Items filtered by date: Friday, 08 June 2018
Friday, 08 June 2018 16:50

Scheme beyond housing provision

High rise condominium houses have brought about shift in Addis’s urban center in addition to offering descent living to the city’s residents. Still, many condo-houses of various schemes are under construction with huge government. 

The 10-90 housing program (where beneficiaries are required to save 10 percent of the cost while government covers 90 percent of it) scheme, for instance, targets low income residents of the city while 20-80 seeks to benefit the middle incomes ones. Further, the 40-60 programs is intended to participate the Diaspora and other section of the community.
Despite its significance in offering safe and livable house and residential area to households, the program has serves other purposes. It creates jobs to the youth, benefits female-headed houses holds (women empowerment) and promotes saving culture.
If we see just five of the mega housing development projects, underway in the city’s major sections—Yeka, Bole, Lideta, Kirkos sub-cities and project 13, construction inputs and allied services are supplied by small and medium enterprises. About 1,223 associations have been formed and granted with financial supports worth 132, 024, 054 million Birr creating 24, 349 jobs, according to Niguse Tsegaye Manager of Akaki Kaliti Housing Development branch office. Collectively, the number of houses , under construction, stands at 50,112 estimated to serve 250,560 residents.
Up on completion of the projects, they would feature various services such as shopping mall, health center, kinde rgarten, elementary and secondary school, residential, green children playfield as well as other communal areas—and this improves the community hygiene. With strict control of the project office and the collaboration of construction and consulting companies as well as the enterprises, the projects are witnessing good progress, he explained.
Jantirer Abay, Minister of Urban Housing Development said that in fact, the projects cannot be viewed as constructional activities only; every party that is involved in the process also draws wealth of experiences out of it.
Limitation relating to capacity is among the toughest challenges facing the sector, he said, adding that construction and consulting companies are getting practical experiences as a result of the projects. Capacity limitation is a recipe to address myriads of problems. When projects fail to see finalization as per of schedule, it is hard to accomplish them on their originalcosts. Thus, the lessons would help to change this scenario though learned through the school of hard knock.

BY SEID MEHAMMED

 

 Why conserve Addis Ababa heritage 

 

Addis Ababa is a city of surprises that are characterized by a remarkable diversity and contrast. It has rich and unique urban archi­tectural heritages that are dating back to the end of the 19th century. Most of the cities heritages are built heritages which have his­torical and aesthetic values for the inhabitants of the city in particular and for the country at large.

As Arat Kilo and Arada/Piazza have been the political and commercial/cultural centers' of the city, respectively for more than a century, the most important historic buildings of the city are concentrated on these areas.
In the present day, the city demands rapid growth and vibrant development to improve its infrast ructure, housing, new businesses as well as commercial advancement. These development activities, such as, infrastructure devel­opment and urbanization are, however, now becoming big challenges for the built up her­itages of the city.

Arat kilo victory monument


This is not only the challenge of the Addis Ababa city but also other cities of the country. For Addis Ababa and increasing­ly, for other Ethiopian cities such as Harar, Dire Dawa, Axum and Gonder, urban heritage conservation has become a relevant aspect of governance reforms: the so called "visible face" of governance according to Omina Aboukorah, 2009.
As heritages are the expressions of the past that links to present and future, the city has considerable number of architec­tural heritages. These precious assets are mostly aged and exposed to natural as well as man-made risks.
More than the natural phenomenon like high rain fall and sun, the building materials of the built her­itages are mostly degraded by manmade factors. Developmental and Population pressure are the major factors that are threatening Addis Ababa's heritage today.
Now a day's, almost all public opinion agree that urban heritage conservation is important for each city development. It is not only Addis Ababa particularly faces the problems of urban heritage, but it is also an international incidence. Historic cities are currently facing great pressures resulting from the manifold need of mobili­ty, economic activity, housing, the service society and other developments.
Therefore, safe­guarding of the urban heritage is becom­ing a complex challenge and task. As Michael Haupl says, it needs the support of all stockholders to succeed.
As well, Architecture and Urban Heritage of a nation is a mirror of its history and civilization.
For that reason, the built up heritages of the city are a reflection which shows the city's progress in its history and the achievement in civilization. They are also important in showing artistic and aes­thetic quality and original semblance of the city.
However, for the sake of development, heri­tages are now a day's demolishing. To de­velop the future we need to have and under­stand the past. Safeguarding the remains of past times helps to understand one's roots: these remains contain history and shape the urban patterns and their fabric. It is the con­tinuity that makes a city unique, constructing an identity for inhabitants and getting the at­tention of foreigners and visitors.
The protection of historic districts is a very widely known practice since the 1960-70 in many cities of the world, the recognition and protection of such areas is almost absent in Ethiopian urban centers. The fate of built heritages will be highly endangered if a clear regulatory frame work is not urgently set for the conservation of urban heritage.
As urban heritage conservation defined in the above topic it is the protection of public wealth and common good, which is helpful to improve people's life quality, to enhance people's sense of belonging, and to evoke people's emotion.
This is to mean that if the principles of urban heritage conservation are to be implemented in Addis Ababa. First the heritages will be preserved and con­served. Secondly, the people life quality will be changed.
The conservation of cultural heritages is crucial factor in long term pros­perity of a city and its residents. Effective heritage conservation, when it addresses the economic realities of an area, has the ability to improve social and economic situations and increase the pride and satisfaction of the residents, as Cameron notes.
International experience shows the old perception of costs versus benefits of heri­tage conservation gradually and dramati­cally changed with the increasing experi­ence by city governments, practitioners, donors and international organizations.
Consequently, heritage conse rvation is now a key eco­nomic resource and a motor of urban de­velopment.
And according to the study of Abel Assefa, enhancing, renovating and de­veloping heritage can lead to: new solutions for housing for the poor, it can transform cities physical environ­ments, improving infra structure and public spaces, develop tourism and creates new jobs.
Furthermore, he says that it guides community based land readjust­ment and urban redevelopment and gives residences incentive to preserve their own city.
Seen as an integrated part of urban devel­opment, safeguarding heritage and apply­ing the principles of urban heritage con­servation to Addis Ababa brings with it added values. It makes distinction between the city and other international cities.
It also supports the economic development of the city by creating more jobs, ensures the improvement of run down premises and urban areas, makes certain the involvement of the commu­nity and private investment.
In summing up, Addis Ababa in its more than a century old history has many heritages which show the growth and development of the city. By conserving and protecting historically valuable buildings in the city, it is possible to revive traditional craftsman skills, develop tourism and generate additional income.
In­novative ideas and experiences on the pres­ervation of historical cities and sites, build­ings and the social fabric are required. Res­toration project of the historic building and urban setting is an important activity in de­veloping experienced and skilled man power.
Thus, urban heritage conservation is neces­sary not only for the purpose of effective her­itage conservation but also for the purpose of sustainable development of the city.
(Compiled from 2015 Annual Magazine of Cultural Heritage Research and Conservation Authority, Abel Assefa)

BY DIRRIBA TESHOME

 

Published in Society
Friday, 08 June 2018 16:49

Leapfrogging renewable energy dev’t

The secret of the economic and holistic development of prosperous countries of the world is their energy production and consumption which has in turn accelerated the industrialization processes. And the ultimate end of the production and consumption is obvious—awarding citizens with better standard of living. 

From all the basic infrastructure developments, energy, therefore, should come top in the list. And among all the sources of energy, hydropower is the natural gift that also helps to protect nature itself in enhancing its originality.
Ethiopia started to eye on hydro-power development centuries ago, since the time of Emperor Menelik II, then for purposes domestic uses in and around the palace.
But it was an 1898 German Government’s gift, modern diesel generator, which replaced the use of firewood and taper as source of light in the palace.
Then the emperor understood that electric light is not only comfortable but it also betters off life, and eventually decided as it should be accessible to the general public. Of which a project had born, the nation’s first hydropower plant, Aba Samuel Power Production Center that took shape at River Akaki. It began power production in 1904. As a result, the community that surrounded the palace got electric light.
Developing countries like Ethiopia use the electric energy sources like water, wind farm sunlight and geothermal while developed ones nuclear and other energy sources.
The subsequent governments’ investment in hydropower was used both for domestic consumption and for industrialization efforts. But, the energy production growth had not been that dramatic compared to the country’s potential.
Over the last decade, however, the government decided to transform the energy production, this time it takes into consideration all domestic use, industrialization and export.
It is also the result of the nation’s unique investment policy, supports and economic transformation plan, from agriculture to industrialization, many huge international investors are considering it as an international investment hub.
In the processes, the Ethiopian Electric Power has played great role. It has been constructing power plants, distribution centers and transmission lines with special attention ever given to the sector.
The energy production which stood at 370 MW two decades and plus years ago has now grown by many folds. Currently, the country generates 4260 MW using water, wind and geothermal sources—all clean and renewable sources.
Despite a huge leapfrogging, still the generation is far behind the countries potentials—as studies show, the nation has about 50, 000 MW hydropower, 1.3 million MW wind electricity and 10,000 MW geothermal energy sources and --- solar.
In the past 27 years, many Power Generation Centers were constructed and started energy supply. To mention but few, Gilgel Gibe III 1,870 MW, Beles 460 MW, Gilgel Gibe II 420 MW, Tekeze 300MW, Adama Wind farm 153 MW and Ashegoda Wind… 120 MW.
In the same vein, currently there are over 19,000 kilometers high power transmission lines though there were only about 5,000 kilometers before 1991. And there are over 163 power distribution centers with different voltages which all take the electric power coverage of the nation to 56 percent.
In addition to this, the nation is constructing grand electric power production projects. Among these, the Grand Renaissance Dam Project which is expected to generate over 6,450 MW hydropower takes the lead not only in the country and continent but also being the sixth in the world. Koyisha Hydropower Generation Project is also a grand project which is under construction to enable the nation harvest over 2100 MW hydroelectricity.
Likewise, the 254 MW Genale Dawa III Hydropower Generation Project, 137 MW Melka Sadi Geothermal Energy Generation Project, 120MW Ayisha Wind Energy Generation Project, 70 MW Aluto Geothermal Electricity Generation Project and 50MW Raphi Solid Waste Electric Power Generation Projects are all under construction by different foreign contractors to increase the current energy generation to 9, 181MW.
Besides their energy production, these projects are enabling the local professionals to acquire skills and copy technology of the sector as they are working collaboratively with the foreign contractors. In different words, they are empowering the internal capacity and serving as capacity building to enable the nation confident to construct other projects by local professionals.
The nation is also stretching to construct more energy generating centers during the current second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II).
In the future, the country has planned to generate additional power. This includes hydropower projects namely Genale Dawa IV, Geba, Upper Dabus and Wabi-shebele and wind projects at Ayisha, Debre Berhan, Adama III and Jigjiga. As well, Korbeti Geothermal Energy Generation Center Project is the other construction plan.
These all planned projects are believed to raise the energy generation capacity to 17, 000 MW at their completion. And according to the report of the Ethiopian Electric Power, all the necessary prerequisites of the construction of the projects are well in progress and the stakeholders are playing their roles to realize the projects.
Besides satisfying the internal energy consumption, the nation has also been striving to export energy, especially hydropower, to the neighboring countries. Djibouti, Sudan and Kenya are already made the beneficiaries of the natural energy resource of their good neighbor. In the last nine months alone, Ethiopia exported over 160 MW to the countries and collected over 50 million USD.
The other developing neighboring countries like Somalia, Somaliland, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania and South Sudan have as well are on the way to purchase power from Ethiopia.
Therefore, the hydropower supply to the region is the other opportunity that is initiating Ethiopia to emphasize on the power generation besides the industrialization process to bring forth the renewed nation.

BY DIRRIBA TESHOME

 

Published in Development
Friday, 08 June 2018 16:48

Accessible visa facilitation!

The government of Ethiopia has recently launched online visa services to all tourists and visitors, a scheme that makes travel to the country so easy.
The service inevitably cuts time and cost previously spent to get visa, at times requiring eligible visitors to trek miles of distance to find pertinent office. The system is also part and parcel of the country’s determination in clearing barriers to free movement of people.
Many countries have already installed cutting-age systems that have advanced consular services with the advent of information technology. Ours may appear to be a bit late. But for anyone that ponders the country’s overall situation, past and present, putting it in a wider Horn context, he/she clearly sees the debilitating factors.
Without competent human capital and reliable IT infrastructure, to say the least, online services of such kind would bring more harm than good, particularly in a region dubbed as breeding ground of terrorists. But now, tribute to the huge investment in higher education which centers on technology and knowledge transfer, the country has built incredible capacity of understanding and managing technological sophistication, one indication being the launching of the e-visa.
Ethiopia has poised itself in Africa becoming one of the major FDI destinations in Africa, in addition to the rising leisure and conference tourists. And such strides are potent in necessitating the provision of accessible and efficient visa services, avoiding special constraints. Thus, the e-visa is the right response to stand up to visitors’ expectations.
Further, among the peculiarities of Ethiopia’s foreign affairs and national security policy is its color blindness. It treats all people, culture or economies as friends. Due to this, the country has worked hard in establishing its missions in many countries, with priority to those with strategic importance. It is clear as issues like budget limits the country from ensuring its presence in all countries.
Therefore, the e-visa system allows any interested visitor who fulfills the requirement to facilitate his/her travel to Ethiopia online.
To cut long story short, the scheme increases both the touristic and investment inflow which in turn is tantamount to more foreign earning and more jobs to the youth.
Yet, e-visa users are required to enter the country through one of the countries international airports—Bole International Airport. Still, the entry through Addis blesses visitors with owe-inspiring experience as the capital is reach with tourist’s spots of various kinds. Its statues and monuments that freezes various events, not few of them with international significance; the largest open-air market in Africa, Merkato, which one literally finds any tradable good and the amazing nightlife in the capital, just to mention few.
Without a shadow of doubt, the government will continue setting the way straight to foster the service provision through giving visitors alternative entries.
This being the case, the sustainability of the service itself should be guaranteed. The cyber-world, despite its indisputable advantages, is also liable to fraudsters. And the government has to ardently work to protect visitors from ill-famed individuals or groups that intend to pose harm on visa applicants. It has to use all available means to make public its official site, and should remain vigil to abort any potential attempt of scammers.

Published in Editorial-View-Point
Friday, 08 June 2018 16:48

Ethiopia is at Peace with Itself

Well, for the most part of the last two decades, Ethiopia had been peaceful and tranquil amidst the seemingly ever volatile region of the Horn of Africa. However, it has recently faced with the most serious political chaos that had a little bit subsided with the promulgation of the state of emergency and fully come to halt with Dr. Abiy Ahmed’s coming to power.
As we have been witnessing over the last few weeks, his ascension to the position of the PM had a tranquilizing effect on the nation to the extent of defying every rational explanations._ In short, Ethiopia has got a new broom that revamps the whole system, tingle the drowsing government apparatus and filled the whole nation with hope. _
However much we may be revolted by the havoc we had experienced in the last two years, let me contradict myself, there is a positive side to the crisis that had rocked our beloved nation, as it finally has triggered a general process of “deep renewal.”
As failure to bring about reforms in the ruling party will leave the crisis to deepen and incur risks that would seriously damage our federal-democratic system, the “deep renewal” is a serious venture and here the ruling party EPRDF can’t afford to be half-hearted.
The upheaval we saw in the last couple of years had all the ingredients of monstrosity that had kept everyone in Ethiopia sleepless. Following the swansong of Hailemariam Desalgn, who had decided to resign from office after rigorous stock-taking of his premiership, the situation of the country had turned round and heads to political_Eden,_if I may say so.
In fact, prior to Dr. Abiy’s accession to the position of the prime minister, we were briefly comforted with a tensed peace that had been brought about by the declaration of the state of emergency law that had been helpful in averting the speedy deterioration of things.
Nonetheless, after the historic acceptance speech made by Dr. Abiy Ahmed at the House of Peoples Representatives that has magically nipped in the buds of rages that had engulfed the whole country, Ethiopia had begun to tread on completely a different path. That speech was so powerful as to suppress dozen of months of widespread political upheaval or deadly anti-government protests.
If your spare yourself from nit picking, you will for sure have chance to realize that the coming of Dr. Abiy Ahmad as a Prime Minister had a magic effect to halt the monstrous violence that had been ravaging the nation. Then, the havoc had begun to subside and now we are enjoying a stable situation that gave us a respite to be able to fix our broken politics.
The positive development we have been witnessing over the last two months is so comforting that it has predisposed us to be so anxious not to make a mistake that would gravitated us to the horrible scenarios we had experienced in the past two years._ ___
We understand that bans and restrictions of freedoms do not help us to solve the underlying problems that have given rise to the unrest; we made a decision to revoke the state of emergency. Thus, the government is looking-forward to widen up the democratic space that would allow every citizen to participate and to promote the growth of unfettered democracy. In so doing the government has made concessions that would invigorate the spirit of nationalism and national consensus.
In this regard, the government has offered to reform the winner-takes-all electoral system. EPRDF has always been clear that its existence would only be meaningful as far as it maintains the federal system by promoting democratic governance and thus push the country further on the path of development.
As a matter of fact the government is credited with real economic progress that saw a decade of around 10 percent annual growth. Besides, infant mortality and malnutrition is halved over the same period. Regrettably, these achievements have been accompanied by a growing outcry over widespread maladministration and rampant government corruption. Therefore, EPRDF has decided to change the situations that give impunity to officials and ensure accountability.
EPRDF has well understood that lack of political will to change the shape of things that bring about such kind of degeneration would ultimately trigger the explosion of violence that seriously undermines Ethiopia's reputation as a stable country. Thus those protests have given the ruling coalition a chance to engage itself in “deep renewal” process so as to take genuine reform measures that would fully satisfy the general public and halt another eruption of protest.
Accordingly, the government is holding meetings with the public to listen to their grievances and had opened up platforms to discuss problems with all political parties. _Moreover,_in a bid to expose corruptors and ensure good governance,_the ruling party has urged the public to actively be_involved in the ongoing deep renewal process. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has repeatedly advised the public to stand against corruption and bad governance.
The ongoing rejuvenation effort involves all ranks of the government structure_and_anchored on fighting corruption and malpractices that have hampered the delivery of effective public service.
The renovation of the political system also takes the opposition block as key partner in consolidating the nation’s young democracy and the PM has encouraged them to play their share. The PM has also expressed his party‘s willingness to work closely with opposition political parties on any issues of their concern.
We know that EPRDF has been working with political parties that are willing to cooperate under the umbrella of the joint political parties’ council._ It has also declared its readiness to work with other political parties that are non-party to the council and are peacefully operating in the country, like the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC). This time around the EPRDF has even reaffirmed its commitment to create inclusive political platform by inviting the exiled Oromo Democratic Front (ODC) to national dialogue.
_The negotiation between the Ethiopian_government and ODF has clearly transpired the dawning_of a new era and as such declare EPRDF‘s readiness to work with every stripe of opposition political parties. Working together with opposition political parties and debate on their differences would allow citizens to make informed political decisions. The public will have chances to know the political agendas of the parties to make decision that would determine the fate of their nation. The dialogue forums were organized with a view to deepen the democratization process, and as it stands today it is moving_forward as many Ethiopians have expected it to.
Here, we want to remind all parties concerned that this is not time to vie for dominance. This is not time to promote parochial interests and this is not time to play a zero-sum game. This is only a time to work genuinely for democracy to thrive. We want no one to come out victorious from this engagement but democracy, peace and development, This opens a new chapter where our beloved country Ethiopia it can live at peace with itself.

 BY AMEN TEFERI 

Published in Editorial-View-Point

ADDIS ABABA – Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed who is also Commander In Chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces(ENDF) yesterday appointed General Seare Mekonnen as ENDF's Chief of Staff while honoring General Samora Yenus with the the highest military medal. 

Gen.Seare was one of the appointed Deputy Chief of Staff by the then Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn last February.
On the ceremony held at national palace, handing over the medal, FDRE President Dr. Mulatu Teshome said the honor is dedicated to Samora's long term contribution at different military capacities in reforming, organizing and

leading the national defense. It is in recognition to his four decades of services in the military, Mulatu added.

“Samora displays strong leadership attributable to ethical and scientific ways of management of the military. The recognition is also dedicated to the whole military personnel who have scarified their lives to safeguard the national interest and sovereignty of the country,” Dr. Mulatu added.

Gen. Samora on his part said that the honor he received belongs to all men and women in the military. “ I am proud to lead an army whose affiliation is to the people and sovereignty of the nation” said Samora while insisting the need to maintain the strength and commitment to prevent any aggression and threats that may get the military into problems.

Former Generals Alemeshet Degefe and Asaminew Tsige have their striped rank returned and retried with all benefits. leading the national defense. It is in recognition to his four decades of services in the military, Mulatu added.
“Samora displays strong leadership attributable to ethical and scientific ways of management of the military. The recognition is also dedicated to the whole military personnel who have scarified their lives to safeguard the national interest and sovereignty of the country,” Dr. Mulatu added.
Gen. Samora on his part said that the honor he received belongs to all men and women in the military. “ I am proud to lead an army whose affiliation is to the people and sovereignty of the nation” said Samora while insisting the need to maintain the strength and commitment to prevent any aggression and threats that may get the military into problems.
Former Generals Alemeshet Degefe and Asaminew Tsige have their striped rank retired and retried with all benefits.

BY MISAEL LEMMA AND DESTA GEBREHIWOT

 

Published in National-News

Ethiopia has put in place online visa services effective as of this June making travel to the country easy and accessible to all visitors and tourists.

The service previously allowed visitors and tourists from 37 tourist generating nations to enter into the country via Addis Ababa. This one has, however, permits visitors from across the globe to wipe their Smartphone and get e-visa.
To most stakeholders, the advantages of the scheme go without saying but they do not shy away from mentioning its potential disadvantages relating it to security.
The service expansion is basically needed to access the services to international visitors at their convenience, as to Ethiopian Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Communication Director Sileshi  Demissie.
“Eligible visitors get done with the visa process online and will receive e-visa upon arrival at the Addis Ababa Bole International Airport only for the sake of avoiding any possible security threat.”
Above and beyond, the assessment and practice that has been in effect over the last 18 months has proven the system’s reliability, he adds.
Wealth of international experiences is also available with regards to electronic travel authorization, he notes, explaining as Ethiopia has emulated them well.
But to fill potential security rifts, the e-visa are offered to leisure and conference tourists, he added.
“We will do the highest security checks. The online issuing process has its own security care procedures. It has check point online and on land.”
By the same token, he says, once the online application is accepted, applicants will receive an email authorizing them to travel to Ethiopia and they will get their passport stamped with the visa upon arrival in Addis Ababa.
Hailing the new system as a national initiative which transforms the tourism sector in the country, Ethiopian Tourism Organization Public Relations and Communication Director, Getinet Yigzaw, cast his hope it could spur the tourism sector.
To him, the services demonstrate the Main Department for Immigration & Nationality Affairs’ partnership in the promotion of the sector.
Both argue that they have no doubt for the sustainability of the e-visa for that all the stakeholders: Ethiopian Telecommunication, Ethiopian Electric Power and other infrastructure sectors are
He also adds that it assists in attaining the trade and industrialization efforts of the country. “Whatever standard you have the benefits outweigh the risks and pertinent bodies have to keep working to avoid any real or perceived risk.”
Getnet stressed the importance of investing time and resource to ensure the sustainability of the services. For this to materialize, he suggests the need for working in concert with key stakeholders such as Ethio Telecom and Ethiopian Electric Utility.
Information obtained from Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicates that Ethiopia has 45 Embassies and 14 consulate affairs offices worldwide.
The online visa services, therefore, could lure visitors from places Ethiopia’s foreign missions are unavailable.
In addition to the natural, historical and cultural tourist spots, Ethiopia has poised itself as one of the few Meeting, Inventive travel, Convention and Exhibition (MICE) destinations in Africa; hence, the online visa service would spiral the number and kind of visitors.
 

BY DIRRIBA TESHOME

 

Published in National-News

The Ministry of Federal and Pastorals Affairs has started the preparation of Pastoralist Development Policy and Strategy as part of its effort to exploit the untapped potential of the sector. 

To this end , The Ethiopian Herald approached two scholars on issues that should be considered for the effective implementation of the Policy to achieve its intended goals.
Dr. Samuel Tefera, Assistant Professor of African and Oriental Studies at Addis Ababa University says that Pastoralist development is one of the sectors which has received less attention for long time due to various reason.
The geographic location of the pastoralists and their distance from the center has made it difficult for the provision of basic services. In addition to these, the usual movement of pastoralists and their cattle around the border have created security problems, he mentions.
Regions with significant number of pastoralist’s collectively cover 60-65 percent of the country’s total land, he says, adding that it comprises about 40 percent of the total livestock population; the sector contributes 90% of all livestock export.
Major river basins that are suitable to grow cereals and forage through irrigation flow in these regions as well, according to him. There are energy resources especially of renewable energy such as solar and geothermal.
“But still, the people and the nation have not yet unleashed the potential and this is ascribable to lack of specific policy on pastoral development,” he points out.
“Clear policy that guide the sector is so crucial to harmonize development projects and increase the community’s socio-economic benefits.”
But in order to obtain the maximum outputs, the policy needs to address certain issues, says Samuel. One is unlike the other sectors in Ethiopia; pastoral development has not been well represented in the education system.
“Talking in terms of higher levels of studies and researches, this sector is almost unreached. The only institute that is dedicated to dealing with pastorals and agro pastorals concerns is the recently opened Jigjiga University.
Inadequate access of education especially on the part of the pastoralist region inhabitants can have an effect on the inclusiveness and protection of the very community the policy is formulated for, he argues.
So priority needs to be given for the construction of infrastructures especially of education in the pastoralist areas. In addition to this, mainstreaming of pastoral related fields in higher education institutions enhance the sector by providing qualified human resources and be very substantial if prioritized in the policy, he notes.
The other point that needs a serious of direction from the policy is a ‘mismatch’ between the investments undertaken in the pastoral areas and the needs of the community. Both private and public investments are not closely designed in a way they improve the living conditions of the communities and help the government exploit benefits in the sectors, Samuel adds.
“The policy should discourage such investments and has to open the door for investment that consider the utilization of natural resources found in that area while meeting their social corporate responsibilities.”
Muhyadin Mohammed, Director at Institute of Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Development Studies at Jigjiga, rises that the outputs produced by relentless efforts of pastoralists traveling here and there face the problem of market accesses.
“This creates burden both on the community and the nation. Therefore, it would be much better for all if the government build reliable channels by which there will always be a transaction between the producer and market both here and abroad.”
According to the Director, the other very important issue that policy has to reconsider is the gaps in the current land administration policy regarding the land in pastoral areas. He indicates that the land administration policy mostly suits highland areas where land holdings are highly divided usually in small unit. But, in lowland area, land is much abundant and usually belongs to a clan which makes it very difficult to directly apply the system especially with regard to certification of the owner.
Generally, both experts think that the initiation to formulate a pastoralist development policy and strategy is a very important move and will help the country get everything it deserves from its resources.
However, they stresses that infrastructural expansion in the pastoralist area are important in two ways. On one hand, they benefit the community from the social services and more interconnection with the center. On the other hand, it helps the government to effectively control the revenue. They also think the policy has to come up with land administration system and development projects that consider local realities.

BY MISAEL LEMMA

 

Published in National-News

ADDIS ABABA- Anchor investors need to tap Ethiopia’s abundant Graphite resource, said Geological Survey of Ethiopia (GSE).

GSE Communication Director Tameru Mersha told The Ethiopian Herald studies have shown as the country has over 460,000 ton Graphite reserve, most of which in the eastern part of the country.
The surveys were undertaken by Russian and Iceland and proved the countries potential, he said.
Additional exploration activities would be carried out in other parts of the country, according to Tameru.
“Graphite is an industrial mineral with unique physical properties which includes superior thermal/electrical conductivity and_ used as an input for foundry facings and lubricants, refractory application, batteries, steelmaking, brake linings, among others,” he said.
To him, the wide industrial use of the mineral increases the mineral’s demand in the international market.
The number of inves tors that aspires to engage in the mining sector is increasing from time to time and recently a British business delegation held discussions with Ministry of Foreign Affairs on ways of tapping investment opportunity of the country, particularly in graphite exploration and production, it was learnt.
The delegation compr ised members from SVS Securities Plc, Lantica Africa Ltd and Tactical Environmental as well as Ibex Frontier, an investment consultancy firm, The Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicated.

BY SEID MEHAMMED

 

Published in National-News
Friday, 08 June 2018 16:38

Patriots Museum to rise in Addis

ADDIS ABABA- A Museum envisaged to pass Ethiopian patriots history to posterity would rise in Addis Ababa adjacent to the current site of Association of Ethiopian Patriots, The Ethiopian Herald learnt.

Association’s Head of Historical Archives Department, Lidj Jermias Tesema Ergetee, indicated that the edifice would lie on a 754- sq.m tract of land and is estimated to cost 60-70 million Birr.
The design of the museum, prepared by a voluntary firm, also integrates other facilities like theatre, cinema, photo gallery and planetarium.
War artifacts which are now on personal holdings will be collected and kept in the museum, he added.
“We will convince patriots and their descendents to offer any war tools and similar artifacts to the museum.”
As to him, keeping artifacts at home would slowly but surely reduce the artifacts’ quality and leads to an inevitable loss; thus the museum is “the right solution to protect the invaluable asset while ensuring their dignity due to the fact that the artifacts’ source and allied records shall be taken.”
Adding, he said the Association has planned to restore looted war tools and other relating artifacts so as to help the new generation figure out the sacrifices forefathers made. “Resident embassies are expected to cooperate in the effort of realizing the plan.”
The Museum’s cornerstone would be laid this month.
Various war tools used at the battle of Adwa, Maychew, as well as during the five years Italian occupation, among many others, are still in the hands of patriots and their descendents.

BY SEID MEHAMMED

 

Published in National-News
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