already put in place. As to Dr. Abiyot, the other portal is meant for transaction services. It gives the actual service. On the MCIT's website there is a transaction portal that delivers more than 100 services.
Most people in the nation are not computer users. They rather use their cellphone to get information easily. To outreach the public, government mobile app-store are developed. On this portal, there are mobile applications to give different services and people can upload and use them.
The e-procurement portal, which makes easy the purchasing service is already developed and activities to launch it are underway. And the other portal, which is helpful for citizens to ask their questions and give any suggestion on whatever governmental organizations, is being developed.
The reluctance of different organizations to embrace this service is still a challenge to the sector's development.“Technological advancement is proceeding apace. And the main issue is utilizing it for the public usage. But without the concerted push of stake-holders, it is not possible to deliver the service for the people,” Dr. Abiyot added.
It is known that Ethiopia has kick-started implementing the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTPII) integrating democracy, human rights and good governance.
If reinforced with technology, the goal of ensuring good governance will turn out a hit in the nation.
BY GENET FEKADE
Today’s guest is Dr. Fisseha Kassahun. He was born in Aksum city. His parent's house was not far from the obelisks found there. He is an Associate Professor at the Department of Physics, Addis Ababa University (A.A.U). He is a pioneer elite in Quantum Optics expert in Ethiopia.
He has been teaching Electrodynamics, Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Optics at undergraduate level apart from supervising over 39 MSc and 5 PhD research projects in Quantum Optics. Seven graduate students are currently working for their PhD under his supervision.
Likewise, Dr. Fisseha has been doing research on basic Quantum Optics. In particular, he has developed a substantially original theory of Laser Dynamics. Furthermore, he has introduced and discussed in some detail the notion of Local Mean Photon Number and Local Quadrature Squeezing. He is currently working on the annihilation and creation operators that satisfy a commutation relation different from the usual one. In addition, he has some research works published in reputable journals.
The associate professor as well had served as the chairman of the Department of Physics at the Addis Ababa University for about nine years. He was heavily involved in the preparation of the PhD program of the Department in 2002. In addition, he had participated in the preparation of the BSc Program in Physics for Ethiopian Universities in 2003. He had also served for more than three years as Associate Editor for SINET.
The Ethiopian Herald had a short stay with Dr. Fisseha Kassahun with the purpose of familiarizing his personal and professional life with readers. Excerpts:
What was your childhood like?
As a child, I had passed through many twists and turns as the challenges of life were unbearable. My life was full of problems as my parents standard of living was above the dead and below the living. At the beginning they had a car that they bought outlaying hard-won Mother Teresa’s coin. Spendthrift, my parents used to spend their money on religious purposes more often than not. They were in the habit of trusting everyone with all their hearts . Through the passage of time, they faced bankruptcy. Finally, they ended up losing the whole thing they had.
Even worse, there were times that we were suffering stomach pangs. Pertaining to my childhood I do not have good memories to cherish. To add an insult to injury, I was not allowed to play with my age mates. To surprise of many, my dad once caught me playing with a boy in the neighborhood and walloped me over and over again. From that day on wards, I gave up playing with my age mates and shifted focus to fully focusing on my studies.
Discuss your educational background?
When my dad got transferred to Adwa, I attended primary school there. Had he not been transferred to Adwa, I would have ended up illiterate. The idea of sending me to school did not come to my dad’s mind. As luck would have it, our relative who was making a living as a teacher in Adwa sent me to school of his own initiation . My dad was not ready to send his children to school.
As I proved one of the outstanding students , in just five years I became 8th grader.
I became the talk of everyone at that specific juncture considering my intelligence. What was unique about me was scoring high grades with not much reading.
Then, I joined Atse Yohannes High School found in Mekelle. During our time, there was only one high school throughout the current Tigray State. We used to get 20 birr from the school.
I was in the habit of standing first almost all the time.
I did pass through many challenges time and again to reach where I am in today.
What challenges did you pass through?
After I joined Atse Yohannes High School, I was disrupting my studies now and then on account of illness. The whole lot was out of my control. I did not know what I had to do except cutting classes. There was even a time that I did not attend school for two terms.
Someday, when I went to school on the third term, our homeroom teacher coerced me to come with a permission slip from the school’s principal. I did not know what I had to do. Shaking all over with fear, I headed straight to the principal and explained the whole lot to him. After attentively hearing my case he felt pity. As my sole income was the twenty Birr that I used to get from the school, he did not want me to lose the money. He did not know what he had to do. He failed to reach into a conclusion within the shortest time possible.
Did the school director give you the go ahead then?
After a long fight with his thoughts, the director showed me a green light to start class. It did not crossed his mind that I would harvest the fruit of success. I kept on attending classes. More often than not, it was on and off I was going to school. In due course, to the surprise of the principal and members of the school community, I stood first despite cutting classes every so often. When I learnt the news from my classmates, I could not believe my ears. I was showered with various awards.
While a 12th grader, I did not attend the first semester. Later, when I headed straight to school with the intention of joining for the second semester, I learnt I was was relegated to low-achievers student group. At long last, students of the batch sat for the Ethiopian School Leaving Certificate Examination (ESLCE). All together, we were 78 . Out of which, two students including me passed the ESLCE.
What was the next move?
I joined the Science Faculty found at Arat Kilo to study Engineering.
I was financial constrained. I could not overcome the challenge. When I became at a loss what to do, I joined the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. I was responsible for data collection. Having worked there for some time, I rejoined A.A.U. This time, I changed my mind and joined the department of Statistics as I was not interested to join the previous department.
After a year, I headed to German. But for no apparent reason nothing could make me feel comfort. When I was caught between the devil and the deep blue sea, I made up my mind to return home. The whole thing turned out to be a bitter pill to swallow.
I mongered to hating everything to death. In due course, I got myself engaged in the teaching profession. After I had distanced myself from education world for some years, I rejoined the Science Faculty.
What was the feeling like?
I found one of my classmates and a student of mine to be my instructor and classmate respectively. It was a discouraging moment for me. I did not know what I had to study. I was not interested in various fields of study. My biggest problem was getting a field of study my interest chimes in with.
Slowly but surely, I made up my mind to study Physics given that I found it to be a very much interesting subject. In due course, I successfully completed courses and embarked on working as a graduate assistant.
How did you get the chance of working at Addis Ababa University?
While I was pursuing BSc in Physics, I was teaching in a certain school. There was even a time that I cut classes for a semester. The only strategy I brought into play was borrowing exercise books from students. When I was a third year student, our teacher was an Egyptian. We rarely met in class. One day when we met face to face “Are you working somewhere?” she asked. I informed her that I was working in the Ministry of Education. Although she wanted to discover why I was not attending her classes, she dared not ask me. She was offering two courses. One day she gave us an exam. The other day, when I was sitting for the second exam, getting closer to my ear she said “Congratulation you have scored “A” in the previous exam!”
My Grade Point Average (GPA) was four point at that term. I never attended classes as it should be. Given my handsome cumulative GPA, I jump started working as a graduate assistance at A.A.U. Inch by inch, I did my MSc degree in Physics and PhD degree in Poland, Warsaw University.
What was the teaching-learning process in Warsaw University like?
When I left for Poland, Warsaw University, an adviser was assigned to me. He was too careless. He was not following up my research works. At some point, my adviser proposed a topic and left for America. In due course, I forgot about him and kept on doing the whole lot on my own. I did researchers on my own.
When he returned home, with a confused feeling of vexation and surprise, he asked me “Why did not you in advance let me know about my research works?” It was three research works I did. Of which, he had two of them published in a little while. I had a wonderful time in Warsaw University.
I was the sole Physicist in Ethiopia with PhD for many years. I as well was the only Physicist who studied Quantum Optics. There was no anything called Quantum Optics course in Ethiopia. Currently, most Ethiopian scholars in Quantum Optics are my students.
What is your marital status?
I am not married as I almost got spliced with Physics . It is my sole spouse. I did not have a wee-drop of idea to get married at this point in time. Though I do not advise others to second my life principle, I hate marriage to death. I did not want to have a child who would depart this life. My children are my brain children—my books and articles spread across the globe bearing my name and that will go down from generation to generation. I am not interested to lead myself in this kind of meaningless life. I do not even understand why I came to this world. The only thing that I know about life is the last of us is going to depart this life. For me, life seems pointless.
Without exaggeration, I regret being born in this material world. I am minimalist. I do not have anything at home except a bed, a table, a cupboard and two sofas. I do not have my own residential house even.
I am going to have my own residential house thanks to my brother’s generosity at the present time. He is well educated and lives abroad. He bought the house to me after observing my lifelong romance with Physics.
What is all about Physics?
To begin with, the way Physics education is delivered seems not that satisfactory in Ethiopia. I do not think people who teach Physics know the significance of teaching the subject. By the way, Physics is concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy. The subject matter of Physics includes mechanics, heat, light and other radiation, sound, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of atoms. Physics answers various questions like how the universes began, the change our universe could experience down the road, the basic building blocks of matter and other related aspects. Physics consists of theoretical as well as experimental parts. The former one revolves around observed facts. Physics indirectly helps a given society every so often. Without Physics, we cannot have engineering fields.
Most students seem to fight shy from joining the department of Physics. What is your take on this?
Students would like to join various fields of study based on their interest. In fact, most students be it here or abroad are not interested to pursue further education in Physics. I am not saying that all students are not interested to join the department of Physics. The reason behind their disinterest is attributable to the demanding nature of the subject.
Moreover, studying Physics, specially in developing countries, is not that rewarding financially. If truth be told, Physics is an antediluvian as well as extensive field of science, which puts in plain words natural observable facts in the universe. Above and beyond, it is a springboard for all sciences such as Chemistry, Geology, Biology and what not.
What should be done to take Physics education to a new level of success here?
As for me, one should do research to answer this question. It is easier said than done to simply express one's ideas, thoughts and feelings regarding the way forwards.
The culture of Physics is not developed in our country. Most people are interested in getting themselves actively involved in different social issues. People should give due weight and attention to research works for the most part on Physics. I would really appreciate if people get themselves engaged in Physics in addition to giving more time for research works.
What is all about Quantum optics?
To start with, the word "Quantum" refers to the nominal quantity of any physical creature that can intermingle with another entity and the word "optics," in Physics, refers to the study of light. Quantum Optics is a field of Quantum Physics that deals for the most part with the interaction of photons with matter seeing that individual photons is decisive to interpreting the behavior of electromagnetic waves all together.
BY ADDISALEM MULAT
Though it is good
To bring to the limelight
In different walks of life
Who fought their way
To inaccessible height,
We must not forget
Who their children
To school send
With full stomach,
A pat on the back!
This must be also
Included in our talk
Specially when March 8
BY ALEM HAILU
Vocalist Meseret Belete was born and raised in Merabete Woreda, Alem Ketema. After that, she came to Addis Ababa with her parents and kick started attending school at Balcha Aba Nefso School found in Lideta.
Later, when her parents returned back home, she attended school up to grade ten in her birthplace, while grades eleven and twelve in Harare.
From time to time, she was dreaming of becoming a famous sportsperson. She was thinking of making her dream become a reality over and over again despite she did not have a wee-drop of idea what the future holds in store for her.
Mesert’s mother was a housewife while her dad a carpenter. Meseret’s mother used to fondly take care of her children time and again.
Her dad participated in building more than eighty churches excluding residential houses.
While a child, Meseret had collected fireworks. She had partaken in herding, collecting cow dung and so forth in her birthplace. Above and beyond, she was crazy about tuening to Saturday’s and Sunday’s radio programs. She was in the habit of singing a range of songs whenever she got herself involved in a certain task.
As a child, vocalist Meseret was known for acrobatic gymnastics apart from her melodic voice. She had herself involved in acrobatic gymnastic representing her birthplace which was held in Zeway. At that point, she bumped into something she did not imagine would come to pass in her lifetime. The thing was, in the sports festival, vocalist Hirut Bekele and her contemporaries were invited with the intention of giving color to the festival.
When Vocalist Meseret saw the vocalists performing on stage a delighting feeling she could not express in words began coming in and out of her mind. She was inspired by Hirut’s performance as well as the melodic voice though she did not know how to make her dream come true and win the hearts and minds of the general public through her works.
“That moment was a turning point in my life,” said vocalist Meseret.
Back home, vocalist Meseret jump-started popping up in a range of clubs entertaining different artistic activities. She was in the habit of partaking in basketball, football and acrobat sports now and then.
“I used to listen to vocalist Hirut and Tilahun’s songs every so often. I was crazy about their songs. There was nothing which made me feel on top of the world than listening to their songs .
Also, when on earth I sang songs, most people were forwarding their respect and appreciation. Everybody tipped me for my voice,” said Vocalist Meseret.
One fine day, vocalist Mesert heard that Harare Ezi was hunting for vocalists. This time, she headed straight there without informing her parents the whereabouts of her. In fact, they were three in number at that moment. As luck would have it, she passed the entrance exam and started working at Harare Ezi taking the examiners by surprise for her outshining performance. She was not afraid of anyone at that moment.
At that point in time, Assefu Debelke’s Yeshimebet Dubale’s and FikerAddis Neqatibeb’s songs were popular. They were all blockbusters.
Vocalist Mesert did not imagine that she would prove herself to be a popular vocalist shortly. All her efforts began bearing fruits when she joined Misrak Ezi. As her dad was a priest, she turned out to be the talk of most people following her decision to join Misrak Ezi. A lot had been said considering her decision and her dad’s reaction. In fact, her dad’s reaction was different from what others said. He was not that furious. “What can I say, if God has made singing to be her bread and butter,” said Meseret’s dad.
According to Meseret, music is a beloved profession. Above and beyond, it is life and gift. “I am leading a good life because of music. At the present time, my dad is advising me in to releasing hymns of praise almost immediately for what God has done for me,” she says.
As a child, Meseret was in the habit of competing with her age mates. She was in the habit of penning down different lyric songs in her exercise books every so often revolving around various issues. She was one of the outstanding students at that point.
There was a time in which Meseret was practicing a song on the pretext of studying her lessons. When she was caught singing songs once, her parents grew to be very angry for the reason that they could not control their vexation for her disobedience.
Vocalist Meseret could not figure out her talent until she released her first album entitled Gum Gum. But following the release of this album, she turned out to be the talk of the general public. Her first works did not take much time to win the hearts and minds of the general public in a short time. She never thought she would be successful at the outset.
Vocalist Meseret once presented on TV the song entitled Gum Gum. The song grabbed the attention of the public. She became famous in no time. She did not expect that she would end up being successful after a short time. She started taking a bath in a shower of appreciations, some in person and some via phone calls.
Hence, music shop owners embarked on talking to her in person regarding the way how they would release her works. In due course, she did a full album. For her, all works are impossible to tell apart. She feels affection for all of them with all her heart.
“I do not want to live aboard distancing myself from my people. I would like to entertain my fans here. My fans are the secret behind my success. In reality, in addition to making a living there, I can partake in different concerts abroad as I have got a lot of fans there too, ” said Meseret.
Previously, Vocalist Meseret had worked in nightclubs for three years. I had worked in three places. She was working with Habtemicheal, Ababa Tesfaye and with other artistes from Maklawi Ezi. At this time, she had given up working in nightclubs.
She is married. She is a mother of three — two daughters and a son at this point in time. She feels affection for all her children. Her husband runs his own business at this point in time.
She thought it difficult to play with Kebero and Masinko. Slowly but surely, trying her hands on traditional instruments, she began mastering the instruments at night clubs.
“Had I taken physical exercises, I would not have remained being overweight right now. When I was in Harare and Misrak Ezi I was partaking in various sports activities. I was displaying an amazing gymnastic performance at that point. However, because of the will of God, I turned out to be a vocalist.
I and Tibebu Workye had performed a wedding song.
Now, I have got different works. I am due to present my works to the public. Regarding patent right, I do not know how to reach the general public with my works. There are various copy right infringement mechanisms. Reportedly, some vocalists had lost their properties out of labor of love for somewhat expecting that they would get profit. Most professionals’ efforts have become naught.
“In the past, we were in the habit of reaching our works to the general public through cassettes. But at the moment, we are missing the intended target as a consequence of the emergence of flash disks. Cassette was the best means to reach out our fans with our works in the past. Everybody could recognize our talent with no trouble. Lists of songs were written based on their alphabetical orders. Thus, our fans’ could easily understand the sequential flow of the songs,” she added.
The cassette system gave credit for everyone who partook in each and every song. The vocalists’ pictures were clearly seen. Even those who could not read and write were in the habit of identifying singers without difficulty. Whenever I went to the countryside, I found shepherds cramming all my songs’ lyrics.
After the flash disc was introduced in our country lot of things have been missing the intended target concerning our profession. The vocalist is stripped of ownership. Anybody can revoke the vocalist’s name and transfer it to other individuals. Even worse, anybody can upload on the internet the sweat of a vocalist easily before s/he reach to his/her fans properly,” she wrapped up.
BY ADDISALEM MULAT
The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, EPRDF, the country’s ruling coalition, is to choose a new chairperson by next week who would by default assume the premiership. Politicians and the former President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia-FDRE called for urgent, constitutional and democratic leadership take over.
Shiferawu Shigute, Head of EPRDF’s secretariat said in a recent press conference that the front has long followed such democratic processes and no threat to position disagreements. The front’s inherent democratic character with regard to the internal decision making and the selection of the leadership is well known for its democracy, lawfulness, collaborative decision making and prioritizing the peoples of Ethiopia.
He added that the party is very stable to forward the ongoing development activities, enhance the democratic system development with the registered double-digit economic growth. It is also working to its maximum to reduce the youth unemployment through creating job opportunities with the development collaborators.
Former President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia-FDRE and retired politician Dr. Nagaso Gidada called on the front to implement its constitutional and democratic culture to replace its Chairperson who would be the nation’s Premier by default.
Dr. Negasso said that replacing the Prime Minister should take no longer than a week. The replacement has to be done urgently, constitutionally and democratically, he emphasized.
He further called on the Front to live up to the provisions of its registered laws by any means. And the youth with the community must consider the assignment of the new leader for the peace, democracy and development of the nation.
The constitutional setup of governance in FDRE is the parliamentary system of governance that focuses on the party that the individual represents rather than the individual candidate.
As the front was elected democratically, it will also elect a leader to head the government. In this system of governance, the executive is subordinate to parliament and can be dismissed by parliament at will. Thus, the chairperson of the party will be presented to the House of the Peoples Representatives for ratification.
However, Tigistu Awelo, the Chairperson of Unity for Democracy and Justice Party (UDJ), says that due attention should be given to the ethics, vision, commitment and national view of the individual to be elected chairperson. The individual has to be one who can settle the current unrest throughout the country and implement inclusive politics in the system.
As the governing legislation of the front shows, EPRDF is a coalition of four political organizations and consistently follows democratic principles in electing its leaders. All the members of the four political organizations elect representatives to their congresses every 2-3 years. These representatives in turn elect the Council, the Chairperson, and the Deputy Chairperson of each organization.
Similarly, members of the executive council are elected to manage and implement the policies of the respective organizations. The executive council is accountable to the membership and can be democratically replaced any time. The council also elects the organization’s representatives to the EPRDF Council.
The leadership structure of the EPRDF is organized in a similar manner and is represented equally among the four member political parties. Each political organization is represented by 45 persons making up the total membership of the EPRDF Council of 180 persons. The 36 members of the EPRDF Executive Council are also elected from 4 within the EPRDF Council; nine members representing each political party. The 180 member Executive Council elects the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of the EPRDF.
As the records indicate, the membership of these councils have been repeatedly reshuffled over the years, based strictly on democratic principles. Therefore, this time’s leadership replacement would also follow the constitutional and democratic culture of the front without any doubt.
BY DIRRIBA TESHOME
ADDIS ABABA- The victory of Adwa and Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) are symbols of winning mentality of nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia, said Federal Police Deputy Commissioner General.
The Deputy Commissioner General Kenea Yadeta made the remarks during a photo gallery and panel discussion marking the role of federal and regional police members and defense forces in supporting and preventing GERD from any possible attack.
GERD is the source of pride for nations as well as Nile basin riparians. Ethiopia is progressing in to a good phase to accomplish the construction of GERD. It is indicated that the construction of GERD has reached over 64 percent of its performance.
Federal and regional security forces and defense forces are performing dual roles in protecting the dam from damage as well as financing the construction of GERD through buying bond. Security force participation has a decisive role in the development of the country and securing the peace of the country, said Kanea.
It is indicated that more than 810 million birr has been raised from police and defense force members since the launching of the construction of the dam.
The defense forces are sources of peace for eastern Africa. This indicates Ethiopia’s role to secure peace in the nation and other countries. So, defense forces are the power of peace for people and source of peace for GERD, he added.
Roman Gebreselassie, Director General of The Office for the Coordination of Public Participation on the Construction of GERD said that GERD and Adwa are symbols of winning mentality for nation, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia.
According to the Director General the current unrest in the country is mainly outcome of internal weakness and problems. The mission of federal and regional and army forces is to ensure sustainable peace across the country, she added.
She noted that securities are public servants participating in great engineering activities in GERD who expand the GERD from 5250 megawatt to 6450. Before 122 years ago Ethiopians struggled for their sovereignty at battle of Adwa. Currently federal and regional police members and army forces are also engaged in construction of GERD and peace keeping of the nation.
Birhanu Belachew, Geography and Environmental studies lecturer at Kotebe Metropolitan University said that level of social consciousness and civility among the peoples of Ethiopia and cross boundary helps to benefit from the GERD.
According to him the nation can earn more than 360 million USD revenue from direct tourism income after the completion of the dam.
BY TSEGAYE TILAHUN
• Russian FM Lavrov confers with FDRE President, Premier, Foreign Minister
• Russia cancels 162 mln USD debt to Ethiopia
ADDIS ABABA –Russia seeks to enhance engagement in the development of nuclear energy facility in Ethiopia and resume daily flight from Addis Ababa to Moscow as part cementing the growing ties between the two countries.
Moscow also cancelled Ethiopia’s debt worth around 162 million USD.
This was highlighted as Ethiopian Foreign Minister Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu yesterday held discussion with visiting Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov followed by a joint press conference with local and foreign journalists.
“Russia sees huge opportunities to elevate its cooperation with Ethiopia at bilateral regional and international levels. And it is also desirous to serve additional boost to Ethiopia’s infrastructural development such as hydropower, energy and others,” said Lavrov.
These times talks are underway on establishing nuclear technology center on the existing Russian design research reactor. The work is progressing and will be accelerated once the inter-governmental agreement is signed.
Both countries also agreed to work in the area of high tech , science and education developments with Moscow pledging to award more scholarship for Ethiopian diplomats and students for advanced skills training.
Both Russia and Ethiopia advocate the importance of historical and cultural values and respect for right of individual country’s sovereignty. The two countries believe on a peaceful solution to all conflicts without the interference of external powers but through inclusive dialogue. The two countries act in their issues of concern within international platform. In this regard, working within the United Nations Security Council, Moscow would make political support to resolve conflicts and crisis in Africa in search of peaceful means.
Addis Ababa and Moscow reaffirm the need to find political solution to ensure peace and stability and resolve crisis. Russia would support African solution for African conflicts, he added.
For his part Dr. Workneh said that Ethiopia recognizes Russia’s strong principle of respecting the territorial integrity and independence of other nations.
Lavrov’s visit is a reflection of outstanding and longstanding relation between the two countries, he noted.
The Minister also said that both countries have agreed to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purpose, promote people to people relations and boost economic partnership. The Russian trained scholars will serve as diplomats to bolster the partnership.
Meanwhile, the visiting Russian Foreign Minister Sergie Lavrov has discussed ways of furthering the historical relations of the two countries with President Dr. Mulatu Teshome at the National Palace.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Spokesperson Meles Alem, briefed journalists that both sides have discussed ways of strengthening the Ethio-Russian diplomatic ties in the areas of agriculture, mining, culture, education and tourism.
Furthermore, he mentioned that Russia aspires to build an African Center of Excellence and nuclear power in Ethiopia for peaceful purposes. “This is the good gesture of the long standing relations.”
Concerning the current Ethiopian political situation, Lavrov said; it is the exclusive issue of Ethiopians to come up with solutions to their problems and added Russia appreciates the efforts of the Ethiopian government to ensure peace in Africa.
Lavrov has on the occasion submitted a message of President Vladmir Putin to President Dr. Mulatu, Meles noted.
The two countries are currently celebrating 120th anniversary of diplomatic relations, the Ethiopian Herald learnt.Meanwhile Ethiopian News Agency (ENA) reported that Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov have discussed on ways of boosting bilateral cooperation in various fields.
They discussed on the need to bolster cooperation in the education sector through scholarships and consolidating partnership among institutions of higher learning in the two countries.
Noting that Russian investment in Ethiopia has not grown to the desired level, they agreed on the need to encourage Russian business community to come to Ethiopia.
They also discussed on ways of boosting cooperation on international issues based on the national interest of the two countries, according to the information revealed from the Office of the Prime Minister.
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT and