History tells us that there have been several iconic and model women in different countries who inspired other women to rise up, struggle and defend their rights. Besides the struggle for women's right, there are also iconic women who utilized their impressive leadership quality and hence influenced the courses of politics and history.
The Ethiopian Empress Tayitu Betul is among such notable women who-at the time when women were not allowed to take part in public life-significantly influenced the courses of Ethiopian politics.
Empress Tayitu was born from Dejazemach Bitule Hailemariam and Yewubdar in 1840 in Begemider, Debretabore town. According to the liturgy of Ethiopian Orthodox church, she was baptized at the 80th day of her birth at Debretabore Eyesus Church where she studied The Book of Psalm. Historians have witnessed that she has gone to various monasteries for further studies.
As the book she used for education was written in the Ge’ez language, she was a good speaker of the language. Following the death of her husband, Yewubdar's mother remarried Bejirond Meyu who was the servant of Emperor Tewodros. Then, he hired a tutor to assist her trial. In her time spares, apart from her education, she made various handicrafts and curtain while she was at Mahidere Mariam Church. She was also famous for playing the Begena- an Ethiopian traditional musical instrument.
She met Emperor Menelik, the king of Showa after he won the battle of Gadilo with Emperor Tewodros' deputation - Bezabih in August 24, 1865. Then he came back to Ankober and became king. Following the 12th anniversary of his coronation, he celebrated Easter at the sea shore near Sululta area where he met Tayitu. There they discussed about their marriage at Debre Meye- the house of Yewubdar and he returned to his previous town named Debre Berhan.
After two years of courtship, Emperor Menelik sent Hailemariam Tekle with a letter to bring Tayitu from her mother's house following the advice he received at the palace.
Fulfilling all the necessary requirements, the messenger went through Gojjam together with servants and other followers. Upon arrival at Debre Berhan, they were accorded cordial welcome. Tayitu then spent some years at her brother's house named Ras Wolle Betul. The two then got married at Ankober Medhanialem church, receiving the holy Eucharist April 25, 1883 as a testimony to their oath.
In his book entitled, “Menelik II”, page 39 to 41, Afework Geberegioregies stated “She was a dream of Menelik since his childhood; in 1883 she got into Debre Berhan. Instantly after the marriage, she then became Queen of Showa. They named Tayitu to say sunny. But she deserves to be named the fortune.
On the morrow, Emperor Menelik became “Emperor of Ethiopia” in 1882 while Tayitu became the Empress of the nation. According to various written documents, the coronation ceremony was held in a very organized manner.
The then arch bishop Aba Mathias received the crown from the Emperor and put it on the head of the Empress. Since then her name changed to “Empress Tayitu, the Sunshine of Ethiopia.” and a stamp was devised. This historical chronology enabled her to play critical role in political, military and social spheres.
Historians have admired Empress Tayitu in connection with her ability and skills to manage political issues. The stance she had on key national issues, the decision she passed, the orders she gave to pertinent bodies and the acceptance she received from the public are the very reasons behind her successful political involvement.
She then began to play pivotal role in politics and her involvement reached its pick when article 17 of the Wuchale Treaty was signed between Ethiopia and Italian invaders in 1987/8. Article XVII of the Wuchale Treaty stated that the emperor of Ethiopia could have recourse to the good offices of the Italian government in his dealings with other foreign powers. But the Italian version of the treaty had the word “must.” This difference in meaning was found out after Empress Taytu assigned Administrator Atsime Geyorgis to translate the article number 17 of the treaty. He then informed her that there were discrepancies in meaning between the Italian and the Amharic versions. Then, Taiytu decided to follow the issue very carefully.
But Emperor Menelik, threw Atsime Georgis’ to Jail out of suspicion to his intention . Citing the crucial job he had done for his country, Taitu did her best to convince the Emperor to release Atsime Georgies after he remained in jail for three years.
This shows how the Empress played a very important role in politics. She also asked the permission of the Emperor that any national security issues should not be hidden from her and the Emperor made a promise to do so.
The diplomatic effort of Emperor Menelik to change the Wuchale agreement was not successful. Hence, the king called the General Assembly which comprised ministers, military leaders and other top officials. Each of them expressed their idea with the national pride and enthusiasm.
Empress Taytu said on the meeting that “I am a women, I do not like a war. But I prefer war instead of accepting the treaty which allows Italian to have control over Ethiopia.”
And this stance of Tayitu has been transferred from one generation to the other as an intangible heritage. Thus, there is no need of providing other evidence that can show the courage and commitment of Tayitu to her country.
She also spoke loudly and passionately to motivate the people in the assembly hall. "How can we keep silent, when the enemy invaded our God given country? We have no other option than defending ourselves" she said and aroused the emotions of participants. She touched the heart of the people and aroused their feelings and inspired them.
Historians are still amazed by her capacity and skill to changing the mindset of the people and they observed that she was an excellent orator.
There is another exemplary story about the political activity of Tayitu. After the death of Emperor Yohannes in 1890, Emperor Menelik went to Tigray to visit and stabilize the region. This instance helped Empress Tayitu to control Showa, Wollo, Begemider and Yeju seating in Dessie town. This brought her respect, particularly ability to resolve conflicts were greatly admired.
The relationship she had with the public was also amazing. Because of her elegant personality, the society respected and loved her. Her clear political thinking, firm decisions, wisdom, timing and ability to predict consequences made her among the most successful women politicians. Nobody has a doubt that she deserved this.
The other thing that contributed for her good name was donations to the destitute. Besides helping her to strengthen relations with religious leaders, this habit had contributed greatly to fortify her political power.
The Empress had played a key role for political stability and other military and economic achievements. She was also a key in choosing the site for the establishment of Addis Ababa as capital city of Ethiopia. When we talk of her, the first hotel in Ethiopia named after her name, found at piazza could not be forgotten. Even though she had no biological child who sustains her legacy, she provided special care for Emperor’s children.
Furthermore, the Italian army had occupied Mekele before the Emperor reached there. The leftover Italian soldiers fled to Mekele to their superiors and fellow soldiers with info about Ambalage.
As a result, they were instructed to build sophisticated bunkers even in today's standards. The sharp edged piece of wood stuck in the ground together with broken bottle pieces as well as the barbed wire made it very difficult for the Ethiopian army to get even near the bunkers. The few Ethiopian soldiers that were able to pass the three lines of defense faced the brutal machine guns.
For that reason, many soldiers had died as the situation at one point made the Emperor and his army leaders wearisome. It is at this time that the Empress stepped-in to devise a plan. She said to Azaj Ze Ammanuel,"Go and look, if it is possible to surround the drinking water supply of the Italian army. Make sure you consult with Lique mequas Abate.” Lique Mequas Abate replied that the water is in the valley. It is about 300 feet from the nearest Italian bunker.
He added that he will watch the bunkers door and use his canon if he needs to support Taitu's personal army in their effort to protect the supply. He also stated that the Italian guard who is supposed to watch the enemy at the location goes to back to his bunker when it gets dark.
At this time, Etege Taitu ordered her soldiers after getting permission from Emperor to capture the water supply. She called her army officials and said, "You were anxious to get involved in this war. As you know, there is not enough space for all of the army. I do not want to lose any of you over friendly fire. Be on guard at the water supply down in the valley. I hope you are not afraid to die for your country and honor. I will give gifts for those who will come back alive. I will take care of the families of those who die; Let God be with you!”
As she planned, her army occupied the water. Once the Italians figured out that their supply is taken, they have attempted several times to win it back. Because of the unparalleled sacrifice of Taitu's army and her support, the water supply remained under the control of Ethiopians. Empress Taitu used to send Tej (honey wine), well prepared fitfit (injera with sauce), raw meat around 4:00AM in the morning. She took care of them in such a nice way that their moral was high and they were ready to die for her, their country and their honor. They defended the water well for 15 days from the attack of the Italians.
As Moltedo tried to put the scenario among the Italians, "We, the officers were able to our faces from the morning dew using our towels for seven days. Our names will be called to take ration for water. This was done to make sure that no one will come back for the second round. As for the black soldiers who fought with the Italians, their ration was a quarter of glass of wine with half glass of water for the Christians and a glass of water for the Muslims. Our horses, mules and cattle started dying of thirst."
It is only at this time that the Italians came forward to renegotiate with Emperor Menelik through Monsieur Filter. The Italian army was ordered to immediately leave Mekele to the command center in Adigrat. Menelik agreed to it after securing the peaceful takeover of the bunkers that saved so many Italian soldiers.
Following this, the role of the Empress in the termination of potency is discussed. And after Menelik II passed away, there was a conflict of interest between Eyasu V, the step son of the Empress, and Dejazmach Teferi Mekonnen that resulted in military and political confrontation.
Then, in the regime of Eyasu, the Empress lost her power and spent a year and half in jail. But, she still remained influential and even Eyasu himself used to go to jail to ask her conditions. The then ministry of war Fitawrari Habte-Giorgies Dinegde also visited her and presented her gifts.
Instantly, Eyasu was not able to win the powerful battle. Following this, Zewditu was appointed as a cabinet minister, a victory for Empress Tayitu. She came out of jail within three months. She even sent advices to Empress Zewditu from Entoto to help her sustain her power.
After she survived all the hurdles with endurance and patience, she appeared at the gate of her house and started to recoil the time she spent with Meinlik and the struggle they made to ensure the strength and unity of Ethiopia.
Empress Tayitu, got sick for a very long time, remained in isolation from the people she adored and respected and passed away. Following her death, the cannon were fired 25 times. At the morning ceremony, the people expressed heart feelings through poems. Her remains was covered by artefact and put in a golden platted box made from iron. She was then buried at Entoto Saint Mary Church. However, the burial chambers of Emperor Menelik Empress Taytu, and Empress Zewditu is now found at the underground of St. Beata Lemariam church.
BY GIRMACHEW GASHAW
Ethiopia is a country with untapped potential of energy resources. Presently, realizing its immense contribution for the overall economic development, the nation has now striving to generate electric power using all possible sources.
Addis Ababa Waste to Energy Facility is a case in point. Though some tasks have been going on, 97 percent of the civil work of the project is currently completed, the UK based Cambridge Industries Human Resource Director Ermias Alemayehu told recently to The Ethiopian Herald.
Indicating that the response to the request for transmission power is necessary to operate the facility, he said due to transmission problems, Testing and Commissioning (T&C) task has not yet started.
According to him, T & C aims to lay down the minimum testing and commissioning requirements to be carried out on electrical installation.
Mentioning that the project is delayed due to various reasons he said efforts are underway to complete the job on time. “Currently, we are working in collaboration with the Ethiopian Electric Power to address the problem faced so far. Though some tasks are still going on, it is not performing with full gear.”
The total budget of the project is 120 million USD. Compared to other European countries, it is one of the projects constructed with lowest price. But standard wise, it is similar and competitive with other world facilities. It is also one and the same with the facility built in Copenhagen.
The project is also unique in its flue gas treatment which eliminates toxic and noxious emissions and protect the environment from emission, he further said.
The computerized facility, when it is completed and becomes operational, it will operate for 24 hours a day, seven days in a week without interruption; and creates job for over 500 people, he added.
Furthermore, the bottom ash residues of the furnace facilities will receive 1400 tons of waste and generate 250 ashes which has a capacity to produce 27,000 bricks a day.
Using other technological machines, it is also possible to separate iron from the ash. “We can separate 3,600,000 kg iron from ashes. It will also clean the capital from dirt and address interruptions in power supply,” he further said.
It also generates steam as a residue. Small manufacturing companies can open business related to this in the nearby area. Concrete pole, for instance, is produced within two weeks time. The steam helps to produce these materials within two hours.
The facility can generate 185 GH electric power. This is base load facility. With this capacity, it will ignite 30 percent light valve of Addis Ababa. “As long as we feed the waste, the facility consistently generates power, ”
Addis Ababa Cleansing Agency Dry Waste Reutilization Officer Nebiyu Tesfaye said that the project will have multifaceted benefits. Concurrently to generating electric power, it improves city's waste management system and creates jobs.
Currently Addis Ababa generates 9,000 metric cube dry waste. or 3 or 4 million wastes. The facility requires 1.4 million dry wastes. So, Addis Ababa has the potential to dispose waste that is needed for the facility.
Concerning the facility he said it has two turbines which have the capacity to generate 25KGW. But there will be various challenges that would affect the facility. For instance, unless there is enough waste, it cannot continue its production.
The Electric Power and the City Government should discuss on the challenges that the project would encounter. The waste disposal association should also properly handle the waste and other hazardous waste substances separately. For this to happen, raising awareness of the community is critical.
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn while briefing journalists on this same issue recently said that, currently, Repi Waste to Energy Project has to be operational. Unfortunately, due to failure to manage the contract effectively, it has not yet engaged in its production phase.
When the project is completed, it will be Africa's first waste-to-energy project generating 50MW of power, as it is learnt.
BY GIRMACHEW GASHAW
The multifaceted intrinsic and extrinsic confronts in Ethiopia have demanded the government unprecedented sacrifice. Intrinsically, the persistent violence in some parts of the country claimed the lives of innocent citizens and the displacement of tens of thousands of people from their villages. As this obstructs the country's peace and the daily public activities, the government is obligated to decree a state of emergency for about six months with possible elongation.
Besides, misuse of public power, intensified bad governance, rent-collection and putrescence coupled with other extraneous violence instigating factors added fuel to the country's insecurity.
Premier Hailemariam Desalegn, through his televised press conference, recently told the Ethiopian people that “The country is currently in a critical situation”. The rent-collectors, jingoists, radicalists and narrow-minded nationalists are strongly striving to maintain the existed safe heaven for themselves and their accomplices. They have been wielding their possible elbow grease to jeopardize the country’s growth and subvert its peace.
The Premier’s quest for resignation is another defy that Ethiopia is now at a defining moment and its people are just at the crossroads. One of the crossways leads the country to dissolution and bloodshed; whereas, the other one promotes its consolidated unison and maintains peaceful coexistence among all nations, nationalities and peoples.
Bereket Simon, during the Amhara-Tigray peoples' conference, said “This country has both opportunities (hopes) and threats. If the leadership looks inward, it could minimize the threats and maximize the hopes. In that sense, Ethiopia will certainly transform to a better position and will be convenient to its people to enjoy democracy, peace and development."
Therefore, the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) has the ball in its hands. It can kick it in any of the two possible ways. The festering question is “Which way?” All Ethiopians are pending for the final upshot whether the Front could choose ‘what it should be’ or what it could possibly be?
Nowadays, we observe both hope and despair. On the one hand, the economic development, the booming infrastructure and expansion of investment as well as social services including health and education offer hopes to the people that they see light at the end of the tunnel. On the other hand, there will be a catastrophe if the current ill situations go from bad to worse.
In fact, the Front faced a number of bottlenecks in the past. Situations in the aftermath of the fall of the military rule, the 2000/01 division in Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the revolt following the 2005 national election and the untimely death of the visionary leader Melles Zenawi were some examples among many other challenges that tested the ruling party. However, EPRDF resolved all of those hurdles with affirmative impacts.
At this moment, the people are requesting the government to take action and improve its governance, ensure peace and sustain the development of the country. The country's political situations seem to move from bad to worse. This is mainly due to the failure within the leadership of the ruling party and government structure, which indicates the fact that there are some rotten parts in the Front.
Many political analysts believe that EPRDF, by any means, should amputate its rotten body parts and avoid the devastating inclinations of narrow-minded nationalism and chauvinism that have been flaring in the party.
Currently, there are both optimistic and pessimistic views regarding the current political scenario and the country's endeavors in restoring stability and maintaining the fast sustainable economic growth. The optimists knew the Front well and the grounds of the current bottlenecks; whereas, the pessimists have the understanding of only the scope of the bottlenecks. The former argue that there is hope to restore the country's peace and stability while the later said there is an option for disintegration and bloodshed.
However, EPRDF's profound past experience both in armed struggle and post 1991 could play significant roles in assuaging the current hurdles including abusing political power, bad governance, rottenness, chauvinism and extremism.
The people are demanding for leaders who could think “out of the box". They want leaders who could further transform the country in all aspects. They also need to see the fruits of the in-depth reform, how it could impact their lives, alleviate their arch foe, poverty and eventually ascertain the renaissance of the country.
The anti-democratic activities within EPRDF member parties and government structures, lack of good governance and the expansion of unhealthy relations and networks added to the efforts wielded by different groups to poison peace and jeopardize development of the country are demanding earnest actions.
As the sequel effects of the in-depth reform, there will be changes both in the Front and in the governmental structure that we might not easily predict. But we can conclude that current challenges are not out of the hands of the Front as it has inherent basic features in looking inward in time of difficulties. In my view, the current status could rather instigate the party to make another remarkable leap in the socio-political system. However, this will be possible only if EPRDF amputates the rotten part of its body.
Unless the Front cut off its rotten body parts, an entire calamity might be inevitable. I would like to conclude this argument with a quote from the Bible that goes like, “If your right eye makes you sin, take it out and throw it away. It is better to lose one part of your body than to have your whole body thrown into hell. If your right hand makes you sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell,” Therefore, it is so applaud-able for EPRDF to cut off its rotten body parts and throw them away before its entire body has got poisoned.
BY MOLLA MITIKU
The destiny of millions of people doesn’t clutch on individuals but people who share similar visions, goals and means of achieving them.
The sudden and untimely departure of former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi had created quandary on the minds f some people especially those extremists that there will be vacuum in the leadership. But this has remained futile. Actually Meles is world class leader that the nation doesn’t afford to lose. But as a matter of fact he departed leaving a legacy of peaceful transition of power to a readily available leadership member. There was no rush or scramble to political power among the leadership as it was not a means of personal aggrandizement.
The latest moves of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn to resign from his post has also been a hot issue of discussion among people of different political sides. When those peace loving people view it as an exemplary action to other officials those extremists and anti-peace forces view it as an outcome of their adverse activities.
It should be noted that the government that the nation’s nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia established is not a kind that bring to power those who amend constitutions to prolong their stay on power, or ignite bloodshed to keep their throne safe.
Rather his actions have shown that a leader stays on power as long as he believes , and he is believed , to be the right person for the position and any time people feel that he has to resign, he will cede power to its real owners , the people, so that they can assign a new person.
Ethiopia’s current development is outcome of years old joint struggle of its nations, nationalities and peoples. All of its people have contributed their share in the peace, democracy and development of the nation.
The reason behind their unity is the same historical background they share, the cultural values as well as other features. In the future too, they will continue to work together as they have a common destiny. The common objectives they pursue bound them together and inspire them to pass challenges and keep them on the track that they travelled so far.
Currently Ethiopia is found at a cross roads of progressive political movement versus adverse attempts to derail the movement to a wrong direction. As usual peoples sovereignty and its main manifestation, the prevalence of their voices and of their constituents triumphs and would continue on their path of peace, democracy and development.
Ever since the people overthrew the autocratic regimes about three decades ago, they have been exercising democratic system through which they were able to achieve peace, democracy and rapid development. Through the system they are able to express their real desire for development, and administration. They were also able to exercise leadership through their constituents from woreda up to federal levels.
Such strong system is not going to be built over night. As seen so far it is an outcome of ages old struggle. Hence by evaluating what has been achieved so far and exploring the needs of the people, the nations and nationalities of the country would continue to invigorate the democratic system they have established.
Any shortcoming faced during the course of the system is also due to be settled with the joint efforts of the nations, nationalities and peoples of the nation. Any input intended to intensify their journey towards a prosperous nation is welcome from any one, any direction.
ADDIS ABABA - Oromia Science and Technology Agency (OSTA) says it is funding 47 innovative projects in forty seven secondary schools across the region.
Each project costs about seventy five thousand to one hundred fifty thousand ETB and the average total cost of the projects is about five million three hundred thousand.
Agency Deputy Director General Dr. Yared Mardasa told The Ethiopian Herald that OSTA is funding forty seven problem solving innovational ideas in schools. In its seven months establishment, the agency clustered the different clubs in schools. Its major focus is Science and Technology Club.
He added that the OSTA is prioritizing the screenings of the easily implementable creative problem solving ideas that would help mitigate challenges in the society. It is reaching the creative works in schools through the collaboration with the region’s Education Bureau.
Therefore, he said that OSTA has identified forty seven cost effective, problem solving ideas. The total estimated cost of the forty projects is about three million Ethiopian Birr while seven of the projects are supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology. The amount of funding ranges between 75 000 and 100 000 ETB to put the ideas into practice.
He elaborated that in the last Ethiopian budget year, Oromia Education Bureau identified and supported only three innovative ideas as it was additional responsibility to it. But this year, searching for innovative ideas is made one of the major activities of OSTA.
He also mentioned that awareness creation needs to come first to bring creative ideas to the front and provide assistance as many new findings are neglected in schools and at homes. Consequently, OSTA is working to create awareness on science and technology in the society at large with the stakeholders. It is working towards making the search for technology a popular culture.
Parents must be informed not to punish their kids when they make mistakes while trying to find out something new. Instead they need to appreciate and provide equipment the children need, he elaborated.
He added that school environments must be made conducive for technological copying or innovate new technology. Schools have to promote innovation among students as they shoulder the future responsiblity of the country.
He also stated that OSTA is working with other stakeholders such as Agriculture Bureau, Health Bureau, Housing and Urban Development Bureau, and Youth and Sport Affairs Bureau.
Implementing technology to improve agricultural productivity is the basic activity they are working on with the Agriculture Bureau. He elaborated that modernizing coffee production and management, researching the best pesticides and their adverse effects are among the key areas they are working on collaboratively.
Furthermore, the agency is also emphasizing on the better technology implementations in the management of ultra violet radiations in health institutions. And the medical transportations to the rural areas of the state are also given attention as some vaccines are wasted on the long roads to their destinations.
At last, he called on the stakeholders to search for and assist creative works which are related to their duties while families and teachers have to look critically to the innovative need of the children.
BY DIRRIBA TESHOME
ADDIS ABABA –The Awash-Kombolcha-Woldia Hara Gebeya electrified railway project over half of the construction work is completed, the Ethiopian Railways Corporation (ERC) said.
In an exclusive interview with The Ethiopian Herald, Ethiopian Railways Corporation Communications Director Dereje Tefera said that the project, which is being built at a cost of 1.7 billion USD, over 64 percent is completed. So far more of the earth work, especially the construction of tunnels, bridges and electric line installation has been carried out. Parallel to this, sleeper fixing task is underway, he said.
The project which is participating two indigenous firms as a sub-contractors created permanent and temporary employment opportunities for more than 5,200 citizens Derege said.
The 392km modern railway line would solve the transport challenge observed in the area. The railway line is expected to halve the duration of trip to Djibouti. The rail way line will also have 26 trains. Of which, 20 of them be used to transport freight and the remaining six will transport passengers, he added.
Awash – Kombolcha - Hara Gebaya Railway Project will have an important impact in passenger and cargo transportation between central and northern Ethiopia. The Turkish based company Yapi Merkezi is committed to complete this challenging railway project in time with the expected quality, it was learnt.
The Awash-Kombolcha-Woldia Hara Gebeya electrified railway project began in 2015.
BY GIRMACHEW GASHAW
ADDIS ABABA–House of Peoples Representatives (HPR) approved yesterday a six months State of Emergency (SoE) Proclamation that was declared by the Council of Ministers fifteen days ago.
Presenting the Proclamation to the extraordinary session of the House, Attorney General Getachew Ambaye said that the SoE is timely as it was approved when the country’s stability is at stake that could cause the loss of citizen’s lives and damage of various development and infrastructural projects.
According to him, the Proclamation is intended to settle down the unrest that flared up across the country. It would also help to prolong efforts of development, peace and democratic endeavor of the country, he noted.
The House has thus approved the Proclamation with 395 members voting in favor, 88 against and seven abstentions. While some of the parliamentarians insisted on the revision of some of the Articles, the Proclamation was ratified as it won two third majority vote.
Some of the Articles that were deliberated by the parliamentarians include Article II, IV, and XII which dealt with the definition of laws, legal actions and the extent of the mandate of the Command Post that will be the patron of the legal measures during the six month state of emergency.
The Proclamation contains 18 Articles that are almost similar to that of last year’s SoE, but it also includes some new Articles that allow strict measures against those who engage in instigation of ethnic based violence, hampering of public services and illegal land grabbing.
BY YOHANES JEMANEH
ADWA, TIGRAY- Ethiopians should stand together and put aside differences amid internal and external threats to build a strong, prosperous and peaceful nation in what were described as true character and values of forefathers that led to the great victory against Italian colonial power in the battle of Adwa in 1896, FDRE President stressed.
The 122nd anniversary of the Victory of Adwa where Ethiopians made a historic triumph against the Italian well equipped invading forces was colorfully marked at Adwa town at national level.
Speaking at the Grand celebration FDRE President Dr. Mulatu Teshome said the victory came while African people were languishing under the yokes of colonialism. It is a vivid triumph brought through solidarity and unimaginable sense of patriotism. The victory is so grand that it propelled the rise of fierce resistance in other African nations and black people.
The victory besides maintaining sovereignty of the nation, showed a great determination to stand together and campaign against common enemy. Hence, following the footsteps of the patriotic fathers, the current generation must avoid discord and different views to hand over a united and strong nation to the future generation, added the President.
Through the Adwa victory, Ethiopians were able to embolden similar black resistance movements while frustrating the colonialists. The victory became emblematic valor and resistance in the heart of black struggle, said Minister of Culture and Tourism Dr. Hirut Woldemariam.
Therefore, said Dr. Hirut, the current generation has a historical responsibility to build strong and unified nation and make the future bright for the upcoming generation by prioritizing the interest of the country to that of the individuals. To preserve and promote the victory, various projects and programs with more efforts would be strengthened as well.
Tigray State Deputy Chief Administrator, Dr. Debretsion Gebremichael, through his representative said that the victory flickered a glimpse of hope among other African nations desperate to get rid of colonialism and win liberty. It is a culmination of series of wars between Ethiopia and various invaders. The great triumph was earned as the people acted as one which the existing generation should uphold.
Multifaceted packages are underway to develop the battleground and promote the historic victory while vowing to provide all the required assistance.
Lij Daniel Jote, for his part said Ethiopian warriors stood in unison regardless of cultural, ethnic and religious differences to maintain unity. Hence this generation should strengthen cooperation and tolerance by following the suits of the ancestors.
Marching bands, theaters performance and arrival of Guzo Adwa travelers that came all the way from Addis Ababa on foot and other stage performances added color to the event that took place in the presence of senior government officials invited guests and others.
Historical evidences reveal that the Italian version of Article 17 of Wuchale Treaty was the main point of contention which engaged the two sides into bloody confrontation and ended up as the first ever black peoples victory against a colonial power. The victory had also prompted strong black resistance and since was considered an icon of black victory.
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT