Items filtered by date: Tuesday, 05 June 2018
Tuesday, 05 June 2018 18:31

World Cup with its surprises

ADDIS ABABA –The 2018 FIFA World Cup opening game between Russia and Saudi Arabia will be staged on June 14 at the newly renovated Luzhniki stadium in Moscow in the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
 In the eyes of millions of people the quadrennial football tournament that determines the sport’s world champion, is the most popular sporting event in the world, drawing billions of television viewers in every match.
FIFA study
The study made by FIFA indicates that almost 3.2 billion people worldwide, roughly 46% of the world’s population, watched more than one minute of the 2010 World Cup. This makes the tournament “the world’s most widely viewed sporting event.”
While it’s amazing that 46% of the world united to watch a single event, it’s arguably more incredible that 2 billion people, or about 29% of the world, sat down to watch more than 30 minutes of the Cup, according to FIFA study.
That is for one solid month over a billion people will be glued on to their TV’s channel to watch big names like Messi, Ronaldo, Brazil talisman Neymar in the making ten starting from June 14.
The first competition for the cup was organized in 1930 by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) and was won by Uruguay. Except during World War II, the competition has never been disrupted to this day.
 Unlike Olympic football, World Cup teams are not limited to players of a certain age or amateur status, so the competition serves more nearly as a contest between the world’s best players. Referees are selected from lists that are submitted by all the national associations.
England and World Cup
England didn’t attend the World cup up to 1950. Although Englishman Daniel Woolfall was elected FIFA president in 1906 and all of the home nations (England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales) were admitted as members by 1911, British Football Associations were disdainful of the new body.
The British national teams were not invited to the first three competitions - 1930, 1934, and 1938. For the next competition, held in 1950, FIFA ruled that the two best finishers in the British home nation’s tournament qualified for World Cup play; England won, but Scotland who finished second chose not to compete for the World Cup. So England joined the World cup in 1950.
By contrast Brazil participated in all 21 World Cups including the current one. Brazil also took the cup for a record five times. They are the only side who were awarded the cup permanently in 1970 after taking the Jules Rimet Trophy three times: 1958, 1962, and 1970.
That means the Jules Rimet Trophy, named for the Frenchman who proposed the tournament was awarded from 1930 to 1970.
A new trophy called the FIFA World Cup was put up for competition in 1974. Germany who appeared in eight finals kissed the new trophy in 1974.
Their win and defeat are equally divided into four times. Germany won in 1954, 74, 90 and 2014 while they finished second in 1966, 82, 86 and 2002.
Stunning moments of World Cup
A player like Argena’s Maradona had unique place in the World Cup. He dominated the 1986 competition in Mexico. In a 2–1 quarterfinal victory over England, he scored two of the most memorable goals in World Cup history. The first was scored with his hand (the referee mistakenly thought the ball had struck his head), a goal now remembered as the “Hand of God” goal. The second occurred after Maradona gained possession of the ball at midfield and dribbled through a pack of English defenders and past the keeper before depositing the ball in the goal.
The winner of the World Cup takes home a staggering $35 million dollars while the runner-up collect $25 million.
Brazil spent more than 30 billion reals (or $14.5 billion dollars) to host the World Cup in 2014.
Brazilian “phenomenon” Ronaldo and Germany’s Miraslov Klose jointly hold the record for most goals scored in multiple World Cup tournaments. Both players have manage to slip 15 goals past the keeper.
The four-yearly sports bonanza, World Cup, formally FIFA World Cup, with all its surprises is set to kick off on June 14.

Published in Sport

ADDIS ABABA – The Oromia representative Isayas Jira becomes the next Ethiopian Football Federation, EFF, President following the election in the runoff against Teka Asfaw on Sunday at Semera, the capital of Afar Regional State.
In the first election that took place among four contenders Isayas Jira earned 66 votes from 144 to be the winner. Teka Asfaw came out second collecting 47 while the incumbent president Jonedin Basha managed to finish third getting 28 votes. The fourth candidate Tesfaye Kahsay got only three votes.
Though, mistakenly Isayas claimed victory in the first election ignoring what is written in the EFF statutes it followed harsh exchange of words among the participants ahead of the second round election took place.
That led the disruption of the meeting for so long until the participants realized that unless the winner collects 50 plus one vote from the first election, there will be a runoff in accordance to the EFF statutes.
In the middle of the hot debate that ensued after the first election some participants even decided to walk out including the winner Issayas Jira claiming that there is no need to take part in the runoff for the finished case.
It was later learnt that the controversy was resolved by the intervention of world football governing body, FIFA, election observer.
The FIFA observer said that the EFF statutes states that the Presidential Election will go to the runoff unless the winner in the first election gets 50+1 vote. What Isayas collected was about 47 percent from the 144 voters. To win in the first election one needs to get over 73 votes while Isayas had only 66.
This was the sixth time to reschedule the Election Day. The EFF Presidential election was first set to take place in November 2017 but postponed for December with FIFA intervention.
As per FIFA statutes all national federations must inform FIFA a month before the election date but EFF sent the invitation paper with only a week to go for the decisive date.
Considering this, FIFA ordered the EFF to change the date and form an independent Electoral Committee. Due to this the EFF extended the date for December 25.
Again the Electoral Committee extended the date for the third time to January 13, 2018 citing the fact that Dec. 25 coincided with Christmas and the New Year.
When the entire Ethiopian people including the five candidates were waiting for January 13, again FIFA ordered the EFF to postpone the date for two basic reasons.
One, FIFA notified to the EFF that it received a letter form the Electoral Committee that indicates the interference of the government in the election procedure. FIFA outlaws government interference in the running of football.
Two, January 13 happen to be coincided with African Championship, better known as CHAN Cup. Due to this the FIFA observers are tied with the CHAN program.
Considering these two reasons, FIFA requested the postponement of the date of the Presidential Election. That was how the change was made for the fourth time.
When the people expected the fifth schedule would be materialized, once again FIFA intervened to change schedule citing "confusion" regarding the electoral procedure and rules because of the "absence of a proper legal framework."
In this case FIFA instructed the EFF to convene an extraordinary general assembly to adopt an electoral code and to elect a new electoral committee and new electoral appeals committee.
Following this, it was confirmed that EFF was firmly in line to hold the meeting on the date fixed by FIFA. Accordingly the General Assembly took place in accordance to the directive of FIFA on Sunday, 3 June.
At the end EFF got a new President after waiting for so long. The struggle for the EFF top brass was indeed tougher than the ‘World Cup’ final. Why this happens, nobody gives the explanation. Despite all these heartbreaking desire for the top spot at the EFF, the country’s football has been going down in a dramatic speed.
Will the new President change this trend? This will be seen in the days ahead.

Published in Sport
Tuesday, 05 June 2018 17:21

Necessity of enhancing forest coverage


Managing to conserve the existing forest coverage through reforestation and afforestation as well as executing other proper landscape forest restoration mechanisms are fundamental to the survival of life on the planet earth.
The African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100) indicates that Africa will restore 100 million hectares of deforested and degraded land by 2030. This regional agenda of country-led effort is important to be implemented and realized with the collaboration of every African citizen. The initiative connects political partners from each African nation with technical and financial support to scale up restoration on the ground and capture associated benefits for food security, climate change resilience, and poverty alleviation.
Ethiopia is undertaking various measures to boost its forest coverage. And the country is taken as a role model in green economy. Among these; tens of millions tree seedlings plantations annually during rainy seasons, prioritization of pro-environment power sources [hydropower, wind power and solar power] and strict policies to decrease fuel wood utilization among households.
The increasing percentage of the country’s forest coverage year after year signifies its  effective measures in the move to restore its past wide forest resource.
Further to this, the nation needs to focus on planting trees to sustain its economy to grow at its pace. Undertaking successive reforestation and afforestation as well as other recovery mechanisms and activities should be strengthen and prioritized.
Moreover, as the country is home to the second African largest population cultivating vast public awareness on forestry and active public mobilization towards tree plantation and conservation brings a tangible change to its green growth progress.
In addition to this, the economic transformation from agriculture based into industry led economy sought to motivate the efforts of changing its lowland and highland landscape towards dense forest.   
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MEFCC) is the top forestry related activities monitoring and managing organization. Ministry State Minister Kebede Yimam told The Ethiopian Herald that his organization is doing its level best regarding forest restoration throughout the country. The annual new trees seedling plantation, following up of this planted trees and facilitating the ways forwards are the pride roles the ministry and citizens.
Currently, the country’s forest coverage is exceeding 25 percent. This percentage grows as every citizen takes commitment of protecting the environment and nature at all.  The country is working massively on its forest resource restoration, researching and development through various mechanisms in collaboration with pertinent sector actors.
Pro Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) and other basic green development policies of the government of Ethiopia are mentionable to the success of the country to play a leading role in the international pro environment and sustainable economic growth.
According to him, in spite of the country’s excellent policies, strategies and plans, like land degradation, deforestation and climate change are still the major challenges posing its impact on the country’s forest coverage. The ministry in collaboration with pertinent actors is working to manage these difficulties in the short run, he underlined.
Having diversified native tree species is also the other endowments of the country which will contribute its part to the country’s endeavors to meet its objective in the sector.
Dr. Abayneh Derero is a Forestry Expert at the ministry. He said that the country has more than 1,000 native tree species. And the ministry is working on seedling, researching and distribution on some 600 tree species.
According to him, utilizing this native tree diversified potential properly is important to decrease Co2 emissions to the environment and keep our environment free from unnecessary gases. In addition to this, these native vegetations will support the economy in various ways, he emphasized.
“As the number of forest research centers is increasing in the country it will have a positive impact towards promoting native trees reforestation and afforestation which will enhance Ethiopia’s forest coverage.”
Last year, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MEFCC) revealed a ten-year forest sector development programme that promotes forest coverage and sector's contribution to the national economy. The ten year programme is expected to promote the country’s gain from its wide forest resource properly and increase forest coverage.
Protecting the landscape well with full of forestry is attributable to the socio-economic benefit of peoples from nature and enjoying a healthy life. Let everyone be volunteers and active to put his/her hand print in the move against deforestation.

BY TEWODROS KASSA

Published in Development

The Ethiopian political arrangement faces two strong conflicting opposing perspectives which are jeopardizing the unity of the country. These conflicting views should, I belive, be compromised and reconciled wisely so that we can have democratic and united Ethiopia in the future. Unless resolved through discussions, the two antagonizing points have the power to herald the existence of Ethiopia in the near future.
Ethnic and linguistic based multi-national federal system has answered the age long ‘national question’ of the nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia. In this piece, the writer discusses the two opposing views on the nation’s federal system and the advantages and major challenges of the system. Excerpts:__
Those who stand in favor of ethno-linguistic based federalism in Ethiopia disagree with the advocates of a unitary system by providing that, the only way out to see peaceful Ethiopia is by legitimizing ethnicity as the only valid marker for membership of a homeland regional state. “Politicized ethno-cultural communities are not new products of Ethiopian ethno-linguistic federalism. Rather, ethno-linguistic federalism is an outcome of the old mobilization and struggles of politicized ethno-cultural communities,” argues Dr. Mahari Tadele while responding to those who say that federalism is producing localized conflicts. This politicization of ethno-linguistic groups, or the ethnicisation of Ethiopian politics, he adds, is not a one-day event due to promulgation of the Federal Constitution; it is, instead, a product of Ethiopia’s long political history.
Nonetheless, what is new is that now ethnically-based political mobilization and power-sharing is constitutionally legitimized. Linguistic communities, but also are entities bearing sovereignty with constitutional standing. In a nutshell, Ethiopian ethno-linguistic federalism is a response to the “unfavorable conditions” that prevailed in a unitary system, he concludes.
The advocates of the current federal system see ethnic based federalism as a means to strengthen unity while at the same time supporting diversity for the sake of unity._ Dr. Mahari may call them [the advocates] calculative federalists.
The unitarists see the federalism as a system that is against the assimilation policy which they believe is good to strengthening the unity of the country. This line of thought is similar to the theory of cultural assimilation, which encourages the absorption of minorities into the dominant culture. It is contrary to the principle of multiculturalism which treats all to be equally flourished.
Each of these positions has legitimate concerns that demand serious consideration – but not equally. The strong position held by the unitarists is even dangerous to unity. They wrongly want us to believe them that only a unitary system will guarantee the unity of the country. But such position has led countries to fall apart. This view could lead to policy of forced assimilation and cause total disrespect to democratic rights, group injustice and huge human rights violation, including ethnic cleansing and genocide, which eventually heralds the end of the country as it was about to happen during the Derg regime.
_History has convinced us that federal system, if wisely handled, is possibly the finest of all the alternatives for unity with peace and equality. Federalism, as an instrument for conflict management – a political solution to a political concern – and as a tool to contain disintegrative forces and to create balance between the forces of unity and of diversity is tested globally practically.
The special advantage of the Ethiopian federalism
What is more, unique to the Ethiopian federalism is that the (phrase/article 39) right to self-determination up to secession serves as a brake on any form of attempts by a unitarist regime towards the tyrannical and discriminatory treatment of nationalities. It is aimed at making sure that no government will be able to create a system of one ethnic-domination over others as before.
It would be politically costly for any regime that aspires to restore unitary type of system to undo the current article. More dangerously is that any attempt to undo the stated article would put the unity of the country under threat. This would eventually lead the under threat nationalities to be forced to use their constitutional right to secession. Expectedly, the various Ethiopian nationalities are guaranteed under the federal system and it could be said that the current Ethiopia formed is based on the spirit of all Ethiopians. This is called unity based on will.
Limitations of the federal arrangement
Other limitations, talked about over, are attributable to the infancy of the federal system. The main challenges of the system can best be illustrated in relation to execution, understanding, legal interpretation and other shortcomings. The inherently undemocratic culture and submissive behavior of the people inherited from past autocratic regimes could also be major obstacles.
Nonetheless, it will be a necessary that the culture of democracy should developed in all political parties – especially in EPRDF –_ if the federal arrangement is to work out healthy. The father of the federal system, EPRDF itself – has been one of the obstacles to the functioning of the system, knowingly or not. The organizational culture of the very party - democratic centralism and centralized party structure- undermined the federal system. Dr. Mahari rightly stated that the political constitution of EPRDF effectively antagonizes the federal system it has built.
In short, “democratic centralism is an antithesis of federalism”. For instance, state presidents are more accountable to the party than to their election constituents or parliaments. These practices are virtually seen in the last 25 years while negatively contributing to the functioning of the federal arrangement._ The gradual consequence, however, can be shocking for the unity of the country, when such a strong party’s control weakens the federal government. As a result, some regional states may fall into the hands of extreme nationalist officials, distinguished scholars warned.
Scholars of federal system and concerned politicians should conduct extensive open debates and discussions on the current realities of the federal system. Thus, the public would be well aware of the system governing them. Hence, scholars, opposing politicians and the public at large should play very vital role in strengthening the federal based statehood process. Government officials must understand the shortcomings pointed out during the debate and they should lean to correct them. Hence, the role of the media in entertaining these issues is indeed vital.
I, hereby, recommend academicians, political parties and officials to hold open debate on the media regarding the disadvantage and advantage of the current federal system by taking lessons from other federal states so that they could be able to correct shortcomings and deepen good practices. Extensive trainings on the characteristics and conduct of federal system should be offered to officials at higher and medium level so that they can rightly commit to implement it as it is visible to witness officials who lack knowledge on federalism.
While addressing historical grievances that came about due to previous exclusionist regimes and rejecting any new political tendencies to bring back the old regimes of discrimination and exclusion, at the same time a lot of work has to be done in championing historical legacies that are commonly appreciated and accepted. In this regard, a deliberate policy for promoting consensus and unity in diversity around positive historical legacies has to be designed and implemented. The victory of Adwa, Ethiopia’s tolerance and long acceptance of all major religions, etc. could serve as unifying historical symbols for Ethiopia. The acknowledgement of the iconic leaders and emperors of Ethiopia would contribute much to a ‘unifying project’. Last but not least, the government should exert efforts to nurture the feeling of Ethiopian-ism among the public.

BY ZERAY HAILEMARIAM

Published in Editorial-View-Point
Tuesday, 05 June 2018 17:16

Stepping up efforts of industrialization

Ethiopia is envisioned  to be  Africa's industrial hub by 2025. A number of industrial parks  are already  being built at  a huge cost  in various states of the country. Some giant world class manufactures have begun to rent sheds in these parks and others are also in the pipeline to export their Ethiopian made products and goods to the  world market.
Indeed, when the whole industrial parks are  made to be  fully operational ,they will create  two million job opportunities for  fellow citizens. Without doubt, they will also play a pivotal  role in  enhancing  the nation's export earnings. Moreover,  the ongoing  process  of new technology adoption and transformation will be hasten. The present  Agricultural -led  economy will be an  industrial-led one in   the shortest time possible as well.
In fact, without  active state involvement in nation building process and vibrant  industrial policy , the aforementioned  lofty goals won't be realized  particularly in developing countries  like Ethiopia. This is  because sticking to  the principles  of democratic developmental state is  considered as a matter of  death and life .It as well is seen as the only means of lifting  millions of  people out  absolute poverty.  
 Since  the early times of  its stateship, in a bid to secure its political independence and bring about sustainable development  throughout the country., the current Ethiopian government has  been openly opposing  and rejecting  the neoliberalists ' ideas of  privatizing the telecommunication and financial institutes of the country  by multinational companies.    
Truly, Ethiopia's independence industrial policy  has been the driving force behind the rapid  economic growth that the nation has been witnessing over  last one decade.
To mention  two  good examples regarding to the successful active state involvement in the economy, firstly, Ethiopia's horticulture business. From the very day ,the government has been so supportive  to such kind of business   through providing various incentives to investors . As a result, the sector is now  generating hundred millions of USD to the economy. Plus, hundred thousand citizens have gotten temporary and permanent  job opportunities in the horticulture business.
Secondly ,the remarkable role of the government in  raising  the cement production capacity of the nation. It was the recent past history that the nation used to import  several million metric tons of cement  with a view to meeting the big local demand of cement  resulting  from the construction boom in the country .
At this time, more or less ,there are a number of privately owned cement factories along with the state ones that  are playing their due role in the development of  the nation.
Yes, it may seem so ambitious to say Ethiopia will be   Africa's industrial  hub by 2025. But, the plan  will be attained  as  a number of big international textile,footwear,plastic and other companies are being attracted by the government incentives.
The industrial parks that are built or  in the process of construction are  made to be world-class industrial parks. Every necessary infrastructure is put in place in these parks as any  investor could begin production within 90 days .
Like the past time,foreign and local investors  won't waste their time and money to get land or investment license .They do not also  need to go to a   multiplicity  of  a given state  to get things done. What is expected  from the investor is just to rent shad  in one of the industrial parks and  to get ready  for the next step of production.
The government will also offer ten year free income tax incentive for  the most  prominent global manufactures  in this regard.
In general, the attractive incentives, the existing conducive working environment and peace and security as well as the sound industrial policy  of the nation , would surely help the country to be Africa's industrial hub by 2025.

Published in Editorial-View-Point
Tuesday, 05 June 2018 17:12

Nech Sar National Park under threat

 
ADDIS ABABA - The absence of clear demarcation of  boarder and expansion of  human settlement have put Nech Sar National Park under threat .
The Park Administrator Shimels Zenebe told The Ethiopian Herald that: “Though the park was established in 1974 with the total area of 514 KM2  .. Its boundaries  has not yet been marked off  and so it is exposed to fast expansion of human settlement.”
The demarcation process has been delayed because the park is situated mainly in South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples State (SNNPs) apart from  sharing some of its territories  with  Oromia State  on the north eastern side,he said.
He,therefore, reiterated that due to the communication and commitment gap between the two states, so far demarcation has not  been put into action  on the top of several initiations.
While the SNNPs government evacuated  the total of nearly  300 households from the boundaries  of the park in 2007 and relocated  them  at  neighboring zones but the Oromia State did not do the same,he noted.
Shimels also indicated that  the park in collaboration with African Parks Organization had evacuated about 420 households from  Oromia side of the park. “But, following the pulling out of organization, these households  had returned  to their former settlement in the park.”
Currently, the number of  households  in the park  is  increasing and has  reached about 1,280 households.
“ These peoples are now involving in clearance of forests at wide scale for farming and settlement purpose. They  are also carrying  out hunting,” he said.
 According to different sources thus, wild animals such as elephant, buffalo, black rhino, cheetah and giraffe are completely disappeared from the park
Shimels, therefore, said  concerned bodies like Ethiopian Wild Life Conservation Authority and others should give a due attention  and very urgent response to save the park and its wild lives.
It is to be recalled that Nech Sar National Park is well known for being home for wild lives like Plains Zebra,_Grant's Gazelle,Dik-dik, and the_greater Kudu_as well as one of the last three populations of the endangered Swayne's hartebeest, which are endemic to Ethiopia. And it is believed Second national Park in attracting largest number of tourists next to Semien Mountains National Park.

BY YOSEF KETEMA

 

Published in National-News
Tuesday, 05 June 2018 17:10

Water hyacinth on Lake Abaya

Having  traveled  about 500 Kms   from Addis Ababa to South East of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples  State, someone will be speechless seeing  vast  greenish area encircled by ever green mountains, dense forests, plains and well known wide water bodies. Among this water bodies that welcomed travelers to the nearest city Arba Minch is Lake Abaya, which is the second largest of Ethiopia’s lakes and the first from rift valley lakes.
Its water is reddish brown due to the iron filled sedimentations of the tributary rivers especially of the Halaba River, according to experts. Very few fishermen boats are seen on the parts of the lake. Especially the southern parts wetland of the lake from the entry side is constituted by vast farming activities. Abaya has 60 Km length and 20 KM width with average depth of 13 meters. It covers about 1,152KM2.
In early periods, Abaya is well known mainly for its fish resources and now also with very dangerous crocodile species, hippopotamus, ducks and bird species. But ,now the area residents are  talking about the declining  in fish  numbers .  Nearly 60 KM2 parts of the lake is found in Nech Sar National Park. Currently the lake's crocodiles and other aquatic natures have made it one of the tourist attraction potential of the country.
However, the alarming expansion of water hyacinth weeds on  its  wetland and  edge parts are  now endangering  this astonishing lake. The weed is observable covering kilometers distance into the lake body. According to Shimels Zenebe, Administrator of the Nech Sar National Park, the area coverage of water hyacinth on Lake Abaya only during the year 2017  had reached about 47 KM2 .
 He also noted that the weed was seen on  the lake  for the first time in 2015, but because of paying  less attention to the case ,it  has been expanding  slowly to this stage.
 For his part, Gamo Gofa Zone Administration, Culture and Tourism Bureau Communication Director Kambo Dero said: “Now, due attention is given to the issue and the zone administration is working on  eradicating the weed  with all pertinent  bodies  like Arba Minch University and other Research and Education institutions.
“Professionally speaking  we won't face  the same danger like Tana Lake and now almost  the situation  is  under control,” Shimels said  adding : “Weeds like Water hyacinth attacks less likely rift valley lakes such as Abaya, because of their saline nature, however if due attention is not paid, the plant can develop itself adapting all the features of the lake and the environment.”  He,therefore , urged  the concerned bodies   to exert  extra efforts in controlling  the weed.Moreover he stressed that currently theactivties are being  undergone involving the area dwellers to uproot   the weed using  hands . However, he said controlling this weed on Lake Abaya is not easy as  Lake Tana, because of their differences on aquatic animals.
If the water hyacinth could penetrate into the major parts of Lake Abaya, it is difficult to remove it mobilizing the public. This is because of  the presence of  aggressive crocodiles  in the lake,he added.
According to the Culture and Tourism Bureau, Arba Minch University has already assigned two of its PhD researchers to make their theses on the issue and Arba Minch Poly Technical College has also innovated new boat that can help to dismantle the weed.
Nevertheless ,Shimels  underlined the  need for putting utmost efforts in  reducing the danger of the  weeds on the lake and its aquatic animals  . In addition to this, he noted that the sediment filling the lake from feeding rivers, which has huge content of irons  are also hurting fishes  hindering green plants to develop which in turn they are special foods of fishes. It is as this result that the lake’s fish is almost   becoming  vanishing resource.   

BY YOSEF KETEMA

Published in National-News
Tuesday, 05 June 2018 17:04

Agro-parks: Are they in good shape?

As Ethiopia is buzzing in exploiting the agriculture sector resource for industrialization and increased export, what comes to mind immediately  is that how are the constructions of  nationwide  Integrated Agro-processing Industrial Parks(IAIPs) are going?  
According to the  latest available information, ,the constructions of the first phase of all four IAIPs that are being undertaken in Amhara, Oromia SNNPs and Tigray States are  nearing completion.
Oromia State Industrial Parks Development Corporation Head Kefyalew Tulu says the construction of the first phase of the Bulbula IAIP is  in good progress  as its the administration building, information ,kiosk and  training centers as well as retail space have reached 14, 10, 22 and 12  percentages  of completion  respectively.
With regard to water works, consultancy services for hydrological investigation, site selection and well drilling supervision have been done successfully, he adds.
_In the efforts of  putting place electricity, transformer house construction at Bulbula IAIP site has been  in action  while excavation and earth works are being carried out at a good pace , he notes.
He also mentions the construction of the Rural Transformation Centers (RTCs) which aimed at providing essential agricultural input to the IAIP is progressing well.
Similarly, Amhara State's IAIP that is under construction and  on the schedule in Bure town said Dessie Assegne,  the State Industrial Parks Development Head. As to him, road, water and electricity works are  going to be completed soon . The construction of seven RTCs is also advancing  to provide agricultural raw materials to the industry, he adds. “The overall construction would cost more than four billion Birr.”The industry would supply processed animal products, grain and oilseeds, fruit and vegetables to the local and international market while it goes operational.
Likewise, about 50 percent of the construction of Yirgalem IAIP's administration  building and water works have been  completed. And electricity works are under progress, SNNPs State IPDC Integrated Agro and Special Parks Director recently told to Fana TV.
Meanwhile the construction of the Baeher IAIP  in Tigray State is in good shape , says Adugna Abreha ,State IPD Deputy Head.
The industries are  being  established in the areas where intended agricultural inputs are possibly found. The construction of the industries was also started having conducted and drawn experience from successful countries including China and India, says, Yared Dessalegn ,Investment Promotion Group Leader and Industrial Parks Development Expert at the Ethiopian Food, Beverage and Pharmaceuticals Development Institute._
“They would help to improve productivity both in quality and quantity, job creation, foreign currency and agricultural transformation.”
As to him ,Research and Standardization Centers would be constructed to enable the industries to provide qualified products at the intended volume and level. In the same time, the RTCs that are constructing around the industries would hasten productivity  supplying agricultural inputsfrom the surrounding farmers.
The RTCs also help to build the capacity of the farmer to realize extension based agriculture which mainly lies on supplying sufficient and quality product by installing modern technology, Yared adds. On the other hand, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock is exerting efforts to advance the sector through expanding technology to the farmer. The ministry is striving to help farmers to get medium agricultural machineries that would serve to farming, planting and harvesting procedures,  Ministry Public Relations Bureau Head Alemayehu Birehane says.
“This would help to modernize the traditional farming system  saving time and energy and increasing productivity, he said. The effort is to provide sufficient and quality agricultural inputs to the growing number of industries.” During the past seven months, the country has generated some 1.6 billion USD of which 1.2 billion, 257 and 88.4 million USD from agriculture, manufacturing and mining product export respectively.
Ministry of Trade Communications Director Wondimu Filate says the agricultural product that counted more than one billion USD would have showed significant increment if it was in a finished form.
Exporting finished product, market promotion and strengthening ties with trade partners are basic mechanisms to increase the country’s beneficiary from the sector, he notes. The ministry is working with the Ethiopian Conformity and Assessment Authority and other quality assurance organizations to evaluate the quality of finished product, he says.
Increasing the number of Ethiopian product destination is significant beside the effort to convince the already existing importers to receive additional products from the country. This could be achieved  conducting market research, promoting products and strengthening the diplomatic ties with partners. In the other way Ethiopia’s engagement in the Free-African-Trade area would help to scale up its trade advancement across the continent, according to Wondimu.
All the infrastructure and marketing efforts seem critical to enable the country   have efficient IAIPs that would provide finished product to penetrate the international market. But will the country possibly make the industries efficient and important role players to save the annual one billion Birr that spend on import food?

Published in National-News

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