Items filtered by date: Friday, 01 June 2018
Friday, 01 June 2018 17:20

Campus daycare eases women’s burden

The burden on mothers in raising children holds them back from moving forward to empower themselves economically. Many mothers who stepped up the ladder of career in many places relinquish their positions to care their kids at home.
But nowadays new approach is surfacing around the public sector. Few exemplary institutions have started to establish daycare centers on their premises.
Bahir Dar University is one among these.  Dr. Almaz Gizew, Directress of Gender Office at the   University, explained that the daycare   is the result of a research conducted by the Office. It has also been born out of   series of discussions with women staffs in the University.
Our study has also taken into consideration the fact that care given to children during the first three and five years would have impacts on their health which in turn impacts on the University’s performance directly and indirectly.
In addition to this, the research has found out that most caregivers parents hire are unskilled, if not underage; thus, the kids usually remain unsafe, according to Dr. Almaz.  The university eventually decided to come up with solution.     
“We did not rush to establish the daycare, but emulated pertinent experiences from reputable organizations such as SOS and Midroc Ethiopia (Private NGO and Business group respectively). In addition, the Office has consulted various child relating science professionals.    
The Daycare finally commenced services in 2016 accepting 30 children from women teachers,  top officers and 13 from administrative workers, she said. “The majority of the children were under the age of two.”
There, children receive much helpful care for their growth and health.  
Due to this task, the University has benefited much as mothers invest their full time to discharge their responsibilities.   
Women parents are observed to have an interest for more work challenges from being delivered from the spirit of avoiding additional responsibilities. They are more active and happier than they were before.
“I myself was not able to participate in research undertakings prior to the Center’s establishment, but now   I have published two researches in reputable journals and I am expecting the other three to be published pretty soon,” Dr. Almaz stressed.
On the assessment made on the importance of the daycare, 46.3 percent responded that it has strongly prompted teachers to participate in research and other community engagements, according to her.
The finding also shows that the Center has brought immense advantages for mothers in improving their incomes and education. The difference is also observed on the children. The children appear to be healthy, sociable and strong. They look to have proper growth both mentally and physically.
What is unique in the success of Bahir Dar University is its commitment to employ available inputs and establish a daycare without such an exaggerated spending. The community was very positive toward the daycare. One indication to this could be the seventeen different organizations which have drawn lessons from the Center.
Of which, three organizations have immediately opened a daycare center following the University. “Almost all Universities have taken our experiences after the Ministry of Education selected Bahir Dar University as a role model among the First Generation Universities (a name given to group of oldest Universities in Ethiopia).”
Wollega University has followed our footstep and opened a similar Center, he added.  
 The University has planned to expand the service in all its campuses, she revealed.


Published in Society

For many scholars heritage conservation is not a new concept though it has been object oriented for a long time. And its scope has been limited to buildings traditionally. Area based protection and its integration to public policy is a rather recent phenomenon.
Therefore, this article details what it means, its sub concepts related to the identity of a nation and values according to different scholars.
Heritage conservation is a key component in maintaining social capital which is the product of shared values that acts as an important basis for the common interests and trust that support social and economic life for Chu and Ubergang.
As well, Li Rui identifies urban heritage conservation as the protection of public wealth and common good which is helpful to improve people’s quality of life, to enhance people’s sense of belonging and evolve people’s emotion. The trusts urban conservation committee used the phrase ‘urban conservation area’ and defined as an area which has a distinctive character of heritage significance that it is desirable to conserve.
From the proclamation of Venice in 1964 and Washington Charter in 1987, the meaning of “urban heritage conservation” has developed a lot to ‘protected objects changed from respective culture relics to historical districts and historical cities; and involved fields tended from pure physical field to economic, social and environment multi-field. Li Rui states that all these determine the coordination of several municipal bodies and sharing of much information.
The concept of urban heritage of a city does not stand by itself only, but it is also a broad concept that consists of disciplines, professions, concepts and ideas such as urban renewal, urban planning, urban development, revitalization, architecture and the like.
To elaborate, Buissink had defined six classifications of urban heritage conservation and renewal. These are maintenance, improvement, restoration, rehabilitation, reconst- ruction and redevelopment.
For the above reasons, architecture and urban heritage of a nation is a mirror of its history and civilization. And living with and studying the remains of such heritage does not only give information on the physical and non-physical conditions in which our predecessors lived, but it also gives warmth and values to our lives.
Consequently, preserving a nation’s heritage reinforces its identity and guides its future. As a result, contemporary generations of architects and planners are responsible for directing the future and actively influencing history.
If these are the facts about urban heritage, what are the values and paybacks of conserving them? They have both social and economic values according to The Getty Conservation Institute, 2000.
Heritage disseminates some common values, references for buildings and managing social links through the society.  This effect may depend on the use of the heritage sites but may only be on the very existence of these sites.
Heritage activities may be used as a factor of integration. In European countries, many experiences have tried to realize a better social integration of the young people by making them discover their own heritage through the production of audiovisual products or the discovery of past know-how.
This discovery of their own heritage was very important since they were used very often to look for some references in other societies considering their own society as an external and disqualified background and environment.
In the same way, heritage can confer a positive label to its own territory. A lot of development experiences in very deprived cities have shown that these cities have almost always incorporated a cultural component to their own redevelopment strategies. These include the rehabilitation of an old historical city center, the creation of a museum, the revival of cultural craftsmanship and so on.
Over time, the message was more or less, the same; this cultural revival was a way to give more value to the environment. As well, it shows that it is possible to recreate in an environment where creation had already been organized.
Economic development is the other value of heritage. Currently it is an important lever for trade and industry development. It is considered as an instrument for satisfying the demand for leisure activities, job opportunity, source of references for economic innovations and a way of positively enforcing the identity of the local authority.
However, the economic knowledge has neglected the concept of heritage and its economic consequences. Moreover, economists have always quoted the cultural activities as a prototype of the non-economic commodity as non-reproducible and non-substitutable. Unlike this perception, as elaborated above, heritage has economic values.
It also has indirect values. As it is generally recognized, heritage creates powerfully indirect benefits, mainly when it is considered from the cultural tourism perspectives in two ways.
The first is the income distributed to the cultural workers which benefits many other activities, thus founding an expenditure multiplier process.
The second is that tourists spend their own resources not only for direct cultural consumption but also for housing, food, other luxurious activities and souvenirs that induce another expenditure multiplier process.
 In general, heritage conservation is conserving the identity and history of a nation with the the future’s reshaping plan. (Compiled from 2015 Annual Magazine of Cultural Heritage Research and Conservation Authority)


Published in Society

The government has been committing itself in providing quality education to citizens in all geographic locations of the country.
It as well embraced the objectives of the 1990 Jomtien and 2000 Dakar Conferences on Education for All (EFA) in addition to the latest Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), precursor of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Pastoralists constitute a substantial proportion of the Ethiopian population; at an estimated 12 -15 million people (14% - 18%) who inhabit 60-65 percent, of the land area. (Pastoral Forum Ethiopia, 2006). Due to a prolonged period of neglect under previous governments, pastoralist communities have historically had limited access to social services such as education and health. In these areas, basic infrastructure such as transportation   and communications are relatively poorly developed when comparing to the rest of the country.
Senior Expert of Special Support and Inclusive Education Directorate with the Ministry of Education, Fekadenegash Bagashaw, indicates that the regions are now availed with educations of all levels—basic, technical and vocational as well as higher.
Due to low level of community awareness on these regions, parents were not sending their children to school, he said, adding that nowadays this trend is reversed meaningfully.
To him, most school-ages children in the pastoralist regions are enrolled in pre-primary and primary schools while many of the young people are stepping up the ladder of education.
The building of educational facilities in the regions is one contributing factor for the registered progress, according to him.  Above and beyond, as the community can have difficulties of attending regular classes due to movement in search for green pasture to their cattle, the Ministry has also prepared   congenial teaching approach through alternative basic education and mobile schools, he explained.
Alternative Basic Education Program is an organized basic education program mainly flexible and responsive in character and is delivered outside formal primary schools. It is an alternative to formal primary first cycle and second cycle [grade 5-6] and has a six year program. It is the most commonly implemented strategy among the recommendations from 2008 Pastoralist Education Strategy.
It is characterized by low-cost construction, community contribution to construction and school management, teaching in the local vernacular, selection of a facilitator from the local Somali community, accelerated learning, and active and learner-centered teaching methodologies.
It targets children ages 7-14, but practically, under-aged children, youth, and even adults, attend the classes, he explained.
According to him, this year in the four major pastoralist areas [Afar, Somali, Benishangul Gumuz and Gambela states] the number of students in both primary and secondary school has grown to 405,329 and 1,149,303 and   453,011 and 220,885 and respectively. And also similarly, the number of educational schools have grown to 1,122, 3490, 669, 322, respectively.            
The achievement registered so far would never stir sense of complacence but the Ministry presses ahead with more works to improve the community’s lives through accessing quality education of all levels, he concludes.


Published in Development
Friday, 01 June 2018 17:14

Regional leadership through ports

It was in the first week of March, 2018 that Ethiopia attained a 19 percent stake in Somaliland’s DP World run Berbera Port. The move was part of Ethiopia’s ongoing search for alternative ports to offset its extreme dependency on Djibouti port that serves as a gateway to 98 percent of the imports and exports into the landlocked country.
Back then I wrote an article on Ethiopia’s need for alternative ports in which I cited an article entitled Ethiopia, Berbera Port and the Shifting Balance of Power in the Horn of Africa by Brendon J. Cannon in The Rising Powers Quarterly stating: “Arguably, the most important constraint on Ethiopia’s aspirations for regional leadership is its lack of sea access. There will always be a considerable gap between its aspirations and its ability to act as regional power so long as it has a high level of dependency on one neighbor to access international waters.”
The rationale behind such a huge contention is that landlocked countries find it more difficult to pursue international integration when compared to those with access to the sea. The costs of foreign ports and the political vagaries of the transit neighbors usually weigh heavily on landlocked countries.
They make a political tool of the fact that the transactions of landlocked countries have to pass over their land before they could be on their way elsewhere._Finding alternative ports is, therefore, a vital cog for a country like Ethiopia that is rising rapidly to assume the role of leadership in the region.
Only two months on, there has been a change in leadership in Ethiopia with an air of legitimate transition accompanying it. Though it has barely been two months since Prime Minister Abiy Ahmad (Ph.D.) was sworn into office, the issues he has touched upon make it resemble as he has been there for quite a long. With an approval rate of 80 percent, according to an opinion poll released recently, the new PM has managed to lift the dark clouds of suspicion, disintegration and internal strife that hovered above Ethiopia and replaced them with trust, unity and hope.
With the Ethiopian people feeling enthusiastic about his honest and positive approach, he also embarked on strengthening relations with neighboring countries. Accordingly, his first stop was Djibouti. His main message while in Djibouti was that the fates of the people of the two countries are tied together. He was spot on with that message as the passage of 98 percent of Ethiopia’s import/export through the port of Djibouti was complemented by Ethiopian cargos accounting for 80 percent of the total freight transited through the port of Djibouti which shows the level of interdependency.
During the PM’s visit, Ethiopia’s Foreign Affairs spokesperson, Meles Alem raised the fact that there are family members living across both sides of the border to assert that the people of Djibouti and Ethiopia are actually a single society under two sovereign states. He then pointed out that the two sides sought to forge a fitting economic relation to these close social ties.
In this regard, he explained the Ethio-Djibouti railway is taken as a step in the right direction agreeing to forge such common ownerships in irrigation and agricultural endeavors, roads, ports development, etc.
Promoting the economic integration was a major agenda as the two leaders tasked their respective Ministers of economic development and cooperation with detailed research to be submitted within a year. And the PM visited Port, Doraleh Container Terminal (DCT) and Industrial Park.
The second country the new premier paid a visit to was Sudan with the same agenda economic integration. As similar ethnic groups live on both sides, their social relations are very interrelated that the leaders agreed to bolster. They also agreed to build a railway connecting Addis Ababa with Khartoum. Ethiopian prisoners in Sudan have also been released on the new Prime Minister’s request.
On our topic of ports, the PM agreed with Sudan to develop Port Sudan together. Accordingly, Ethiopia will be a shareholder of Port Sudan. Considering Ethiopia’s viable options of ports in neighboring countries include Port Sudan, Berbera, Mombasa, Lamu and Djibouti port, having a stake in Port Sudan is a big step in the Prime Minister’s plan to utilize all the options for the future use.
The Prime Minister’s Kenya visit also featured the same mechanisms of economic and social integration. Ethiopian prisoners have been released from Kenyan jails. The leaders committed to expand the border town of Moyale into a joint city to boost socio-economic integration. The Joint Moyale City will host a special economic zone. Both sides agreed to jointly supervise and inspect the Lamu-Garissa-Isiolo-Moyale and Moyale-Hawassa-Addis Ababa road networks under the LAPSSET project. The project also includes a railway from Addis Ababa to Nairobi.
Ethiopia is also set to acquire land in Kenya’s Lamu port to develop for logistics facilitation. The acquisition of access to the sea through port Lamu is expected to speed up the Addis Ababa –Lamu road network project as freight would be transported from Ethiopia.
With several countries including wealthy Arabian countries acquiring seaports along the Red Sea and East Africa’s coast, the struggle for influence in the strategic corridor seems to be heating up. Ethiopia has East Africa’s biggest economy and is set to become Africa’s fastest economy once again. Its efforts to assume regional leadership are, therefore, facing even more challenge with Arabian countries and major western powers piling up on their presence in the region.
As stated in the opening paragraph of this article, research shows that access to the sea is the biggest challenge to Ethiopia’s aspirations to assume undoubted regional leadership. With the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmad (Ph.D.) venturing out fast to acquire access and stake to ports in neighboring countries, he seems to have pushed Ethiopia’s chances of realizing its aspirations.


Published in Editorial-View-Point
Friday, 01 June 2018 17:11

Building East African powerhouse

In its attempt to set the stage for mutual economic development in East Africa, Ethiopia has funneled billions of dollars in energy infrastructure benefiting, at this level, Sudan, Djibouti and Kenya—each importing 100 MW, 60-80 MW and 10 MW of electricity annually.
When hydro-power projects like the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), not to mention wind and geothermal ones in the pipeline, comes to commissioning phase in just few years, more countries of the sub-region will surely be availed with clean energy, a dearly needed resource to accelerate growth.
One may argue that the energy generation aspired to reach around 17 000 MW by the end of the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP-II) is far less than the domestic demand for electricity. It could appear correct. But the government has taken this into consideration and off-grid renewable energy source projects are also being implemented particularly to improve the lives of the rural community.
In addition, sugar factories, including those in project stage, are made to satisfy their own energy demands and supply the surplus to the national grid.
Therefore, the energy generation from the mega hydro-power, wind and geothermal projects will be directed to reinforce the burgeoning industrialization and urbanization efforts while the remaining bountiful energy could not help but light up countries in the sub-region.
This has not been said out of the blue, the projects’ current accomplishment proves the claim true.  
GERD is progressing well with the growing public participation and the increasing government’s attention. The 6,450MW hydro-dam is more than 65 percent complete; this obviously includes the civil and hydro-mechanical works.  And two of the turbines each with an installed capacity of 375-400 MW are due to generate power not later than the coming Ethiopian year.
Prior to the completion of the Dam, energy trade deals have been stricken with Sudan, Kenya and Tanzania, among others. All the countries have great expectations to spur their developments as a result of it.
Similarly, the 400MW Genale Dawa 4 is almost complete. Alongside the Dam’s completion the Ethio-Kenya high tension gridline have come to the finishing line from both sides. Ethiopia installs the transmission towers from Sodo town in the South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples State to the Ethio-Kenya boarder town Moyale. Likewise Kenya has also accomplished the transmission towers and sub-stations within its boarder.
Also, feasibility studies for additional power export to Sudan and Djibouti have been finalized and the next decisive phase would continue when the required finance is secured.   
Pertinent studies have proven that Ethiopia could generate over 45,000 MW of hydro-power, with most of which in Nile basin, main tributary of the Blue Nile.  And the people of the country have rolled up their sleeves to unleash this potential and improve the living standards of themselves and their brothers and sisters in the region.
Most importantly, governments in the wider region as well as in the River Nile Basin have lifted themselves from the abyss of competition and new spirit of cooperation has brought them together. The signing of the Cooperation Framework of Agreement on the River Nile and the ensuing ratification by Ethiopia, Rwanda and Tanzania could be a case in point in this regard.  
Power interconnection at a sub-region level is a requisite for better life standards. Further, it guarantees peace and security by engendering economic performances and increasing interdependence.  Thus, the governments’ effort has to continue even with increased pace.
More importantly, regional and continental organizations, including IGAD and AU, must embolden the move while financial bodies like AfDB ought to further direct monetary supports to assist Ethiopia unleash its energy potentials and become powerhouse of East Africa.

Published in Editorial-View-Point
Friday, 01 June 2018 17:10

Hawassa to mark Waitress/waiters Day

Themed: ‘Tell me how it is not a job’— a grand event aimed at raising the awareness of the public on the role waitress/waiter play in the hotel business would be marked in Hawassa on June 14/2018.
Though waitress/waiter is among those that take the lion’s share in the hotel service, low societal awareness hampered the career’s progress, explained Hawassa Tourism and Hotel Management Professionals Association to The Ethiopian Herald.
Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's (SNNP) State Culture and Tourism Bureau in cooperation with the Association are facilitating the event, according to Association’s President, Dechasa Nigussie.
“To further enhance better hotel service provision, training will be offered to 200 waitresses/waiters drawn from hotels, resorts and tourist target business owners, among others, as part of the celebration.”  
The training would focus on language skills and customer handling, he said.
A 5-km walk which involves opinion leaders has also been scheduled to enlighten residents about the respect the job deserves, he added.
The association previously observed the Day with mottos such as: “Trust me I am your Waiter/Waitress” and “Hotel service is a Science.”
Hawassa, capital of SNNP state, is one of the prime tourists’ destinations in Ethiopia.


Published in National-News

ADDIS ABABA – With a view to integrating urban development endeavors with the education system, Kotebe Metropolitan University (KMU) have carried out revision on its strategic plan and core programs, the University announced.
As per the revision, the University’s teaching learning process, research undertaking and community participation have been streamlined to mitigate major urban challenges, University’s President Dr. Berhanemeskel Tena told The Ethiopian Herald.
The move has been the result of academic tour members of the board and leadership made in countries like South Korea and the United States to draw best experiences, he added.
 “Our university is not only novice in the sector it is also the pioneer metropolitan university in the country. Thus, we cannot emulate experiences at local level.”
The members have also taken lessons on curriculum designing and research techniques, among others, according to him.  
“Based on the inputs they have drawn, the academic activities of the university have been made to match the pressing problems observed in Addis Ababa to come up with innovative solutions.”
Memorandum of underst- anding was signed between KMU and Seoul University to facilitate common research programs, to enable their professors teach and offer consultancy services here, he revealed.  
The Addis Ababa City Administration upgraded former Kotebe University College to a full-fledged Metropolitan University back in Dec. 2016, it was learnt. 


Published in National-News

 ADDIS ABABA- The number of standard bottled water and mineral water companies is increasing from time to time satisfying the growing demand for the product while giving consumers product variety, said Ethiopian Conformity Assessment Enterprise.
Enterprise Marketing Corporate Communication Director, Tekiae Berhane, told this reporter that 57 bottled water and10 mineral water products are in the business.
All the products that have entered market met the required safety standards, according to him.  
Five years ago only five or six local firms were engaged in the production of bottled water and minerals but now the number has sharply peaked owing to the abundance of the resource and the encouraging investment climate, he hinted.
“The improvement of public awareness on the health benefits of bottled water and mineral water are also ascribable to the growing demand and the subsequent increment of the factories.”
Asked whether or not the products could meet all export standards, he said though the products are up to standards to penetrate international or regional markets, domestic demands are still unmet.
“We have hundred and plus million people and the production firms are far less than satisfying local demands.
There is still market potential for investors that may engage in bottled water and mineral businesses, he noted, suggesting that pertinent bodies need to conduct studies to clearly figure out the local demand.  
The majority of the bottled water and mineral is produced in Oromia, Amhara and Southern Nations Nationalities and People’s and Tigray States with 23, 10 and 5 respectively while Addis Ababa and   Dire Dawa hosts seven and five.  


Published in National-News

ADDIS ABABA- The departing Qatari Ambassador to Ethiopia Abdulaziz Sultan Jassim Al-Rumaih said his country wants to strengthen its multifaceted relations with Ethiopia.
The ambassador took leave of President Mulatu Teshome here Wednesday.
Appreciating the role that the ambassador played in consolidating the economic and diplomatic ties of the two countries, President Mulatu called for the implementation of bilateral agreements.  
The President pointed out that Ethiopia's geographical proximity to the Middle East and Qatar’s enormous potential for FDI makes the countries ideal partners for doing business.
Dr. Mulatu called on the departing ambassador to encourage Qatari-based companies to invest in Ethiopia, affirming the commitment of his government to extend support to their endeavors.
Ambassador Abdulaziz stated on his part that Qatar needs to consolidate its diplomatic relations with Ethiopia in the trade and investment frontiers.
The departing ambassador pointed out that there is a growing desire among Qatari investors to do business in Ethiopia and to involve in the country's market.
Ambassador Abdulaziz expressed his commitment to scale up the two countries all- rounded partnership and called on the Government of Ethiopia to facilitate conditions for Qatari investors so that they could invest in the country.
The ambassador has also expressed his gratitude to the people and government of Ethiopia supporting him to make successful tenure in the country.
 Ethio-Qatar relation has shown progress since the resumption of diplomatic ties in 2012 which was manifested by high-level visits by officials of the respective countries, signing of various agreements as well as a tour of cultural troupe and resumption of direct flights.


Published in National-News

Sudan, Djibouti and Kenya have benefited from Ethiopia’s bold move in tapping its hydro-power potential while the latter earned 55 million USD from energy export over the last nine months yet, Ethiopia has been setting the way straight for fast and effective economic interdependence in the Horn region.
Power has essential role in economic transformation of a country or a region; its contribution to   sustainable   industrialization and urbanization by accessing modern energy goes without saying, as Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, Dr. Eng. Seleshi Bekele.
In 2018 International Hydropower Association Report, the minister furthered that today more than two-thirds of the world’s renewable electricity comes from hydropower dams. “Investment in hydropower generation very often has multiple water resources development benefits.”
 It has a benefit to provide regulation and storage structure, enhance capacity to mitigate the adverse impact of climate change resulting in pronounced flood and drought, play crucial roles in stabilizing the energy mix and enable access to relatively cheap electricity in many countries of Africa, he adds.   
Hence, the key to attaining green and low-carbon development is clean energy development, where hydropower plays the major role, the minister notes, adding developing hydropower for domestic consumption and exporting the surplus to neighboring countries is tantamount with meeting the ambition of the Paris Climate Agreement— reducing MtCO2 by 2030.
Renewable energy provides one of the most effective strategies to concurrently promote clean development, sustainable access to energy and energy security with its irreplaceable role in climate change mitigation at all levels, International Hydropower Association in 2018 Hydropower Status Report states.
Similarly, the Association’s 2017 report states: “…countries are tending to cooperate more to improve energy access. Greater regional integration through transmission interconnectors and shared power pools is enabling countries to maximize the benefits of abundant, yet unevenly distributed natural resources. Greater transmission can help alleviate temporary shortfalls in production and further monetizes surpluses.”
Cognizant of this fact, Ethiopia has reached its hydro-power generation potential from 300 MW two decades ago to 4,054 MW (2017 Association Report) and shared nearly 160 MW.
Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO) Director General, Fekeahmed Negash, elaborates the case at hand saying: “Ethiopia’s neighboring countries have low hydropower sources; therefore, they need energy from us.”
That is why the three countries are importing hydro-power from Ethiopia and most of them signed  agreements to import additional power, he said, noting that countries like South Sudan, Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda have also entered hydro-power trade deals with Ethiopia.
   “If these countries get power from Ethiopia, their economy would inevitably get spurred and this set the stage for economic integration at least at sub-regional level,” he notes.
To him, energy access is ever more seen as an imperative method to wider socio-economic development, promoting access to education, health as well as ensuring sustainable agriculture and the creation of jobs.
“To achieve 1 percent growth 105 percent energy input is needed as literature suggest.”
If this is the reality, on one hand, Ethiopia should continue its leading role in bringing the Horn countries in particular and Nile Basin countries as a whole together to invest in mutual development feats, he argues.
Needless to say that most of the over 45, 000 hydro-power potential, including those in the Nile Basin, he indicates, adding thus the countries cooperation have to be enhanced to unleash this potential and improve their people’s lives.
The Cooperation Framework Agreement (CFA) of the Nile River is tangible evidence though signed and ratified by only Ethiopia, Rwanda and Tanzania while South Sudan, Kenya and Burundi signed the document. “These countries need to expedite the ratification process.”
More importantly, countries of the region need to invest their resource to find reliable financial suppliers for power plant and transmission lines construction for it is the cheapest and clearest energy source, he adds.   
Energy Analyst with Water, Irrigation and Energy Minister, Yiheyis Eshetu, also agrees with the argument.
 He even says that some studies push Ethiopia’s hydro-power potential to 48, 000MW.
To him, the amount could transform the lives of the millions of people in the region if the countries maximize their cooperation.
The hydropower supply encourages the economic integration in that the countries become more attached to one another to work collaboratively for better economic development; he adds by furthering that it creates opportunity to work on joint hydro-power infrastr- ucture, study the benefits and potential downstream impacts.
Hydropower generation can serve as a promoter and entry point for regional collaboration, regional integration and the development of broader regional markets and indust- rialization.
In this regard, Ethiopia’s electric power development policies and activities have played a pivotal role in achieving economic growth and prosperity in Ethiopia with the ultimate goal of accelerating economic structural transfo- rmation in the country and enhancing economic integration in the region.    
With respect to this, both Fekeahmed and Yiheyis stress that Ethiopia’s determination and the ensuing investment in clean energy sources, if met more backing from countries in the region, is likely to catalyze the sub-regional economic integration. 


Published in National-News

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