Ethiopia is rich in tropical dense forests due to the peoples’ value to nature. Peoples of the nation look after trees as they care for their children. And this is very special culture to Oromia State, and South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ State (SNNPS).
Protecting trees, especially the dense forest is very critical in the Oromo Gada System. It obliges a citizen to plant a tree and protect before cutting one. And the Oromos give the value of human life to growing trees and care for the grown one. Trees are their meeting halls, prayer halls and breathe taking open cafeteria when they are tired. That is why the State is very green as other many states in the country.
Therefore, the following paragraphs introduce you to three dense forests found in the South East, South and South West of the State. Namely, these are Dodola-Adaba, Guji and Jima-Ilu Aba Bor Forests.
Dodola-Adaba Forest is found on the South East of the capital Addis Ababa in Oromia State. As one approaches Dodola town, the first sight of the Bale Mountains’ chain comes into view. Over the low lying Dodola and Adaba towns, this mountains chain can be mentioned as a good reason for why trekking is one of the main purposes for visiting the Bbale Mountain.
The total area of the forest is not yet identified. And the animals and birds those live under the Bale Mountains are also assumed to live in the forest. It is also connected to the mountains’ surrounding forests.
Dodola and Adaba walking is probably one of the best organized community based eco-tourism site in Ethiopia. It is realized and supported by GIZ specifically to provide alternative source of income to the people residing in and around the forest.
The local people, especially those dwelling in the forest, were organized in different service providing groups. Several of these are hut keepers who also provide food, accommodation and beverage service, horse renters and tour guides. For this reason, they are less dependent on the forest products for their livelihoods and rather protect it.
As well, it is inexpensive but an excellent place for trekkers and hikers. And there is also a series of five mountain huts joined by trails so that one can spend up to five nights in the forest. The huts are simple but well equipped with beds, kitchenware, water filters, stoves, lanterns and the other basics.
These facilities, in addition to the animals, birds and vegetation with the absolutely pure air make the stay in Dodola-Adaba Forest imaginary. The birds’ singing, animals’ sounds, the rain falls and trees waving is very amusing. The controlled hunting also takes you back to the early humans’ natural way of life.
The other natural highly refreshing area is Guji Forest which is located in Guji Zone that is found in Southern Oromia State. It is characterized by its climate ranging from high altitude and temperate climate in the North to the low and semi-arid bush and savannah grassland in the South.
The impressive physical landscape that is observed along the route to Negelle is among the remarkable attractions of the area. The major scenic route begins from the neighboring highlands of the Sidama Zone of the South Nations, Nationalities and People’s State.
Major forest areas in this section of the State are Anfara-Wadara, Bore-Uraga and Magada. There are also many other forest priority areas in this part. They are kept dense and highly protected as the people of the area are very concerned about forest and forest governing rules are part of the Oromo Gada System.
The unique physical sights in the lowlands are the red termite anthills and the endemic bird named Liben Lark. As well, the wilderness of the Guji area and the canopies of the dense forest have made the area the real home of many mammals, birds and reptiles.
As a result, there are more than 44 creatures and 274 bird species in the forest. It gives many forest foods such as wild bee honey and different edible roots. It entails many un-researched herbal medicines, as well. It is also the area where most of the nation’s gold is mined.
Jima-Ilu Aba Bora Tropical Rain Forests are the other natural wonderful places to renew ones’ life. They are located in Jima and Ilu Aba Bora zones which are found in the South Western part of the Oromia State. Out of the total land of the area, 20 percent is covered by dense forests.
This part of the State is the dense tropical forest that is believed to be the birth place of Coffee Arabica. It is also known for its resources that it contains different species of wildlife. In the same way, many rivers and streams flow in this impenetrable forest.
Belete Gara is one of these forests. It is on the South East of Jima covering an area of 1048 square kilometers. And this part of the forests is the source of Gojab Nuso and Metu Rivers.
Babiya Folla is the other jungle that is found on the area of 740 square kilometers in these forests. It is located in Qarsa, Limu, Kosa, Manna and Tiro Afata districts of Jima Zone. It is accessible through Jima Sabro along the 22 kilometers asphalted and 3 kilometers dry weather road.
Jima and Ilu Aba Bora Zones also share Sigmo, Gaba and Salem Wanga forests. The Jima side covers over 2000 square kilometers while the Ilu Aba Bora side is about 4000 sqaure kilometers. These forests are also the sources of the Gaba, Sor, Birbir and Wanga Rivers from which Sor and Gaba rivers are producing hydroelectric power.
They are surrounded by well facilitated urban areas and very caring people. Life is very cheap; fruits, cereals, animals and all edible things are organic; life is renewed there in pollution free natural environment.
To sum up, Dodola-Adaba, Guji and Jima-Ilu Aba Bora Forests are among Ethiopia’s must visit natural forests in their natural condition to renew oneself and admire the nature.
(Source: Hoarded from Documents of Oromia Culture and Tourism Bureau)
BY: DIRRIBA TESHOME
Common good vs. viewpoints’ diversity: Finding the greyline
Recently, a wave of both private and government broadcasting media outlet has been observed in Ethiopia fast-growing market. In what it seems contradictory, having the bulging youth population interested more in social media, each year sees additional television or radio station joining the public sphere.
The media, basically entertaining different opinions, stands and cultures, are definitely expected to serve the common good of one country. But sometimes cases have been witnessed where entertaining diverse opinion leads to the violation of common good. To Dr. Teshager Shiferaw, Assistance Professor of journalism and Communication at Addis Ababa University, the most important issue in striking a balance between entertaining diverse opinions and serving common good is ethical journalism.
All media, especially the mainstream one, has peace and democracy promotion roles which could not be compromised, he stresses.
Literally media is expected to be in a position to defend the wellbeing of the society but more specifically media reports should not go against the interest of vulnerable groups, he adds.
There are some people who confuse promoting peace, security and other common goods, with being lap dog to a government; conversely, some government officials also wrongly expect the media to be less critical of the government. To Dr. Teshager both are rather silly perspectives.
“Media are only there to serve the interests of the society and this, for its best, is done when peace and democracy are promoted. A society cannot have more burning issue than having a strengthened democracy and lasting peace.”
Gebregiorgis Abreha, Communication Director at the Ethiopian Broadcasting Authority, is of the same opinion with the issue in question.
“The media has ‘irreplaceable role’ in promoting peace and democracy in a society. The media usually do so by educating with its infotainment program.”
In this regard, the Media in Ethiopia has shown a constructive change, he indicates, citing only one state-owned media was in operation two decades ago. “The scenario today is totally different with the emerging of many private and government media houses of all kinds.”
When it comes to media ethics, Gebregiorgis, highly criticize the practice in most houses. Not few media houses, both private and government ones, have been observed ‘gambling’ over the peace of the country and stirring up unrest in different parts of the country, he reveals.
“Every media has the right to cover different opinions through its channel. But there is constitution and other supporting declarations that the people of Ethiopia voluntarily brought to abide by. You cannot be a popular media while entertaining the idea that put the Constitution in danger.”
Tamirat Dejene, Director General of Media Development and Diversity, mentions Ethiopian Medias in general and public media in particular, has played a positive role in the promotion of peace, democracy, development and other values of the society.
The policy documents clearly state the media as a “public debate forum”. “In many occasions, some people accuse the government to close doors on differing ideas. But the government believes to avoid conflict resulting from hate speeches.”
In conclusion, journalists have to find a grey line between entertaining ideas and protecting the common good of the society, he noted.
BY MISAEL LEMMA
In this globalized world, countries form regional, continental and international trade alliances to promote their socio-economic well being. Countries even at the far-flung parts of the world do exchange goods and services for mutual growth. Alliances with all their risks create opportunities and bring advantages to the member countries.
Particularly, growing economies like Ethiopia, whose main lofty goal is to boost export, wishes to reach regional and international markets. For this to happen, multilateral agreements are one option besides the bilateral ones.
In what could be said part of such moves, a working party drawn from various organizations was established in 2001 to facilitate the entry to the World Trade Organization. Just 15 years later the process is going through the thick and thin. However, some argue that no matter how complicated the process might be, the country should make fast progress to create market destinations for its exports.
By joining the Organization, the country will seize new market opportunities under global rules. No country would block trading with member country and it would be protected from arbitrarily and unilateral decisions of a given country.
Despite the complex nature of the negotiations, the process should have been over by now. There are certain policy issues that are putting the negotiations on hold. Some of these issues require strong policy decisions and smart negotiations.
In fact, the country has gone through various process and procedures so far. However, the hardest part of the negotiation, which is also very continuous, has been the issue relating to liberalizing the service sectors, commented Abebe Abebayehu, Deputy Investment Commissioner.
Ethiopia, in terms of economy, geo-political importance and others, is the largest country that is not yet member of the 164-member trading coalition.
As the power house of east African region, the world cannot afford to exclude this large economy. Equally important for Ethiopia is to ensure its place and increase export presence in global market by entering to the trading coalition.
But in spite of some headway, the main negotiations are far from over particularly in finding conciliatory gesture between opining up service sectors and protecting local companies. Being home to 100 plus million consumers and growing economy, Ethiopia's membership of the international organization, according to the experts, is of reciprocal purposes.
Some say that the country is required to open up its economy including the service and financial sectors that are only allowed for local companies currently. But the fact is that this could run counter to the country's interests. “Critical services like Telecom, banking, airline… are the sectors that the country considers should be protected from the dominant foreign counterparts,” the Deputy Commissioner said.
However, for Ethiopia, to join the organization, it should find a gray line between opening up the sectors and protecting the local companies and then make the deal.
Ethiopia' trade volume with other countries is growing, and joining the organization will further ease the export hurdles, he added. “The membership process should further be fast tracking to expand its exports and ensure trade competitiveness.”
The country has access to global markets via its functional bilateral agreements currently but this rest on unilateral will. But through WTO membership, the country can make sure that its activities are not hindered with dynamic politics and changing global trade rules and positions.
Besides, as the country's export reaches various destinations and able to penetrate foreign markets, reciprocally, other countries’ demand to invest in Ethiopia is likely to spur; hence, membership would pave the way for mutual agreements, according to Abebe.
Eyesuswork Zafu is an Economist. He believes that joining the organization is not only about expanding and adding new market destinations; it is also about securing and maintaining existing positions in the global trade. It needs smart and dab-handed negotiators with deep experiences and skills. And the private sector must take part in the ongoing negotiations, he underscored.
With regard to the deals relating to privatizing the service and financial sectors, Eyesuswork says the private sector should learn to compete with international companies.
And the only way to do that is to make sure that doors are open for international investments. It is through competition that local companies appear strong, he added. “There may come a time where the country will have to lose more for not becoming WTO membership and we have to do the job sooner than later.”
Discussion and negotiation with the World Trade Organization have seen progress on various aspects but lots of works remain on opening up Ethiopia's service sector which in turn requires thorough negotiations and agreements, commented Zemdeneh Negatu, an Economist.
“Membership is a process. It is normal that all countries went through long, sometimes tiresome, negotiations.’
To him, Ethiopia can negotiate that it wants to protect certain sectors and opening up the economy and liberalizing sectors should come through time.
Furthering his argument he said at the beginning, china did not open up everything immediately.
In fact, there are provisions within the WTO membership process that allows Least Developed Countries to be able to avoid certain sectors for certain period of time, he said, noting what it takes is to put the agenda on the table, Zemedeneh added.
“I am in agreement with the government that the private sectors is protected until it is efficient and competent. The private sector needs to emerge strong on the face of global markets making sure that they supply quality and standard products as good as international ones.”
In fact, the private sector is beginning to compete, he states, arguing that had the country opened up the economy some 15 years ago, the private sector could not have been in a position to compete with the international companies. “There are complex issues and the country needs to build up institutional capacity.”
However, he indicated as it would be beneficial for Ethiopia to join the trade international organ sooner than later as the country aims to become export-led value-added economy.
He concludes: “It has to be part of the world trading economy. The advantages of joining the body are far higher than any other perceived threats.”
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT
Once again Ethiopia and Djibouti have made a leap forward to profoundly enhance mutual economic cooperation as leaders of the two sides agreed to come up with a proposal to develop and manage a port.
Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed and President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh struck the deals last Sunday and the two countries’ foreign and economic cooperation ministers are entrusted with drafting the proposal.
It is crystal clear that the agreement hails from the two sisterly countries’ strong will to undo obstacles along the way to reliable socio-economic improvements of their respective peoples.
No shadow of doubt, this demonstrates not only their close cooperation but it also speaks for itself the fact that Ethio-Djibouti ties are put in a continuum of mutual understanding.
Tangible reasons are in abundance to say so.
Ethiopia is supplying the dearly needed energy, fresh goods, and potable water, among others. The country has still been working hard to sustainably avail and even to increase the amount of the said supplies and meet the demands of its key eastern neighbor. To mention, tasks are in the pipeline to export additional power to Djibouti.
In retrospect, Djibouti facilitates to Ethiopia access to the red-sea port and other port services- which is the right conduit to the growing manufacturing industries of the latter.
Therefore, the proposal for joint port development and management is an extension to these efforts. It is no hyperbole to say that the new agreement helped their economic cooperation to pick up new momentum.
The sound macro-economic policies of Ethiopia are luring the bulk of foreign investors flowing to Africa. The industrial parks which have taken shape along Ethio-Djibouti road corridor as well as in places adjacent to dry ports of Ethiopia are being occupied by foreign anchor investors-not to mention domestic ones.
The hard won investment and investors’ inflow have not only of Ethiopia’s wealth. They are also Djibouti’s assets of immense value.
That is why the two countries should work on joint sectors like port development and management to provide efficient and effective services trimming down time and cost. Such services would help investors supply their products at a competitive price to the international market- a green light to sustainable investment.
Ethiopia keeps its investment and investors for long in business means, at least, more revenue to Djiboutian government and more jobs to its people.
It has been in this good light that the leadership of Ethiopia and Djibouti has identified most, if not all, of the factors which go counterproductive to their all-round relationships.
What is more crucial at this stage is, thus, developing the proposal in no time.
The foreign and economic cooperation ministers of the pair are entrusted with this responsibility. These entities are sure to look all sides to come up with far-sighted proposal on the basis of mutual benefits.
The countries have backlog of experiences in dealing with every sort of problem may be faced along the process for the joint bilateral institutional set ups have worked and realized various projects on the ground. Just to cite, the total investment of the two countries in roads rail and other services worth between 12 and 15 billion USD.
So many encouraging jobs have materialized benefiting peoples of both countries, and the joint port development and management is among the crucial ones to stay afloat together.
This exemplary move should also be welcomed by regional, continental and international multilateral institutions such as IGAD, AU and AfDB. It is needs to state that the port development needs substantial amount of finance, thus reputable financial institutions would surely respond positively to the possible initiative.
Forty years after the Battle of Adwa (1896) in which the Italian colonial forces were plunged into a humiliating defeat by an ill-equipped Ethiopian army mostly composed of young peasant foot soldiers; the Italian fascist forces invaded Ethiopia in 1935 from the east and from its colony of Eretria. Although Ethiopia did not
choose to get into a war with Italy, western historians refer to this war as the “Second Italo- Abyssinian War”.
The war among other things was a historical manifestation of the betrayal manifested by the [infamous] League of Nations which utterly failed to defend the member of the League invaded by another member country and protect one in gross violation of article 10 of the Covenant. As weak as it was, the League failed to accomplish the tasks for which it was established.
In addition, in gross violation of the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928, this stated that the border between Italian Somaliland and Ethiopia, Italy built a fort at Welwel in 1930 well beyond the land demarcation of the boundary lines. In November 1934, Ethiopian territorial troops, protested against Italy's incursion. In early December 1934, the tensions on both sides erupted into what was known as the "Wal Wal incident."
Furthermore, on 4 September 1935, the League of Nations again failed to condemn the aggressor but exonerated both countries for the Wal Wal incident. The United Kingdom and France preferred to befriend Italy as an ally against Germany and did not take strong steps to discourage an Italian military buildup. Italy soon began to build its forces on the borders of Ethiopia in Eritrea and Italian Somaliland.
Italy was able to launch its invasion without interference primarily due to the United Kingdom and France placing a high priority on retaining Italy as an ally in case hostilities broke out with Germany. To this end, on 7 January 1935, France signed an agreement with Italy [Laval-Mussolini Agreement] giving them essentially a free hand in Africa to secure Italian co-operation. Next, in April, Italy was further emboldened by being a member of the Stresa Front, an agreement to curb further German violations of the Treaty of Versailles.
On October 3, 1935, Field Marshall De Bono crossed the Mereb River and invaded Ethiopia from Eretria while Emperor Haile Selassie tried to mobilize the national armed forces which were ill equipped with exception to the royal guards which had far better ammunitions. The Emperor tried to organize the national defense forces from four directions,
Ras Seyum Mangasha ,Ras Imru Haile Selassie Ras Kassa. Ras Mulugeta Yeggazu, the Minister of War and Ras Abebe Argay were the major leaders in the war of resistance against Fascist Italy. Numerous youth organized under Tikur Anbessa (Black Lion) forces also fought against the Italians.
Heroic women like Shoareged Gedile and hundreds of women fought side by side the Ethiopian patriots.
In addition to their own colonial troops from Eritrea, Somalia, and Libya, the Italians had a variety of local semi-independent "allies” who fought for them.
In early December 1935, the Hoare-Laval Pact was proposed by Britain and France. Under this pact, Italy would gain the best parts of Ogaden and Tigray. Italy would also gain economic influence over all the southern part of Abyssinia.
On 31 March 1936 at the Battle of Maychew, the Italians defeated an Ethiopian counter-offensive by the main Ethiopian army commanded by Emperor Haile Selassie. The outnu mbered Ethiopians could not overcome the well-prepared Italian defenses. For one day, the Ethiopians launched near non-stop attacks on the Italian and Eritrean defenders until the exhausted Ethiopians withdrew while successfully counter-attacked.
Badoglio's force marched into Addis Ababa on 5 May. Italy’s plan was to merge Ethiopia with Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, calling the new state Africa Orientale Italiana (Italian East Africa). The Italians had a plan to subdivide Ethiopia into various zones to suit them for their colonial ambitions.
Emperor Haile Selassie then gave a historic speech denouncing Italy's actions and criticizing the world community for standing by. At the conclusion of his speech, which appeared on newsreels throughout the world, he warned that: "It is us today. It will be you tomorrow."
The international response to the Italian aggression was mixed. As stirring as Haile Selassie's speech before the League of Nations was, his resolution for the world body to deny recognition of the Italian conquest was met with a cool reception from the major powers of those days.
By December, Graziani declared the whole country to be pacified and under effective Italian control. Ethiopian resistance continued nevertheless.
The occupation was marked by recurring guerrilla campaigns against the Italians and Italian reprisals. The reprisals, according to Ethiopians, included mustard gas attacks against rebels and the summary execution of prisoners.
It is interesting to note that even the Vatican Church gave a blessing to the Fascist aggression by the invading forces of Benito Mussolini. In his book on the Vatican on the Age of Dictators, Anthony Rhodes quotes the Bishop of Udine saying “It is either timely or fitting for us to pronounce on the rights and wrongs of the case. Our duty as Italians, still more as Christians is to contribute to the success of our arms.” In the same vein, the Bishop of Padua wrote, “In the difficult hours through which we are passing, we ask you to have faith in our statesmen and our arms.”
While the weak and poor women were burnt alive in their huts, when children were mowed down by fascist machine guns, leaders of the Catholic Church remained indifferent and even gave their blessings to the fascist aggressors.
A couple of years later, on 19 February 1937, a failed assassination attempt against Graziani occurred. During a public ceremony at the Jubilee Palace in Addis Ababa (the former Imperial residence), Abraha Deboch and Moges Asgedom attempted to kill Graziani with a number of grenades. The Italian security guard fired indiscriminately into the crowd of civilian onlookers. Over the following weeks the colonial authorities executed about 30,000 persons in retaliation-including about half of the younger, educated Ethiopian population.
On 10 June 1940, Mussolini entered World War II and joined Hitler as his Axis ally. Ethiopia was liberated from Italian control by a combination of British, Commonwealth, Free French, Free Belgian, and Ethiopian forces.
With the support from British armed forces on 18 January 1941, Emperor Selassie crossed the border into Ethiopia near the village of Omedela.
The Ethiopian patriots paid in flesh and blood for the independence and sovereignty of Ethiopia.
Despite the betrayal by the [ill-famed] League of Nations and the conspiracies of the colonialists and the mustard gas, which Fascist Italy rained on Ethiopia, thanks to the gallant fighters who fought neck and neck with Italian invaders, Ethiopia emerged victorious over 70 years back from now.
Today, the Ethiopian youth are not required to go to any war. The battle today is against poverty and, underdevelopment. Just like the youth who fought off fascist Italy, today, the Ethiopian youth are expected to fight and also contribute their part in the development programs of this nation.
BY SOLOMON DIBABA
Editor's Note: The views entertained on this page do not necessarily reflect the stance of The Ethiopian Herald
ADDIS ABABA- The construction of Ethio-Kenya electric transmission line has seen 88 percent completion, Ethiopian Electric Power (EEP) told The Ethiopian Herald.
The 2.4 billion Birr project financed by African Development Bank (AfDB) covers 433 Kms from Sodo, zonal town in Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s State, to Ethio-Kenya boarder, EEP External Relations Director, Misiker Negash, said.
According to him, the Kenyan government has also been constructing a 622-Km line within its boarder. He added that the construction which created 600 jobs to citizens would help to export 500 volt additional hydro-power to Kenya.
Currently, Ethiopia exports 100MW, 80MW and 10MW to Sudan, Djibouti and Kenya respectively. The country obtained 37 million USD from power export over the past nine months, he noted. “Apart from securing foreign currency, the efforts have been in line with the African Union regional economic integration arrangement.”
Ethiopia supplies cheaper and cleaner energy to its neighbors, Djibouti, Kenya and Sudan.
BY SEID MEHAMMED
ADDIS ABABA- With a view to furthering the socio-economic development in Ethiopia, media people ought to promote plurality of ideas and deny safe havens to sensational coverage, Government Communication Affairs Office underlined.
In her speech at a forum organized to mark World Press Freedom Day yesterday, Office State Minister Frehiwot Ayalew stressed that the media, both public and private, have to prioritize works that strengthen national unity, development, good governance as well as peace and security doing away with own biases.
“Media reports have to represent all opinions. The institutions should serve as public eyes and ears.”
The state minister said right of thought, opinion and expression has already been made constitutional ascribing it as Fruits of May 28—a day in which Derg’s regime was dismantled.
However, media people should make sure that they do not go against the well-being of the youth and the honor and reputations of individuals, she said, adding that any information dissemination that triggers war and the like is unconstitutional.
In regard to this, public and private media were noticed involving in unlawful activities during the short-lived unrest occurred in some parts of Oromia and Amhara States.
Themed: ‘Keeping Power in Check; Media, Justice and the Rule of Law,’ the Forum deliberated on various issues relating to press-freedom.
BY SEID MEHAMMED
In his first visit outside Ethiopia, Dr. Abiy Ahmed struck a deal with Ethiopia's strategic partner, Djibouti, that makes their foreign and economic cooperation ministries to come up with a proposal to jointly develop and manage a port.
This move, experts say,is a remarkable turnaround in expediting the economic integration between the two closest neighbors.
There is a meeting of minds between the leaders of the two countries in that the growing economic partnership can also be cemented further on the basis of mutual gains.
With this agreement, the two countries are reaching the zenith of bilateral ties that is reciprocal says, Dr. Belete Belachew, a Researcher at Center for Dialogue, Research and Cooperation.
Dr. Belete underscores with the growing import-export transactions and expanding economies, it is a right step for Ethiopia to come to the drawing board and strike such a deal to be able to have its share in Djibouti’s port development.
“Laden with lots of advantages, the agreement between the two countries defines a strategic partnership that does not only speed up but also ensure economic and security cooperation between both countries,” he elaborates.
Dr. Belete is optimistic that the agreement will be materialized sooner than later given the neighboring countries' history of cooperation. But before implementing such significant agreements, at the behest of the two leaders, experts will surely work hard on the technical procedures and details.
However, Dr. Belete signals that the agreement in principle is a mammoth step that ushers in a new era of cooperation that is already in the making with the re-installation of Ethio-Djibouti railway.
The most important task is to strike a balance between the relations of the two countries and their individual country's interests.
It is easier for both countries to position interests and translate the agreement into practice, he says.
“Djibouti's socio-economic benefits with Ethiopia cannot be replaced with the financial gains the country generates from its cooperation with other countries. The same is true for Addis Ababa.”
External pressures and regional security dynamics are likely to trigger shift of interests, he states, underlining that Ethiopia and Djibouti have reliable mechanisms to overcome such fluxes, he corroborates.
Also Ethiopian Maritime Affairs Authority Communication Director Yeshi Fekade has hopes in that if Ethiopia is able to have its share in port development, the confidence of investors will further grow and trade will be expedited.
With such agreements, Ethiopia intends to ensure swift and competitive logistic services where the country's trade and investment activities take place smoothly, she says.
"Developing port includes the installation of infrastructural facilities and providing logistic services. This is important for Ethiopia's products to be competitive in terms of price and quality at international market."
Seconding Belete’s argument, Ethiopian Foreign Relations Strategic Studies Institute Deputy Executive Director, Mogos Tekelemichael says:
[Economic] integration between both countries cannot be attained all of a sudden but there is a possibility that they could attain it, he states, citing the joint infrastructural development of the two countries.
“Ethiopia's infrastructural development attracts integration in the region and the overall economic cooperation with Djibouti should be seen in terms of regional integration framework,” he asserts.
To attain this, both countries ought to develop additional far-sighted strategies to transform their cooperation to a new level,” Mogos says. No matter how the Horn Region goes through state of flux, the two countries need to further concentrate on harmonization of positions and interests with mutual benefits at its heart.
Neighboring Countries and IGAD Affairs Director General Amb. Mohamoud Dirir, for his part, indicates that it is a right step to agree in principle to engage in major investments such as port.
To him, the destiny of these two fraternal peoples is intertwined through history.
"It is a long tested tie that has never witnessed any negative aspect. It has always been a positive partnership on the basis of mutual trust and understanding."
It is not only today the two countries are looking, he notes, adding that such proposals would make the cooperation inter generational.
He is much hopeful that the kinds of agreement would be carried out on the bases of mutual benefits and understanding.
BY DESTA GEBREHIWOT
ADDIS ABABA- Ethiopian Chemical and Construction Inputs Industry Development Institute said the sector has secured 20,508,900 USD over the last nine months of the current Ethiopian fiscal year.
Cement takes the bigger slice of the export performance putting 12 million USD to the government’s coffer from the export of 17.1 million metric tons. Institute General Manager Samuel Halala told The Ethiopian Herald the plan was to get 44,127,500 million USD. “In view of this, the Institute meets 46.5 percent of its plan.”
The manager went on saying that there is also a plan to grow the sector’s aggregate capital to 11.2 billion but the ardent works so far on the ground have put it on a 7.4-billion USD.
Sector’s private investors have grown by 43 percent this year, he said, adding that the government has been supporting both existing and new entrants to stay in the business for long-term.
He also unveils that the major aim of the sector is not only securing foreign currency, but it is also import substitution.
Similarly, the efforts of the Institute create jobs to 6,962 people, a little higher than its plan.
“Issues relating to adequacy of competent human capital, technology, among others, are registered as sectors critical challenges and we are working hard to tackle them.”
The Institute is responsible for the development of plastic, petro chemical, paint and soap, cement, ceramic, pulp and paper, among others.
BY MISGANAW ASNAKE
ADDIS ABABA- Labor and Social Affairs Bureau of Addis Ababa City Administration allocates 600 million Birr for the first phase construction of Elderly-care institution which would take shape in Akaki-Kaliti Sub-City.
Bureau Deputy Head Gebrekidan Gebru told this reporter as the complex that is to lie on 53, 000 square meter of land would have various facilities including hospital, workshops and research hub not to mention dormitory and shops. “Close to 1,000 elderly people who need care and supports will get residence.”
The institution is crucial to improve the lives of elderly people of the city, he indicated.
The initiative is part and parcel of the city administration’s efforts to ensure inclusive development and make the elderly people contribute their share in the socio-economic development of the country.
He further noted that stakeholders will be involved during the construction through supplying the required inputs. “And it is also estimated to be concluded within two years.”
Currently 140 elderly are being supported in various ways, it was noted.
BY SEID MEHAMMED