EFF reduces hefty penalty imposed on Woldiya City
ADDIS ABABA – The Ethiopian Football Federation, EFF, reduced the heavy financial and suspension penalty on Woldiya City for crowed violence committed during the match against Fasil City at Sheik Alamudi stadium in Woldiya.
The EFF earlier imposed 250 thousand Birr fine, plus the suspension of the stadium for one year over Woldiya City but after the appeal by the club the fine was reduced to 150 thousand Birr while the stadium is suspended only for three games.
The Woldiya FC expressed delight by what the federation did after hearing the appeal document.
Dedebit miss winning spirit after coach Negusse’s suspension
ADDIS ABABA – The long time league leaders in this season, Dedebit have begun slipping following the suspension of their coach Negusse Desta for three months.
To add to their misery, the EFF also banned their ace striker Getahun Kebede for four matches.
The disciplinary measure was taken after the club conceded defeat at the hands of the current leaders Jima Abajifar.
It looks visible that the suspension of their head coach Nigusse has negative consequences on their results. For 13 matches under Negusse Dedebit had a clean sheet at the season’s league competition but starting from the coach’s suspension the side went down to the third place with successive defeats.
All Oromia Games come to close this weekend
The ongoing All Oromia Games that began last week Saturday at Debrezeit, renamed as Bishoftu, 50 km east of Addis Ababa, will come to a close the coming weekend. The Games brought together hundreds of athletes from different Oromia administrative zones.
Apart from taking the fight to take the Oromia title, the Games will also serve as the forum to select Oromia representatives for All Ethiopia Games that is scheduled to take place in Tigray.
By Solomon Bekele
ADDIS ABABA – The Ethiopian athletes are preparing to take part in the 2018 IAAF Diamond League that is scheduled to kick off on 4 May 2018 in Doha, Qatar. This will be the ninth season of the IAAF Diamond League which comprises the 14 best invitational track and field meetings in the world.
The meetings compose the top tier of the IAAF’s global one-day meeting competition structure and are spread across Asia, Europe, Africa and North America.
This series, which began in 2010, showcases 32 event disciplines which are distributed among the 14 meetings. As in a championship, the performance of athletes in the final alone will determine who the champion will be and the prize money won.
Athletes earn points in the first 12 meetings in the road to the final. At the two final meetings, held in Zurich and Brussels on consecutive days, $100,000 will be at stake in each of the 32 Diamond disciplines, including $50,000 for each winner.
The 2018 IAAF Diamond League calendar shows that after the Doha, Qatar meet on Friday 4 May the Shanghai, China event will follow on 12 May. The final will be at Brussels, Belgium on 31 August.
Ethiopian athletes have been closely associated with diamond League all through. Here’s how strange the women’s 10,000m has become: neither of the two favorites have raced at all on the track in 2017.
On paper, this figures to be a battle between 10,000 world record holder Almaz Ayana and 5,000 world record holder Tirunesh Dibaba.
This shows how the Ethiopian female athletes inspired the 2017 Diamond League. What we know for sure is that the Ethiopian wonder athletes Almaz and Tirunesh are two of the greatest 10,000m runners in history. When they were healthy and fit, they provided Ethiopia with the greatest shot at medalling in the international arena.
Will they participate in the 2018 Diamond League? So far the there is no confirmation. Almaz Ayana, who is both the world record holder and the reigning Olympic champion didn’t take part in big global meet in the last three or four months. Her agent said that Almaz is healthy and has been training well, but it’s impossible to say exactly how fit she is right now.
Though pulled out half way Tirunesh participated in the recent London Marathon. Injury or health problem was not said to be as the cause of her withdrawal from London but after she decided to stick to road race her interest to return to the track is unlikely. There is no marathon race in Diamond League. So that the chance of looking Tirunesh in the making at the 2018 Diamond League is bleak.
The expected participants are the young ones. Yomif Kejelcha in the men’s 5, 000m is expected to face his own compatriot Muktar Edris who joined the world of prominence after beating Mo Farah in the London World Athletics championship in 5, 000m.
BBC by then reported; “After six years, 10 straight global titles and four double golds, they finally found a way to beat him in his last big track race.
“Sir Mo Farah’s conqueror even had the audacity to celebrate with a ‘Mobot’ as Britain’s most successful track-field-athlete collapsed to the floor in tears.
“His shock was shared by 56,000 people packed into the London Stadium who came to witness history repeat itself five years on from Farah’s glorious Olympic 5,000 meters and 10,000m double at the same venue.”
To the surprise of Mo and the 56, 000 people packed the stadium Muktar celebrated his victory by mimicking Farah's signature Mobot move.
Mo refused to criticise the Ethiopians’ tactics or Muktar’s ‘Mobot’, which he said he saw as a sign of “respect”.
“You have to give credit to Muktar, they had a game plan and it was three against one,” Mo said adding “They had to sacrifice one of them and it was Yomif, who didn’t get a medal.
“Muktar Edris sat at the back, and did as little work as possible to then hit me on the last lap. That was their plan.”
The two strong Ethiopians, Yomif and Muktar, are now expected to race neck and neck in Doha. Whoever comes first, the winner will be Ethiopia.
Jimma Abajifar consolidate League leadership
The fresh appearance in the country’s elite league didn’t hamper Jima Abajifar from taking the driving seat of the Ethiopian Premier League football club competition on 39 points from 22 games.
Following a goalless tie with the hot favourites the Addis side Coffee on Sunday at Addis Ababa stadium helped them to consolidate their league leadership.
Their coach Gebremedhin Haile said that they came to Addis either to share a point or to collect the full three points with win over Coffee. “We managed to share a point. We are happy about it. That helped us to maintain our league leadership. We are in the second round. We have only eight matches to go. Keeping this pace at this stage is very important for the side that campaign for title,” Gebre said.
Gebremedhin was the striker of Saint George and the national team. He is well remembered for scoring the decisive goal against Zimbabwe in the 15th CECAFA Cup final that was held at the Addis Ababa stadium.
His injury time goal helped the national football team to go for extra 30 minutes after finishing 1-1 at the normal 90 minutes. The national side lifted the CECAFA title beating Zimbabwe in penalty shootouts after settling the play 1-1 in the extra time.
That was the first time for Ethiopia to take the East African trophy in December 1987. The then president of the country Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam gave plots of land at Gerji to the football federation days after that great victory as a reward for the national team’s victory. The Chinese company is constructing a national stadium at that plots of land this time.
Coffee who suffered a 1-0 defeat by St. George last week Monday in classical derby are now 7th on 32 points, 7 adrift of the league leaders. But on Sunday prior to the game, most Coffee fans had the gut and the determination to close in on the gap with win over Jima Abajifar. A win could make their hope for title campaign wider than it is now. Even this time, the title fight is not over. With eight matches at hand the possibility to go up the leader is still high.
Following a 1-0 victory on home ground against the visiting side Wolayita Dicha, Mekele City went one step up to take the second spot on 36 points. Both the top and second placed sides joined the elite league at the start of this season.
Considering the three points difference between the league leaders and the second placed shows that the results of a single match will possibly change the line-up.
On Saturday, the surprise lose of footing has been registered against the long time league leaders Dedebit when they suffered another round of away defeat at the hands of Sidama Coffee.
Dedebit were in the lead on 33 points for long but standing on that 33 points they were overtaken by a relatively inexperienced side Jima Abajifar and Mekele City.
Dedebit had taken the trophy once in the league’s 21 years history.
When Dedebit extended the league at the end of the first round, very many thought that the season’s trophy would go in to their coffer but now it looks a little bit out of their hand. Unless they make a quick recovery, the title fight could completely go out of hand.
The struggling Electric side succeeded in collecting the full three points with a 1-0 win over Woldiya City on Saturday. This is not a good pace for Woldiya City that struggle for survival.
Dire Dawa City are also in bad shape after sharing a point with a 1-1 home tie with Hawassa City.
The game’s organizing body, EFF, is trying hard to complete the premier league and the Ethiopian knock out trophy in this season. The common practice has been to postpone the knock out trophy for the next year but his year it seems both calendars are expected to be completed in one season.
By Solomon Bekele
Being home to about 80 nations, nationalities and peoples, Ethiopia is considered a mosaic of diverse culture that belong to the diverse ethnic groups. However, the countries rich cultural tradition is facing invasion of exotic culture.
Cultural Assets Development Coordinator with Addis Ababa Culture and Tourism Bureau Samuel Muluneh told The Ethiopian Herald that the bureau is undertaking activities to protect indigenous culture from pervasive outlandish culture.
According to Samuel, globalization, poverty, technology and lack of understanding ones cultural values are the major causes pervasion of outlandish culture. In addition to this absence of anti narcotic law and corruption are other causes. Such incidents affect the country's Scio-economic, political and psychological situation.
The bureau works in collaboration with stakeholders to prevent the invasion of outlandish culture, and conserve indigenous ones. As per the agreement reached with 29 sectors a steering committee has been established. Awareness raising has been given for about 40,000 people every year. Particularl, sectors (education, health, women and children) are working with culture and tourism bureau.
Beside this the sector has three million birr spending for symposium that in order to award the winner, someone who shows cultural aspects to his country. Literature, dancing, and clothing are some show cause of Ethiopian culture. This plays significant role that used to citizens understanding their cultures simply.
Building libraries, cinemas and preserving of heritages are another part of activity in the bureau. Particularly, preserving and protecting of heritages are a mandatory to the authority of heritages preserve and research but bureau protects more, he noted. In addition to this bureau, did a research identifying the cause of harm full custom practice and outlandish cultures in 2004 E.C by its own budget.
The research studied at the first time has taken sample from the entire city. The research shows that out of the 117 woredas in Addis Ababa 61 are somehow affected by outlandish culture while 38 of them have faced the worst toll. Arada and kirkos Sub cities are examples of the attack by the outlandish culture.
Regarding to this, Samuel believe that newcomer and outlandish culture is similar to terrorism, because not clearly known about the activities and the risk. In order to solve such type of problem, political decision takes major action, and to enlarging supervision system in different sectors, he understands.
According to Samuel, cultural invasion is not limited only to developing countries. For example, Italy is a developed country attacked by outlandish culture. As an example, Cafe in Italy is a feature of the countries culture in the past. Now it has automatically changed into homosexual practices, cocaine transmission and the like. So the newcomer and outlandish culture are not only attacking developing countries he, added. Beside this, stacking new generation is the main impact of homosexual practices. This endangers continuity of generation and is forming unethical citizens.
Regarding to the research, economic problems are the main cause of cultural contamination exposing to the culture pollution while technology, lack of understanding, environments and social challenges are other parts of this practice, he notes.
On the other hand, protection of culture is not the responsibility of one sector rather the duty of all stakeholders. Particularly, Media plays indisputable role in sensitizing the society. Meanwhile, the bureau conducts awareness raising activities for parents and students through the media in order to protect the country’s culture, according to him.
He also added that, Ethiopia has its own globally renowned culture: Tolerance, fear of God, unity for communal agenda, hospitality, abiding of law, active participation in social activities and alternative dispute resolution, among others.
Ethiopia is also endowed with rich culture of traditional medicine, which cures diseases that are not even curable with modern medicine. This is the fantastic solution to solve hard health problems and the forefather and mother to translate their efforts to next generation and the medicine prepared from herbs, roots, barks and the like.
Above all, the adverse outlandish culture and harmful practices are likely to have all rounded effects on the country. By taking lesson from this, people need to prevent the threat before it is too late.
BY MESERET BEHAILU
The national pharmaceutical industries have increased in number through time. Today, Ethiopia has about 24 pharmaceutical manufacturers. Among these, eight of them are engaged in producing only human medicine. However, compared to the medical facilities that the country imported every year by spending high budget, the annual production of the local manufacturers is still insufficient. This happens due to various reasons but mainly caused by low capacity of the industries, believed Aschenaki Asfaw, Pharmaceutical and Medical Equipment Director at the Ethiopian Food, Beverage and Pharmaceuticals Industry Development Institute.
The sequential assessment of the institute indicated that the manufacturers faced Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) constraints related to qualified personnel, calibrated equipment and poor design of buildings among others, he noted.
On the other hand, the product quality of the industries especially those running under small scale pharmaceutical products getting lower through time and low capacity is the major problem behind the low quality product, believed Samuel Mare, Pharmaceutical Institutions Inspection Expert and Coordinator at the Ethiopian Food, Medicines and Health Care Administration and Control Authority (EFMHACA). The authority inspects the industries to improve the quality of their products through recommending possible solutions. It assesses the industries at least once a year. Accordingly, the country’s local pharmaceutical industries are low in number and they produce insufficient amount of medicines compared to the national demand, Samuel said.
In terms of quantity, the industries cover only 15 percent of the national medicine demand. If the proper capacity building effort exerted, the industries will play significant role in providing various pharmaceuticals and substituting import and saving foreign currency. Therefore, building the capacity of the industries is significant to advance GMP as it is the base to the improvement of quality and quantity of their products.
The manufacturers are assessed and rated based on the quality of their products. This year, a company was suspended for low quality product and returned to its functionality based on the recommendation of EFMHACA. The effort is to enable the industries to comply Good Manufacturing Practice by 2024 said, Yenenesh Kassaye, EFMHACA Medicine Facility Inspection Directorate Foreign GMP Coordinator.
The country needs to install extra similar industries to supply the needed amount of medicines at national level. Beside the capacity building effort, the industries are getting local market from the Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Fund and Supply Agency. In the past nine months, the agency has bought 3.4 million Birr worth pharmaceutical facilities to encourage the industries.
In the other way, the under construction industrial parks are attracting foreign investment in the sector. In this regard, the EFMHACA is evaluating regulatory proceedings of some nine foreign and local joint venture companies including from China, Mauritius and Egypt those who want to run pharmaceutical manufacturing in the Kilinto Industrial Park. Two foreign and local venture pharmaceutical companies are also to be established in Debre Birhan and Bishoftu cities, Yenenesh told The Ethiopian Herald. The companies have already got production license.
The inspection to the new installing industries is to bring about a well designed pharmaceutical building as the major cause for low GMP is emanates from the structure, layout and productivity system of the industries.
“The country needs to strongly strive to balance the mismatch between the local production and imported pharmaceutical products through improving its Foreign Direct Investment in the sector,” she added.
In the other way, the Ethiopian Food, Beverage and Pharmaceuticals Industry Development Institute is also doing its level best in recommending the upcoming industries to have a well designed infrastructure to prevent pharmaceutical GMP problems from now. The upcoming foreign manufacturers are significant to substitute import, improve foreign exchange and job creation. They also help the local industries through technological and knowledge transformation, according to Aschenaki.
The industries are important for the availability of the medicinal facility with fair price to the increasing number of demand. The information from the Ethiopian Pharmaceuticals Fund and Supply Agency indicated the increasing number of population and growing number of health institutions are the major factors for the increment of the demand.
Therefore, improving the capacity of the local pharmaceutical industries is vital for improved and sufficient medical facility supply. This could be done by the collaborative efforts of all stakeholders’ sequential support and inspection. The improvement of the industries would help to increase supply, substitute import and save foreign currency. Similarly, attracting foreign investment to the sector through knowledge and technology transfer is significant. On the other hand, the country would get the needed benefit from medical facilities export if the sector development plan is realized.
BY YOHANES JEMANEH
Nowadays in cities and urban areas, life is becoming unthinkable without energy. We need energy almost in every aspects of day to day life. As a result of fast growing urbanization, it is clear that people’s lives are being transformed to modern way of living. At the same time, this life needs to be supported by industrial outputs which in turn subjected to energy. This makes industrialization the absolute goal of almost every country’s of the world, to have advanced and dependable economy.
In order to meet this end, governments are striving in so many ways to provide energy on demand of their people. Countries invest highly on Solar, Wind, Hydroelectric and other sources of electrical energy.
In order to sustain its fast economic growth, Ethiopia, as a developing country with various natural resources, is striving to effectively utilize its energy potentials. This requires huge investment of time, money and man power. As a result of this effort, it is producing more than 4000 MW of electrical energy from different sources. From this, about 40 percent is allocated to household services. While the current electric coverage of the nation is nearly 30 percent, the government is working tirelessly to address electric energy for all Ethiopian’s by 2025.
This national goal can’t be achieved with power production and distribution alone; it requires efficient use of energy of all beneficiaries.
Ethiopian Energy Authority Director General Getahun Mogesu recently told The Ethiopian Herald that from the energy distributed for service about 26 percent is wasted because of the unwise use of the energy.
Engineer Zewge Worku, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Acting Director at Energy Authority, said, “Energy wastage is not unique to Ethiopia; to certain extent, wastage is inevitable. However, it can meaningfully be reduced.” According to his explanation, power basically wasted at three levels. These are: during generation process, on distribution while crossing wide ranges of distance and during the practical use at industries and households.
He also said that these could be reduced by improving way of using and replacing the old and power inefficient appliances. In industries, electric motors have about 60 percent usage of energy. However, industries can reduce their energy conception by voluntarily making power audit and improving their production technology system.
At household level the major electric depleting materials are cooking equipments, like stoves, Injera making electric ovens, other electronic materials and careless using system.
According to him, from energy allocated to households which is about 40 percent, Injera Making Oven particularly consumes nearly 60 percent of it. These ovens are locally produced and have no product standard yet. They usually use only 56 percent of energy they took and deplete the rest. Cooking stoves especially which are locally produced are also known for their power depletion.
According to Zewge, rather than depleting the energy resource in this way, households and industries are exposed to high payment of bills and losing durability of equipments.
In order to overcome such problems and most importantly to save energy and contribute to national growth, there are best practices identified by the authority. The first one is to replace highly power consuming equipments by improved ones. This is possible for many of industrial and household materials including Injera ovens. In addition to such materials available in the market, currently the authority is promoting newly designed power efficient Injera oven.
The other means is to use off pick hour. According to him, the national pick hour for energy consumption, meaning when most of energy using materials simultaneously being active is 6:30 am to 9:00 am in the morning and 6:00 pm to 9:00 pm in the evening. Therefore, by deactivating machines, electronic materials at this time ones can save energy, avoid power cut, sustain the materials age.
In general, saving energy has major benefits at four levels. First, it saves the beneficiaries from additional payments of bills. Second, in the same way it enhances the durability’s of machineries and electronic equipments. Third, particularly for industries it helps them to become competitor at international level, as companies are evaluated by specific energy consumption to produce a given product.
Fourth, the cumulative efforts benefit the country. Meaning when the demand for energy goes healthy and predictable, the nation gets opportunity to expand to address the other parts of the country and helps to reduce national cost, Zewge emphasized.
BY YOSEF KETEMA
Once a year,the whole world marks the International Workers' Day on May 1st in a colorful and informative manner. By the same token, today Ethiopian workers are celebrating the day for 43th time while the the day is also being observed for 129th time in the world under the theme ' Let us Reason Together for Sustainable Economic Growth and Job Security ' .
During such occasion, governments and workers' unions convey messages of solidarity and friendship to workers and their beloved families. They also organize panel discussions and workshops on the inviolable workers' right to unionization and other related issues.
It is also true that on several occasions, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs(MOLSA) , the Confederation of Ethiopian Trade Unions( CETU) , the International Labor Organization ( ILO) and others have been calling for the respect of workers right to unionization and bargain as well as urging concerned bodies to take timely and proper measures against those organizations who violate such rights in any situations.
Yes, workers' right to unionization and bargain must be respected under any circumstances. This is because it is one of the fundamental constitutional rights in Ethiopia. Plus, the respect of such rights would create sustainable and ever lasting industrial peace in a given organization.
Furthermore , it is a catalyst for the future growth and the prosperity of employers and employees as both do not waste their cherished time in suing each other or taking industrial action.
It is crystal clear that those organizations that do not allow workers' right to unionization and bargain are more or less in some sorts of chaos. Fore instance, they are the ones who suffer a lot from high turnover of workers, strikes , lengthy court processes and the like.
In contrast , the organizations that uphold workers' right to unionization and bargain would sustain their success stories to the coming generation and bring meaningful growth in a given country's economy.
In fact, one must not also forget the quality of work and the respect for fundamental principles and rights at work are a source of personal dignity ,family stability, peace in the community, and a beacon of credibility for democratic governance.
Indeed, on such event every employer ,the state or private one, needs to be reminded to demonstrate unwavering commitments towards the respect of workers' right to unionization and bargain as well as the realization of Ethiopia's Renaissance.
Moreover , during this year's International Workers' Day celebration , Ethiopian workers have to renew their commitments to hand down a prosperous country to the posterity . They as well need to toil much in realizing the set goals in the GTP II.
Hence , some organizations that do not put into effect workers right to unionize have to respect such right without giving any further lame excuses in a bid to speed up the ongoing journey towards Ethiopia's Renaissance.
Indeed , CETU has been actively engaged in the unionization process of workers at national level and a huge number of development organizations based in Addis Ababa and other parts of the country have already set up workers unions
In the course of this big event, every employer and employee has to convey messages of solidarity and partnership to CETU. Moreover,the Confederation has to call on workers to exercise their democratic and constitutional rights to unionization and bargain apart from playing a significant role in ensuring industrial peace and development.
In general, the government,trade unions ,pertinent bodies and others must put extra efforts in implementing equal pay for equal work through upholding workers right to unionization and bargain.
I miss the old days when sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in the internal affairs of states meant something. Those were the good days when state actors were treated as equals in the international system. Those were the days of straight talk and action; everyone knew the intent behind everyone else’s actions.
I miss the old days of a bipolar international system. Looking back on those times, I realize how much the present system has put upon us, the people of the world, a spoiled and arrogant super power that roams around the world tinkering with our lives routinely without us doing nothing to avert the situation. That makes me angry and bitter about the current state of things. Yes, I have been told the world is a multi-polar system now with numerous regional super powers reigning over their spheres of influence but they barely handle the provocation of the one real bully in the world let alone form a regional block of tangible strength.
The reality, therefore, is that the world is run by a very powerful and morally corrupt super power with an intent of disowning everyone of their resources while reigning supreme not even as a nation but as a class of a select few rich people. That does remind me of another very powerful state that set out to subjugate the whole world under its feet through its immense military power a short while ago – Natzi Germany.
The analysis that the fate of the American hegemony will not be any different from that of its Natzi counterparts has taken center stage especially in the twenty-first century. The book entitled “Nemesis: The last days of the American republic” by Chalmers Johnson that was published in 2006 stated that the U.S. owned 737 military bases around the world by then, effectively becoming an empire with numerous outposts to ensure its further expansion. As indicated in the title, the book argues that it is already the beginning of the end for the American empire.
The argument is actually very sound. As the militarism of the United States would lead to secrecy and undemocratic behavior internally and imperialistic exploitation in countries across the world, the strain on its existence from internal and external forces would get so immense that the empire would eventually collapse. For the majority of the world population, those days do not seem to come soon enough.
Human rights, multi-party politics and freedom of expression are at the forefront of accusations that are frequently associated with regimes that strive towards the advancement of the interests of their own people leaving the hegemonic interests at the backburner. This fact is accentuated by the constant neglect of transgressions against human rights, narrowing of the political platform and freedom of expression committed by allies of the superpower.
Saudi Arabia and Israel are just two instances. Despite its years of assault of Yemen and the authoritarian rule of its own people, Saudi Arabia has, rather ironically, been elected to chair the UN Human Rights Commission. With no regard to the ever expanding illegal capture of Palestinian land, the killing of innocent people and policy of apartheid against its Arab citizens, Israel is portrayed by the western media and international organizations as a democratic country.
As far as human rights are concerned, the U.S. itself has a ‘terrible’ record. The Wall Street Journal reported in June, 2015 that China has issued annual scorecards on human rights in the U.S. since the late 1990s, typically within days of the State Department’s yearly rights reports. Accordingly, the 2015 report by the Chinese stated that the U.S. showed “not a bit of regret for or intention to improve its own terrible human rights record.” The Wall Journal quoted the Chinese report as saying: “Plenty of facts show that, in 2014, the U.S., a self-proclaimed human rights defender, saw no improvements in its existent human rights issues, but reported numerous new problems. While its own human rights situation was increasingly grave, the U.S. violated human rights in other countries in a more brazen manner.”
The article by the Journal states:
_ America’s record remained blotted by rampant gun crime, racial discrimination, the pernicious influence of money in politics, widening income and social inequality, and state infringements of individual privacy, according to the State Council’s latest yearly assessment. By Beijing’s reckoning, the U.S. also violated human rights abroad through the use of torture, mass electronic surveillance of foreign governments and citizens, and frequent military drone attacks that have inflicted civilian casualties.
Political pluralism in the country is also systematically hijacked by narrowing down of the political platform to the whims of two parties with barely different ideas. Despite the presence of numerous other parties with alternative ideologies and policies, the financial oligarchy that truly runs the country has intentionally left them out. Therefore, party pluralism still evades U.S. politics despite the country incessantly abusing others for not realizing it.
Freedom of expression is yet another issue that has been entangled by big money and the interests behind it. In his book entitled “Manufacturing consent: the political economy of the mass media,” Noam Chomsky expressed his view that “the media serve, and propagandize on behalf of powerful societal interests that control and finance them. The representatives of these interests have important agendas and principles that they want to advance, and they are well positioned to shape and construct media policy.”
That means the media report or not based on the policies that are hand made by these societal interests. It is, therefore, no wonder that the so-called international media that are under the control of these social interests did not report on the Occupy Wall Street Movement’s demonstrations and the subsequent violent crackdown by the police until they persisted for a whole three weeks. Even when they eventually did, the reports were highly skewed and portrayed the demonstrated as basically “losers.” The promotion of life derivatives of neo-liberalism is also a major hijacking of social media to serve the purpose of the financial oligarchy. Therefore, the U.S. media systematically marginalizes and completely ignores important social issues that matter and entertains those that promote consumerism. In such a system, it is not hard to see the twisted face of freedom of expression.
The hypocrisy in the self proclamation of the U.S. as a defender and police of human rights, political pluralism and freedom of expression is staggering. As has briefly been expressed above, the U.S. is not morally fit to preach and prescribe these ideals to others when it is one of the most notable transgressors._
In one of their routine moves of meddling in the internal affairs of others, the HR 128 pass by their senate calls for a “full, credible, and transparent investigation into the killings and instances of excessive use of force” that allegedly took place as a result of protests in the Oromia and Amhara region.
While they have the audacity to call for explanation and investigation from the Ethiopian government, they should clearly understand that the government is not accountable to them. Although these corrupt politicians might by now feel like they have the right to boss around a sovereign state since they have done it all so frequently before, they would definitely stumble up on a reality check if they decide to engage in one of their spoiled stunts.
As the death of Ethiopians is primarily sad news for us Ethiopians, the unfortunate development needs to be worked out between Ethiopians themselves. If the senators are truly concerned about human rights, they have plenty of issue to ponder in their own country. Whether it is the random killing of black people or the deteriorating condition of health and education in the country, I am sure they have an abundant range of issue to address. What keeps them looking away from their own problems and stare into ours is that the business of bullying other sovereign states is quite lucrative while the other earns them just their salary.
BY BEREKET GEBRU_
Despite its numerous natural and manmade tourist attractions , Ethiopia has not unleash its potential to this end yet . And some suggest that in a bid to luring high influx of tourists, the country needs to outsource its tourism promotion activities to overseas companies.
Ministry of Tourism and Culture Public and International Relations Director Gezahegn Abate says his ministry is responsible for developing and promoting tourism in the country.“ We are not now in a position to outsource our tourism promotion to oversea companies. But, we have been working with international print and electronic media houses like BBC, CNN and Aljazeera, The Guardian, Xinhua, among other, in promoting our tourist destinations and heritages sites .”
As to him, Ethiopia is becoming center of conference tourism. “Using this opportunity, the ministry prepares media tours for the aforementioned media outlets' journalists in turn the media give extensive coverage to the historic and heritages sites as well as tourist destinations in the country” He also notes that instead of outsourcing the tourism promotion efforts, the ministry sends delegations to respective market potential nations. “The delegations stage exhibitions and showcase the country's tourism potentials there.”
For Gezahegn, social media are gaining prominence as an element of Destination Marketing Organization (DMO) strategy and as they offer DMO with a tool to reach a global audience with limited resources, so the Ministry is eyeing to scale up such tourism promotion efforts.
“We have to diversify the social media platform using Facebook, Linked In Instgaram and other social media.”
He also mentions that the ministry is working with its IT crew to expand and develop comprehensive website that provides reliable and accurate information to all tourists.
However, Ethiopia Tour Guide Magazine Managing Director Zelalem Merawi says as the nation's social media are not well organized in disseminating proper and timely information about tourism and hospitality industry . “ That is why we are involved in publishing 20,000 copies of Ethiopia Tour Guide Magazine which is distributed for free.” He also indicates that social media platforms like facebook, LinkedIn, Google plus, Instagram will enable tourists to exchange information instantly. “In my view, the Ministry of tourism and culture and other stakeholders have to toil much in promoting the country's tourism potentials using all available means of communications .” Lion Advertising and Public Relations Service Chairperson Wubshet Workalemahu entirely agrees with the existing of poor tourism promotion activities in the country. He says : “ It is ironic to see nations with limited tourism potentials have managed to attract more tourists than ours .This is mainly due to their excellent promotion efforts .”
As the nation is striving to boost tourism development with new logo “Ethiopia, Land of Origins” he says the nation's tourism promotion activities need to be supported by high tech information tools apart from outsourcing the efforts to well- established overseas companies .
Gezehagn also says each actor should be vigilant in offering the online services for tourists to access museums, attractions, historical sites and the like. “Before thinking of outsourcing the tourism promotion activities to overseas companies, we have to make use exhaustively internet services for booking hotel rooms, arranging tours , providing many other products and services to tourists and so on .”
All say realizing sustainable economic development is a game changer in attracting many more tourists to various destinations of the country this is because the promotion approaches and the platforms will be more efficient through times.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME
• calls for effective fertilizers utilization
ADDIS ABABA - In its recent statement, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock expressed readiness to distribute 15 million quintals of chemical fertilizers in the forthcoming crop season of 2018/19.
About 4.4 million quintals of fertilizers have already been distributed to the farmers this crop season, the Ministry State Minister Tesfaye Mengistie told The Ethiopian Herald.
The 2.4 million quintals of the unused fertilizers which were imported last crop season will be utilized this year, he said, adding that the country is expected to utilize a total of 17 million quintals of fertilizer by the crop season.
As to him, there is no lack of fertilizers among the farmers rather failure to utilize the imported fertilizer effectively.
Above all, utilizing the imported fertilizer properly is advisable to curtail challenges that springs from lack of wise use of agricultural inputs to promote agricultural production and productivity, he noted.
According to him, the Ministry bought fertilizers directly from manufacturers to cut price.
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Public Relations Bureau Head Alemayehu Birehanu said the Ministry has been doing its level best regarding to distributing improved seeds and chemical fertilizers to farmers on time .
Currently,the country’s annual fertilizer demand is about 17 million quintals in which its demand and supply is growing in line with farmers’ fertilizer utilization system and increased agricultural production and productivity, he added.
There are over 17 million farmers in the country out of which 40 percent are agricultural extension packages services beneficiary while 27 percent are model farmers in all aspects [utilize agricultural inputs and produces surplus crop]. Hence,in aggregate 67 percent of Ethiopian farmers expected to utilize chemical fertilizer properly, according to him.
He indicated that farmers also hugely utilize traditional fertilizer like compost produced at home even if he is not shay away to speak on the agricultural inputs [fertilizer] utilization backwardness.
Alemayehu also said the ministry is working with every stakeholder to address farmer’s chemical fertilizers and other agricultural inputs demand.
“Proper utilization of agricultural inputs [fertilizers] is fundamental to improve agricultural production and productivity,” he said.
Regarding Ethiopia’s efforts in manufacturing fertilizers locally Alemyehu said that the ministry is undertaking researches on blending fertilizer locally in partnership with other countries.
It also learnt that this year's chemical fertilizer demand has shown about 1.1 million quintals increment compared to last year. Plus, this year alone , the nation has been importing chemical fertilizers worth 600 million USD.
Moreover, by the end of GTP II, Ethiopia targets 2,062,106 metric tons supply of chemical fertilizers aiming at increasing major crops production to 406 million quintals.
BY TEWODROS KASSA