Ethiopian Insurance Corporation (EIC) was established in 1976 by proclamation No.68/1975. The Corporation came into existence by taking over all the assets and liabilities of the thirteen nationalized private insurance companies, with Birr 11 million (USD 1.29 million) paid up capital.
It aimed at achieving the following objectives. Engaging in all classes of insurance business in Ethiopia and ensuring the insurance services reach the broad mass. Subject to the provision of Article 18 of the Housing and Saving Bank establishment proclamation No. 60/1975; it also aims at promoting the efficient utilization of both material and financial resources.
EIC was operating the business for about nineteen years under protected monopolistic system as state owned-sole insurer. After the demise of the Marxist regime in mid-1991 a fundamental change has taken place and there was a shift in political, economic and social orientation from totalitarianism to that of liberalism.
Therefore, EIC was re-established as public enterprise under proclamation number 201/94 with Birr 61 million (USD 7.13 million) paid up capital. Upon re-establishment of the Corporation in 1994 as state owned enterprise, the law was made to cover the new objectives.
The Corporation has made some modifications like engaging in the business of rendering insurance services and engaging in any other related activities conducive to the attainment of its purposes. It realized its risk holding capital had come up to 592 million Birr in its 42 existence journey up to 2018.
EIC is administered by the board of management, which reports to the Public Financial Enterprises Agency accountable to the Prime Minister's Office.
The Top Management Team comprises of the Chief Executive Officer, plus five Deputy Chief Executive Officers and four Directorates respectively responsible for General insurance; Long term insurance; Resource management; Finance & investment; Business Development & Risk Management, Director, Legal Service Directorate; Director, Information Technology Service Management Directorate; Director, Internal Audit Directorate; and Director, Change Management Directorate.
The senior management is supported by District A's Six Directors and District B's Eight Directors having a network of 66 local branches. Today the number of local branches is raised up to 83 and all are under the supervision of their respective Districts. All Districts and Branches provide life, liability and property insurance.
BY Mussa Muhammed
The victory of Adwa, Ethiopia achieved over Italian troops under the reign of Menelik II, is one of the golden chapters of success in Ethiopian history. This victory has been the beacon light for many African as well as Caribbean countries in breaking the ties of colonization and fighting for freedom.
Due to the significance and glaring nature of this bright spot in Ethiopian and African history, activities are underway to bring into play Adwa-Pan African University, through the concerted effort of both the Ethiopia government and the rest African governments.
Bitew Belay, Adwa Pan African University Steering Committee Chairperson told The Ethiopian Herald that bringing into play the Adwa Pan-African University has bought credence due to the great message of invincibility and dauntlessness it conveys to Ethiopians and also for Africans of this and coming generations.
The success was achieved by forefathers. Every year the victory is marked with colorful anniversary. This history is a source for returning the glory of Ethiopia and brightening future hopes even for Africa. This national pride has turned the pride of the continent.
However, even if this victory has become the victory of Africa,on the global or continental arena regarding commemoration nothing is done to accentuate the pride. Due to this reason the establishment of an institution that symbolizes the victory of Adwa has become very important.
According to Bitew there are different regional organizations like African Union, ECOWAS, IGAD and others in Africa. But these organizations have no research and investigation centers as continental associations.
People of Africa have suffered a lot due to the influence of different colonization, poverty and ideologies. Therefore, at this precise moment in time of African Renaissance, establishing an institution that engages in different scientific researches has been found mandatory.
It is also believed that this University will bring solutions for the ethnically diversified people of Africa even for the problem of climate change. There is an ideology that reflects that Africa can never be changed and will live in poverty for a life time. Therefore, to overcome this ideology the integration of Africa in different aspects like in technology, economic development, societal development, for the Pan-African stand and also for History is very important.
Therefore, the main vision of this big University is capacitating youngsters, who are capable of taking responsibilities with one better ideology for the future Africa. So, in this University students will take different courses such as African History, African Economy and Pan-African studies.
Moreover,they will engage in researching different issues like “How did Ethiopia achieve success at the battle of Adwa?” Also the ways that allow Africa to overcome any of its challenges will get under investigation. These undertakings make it very unique regarding the other Universities in Africa.
According to Ato Bitew, this University is not the responsibility of Ethiopia alone. It as well is the responsibility of Africa. Even if Ethiopia has a role to play, it is not the only one that participates and takes the administration role. Nevertheless, this doesn’t mean only African youngsters will be the sole students of this institution. Students from different countries like the Caribbean Islands and from the Latin American states will join this University.
This University could be under the administration of a board comprising representatives from the African Union or the mandate might be given to Ethiopia by the African Union. The authorization is not yet given to anyone.
At the battle of Adwa, Ethiopians from different corners of the country and a wide-range of ethnicity had gathered together to defend the Italian army without any arms. Even though they were unarmed, they did manage to win the battle. The main participants of the battle were young Ethiopians according to history.
One hundred and twenty years back, Ethiopians fought displaying unity and sense of belonging. Citizens were not obligated by the leaders .Following a call of the motherland ,every citizen went out to fight the Italian troops of their will. This indicates that this generation could also repeat the victory by overcoming history of poverty and any challenges in the continent. This is the glaring history of Ethiopia and the nationalities. This history has opened the door of independence for many African countries.
He also added this prideful history is a strong reason why Ethiopia is chosen to be the place where the institution will be built.
This victory is a victory of past generations of Ethiopian. Adwa Pan Africa University is the first of its kind in Ethiopia which is being built to commemorate the Adwa victory at Adwa town, some 982 km north of the capital Addis Ababa, in Tigray state.
In the process of the construction of the University different conferences are being held in order to discuss about the progress. Last January 10/2018 there was a national conference. There is also a plan to have international conference the coming April 24 at Adwa.
Everything that needs to be prepared before the gathering is ready. Invited guests are already listed out. The master plan too is readied for the conference to discuss on. Based on this, the issues of curriculum, funds and other progresses will be under discussion at the meeting. In this conference, international board members will be elected.
As the construction is big project it will not see completion in a short period of time. Even if the construction may be long in seeing completion, the learning and teaching process will begin, while the University is under construction.
The construction will be handled side by side with the education system. The University will house different facilities like meeting holes, research centers, and different classes for under and post graduate students. The university will be expected to have about 2000 students at the beginning.
By Hanna Zerihun
Today’s guest is Dr. Ayalew Sisay. He is a Tourism Professional and a high scholar in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. He had played a great role in taking the Ethiopian Tourism Industry to a new chapter of accomplishment. He was a Senior Expert in the Ethiopian Tourism Industry for several years apart from working as a commissioner at Addis Ababa Tourism Commission. Furthermore, he is Manager of various private Tour Operators. He also works as Tourism consultant. He wrote about six books revolving around Culture and Tourism to this point. Furthermore, he had produced about twenty articles in a range of magazines and newspapers on the subject of Ethiopian culture, heritages and what not. At the present time, Dr. Ayalew offers a range of courses at various private colleges and government universities.
The Ethiopian Herald had a short stay with Dr. Ayalew Sisay with a view to familiarizing his professional life with readers. He had touched upon a number of issues concerning chapter and verse of the Ethiopian Tourism. Excerpts:
What is your take on Ethiopian Tourism?
When we compare the status of Ethiopian Tourism past and present, various changes have been manifested in the left, right and center of the country considering the determination of the Ethiopian government which has been aspiring to take Ethiopian Tourism to the pinnacle of growth.
At some stage in the Derg regime, Ethiopia was once a synonym to drought. There were no western tourists’ inflows to Ethiopia at that point in time. A case in point, the number of tourists who came to Ethiopia in 1973 was about 74,000. To the surprise of many, in the middle of the Derg time, the number of tourists’ inflow went down to 27,000. To be honest, the number of American tourists who had visited Ethiopia in 1973 was only 20,000. After that, tourists’ inflow had made a nose dive by three or four folds. Tourism got one of its legs in the grave.
What hindered the growth of tourism at that point?
At some stage in the Derg regime, the whole thing was centralized. Even worse, private sectors did not get themselves engaged in the Tourism Sector. All hotels were centralized by National Hotels Corporation in six chains such as Wabi Shebele Hotel, Ras Hotel, Ghion Hotel, Ethiopia Hotel, Filwuha Hotel. The sector was highly centralized. Tourists were not allowed to stay in private hotels except in government ones at that point in time. Furthermore, foreigners were not allowed to go out of Addis Ababa without a permission letter. These realities on the ground had hindered the Growth of Tourism for years.
What measures were taken to get to the bottom of the problem?
When the Derg government was at a loss what to do, it came up with a catch phrase called “Know your country!” with the intention of promoting tours. In the same way, Ethiopians jumpstarted paying homage to tourist spots from towns to an assortment of sites across the country. I would say, it was the time that domestic tourism made a u turn. What is more, Ethiopians jumpstarted visiting the wide-range of tourist attractions of the country via schools, different organizations and the rest. Sadly, the influx of foreign tourists was completely dead at that point. After that, the government changed the communist system to a mixed economy apart from proclaiming that Ethiopia was open for everybody. For this reason, tourists nonstop restarted flowing to Ethiopia. Private investors were as well allowed to open hotels. Slowly but surely, tourism started growing.
What was the next move?
When the incumbent came to power, the tourism sector kept on reviving. The government kept on engaging itself in the entire economic activities of the country placing focus on the tourism development. Hence, tourism was upgraded from commission to ministerial level. Enterprises were finally transferred to private sectors. Therefore, currently, the owner, the developer and responsible body of tourism development is the private sector. At this point, the government is getting itself involved in facilitation (constructing roads, expanding telephone lines and electricity, water and so forth). Ethiopia is heading in the right direction on the subject of tourism and other development activities of the country.
Many planning steps were taken concerning the entire economic activities and the tourism development of the country. A case in point, tourism was upgraded from commission to ministerial level within the shortest time possible. At the end of the day, enterprises were put up for sale to private sectors. Ethiopia is very rich in terms of resources. The Ethiopian government has been harvesting the fruit of success regarding the tourism sector at this point in time. A lot of activities have been underway on the topic of tourism. Hence, tourists’ inflows have been increasing from time to time as the country is meeting the required facilities every so often. The number of tourists’ inflow is close to one million at the moment. We should be able to attract as a minimum five million tourists.
How do you see Ethiopia's Tourism Resources?
There is no equivalent to Ethiopia in terms of tourism resources. Manmade and natural attractions are available in Ethiopia in large quantities. Perhaps if one goes to Egypt one can see man-made attractions like pyramids and other related aspects. But, there are several tourist attractions across the county such as Lalibela, Gondor, Tana, Axum, natural parks, the Blue Nile, Wildlife and what not. But in terms of wildlife, Kenya will overpass Ethiopia by multitude. Endemic animals are concentrated in Ethiopia. In actual fact, thirty-one endemic mammals are found in Ethiopia. Among them, the seven big mammals which are not found anywhere in the worlds are found only in Ethiopia. We have to exploit all these resources, as far as I am concerned.
Can we conclude that Ethiopia is achieving the intended target at this moment?
As a matter of fact, the desired goal is making Ethiopia one of the five tourist receiving countries in Africa. Where is the status of Ethiopia at this moment in time? It is better to pose this question to the concerned body. There are experts who calculate where our exact location is. The number of tourists’ inflow is increasing little by little. This being the case, tourists’ inflow is around one million. Moreover, in terms of dollars, we are getting in billions and billions. As there is a Statistical Directorate in the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, they know exactly how much money Ethiopia earns from the Tourism Sector. But in terms of number we are approaching one million. To the best of my knowledge, I would say, the number is small.
We have to work day and night with a view to achieving the desired goal after a short time. We should be able to give our all. We do not have to leave the work for the Ministry of Agriculture or else for the Bureau of Regional Tourism. Everyone should work hand in glove.
What is your take on the tourism infrastructure of the country?
I would say, the tourism infrastructure is in a better position at this point in time. Ethiopia's tourism infrastructure was behind the time in the past. The status of the infrastructure was difficult. It was not comfortable. It took long hours to go to any tourist destinations of the country at that point. Nowadays, all the roads found across the country are asphalted. They are all attention-grabbing. In terms of transport, the whole thing is properly met. In the past, starting from half June to half October, there was no journey to Lalibela considering the weather condition. But today one can fly on a daily basis to any parts of the country.
Above and beyond, all tourist destinations of the county are facilitated by airport roads. There are facilities all over the place. Many hotels are concentrated in and out of Addis Ababa. But we still need more hotels in the various tourist destinations of the country. Previously, we had finger-counted hotels in the capital but at the present time, we have got various eye-catching hotels in every nook and cranny of the county. The country is as well bedecked with a range of infrastructure. The whole lot in every part of the country is being modernized. To cut a long story short, I cannot say the infrastructure is one of the best but it is better.
What should be done to take the Tourism Industry to a new chapter of success?
One of the important things is peace. In the absence of peace, it will be easier said than done to achieve the desired goal in a little while. If there is no peace in any part of the world, tourists will not be interested to visit that area. It is crystal clear that a State of Emergency (SoE) is declared in Ethiopia. But when Tourists hear about the SoE, they may shy away as they may not have an idea about the resilience of the country's tranquility. Hence, we should actively engage ourselves in promotion. We should be able to depict the clear picture of the country. We should be strong enough in promotion. Let me cite Israel as an example. Israel has been fighting with Palestinians almost nonstop. But still, Israel is visited by millions and millions of tourists. Israelites are vigilant. They inform tourists that nobody would touch them. No tourist is killed in Israel. Therefore Ethiopia must put into practice the same strategy as there is no one who would touch tourists in Ethiopia.
As a final point, is there anything you would like to say?
Everybody should take care of his/her resources as they are the starting point of our tourism development. Ethiopia is one of the top countries in Africa who got registered about 28/29 World Heritages in UNESCO. These heritages must be well taken care of by the general public. As much as we can, we should be able to take care of our resources so that we can take our tourism to a new level of success down the road. If resources are well take care of, they will serve us tomorrow.
BY ADDISALEM MULAT
A pitch dark night
Will be overcome
By a broad day light,
The earth that lie,
A thankful eye
To the heavenly father
In the sky!
Then why? Why?
Should you and I
Allow our ambition
Wilt and die,
See our dreams fly by,
Block our way!
We must never admit
When a dead end
There is no
Getting round it!
We should know
When God shuts the door
He will open the window!
Hard we have to fight
To hit a target heartfelt,
The sky is the limit
Let us go for it!
By Alem Hailu
It is crystal clear that the National Theatre has been entertaining a range of stage plays revolving around a range of issues parallel to nurturing the general public through diverse stage plays consisting different moral values. More to the point, it invites professionals from various parts of the world with a view to sharing experience and other related aspects every so often.
Once, this writer watched a stage play entitled Bado egir beathens (Barefooted in Athens) at the Ethiopian National Theatre .The play revolves around a certain Greek philosopher. The stage play won the hearts and minds of the general public within the shortest time possible irrespective of age, sex, ethnicity, religious and political affiliation.
A lot had been said about the stage play under discussion. Despite the writer was dreaming of watching the stage play from time to time, he could not find a chance to actualize his dream. However, in the fullness of time, he got the chance and realized his dream. At the end of the day, he regretted for not watching the play for such a long time.
The stage play which was extracted from a book entitled the Last Days of Socrates fully focuses on the last chapter of a Greek philosopher’s life. The story was later changed to a play script by a famous American author and journalist named Maxwell Anderson. The play script was translated into Amharic language by Asechalew Fikade. To the surprise of many, people from all walks of life are interested to see the stage play time and again. If truth be told, there were various actors and actress who gave color to the stage play.
A case in point, Rahel Teshome who had partaken in various movies as Deputy Director and actress such as Qelebet, Medalia, Wana Teqotatare, Tila Tewinetu, Babilon Besalon, Yekake Wurdot, Abro Adeg and the rest had attracted the attention of everyone almost immediately. All the audience was taken by surprise considering her phenomenal acting. Furthermore, she had got herself involved in Sostenga Chilot, Dure Yadre Fiker, Melihaq and what not. She as well partakes in musical theatres, drama, radio, film and what have you. The audiences were reflecting their feelings on the subject of the stage play in an assortment of ways.
In the middle of the theatre, some of the audiences burst into laughter without prior notice while others cried their eyes out. Furthermore, they got themselves busy with the intention of figuring out the exact definition of life. Multiple reflections came in and out of the audiences' minds at that specific juncture. But in the last part of the stage play, the audience rose up to their feet and ran to the stage in a little while as the play touches upon a confluence of life meanings of age aside from conveying political administration system, the communities reverence and obedience, among others.
The way how the actors and actresses performed the theater had made audiences to think as if Socrates was alive and kicking. All and sundry, was taken by surprise considering the phenomenal acting of actors and actresses.
By the same token, Henok Zerabruk’s acting took the audiences by surprise in a little while. Nobody had expected that he would act in a remarkable way. In reality, he had partaken in an assortment of plays entitled Yetewodros Raei, Gidei, Yetleqech Jember and other related stage plays. The various conversational works and phrases in the play convey a number of messages to the audiences.
For instance, in the stage play the son to his dad in a subdue voice said, “My dad, many of my friends burst into laughter and make fun of you given that you walk barefooted every so often. Hence, I am feeling small. Therefore, please wear the shoe, one of our relatives had given you. At least for a day do that and make my friends feel ashamed.”
“Do you want your friends to be happy?” asked the Dad.
“Yes, Dad,” answered the kid cheerfully.
Somebody is considered infinitely happy when he/she bursts into laughter and jubilant. Is that not?
“Yes, Dad,” answered the son thinking that his dad would do as he was told to do so.
The father said, “Right you are my son! I do not have to wear shoes if your friends feel happy whenever they see me walk on barefoot,” answered the Dad. He told him that he would be by a long way happy for making his son’s friends happy walking barefooted.
In the conversation the king had with his wife, he had as well displayed the power of his convincing words.
The wife said to the husband, “We are running out of money. Hence, you should be able to make money out of the teaching profession. If you fail to do so, we will surely die of hunger. Furthermore, you cannot get yourself involved in carpentry work by any means. If you do, you will end up humiliating us as I am a descendant of a landlord. Above and beyond, without a shadow of a doubt, nobody will show us respect.
The husband answered, “I am not teaching a formal education. If I take money from my followers for what I enlighten them with, I would lose all of them without prior notice. That means, I am misleading my followers and proving myself good for nothing. The only thing I have at this moment in time is a debate like interview that I bring into play for argument talk. If you once develop the habit of receiving money, the next step will be chasing after money. Moreover, if you hunt for truth, you will be a genuine person all the time.”
The word the king exchanged with the Sparta’s king as well reveals the king’s oratory.
“My country makes a living by answering the question of the meek people found in the heart of their hearts. A verdict is considered right when it is carried out free from neutralism and lack of knowledge and thus I am ruling the country in this way. Anybody who would like to be my friend can call me uninformed or uneducated.”
For those who used to call him uninformed/ uneducated, the king came up with the following reaction.
“At the time you and I were seen as foes, you had done a favor for Spartans. Is that not? Asked the king.
“Yes,” answered Socrates.
“The reason that your country proved to be victorious was not because we are your enemies. Is it possible to be victorious in the absence of an enemy? It is entirely impossible. This means, we have done a favor for you.
“Did we as well do a favor for you?” asked the other one.
“Yes,” was his answer.
“When our freedom was stripped of we realized the significance of freedom with no trouble. Freedom is amongst many other virtues a person/government should have. At the time when you grew to be anti-democratic, we familiarized ourselves with the essence of democracy. That is why I am saying you have done a favor for us.
Likewise, when the king’s friend was made to get himself involved in debate with the king, the king won the hearts and minds of everyone in a jiffy.
“ Am your enemy?” asked the king.
“Does an enemy mean a wrong doer on others?” asked the king.
“Yes,” answered the man.
Most of my friends say that I am a teacher, philosopher and intelligent. Do you think they are right?
“Yes,” answered the man.
“Does this means they are duping me? ”
He said “ Yes!”
“Does this benefit me? ”
Most of my friends said that I am talkative, inane , does this help?
The man answered “Yes!”
“Are they right?” asked the king.
“Yes, they told you the right thing. ”
You once said a friend does a good thing for whom he/she loves. Quite the reverse an enemy does a dreadful act on you.
“Though you are my enemy, you did good things to me.” “Do not you think the two things contradict then?” asked the king and made the man feel ashamed on his own point.
The philosophic speech of Socrates was manifested in the theater over and over again. But because of the limited space of the column, this writer failed to incorporate the whole lot regarding the whole story.
The speech the king made in the concluding part of verdict goes on like this,
“You are the one who annihilated my country and my people through changing people’s mindset,” one of the accusers asked. Above all, he was touched by the speech.
When one tried to make fun of the king's dignity, he made an effort to be victories over them through fake laughter. But he grew to be successful no matter what the cost may be. He did not burst into tears by any means.
As the king’s love towards his country was far above the ground, he could not control his feelings. He talked about his country in this way:
“When I am told that I do not feel affection for my country, I cannot act in response with free mind. I love my country more than I love myself. Above all I love my country’s freedom. I love living with harmony given that my country has the habit of speaking with evidence. In fact, evidence will not get rid of a free city. It is abstract.”
You said that “I love my country,” said one of the participants. This time the king gave him the go ahead.
“Which do you favor, your country or truth?”
“As chance would have it, both of them are two faces of the same coin. But if I am asked to choose one of the two, I would prefer truth because unexamined life is built on falsehood. But free world cannot live without falsehood and thus free world will not exist on falsehood. Had not it been like that my country would not have existed to this point. ”
What surprises this writer most is the king’s daily prayer which goes on the following ways, “gods of gods who keep this town with your spirit, please do not ignore exquisiteness for my internal soul given that I do not have any external beauty.
BY ADDISALEM MULAT
Tour and Tourism is an important economic activity in most countries around the world. Aside from ts direct economic impact, the industry has significant indirect and induced impacts. The growing popularity of ecotourism is an encouraging aspect, with significant potential for growth of Ethiopia.
Ethiopia, which was awarded as the best tourism destination of 2015 by the European Council, is known for its Natural Beauty, majestic landscapes and ancient cultures. These destinations include many National parks, Historic sites like the cities of Axum, Gondar and Lalibela as well as the Wondo Genet palace.
Lemma Mesele, head of the tourism sector in Southern Nation, Culture and Tourism Office, told this reporter that one of the country's tourist magnet, South Nations,Nationalities and Peoples State is origin of several relishes. This state is a place where over 56 ethnic groups live together in peace and tolerance. Given the wideness of the state, different cultures and historic places exist. In addition to this, three tangible and one intangible heritages which have been registered in the UNESCO are found in this State. Developing cities, like Hawassa, are among one of the tourist destinations with the increasing number of hotels and restaurants, which create a comfortable environment for visitors.
The existence of different endemic species in different National Parks is also a source of attraction for the sector's tourism. There are seven National Parks in the state. Crocodiles are also seen basking by beaches in this area. The Tiya which is registered in the UNESCO and other stones that appear in Gedio are unique to attract tourists. The area is a highly secured and safe place.
Wondo Genet one of the resort towns in Ethiopia is known as Ethiopian Paradise. It is located southeast of Shashemene in the Sidama Zone of the Southern Nations Nationalities and People's State. This town is a place where many resorts are found; resorts that attract tourists to come and to visit Ethiopia. It can be said that it is an essential area for the economic development of Ethiopia in the tourism sector.
Even if there are different resorts in Wondo Genet, the place is marked for Wabishebele Hotel, which is under the administration of Wabe Shebelle Hotels Enterprise. This Hotel was established in 1964, on a land reserved as a recreation site for the royal family until 1975. Emperor_Haile Selassie gave it its name, meaning "Wondo Paradise", in reference to the beautiful panorama with a rich endowment of forests, wildlife and abundant water. The hotel facilities include 54.4 ha area of land and possesses 40 bed rooms, restaurant and a bar, as well as swimming pools and access to hot springs.
Mulugeta, Managing Director of Wondogenet Wabishebele Hotel, told this reporter about the establishment of the Hotel referring from its historical background. “This Hotel was the palace of the Royal families at the time of Emperor Haile silassie. It used to be administered by princess Tenagne werik. This palace was a source of tourist attraction even after it became resort within Governmental and Administrative change. Not only the palace or the resort but the hot spring, Swimming Pool and Spa, this complex features a large, sectioned swimming pool where the water varies from hot to sizzling. The outdoor showers that let clean off underneath the shade of palm trees are attractions to visitors. This Hot spring was referred as Green Heaven by many before the hills were stripped of most of their green mantles. Many claim that the hot spring waters in the country remedy different illnesses. Most of these hot springs are above 100 degree Celsius.
This palace is seen as one of the precious Heritages in Ethiopia. It holds different vestiges that were used by the Royal families. They are must sees. And it is a great place to enjoy a slice of local life.
The Director noted that the forest, the different kinds of animals including birds, monkeys, and baboons are among the attractions that tourists come to visit.
This palace is located in naturally green area which attracts tourist. The shrinkage of the forests coverage in the area seems to conspire with the disappearance of birds, which were the source of attraction. Because of this and lack of infrastructures in the area, the number of tourists is falling from time to time.
Given its historical background and natural resource , this Resort begs attention. There is a plan to refurbish the Hotel in a very modern way in such a way to make it a five or seven star Hotel. This renewal process may take three years. After rehabilitated, the Resort will become an important place, where many including society lions will head to and stay,said the Director. After the renewal the place will become attractive enough, which is very essential for the economic growth of the country.
Accroding to Ato Mulugeta, the un-spoilt biodiversity and a spectacular array of plant life are one of the focus areas,on which the resort aims to work hard so as to reverse their disappearance.
The management of this resort Hotel believes, in tandem with the expected change, the flow of Tourists will increase on top of getting a renewed Resort.
BY HANNA ZERIHUN
Over the last decade, Ethiopia had registered remarkable economic growth, which was witnessed by international organizations and development partners. It has still kept the momentum.
What makes the growth more impressive is that the nation has been striving to transform its economy from agriculture-led to export-oriented manufacturing sector. Hence, the government has been implementing policies and strategies envisaged to develop industrial parks. As part of the efforts in this line, many fruitful results have been attained so far.
Ethiopia has constructed huge industrial parks in different parts of the country. Eastern (Oromia, around Dukem), Bole Lemi I, Hawassa, Mekelle and Kombolcha industrial parks have seen completion and gone operational. Besides, there are many industrial parks under construction in different parts of the country.
According to the Industrial Park Development Corporation (IPDC), the nation has aimed to build more industrial parks, which could facilitate things for the transformation of the manufacturing sector so as to contribute 20 percent of Ethiopia’s GDP and 50 percent of the export volume share by 2025.
The Hawassa Eco-Industrial Park, which was inaugurated in June 2017, has attracted international companies engaged in apparel and textile. Mekelle and Kombolcha industrial parks that were built at a cost of 100 and 90 million USD respectively would lure domestic and foreign companies that could engage in textile and apparel. So far, more than 60,000 jobs were created in Hawassa, Eastern zone, Bole Lemi I, Mekelle and Kombolcha industrial parks. Upon going fully operational, the parks would employ more citizens. Moreover, the industrial parks will significantly enhance the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flow to the country.
According to the Ethiopian Investment Commission, Ethiopia has gained 5.3 million USD in the month of February 2018 only through exporting leather shoes and textile products. Lebu and Dukem industrial parks are among the companies which export their produce. It has also targeted to increase its export revenue to 12 billion USD in the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTPII) which lasts from 2015-2020. _
IPDC, Chief Executive Director (CEO), Sisay Gemechu told The Ethiopian Herald recently that more industrial parks are under construction and others are on the pipeline to transform the industrialization process of the country.
‘‘Our nation has brought tremendous development in the manufacturing sector. It has been diligently working to be industrial hub of Africa by making its economy predominantly export based. It will send agro-processed agricultural products to global market so as to maximize its foreign currency earnings.’’
As far as job creation and urbanization is concerned, the CEO stressed that Industrial Parks have helped the nearby society to better lead its livelihood through absorbing task forces in those parks and creating permanent settlements thereby paving ways for the creation of new towns.
Another advantage of industrial parks is that they could attract foreign companies which have massive role in enhancing competitiveness, global market linkage, knowledge and technology transfer. Local industries and companies would share experience and expertise from their foreign counterparts so as to ensure innovative institutional arrangement that enables them to be competitive in the international arena.
Meanwhile, industrial parks development has been facing challenges. Among the challenges is lack of infrastructure. Having realized this, the government is working to expand infrastructural developments like roads, water and electricity.
There is also lack of skilled human power. But what is more important component for the industrial parks development is electricity. Understanding the power problem of the country, the government has been utilizing renewable energy sources. According to the Ethiopian Electric Power, the nation has planned to upgrade the current 4,200 MW installed generation to over 17,000 MW at the end of the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II). In this regard, the contribution of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will be immense.
Thus, if the power-related issue gets solution, many development endeavors would be supplied with sufficient power and the economy will continue growing in double digit.
To sum up, Ethiopia is marching towards industrialization. It has already become sure that the manufacturing sector is the prime engine that would hugely modernize the agriculture sector. Agro-processed items, leather and leather products, textile will be expected to be the major export commodities by 2025.By then the nation will be middle income nation.
BY TSEGAY HAGOS
There is a saying that only those who have lived under wars can really and genuinely appreciate the significance of peace. It is like saying only those who have lived under darkness can understand the significance of light; only those who have experienced hunger can really appreciate the value of food and only those who have been sick can really feel the importance of being healthy….
Peace is the very basic and irreplaceable element that is a precondition for any kind of civilized life in our world. Peace is a ‘condicio sine qua non’ of every activity on earth because they need some condition that can facilitate its existence and thriving. Peace is a pre-condition without which imagining any sort of current activity becomes difficult let alone long term planning in any country.
Peace does not mean necessarily the absence of war only. It is much more than that. Naturally, peace presumes absence of physical violence but also a psychological condition of stability and comfort. It presumes the existence of conditions under which people can feel free to easily move from place to place and think in a free manner; act without any threats of violence or unrest that would endanger their well-being as well as that of their family members and others in the community as a whole.
Throughout the history of mankind, the securing, conservation and preservation of peace has always been a challenge and a priority as there have often been conditions of conflict and strife due to contrasting interests, contrasting objectives and contrasting mindsets. The history of peoples has often been characterized by the quest for peace once disputes, disagreements and the like lead to the break out of hostilities.
Nations could go to war for various reasons but many times it is because of lack of proper communication channels and means with consequent lack of understanding in intents and thoughts. Lack of communication between states, governments, leaders, statesmen and generals or warlords depending on the circumstances. It is natural that a people that has been attacked not only materially with arms but also diplomatically or commercially with some sort of policy, has the right to defend itself in a proportionate manner; and when the matter becomes an issue of sovereignty or dignity, no one trades these values with submission just for the sake of keeping peace. This is because it is inconceivable to think of peace without justice and fairness.
The world is characterized by scarcity of resources and countries can easily go to war in search of acquiring and securing such resources such as for example, water. But the issue of land or boundaries is also another sticking question that can easily lead to confrontation. Border disputes have led to wars across the world at various times. But above all the quest for political power has been the most common cause of conflicts. Issues of nationalism and self-determination etc.
There is a saying ‘if you want peace then be prepared for war.’ That is why every sovereign country prepares its own sizeable army, its own defense system or machinery even beyond its economic capacity. But in trying to guarantee a sizeable army, countries are seen engaged in arms race which becomes very dangerous. It is known that the race to build nuclear warfare has created not simple or easily resolvable challenges. Certain arms could be destructive of humanity. Hence what is at risk is the annihilation of mankind and civilization.
The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty which was originally conceived and signed between the US, the USSR and Great Britain was designed to protect the world from such danger. Nowadays such treaties need to be extended to the entire world and applied. But the obstacles are many, the challenges are multiple. Nuclear technology and capability is now expanding dangerously.
As the standard of science and technology has increased by leaps and bounds, practically any nation on earth could potentially be owner of such technology.
The danger is that the more advanced and sophisticated the weapons of mass destruction disseminated, the more the risks that such weapons might be possessed by some extremist elements unhappy about the current world order or the way the world’s resources have been allocated around the world.
Today, the phenomenon of what is called ‘terrorism’, or one form of liberation movement or another is a very real and tangible threat to world peace. The existence of humanity or the world itself is at risk. There are too many weapons in the arsenals of several countries that have the capacity to destroy the world many times over! The economic dividends of arms sales are so big that many big industrialized economies do not easily refrain from engaging in this trade. More and more lethal and destructive weapons and arms are put on the market.
Terrorists now are so ruthless that they would destroy themselves and their families; they would opt to sacrifice everything in order to be able to destroy others in a sense of utter revenge or what have you, that normal people can hardly understand.
This is the reality of things nowadays. This is the real challenge of the nations of the world today. There are so many new ideologies that endanger peace. So the question is if peace is such precious commodity, how can we secure or guarantee it?
The first problem we have is that we often times tend to take things for granted. We tend to take for granted that peace is secured, but so is not always the case. Once we lose it, it is very difficult to restore it or secure it. There are several examples of nations where peace has been disrupted and as things got more and more complicated, things deteriorated and the countries had to face complete chaos and disintegration.
There are several examples of states that once they have lost grip on peace, deterioration has led them to a point of no return. Somalia, for the last couple of decades, South Sudan for the last several years, Libya again since 2012, Yemen for the last few years and even Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan could be taken as among the most remarkable and may be most destructive of living examples of countries which have in one way or another fallen in a state of chaos. The results are incontrovertibly in front of our eyes whenever we tune in on any news outlet.
We see uncountable faces of suffering and grief most notably children and mothers engulfed in violence that they cannot even imagine why! The anguish of millions is something that can only suggest to us the dangers of what people are led to do in order to achieve whatever objectives they have in mind!
These nations are now in continuous crisis and the entire world is worried about them while little has been achieved to lessen the suffering of the most vulnerable. The world power politics is revolving from one round table discussion to another, from one conference hall to another with little solace or hope of solutions to all these peoples and places where there is no peace.
These societies continue to be subjected to the artilleries and bombings of opposing factions and in some areas there are clear episodes of proxy wars while the brunt of destruction and deaths is suffered by the people on the ground.
The costs of war are incalculable for the material destruction to the loss of lives, for the psychological debacle to the institutional disintegration. It is a real challenge and bodies such as the United Nations Organization have been instituted to avoid conflicts but while also trying to lessen the ugly consequences of conflicts. But their efforts have many times failed or secured scant success and that is what we need to work on.
Our country has been experiencing some form of unrest in the past couple of years and we were subjected to a round of state of emergency regulations. The rationale of this decree has been explained by the government. Peace and stability can never be bartered with anything of more value because there aren’t any.
The legitimate issues of better governance or reforms in administrative issues, political issues etc. should be presented and pursued in a peaceful manner and reasonable manner. Certain forms of antagonism in our political discourse, especially through the social media, very widely followed by many youths, have not been very encouraging and sober from this point of view.
The dimensions of certain issues seem to have fallen under the influence of certain extreme elements who are not exactly friendly with us. Ethiopia is a complex country comprising various nations and nationalities, beliefs and languages.
While the country is currently very dynamic and is changing its leadership, the new equip should be given the opportunity to operate in a peaceful environment without trying to put the cart before the horses.
The importance of a peaceful environment can hence never be overestimated. We should all insist on this idea that peace is priceless and we should all be a part of it because we need to guard it at all costs. Each and every movement for peace should be encouraged and supported by all.
BY Fitsum Getachew
The 7th cornerstone laying Anniversary of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will be marked soon accentuated with different colorful activities.
The dam, which bears the hand seal of Ethiopians, is an epitome of national consensus.
From the very outset, this baton of development is handed out with a precautionary note of responsibility and perseverance. It is a living billboard of the spirit of “Nothing is impossible!”There was no citizen that batted eye upon hearing this catch phrase. Nor could there be one.
It is the great leader the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi who takes the lion's share in breaking the stranglehold that deprived the country the right to properly and fairly utilize the water that traverses riparian countries emanating from its bosom.
He was a pioneer who played active role in bringing into life GERD. It was he who urged citizens to see to the materialization of the project.
Seven years back, when the commencement of the project was made public in a speech Meles made heading to the site in person, he had noted that “As the dam bears the seal of sweat of millions of citizens who contributed their money, material wealth and knowledge, Ethiopians are the architects and masons of their Renaissance Journey. They are the sources of finance. All in all, Ethiopians are the driving engines and owners of the Renaissance journey. It is a license that warrants Ethiopians' ownership right.”
There is nothing that stands on the way of citizens that got mobilized for a developmental feat, he did note. Today, all segments of society, are doing their level best to discharge their due best.
The inexplicable eagerness to witness the actualization of the dam has provoked self-charged responsibility on top of nation-entrusted responsibility. Here, it seems appropriate to allude to the saying once reflected by a religious leader “Unless those in the womb and those committed to the ground, who else could fight-shy from contributing due share to GERD? ”
Accordingly, all cross section of the society that runs the gamut from billionaires to those in the lower income bracket have contributed their share. All those who have umbilical cord ties with motherland have contributed their share. Citizens have pressed ahead with this noble task.
GERD is a looked-forward project not only by Ethiopia but also by East African countries.
Except those who have unfounded anxiety, states in the region that understand the merits of GERD are eagerly looking forward to the day it sees completion. A clear testimonial of this fact is the 250 thousand USD worth bond IGAD promised to purchase taking into consideration the hydro-power network and economic integration the dam afford to people in the region.
True to its word, IGAD had bought 150 thousand USD worth bond. Two months back, as part of fulfilling its pledge , it has reiterated commitment to purchase 100 thousand USD worth bond shortly.
It is to be remembered that Sudan too has contributed vehicles of construction helpful to spearhead the construction process.
There should be no ounce of doubt about Ethiopia's commitment to efficiently discharge the multilateral responsibility entrusted to it by neighbors. Ethiopians will press ahead being front-liners in regional integration.
In so doing, as Ethiopia proved a beacon light of freedom to black people, it as well is showcasing to African countries that it is possible to emerge with flying colors braving developmental feat even on a shoestring.
How the dam is taking shape by self-sponsored way mobilizing and taking aboard citizens resonates a lesson. It conveys to Africans and developing countries the possibility of effecting a developmental turnaround uplifting a nation from the quagmire of poverty.
Once more Ethiopia has turned out a beacon light in thwarting aid-and-loan-dependency syndrome while handling flagship projects.
Hence, the realization of the dam is the responsibility of all. Knowing full well GERD is beyond handling a flagship project, Ethiopians have to see to the materialization of the dam. For seizing this opportune moment, Ethiopians must entertain a great pride. As lofty is the task, they have to throw their full weight behind the mammoth challenge.