In the history of human being all over the world, no time and no issue that is not attached with music. Child raising to school system, entertainment to politics, religion to Military life or economic activities what so ever, it could be generalized that music has its own role and basic place in peoples social, political and economic life.
Music is a language, serve as a means of mass communication and self expression. Music is an entertainment and also a medicine for stressed mind. It can tell and make history. It is a communication with human soul and emotions. As a result this fact, that music's attachment with human life in nature, the world population have developed different system and kinds of music, that express and make up their feeling, culture and psychology. As music is an instrument that can serve to tell one's feeling and message, through wisdom of composition of melody and lyrics, there are so many classic achievements have been made in different society and now so.
Music's like rapping, reggae have greatest impact in freedom movement of blacks, in revolting against apartheid and other injustices, in America and Africa. In India also music is believed contributing highly for mobilization and awakening of the people. This is what we can observe in the classic songs of artists like Bob Marley.
“Until the philosophy which hold one race superior
And the other inferior
Is finally and permanently
Discredited and abandoned
Everywhere is war
Me say war”
For Ethiopia, Music is among the classic civilization of the nation. Throughout history of Ethiopia music has biggest impact in the hole movement of social, political as well as economic life of the people. Politically 'Azmari's', traditional string music players with wax and gold lyric and emotion controlling melody, are the major players in criticizing, prizing leaders or war heroes, speaking out the injustice made against the piteous, paraphrase the status puo of the time as echoing the history.
Farmers have also different songs that carried out when they are working alone with their cattle's and other time when working in group, with respective songs for each activities of farming stages such as plowing, sowing, mowing, extracting etc. These songs are firmly believed to give courage, moral and inspiration for farmers and even for their cattle's.
Beyond these as one of the nation's greatest civilization, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church (EOTC), melody system, which is extra ordinary unique known as St. Yared 'Zema' or melody is very matured and complex one. The EOTC have been using it since 6th C.
In the history of modern music of the nation, mainly since 20th C, a number of artists have been revealed with classic works, Like Honorable Dr Tilahun Gessesse, Mohamud Ahmed, Tewodros Taddesse, Menilik Wosnachew, Aster Awoke, and many others with contemporary remarkable artists like Tewodros Kassahun, Ejigayehu Shibabaw. While these are artists mainly known for Amharic music, in the same say there are also a number of musicians in different local languages.
These and the like musician works are praised for considering the culture, psychology, politics, social issues of the society and believed they are successful in playing their expected social commitment. Thus remain unforgettable in spite of time change.
However, in recent periods, due to the influence of globalization and other factors, most of peoples are heard blaming musicians, specially the recent youngsters for not considering the local sentiments of the people. Most of theme are trying to copy the western music system and the others are striving to mixing the local traditional musics with pop culture.
Addis Ababa University Dean of School of Visual and Performing Arts, Assistant Professor Nebiyu Baye, in his exclusive interview with The Ethiopian Herald said that; in order to answer why this is happening “First of all we need ask why people pay effort in the works of arts in general? It is because of the eternal need of self expression of human being.”
People want to express themselves to the others. In this process they reflect through artistic works from which music is the one, what is inside their thought. In this case the major inputs our psychological make up is essential. If the person is well aware of his countries history, culture, tradition and other sentiments and if he is appreciating them, most probably his works will be the reflection of those things. “If current parents are teaching their children the past of their country and society, that will be what they are going to reflect in their works,” he stressed.
On the other hand, Nebiyu notes the impact of market as well. “Most of the time commercial art works consider what do the audience wants?” he said. As to him, this means there is an audience wants the works now in the market. Bu,he said that one can't generalize that art works are determined only by the market.
Comparatively speaking, he cited the research made on film viewers in Addis Ababa, “Among cinema customers, people between age of 16 to 24 years are constitutes 70 percent of the total number of viewers, therefore film makers take as their central audiences these group, and the same possibility can be applied in the case of music too.” However, he underscored that artists should focus on the society in general. “If they make holistic consideration, they will increase number of their audiences and they can add extra asset to their work.”
Nebiyu also noted that before blaming musicians, it is also necessary to observe the status qou of the country. How much the environment is free? What issue is allowed and what is restricted? There were so many deprivations in the past. Yet nowadays also there are sensitivity of politics, religion and some traditions. On the other hand, there are also the limitation in knowledge, skill and information, need to be solved. There is also the financial and technological capacity problem, specially in film making.
He, however, illustrated that: “As they are making creative works by wisdom, artists are leaders, artist should lead the audience, they have to increase efforts so that their works to influence peoples mind.”
He also noted that musicians like Bob Marley saying; “Have you see how he inculcate the big international agenda into his music?, you can take artists like Tilahun Gessesse who were singing targeting to be listened even after his death, There are conscious peoples like Professor Haile Gerima and the passed Laureate Tsegaye Gebremedihn. They are standing firmly for truly Ethiopian sentiments while peoples are flooding to western styles.” He stressed.
On the other hand ,as additional part of the solution ,he called up on the government to support the development of the art towards national values. “Art is the source of everything and nothing it can do,” he emphasized. As of him most of conscious countries have Art council, that support by fund relevant works of individuals, like films, musics and others. According to him such kinds of effort is very much necessary for Ethiopia, for the country who has quit a number of things to tell and more than hundred million citizens that are open minded for Art works.
BY YOSEF KETEMA
This year, Ethiopia is striving to establish a coffee processing development institute to increase finished product and compete on international market. The institute would support both private owners and associations organized to provide processed coffee product. The establishment of the institute believed the ease shortage of trained professionals in producing processed coffee. This would also help to save the money that has been spent to send professionals abroad for training on the sector development. However, the supply of sufficient and quality input remain under question mark as the quality and input supply of the coffee is reducing through time.
Aman Kebede is a Quality Assurance Supervisor at the Dire Dawa Ethiopian Commodities Exchange branch office. He believed that the coffee that passed through the laboratory he is working has seen significant reduction in quality. From a long experience, he pointed out that the major problem for the low quality of coffee emanated from land cleaning, cultivating, harvesting, storing and transporting process. His team has been reporting the factors and recommending possible solutions while the mechanisms are not taken by intended bodies which cause no improvement in the quality of the product.
Similarly, the supply of coffee product is also declining through time. Low economic beneficiary and absence of compensation are instigating the farmer to replace its cropland by other crop species. This problem may happen in various areas of the country but the Eastern Harerghe could be mentioned as best example. Farmers in the area are shifting from producing coffee to chat. According to Abdela Abdu,Trading Manager of the Eastern Hararghe Coffee and Tea Authority, price fluctuation and illegal trade are the major factors that obliged farmers to shift to produce chat more than coffee.The zone has about more than 300,000 chat producing farmers than that of the 200,000s who produce coffee.
“Today, the country’s local market favors chat than coffee with respective maximum pricing of 2,000 and 80 ETB per kilo. And the highest local consumption is also encouraged producers to give emphasis to chat more than coffee.There must be marketing amendment to save coffee from misplacement,” said Mume Hibro, Authority Marketing Group Leader.
The other problem related to marketing is that most of the coffee exchange is takes place in the capital and the farmers are not able to sell their product traveling to the capital. However, the market for their chat product is found in the nearby town. To curb the problem, the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange is working to make marketing easy. It has been organizing various electronic marketing centers in major cities. The electronic marketing system is meeting up both buyer and sellers regardless of time and place gap.
Similarly, the ECX is also working to combat contraband through working with Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority and the Federal Police and Road Transport Authority. It is striving to save coffee and bean products from illegal trade. Contraband has been hurting the country to achieve better earning from export. It has been reducing through time and this year the branch ECX has registered no contraband commodity controlled by the ECX. This year the commodity exchanged via contraband in Dire Dawa city goes zero, said Birehanu Tefera Dire Dawa branch ECX Manager. It was difficult to the government to collect the intended tax and unable the country to improve export earnings. His branch works in providing standardization and warehouse services to various coffee, sesame and soybean producers from East, and West Hararghe and Arsi zones. They faced infrastructural problems related to shortage of advanced warehouses, materials and buildings.
The country’s incapability in exporting process in not limited in warehousing services, it also related to shortage of capable private companies who has the finance and experience of exporting processed product. The country’s coffee exporters association incorporated about 31 members that are working in providing coffee for domestic consumption and export purpose. However all the 200 coffee roaster industries engaging across the country are at micro level. on the other hand, over 50 percent of country’s total coffee product is spending for local consumption which is another factor for low exportation side by side to the reduction in the production. Today the country is working to export branded roasted Ethiopian coffee from next year in collaboration with JICA aimed at increasing forex.
According to Typica Specialty Coffee Exporter Managing Director Minilik Habtu, the country has low capacity to export a wide range of processed coffee product. And the shortcomings are lack of domestic companies’ international experience and market competition. His organization is working to promote the processing industries in the sector in the emerging markets. Today, the country already set and new law in coffee processing and trying for the implementation. The institute which is under establishment by the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea Development Authority and UNIDO is underway.All the design and structure of the institute is already finalized and it would be functional within three months, he noted.
Over the past six months, the country has exported some 68,354 and 68328 tons of oilseeds and pulses respectively that have a 50 and 35 percent increase than last year’s similar period, the information from the Ministry of Trade indicated. The pulses, oilseeds and spices are significant export products that help the country to secure over 600 million USD per annum.
Therefore, improving the quality and volume of coffee product is significant as it is among the major cash crops that enable the country to generate significant amount of foreign currency. To this end, implementing the professional’s recommendation from cultivation to storing process is important. Participating experienced and financially strengthened companies is also valuable to scale up exporting finished product. Moreover, building the capacity of farmers ought to be the prime duty of the sector practitioners to save the country form the loss of coffee product from its market.
BY YOHANES JEMANEH
Ethiopia changed its national tourism motto: 'Thirteen Months of Sunshine' to the 'Land of Origins'. The former tourism motto served over a century in motivating the nation's diversified natural and man-made tourism endowments.
Now, the nation continues promoting its untapped tourism endowment and potential with the new motto, 'Ethiopia: Land of Origins'. The country is believed to be the origin of much more. This includes, the origin of humankind; home of the earliest remains of human ancestors ever found - the first being which routinely walked on two feet named 'Lucy', the origin or birthplace of the wild coffee plant, 'Arabica', the origin of the Blue Nile, longest river of the planet. The attractive and traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony is enjoyed daily by locals and tourists. Ethiopia is also believed to be the depository of the lost Biblical Ark of the Covenant, stored in the securely guarded Chapel of the Tablet next to the St. Mary of Zion Church in ancient Aksum. The Nechisar Nightjar, the elusive endemic to Nech Sar National Park in southern Ethiopia, is the home to world's rarest bird species.
Ethiopia is the only African country that was not colonized. Its capital, Addis Ababa, is the diplomatic capital of Africa being the headquarters of the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa as well as other regional and international organizations that make it the third diplomatic hub in the world. This has enabled the city to maximize its benefits from tourism.
Nowadays, the nation is determined to boost its tourism revenue hoping for achieving a remarkable success from the smokeless industry. The country is the leading in Africa with inscribing more than 10 incredible world heritages by UNESCO comprised of or being known for its hospitable peoples.
Last year, Rough Guides, a leading travel publisher that works on promoting tourism destinations worldwide announced Ethiopia as the leading 'World's most welcoming countries' for tourists.
The travel publisher indicated that it has done an assessment through social media on "where tourists have found the most hospitable places around the world". The website describes Ethiopia as a nation with "Lush highland scenery, unique wildlife and majestic rock-hewn churches".
This witnesses how much Ethiopia gains credibility with its hospitable nature by the international community. Ethiopians prioritize for the comfort of a guest and have a long-standing culture of respecting a guest.
The following are among the tangible and intangible world heritage sites of the country registered with UNSECO. Aksum, Fasil Ghebbi Castles, Harar Jugol the fortified historic town, Konso cultural landscape, Lower valley of the Awash, Lower valley of the Omo as well as the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and Tiya are the cultural tangible heritages registered so far.
Semien Mountains National Park is the predominant natural world heritage of the nation located at the northern tip of the country with meandering topography and comfy climate.
And recently, an intangible heritages such as the Meskel festival-founding of the True Cross, Fichee-Chambalaalla-new year festival of the Sidama people and Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo which were inscribed in UNSECO witnessed the nation's richness with ancient civilization. Awash, Nech Sar, Bale Mountains, Semien Mountains National Parks are the leading tourist destinations in the country. Especially, the Semien Mountain as located in the highland makes it a better destination for hiking with an enjoying and fragrant circumstances surrounded with mountainous flora.
Approached by this writer, Ministry of Culture and Tourism Public and International Relations Director Gezahagn Abate told The Ethiopian Herald that Ethiopia: 'Land of Origins' sets to gain momentum in the tourism sector. The country changed its tourism motto to effectively compete with other countries, he added.
"Actually, the current motto best expresses Ethiopia as a country endowed with marvellous cultural, natural and man-made historical happenings."
From years inwards, the Ministry is working strenuously in proximity with sector actors targeting to redouble the gain from the untapped tourism potentials, he underlined.
He emphasized that the number of tourists coming to the country is also increasing from time to time following standardized services along with transportation, accommodation and tour guiding.
He said that leading the sector with well trained professionals is given a due attention and the ministry is striving to change the past trend with qualified professionals in every sector offices across the country.
According to him, the ministry has been doing its level best in the sector through facilitating ways of tapping the immense tourism potentials of the country. And it is working in combination Ethiopian Tourism Organization (ETO), Tour operators as well as other pertinent stakeholders including universities and the Ethiopian and works actively to activate the sector."
He further said that the expanding of the Ethiopian Airlines destinations worldwide attracts more tourists flow to the country easily, adding that, the sector practitioners quality is also improving following the successive trainings offered by local and overseas sector experts.
Low local visiting culture, competent professionals, awareness to the sector, promotion works and disorganized tour operators are drawbacks of the sector, he emphasized.
For his part, Ethiopian Tourism Organization Public and International Relations Director Getnet Yigzaw said that the organization is doing marketing and promotion as well as new tourist destinations development to boost the nation's gain from the tourism sector. The new tourism motto fits with the country and is witnessing a greater marketing and promotion to its diversified endowments, he added.
Being the leading from Africa with UNSECO inscribed tangible and intangible heritages, the nation has not yet gained more from the tourism industry, he said.
Currently, the organization is undertaking various measures in promoting the nation's ancient civilization footprints and developing new tourist destinations across the country and doing campaign with the new motto worldwide, he noted.
Accordingly, the nation has set to boost its tourism revenue to cover a tangible share to its GDP and utilizing more from its long-standing and huge natural and man-made tourist destinations.
BY TEWODROS KASSA
In any society, political atrocities are violations against the values of social structures, moral/ethical, cultural, linguistic, traditional, and religious integrity of a given society. During the past political systems, in Ethiopia the majority of the ethnic communities have been negatively affected and impacted by socio-political, religious, and economic dictatorship of the self-proclaimed political elites claiming to represent one culture; one religion; one language; one nation under one flag, yet suppressing, silencing, oppressing, and destroying values of diversity. Today, the need and demand of the majority of Ethiopian people is loudly pronounced and represented. However, such atrocities against the Ethiopian people cannot or/and will not or would not be buried or eliminated unless the existence of such atrocities are acknowledged without any pre-condition.Denying or/and trying to rationalize or even trying to justify these atrocities will not bring or/and resolve the problem. The wounds caused by these atrocities have been exercised, inflicted upon, and applied in Ethiopia cannot be easily healed unless the aggressor recognizes and accepts the responsibility. Atrocities of this nature, went to the extent of destroying and dismantling human lives; exploiting local economies and socio-cultural/religious values. The motives, intentions, and actions of the aggressor were inhuman and antisocial, thus intolerable and unacceptable.
Today the stories of the past atrocities are being told and pronounced not around the coffee table but in action, by reshaping the course Ethiopia’s history where all peoples enjoy the rights of life, respect, and human dignity,by managing their affairs based on their needs and demands of their respective settings. However, the challenging part of the story-telling is that the aggressor is on the run, not on the level of change-mode instead continued resisting and have shown no remorse and willingness to take the responsibility, thus attempting to bury the past or to silence it or trying to be indifferent. The key for establishing the healing process is confessing those atrocities as they occurred/happened and why they happened. We cannot kill and bury atrocities by denying to tell them.
It is common wisdom that the pre-conditions and requirements to restore productive and inclusive Ethiopian socio-political order is by telling the terrible atrocities that were implanted, introduced, and implemented until the 1991 Ethiopian peoples’ revolution. To this date, the actors of these atrocities in Ethiopia remained at large and on denial-mode in terms of justifying their criminal behaviors, motives, and actions with the good of the country, to keep the country united. The country they talk about is Ethiopia composed of hills, mountains, rivers and forests, but with no or minimal interest in its people.
The motivating factors to committing socio-political, economic, educational, religious, and cultural atrocities have been unity of the nation, Ethiopia and for the honor of the flag but peoples, nations, and nationalities sacrificed their lives; their languages; their economic resources; their moral/ethical; and traditional and popular religious values. The aggressors defined the nation, Ethiopia in terms of geographic integrity without giving an absolute respect to its people and cultures.
Until the 1991, Ethiopian history has been well characterized by political manipulation with exclusion of the majority from political arena. Our recent past Derg regime has been well known for its “butcher”, political systems that destroyed lives and economy; Ethiopians were owned, managed, controlled, ruled by elites and their associates. The majority of the people were to serve the system and elites’ ego.
Socio-political problems that Ethiopia faces today is primarily the conflict between those who deny past atrocities and those who undergone/experienced, victims of those atrocities. Today, Ethiopians who experienced, victimized due to intentionally perpetuated socio-political atrocities telling their stories while engaged in rehabilitating their respective localities. The way these stories are told depended on the gravity; frequencies; level of impacts, which varies from one ethnic community to another; from locality to locality. It is imperative that atrocity story telling should and must serve the truth-telling. It is only when atrocities are recognized, acknowledged, and not denied, and stories are told as they happened thus Ethiopian social integration, national unity, and co-existence would be preserved.
Story telling of the Socio-political, economic, educational, structural, cultural, and religious atrocities in Ethiopia making progresses namely; such atrocities that occurred, affected, and made us hostages of political cruelty are no more just symptoms but also verbally expressed and pronounced. During the past political systems Ethiopians were prisoners of poverty, man-made famine, and wars. Healing comes with truth-telling, rather than indifferences, avoidance, negative reactions and so on. In Ethiopia dissociation from truth-telling, verbalization of our past political misery that dehumanized and demonized the majority of peoples seems taboo and suppression of which would bring more social disintegration.
The 1991 Ethiopian peoples’ revolution, born in the birth place of Ethiopian history and socio-religious and artistic civilization brought to light the values of unity in diversity. The transition from mono-linguistic; mono-cultural; mono-religious; mono-political thinking to culture of inclusive and representative thinking encountered resistance and opposition from political and ethno-elitism. The remnants of the past political regimes, both from Emperors’ and Derg regimes continued with information-war, spreading fake propaganda with an attempt of reversing the course of our history to dark age. The matter of fact is that Ethiopia’s socio-political, economic, and expansion of academic opportunities to all has shown tremendous progresses and made positive impacts in the world stage. Ethiopia is more engaged in the peace-keeping, diplomatic, and conflict mitigation and transformation roles in the continent of Africa.
Regardless of opposition from incompetent domestic political unions and diaspora political fugitives barriers of atrocities are broken, imprisoned, social, cultural, traditional, religious, and local structural values are released; sanctioned on self-expressions are lifted; connections between public and private sector is restored; claim culture and sense of entitlement gave way to fact-telling; equal educational opportunities for men and women promoted; sense of socio-political and economic entitlement gave way to public engagement and dictatorship gave way to representative democracy. Ethiopia entered into the era of public discussion by eliminating little gods. Ethiopians are productively harvesting the outcomes of 17 or more years of bitter war of liberation from butchers. Socio-political atrocities in Ethiopia were human design and are dismantled by individuals with vision, guts, big dreams, and conviction of people’s success and equal opportunity.
During the past 26 years, the current Ethiopian government created a political movement that gave voice to the disempowered, voiceless, and oppressed. The political philosophy of the current government was/is to defend the cause of justice for all Ethiopians. In Ethiopia, for the first time in the history the cult and love for war collapsed and the focus became fight against poverty; productivity and community engagement; national unity is explained; the nation, Ethiopia is defined in term of people not just geographic integrity; education system and opportunities expanded in such a way all have access; all nations, peoples, and nationalities have representation and voice to determine and respond the needs and demands of their respective communities. Their names, traditions, languages, cultures, stories, popular religiosity, and moral/ethical values are equally respected. This is what the US congress should be informed about; learn about; and know about. Thus, No to HRs 128.
For two decades, having paid unbearable human sacrifices and material loss as well as having lost the golden opportunities to grow together, Ethiopians and Eritreans have now embarked upon a fresh era of peace. But, last Sunday’s meeting of the leaders of the two countries at Asmara— UNESCO registered Africa's Modernist City—once again sealed the genuine of the new day.
Words are short of describing the warm welcoming ceremonies to the Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed and his delegation by the State of Eritrea and its peace loving people in Asmara.
Yes, the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea understand well the price and meaning of peace than anybody else in this world. This is because they had paid heavy price to bring sustainable peace in Ethiopia and Eritrea for over fifty years.
Indeed, coming out to the beautiful and clean streets of Asmara in droves and waving Ethiopian and Eritrean flags side by side, Eritreans have showed their unreserved love and respect to Ethiopia and Dr. Abiy Ahmed.
Truly, the peoples of Eritrea have attested to the whole world that Ethiopians and Eritreans are the same people but living in two different countries.
In fact, after twenty years , it is the first state visit to Eritrea by Ethiopian Prime Minister . Such long awaited visit came to true due to both countries' leaders strong commitment to implement the Algiers agreement as well as Ethiopia and Eritrea Boundary Commission (EEBC) final and binding decisions unconditionally.
Moreover, without the involvement of third party ,both leaders have been recently expressing their readiness to end any differences at negotiating table.
At the Gala dinner reception to the senior Eritrea delegation at the National Palace two weeks ago here in Addis Ababa, Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed said : “So long as there is love amongst us, borders are meaningless.”
By the same token, President Isaias Afwerki Advisor Yeman Geberab said on the occasion that Eritrea and Ethiopia have torn down the curtains of sad history and embarked on new era of peace and cooperation.
Similarly , during the State dinner for visiting Ethiopian delegation in Asmara Sunday, Prime Minister Dr Abiy said : "Enough of war & news of imminent war. I congratulate the peoples of Eritrea & Ethiopia as we start a promising chapter of peace and stability by bringing to an end the phase of no-war, no-peace.”
President Isaias Afwerki also said: "The tumultuous welcome accorded to the Premier underscores how much the people of Eritrea cherish peace...Plaudits for Dr. Abiy for the bold political choice he has taken that will recoup lost time and opportunity in the past 20 years. We are with you"
It is true that these two countries have a promising and prosperous future as they are blessed with plenty of natural resources. They as well have common destiny for both are bound together by blood as well as cultural and religious similarities.
All in all, no one denies that the peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea would play immense role in safeguarding the common interests of these countries and that of the regional and international peace and security.
ADDIS ABABA- Though the nation has youth development policy, its programs are not inclusive and opened to all youths regardless of their different traits,Scholar said.
Addis Ababa University School of Social Work Assistant professor Dr Abebe Asefa told The Ethiopian Herald that the establishments such as youth federations, youth centers and other youth concerned structures are not open for all youths and they are exclusive to majority of youths due to their political attitudes.
In the same way, he noted that, youth centers, especially in Addis Ababa, are not effectively serving youths. Youths living in the centers environment are not made to be the owner of the centers.
According to him, government administration officials use the centers as their wishes since they sometimes can close the centers for their own meeting purpose, they also rent it for wedding and other ceremonies.
There are also no enough and significant facilities that can truly benefit youths,” he said adding that this is because there is a problem in the first place when these centers are planned.
According to the research he carried out on youth centers and youth federations, they are subjected to political and economic benefits of few youths that are supporter of ruling party.
“Most of youths do not know about the purpose of the center and they are also misinformed about these institutions, thus, they are not benefiting and also not willing to use them.”
By the same token, Dr Abebe also emphasized on micro enterprise programs, in that they are also exposed to political manipulations, to get loan, collateral and other facilities.
Therefore, he urged concerned government bodies to make youth federations free from political manipulations and to serve all youths equally and democratically.
He also underlined that all youth concerned establishments, there should be conducive environment that host and include all youths regardless of their political and other attitudes and values.
He noted that such centers need to have different programs for each age segments, because currently older people are taking part in youth programs and this could resulted in lack of representations for adolescents.
BY YOSEF KETEMA
ADDIS ABABA – Aiming at improving services and bringing about fairness under its administrative tribunal cases, Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) Authority is amending its court proclamation.
The revision is upon the request of customers to modernize the authority services and to improve its courting system, Authority Administrative Tribunal Presiding Judge and Director Yizengaw Assegid told The Ethiopian Herald.
The revision includes detail on the establishment and functionality of the court which enable the authority to give transparent services and allow customers to use their right while following their cases through the court, he said.
As to him, the revised proclamation also includes the recent reform on coffee and helpful to grant a brand to the product.
It is also intended to fill the gap related to customers’ claim on the fee payment that the authority bench verdict on them, he said.
While amending the proclamation the authority has conducted study and drawn lesson from other countries including US, China and India, he noted.
The revised proclamation would enhance the country’s commodity exchange functionality with improved standardization and warehousing services, he stated.
“The revision took into consideration of the authority standardization that would help the country to improve the quality and volume of export products with professional recommendation.”
However, while the authority finished the amendment and sent it to the ministry of industry to get the needed feedback and to be presented to the council of ministers it has not yet ratified, he expressed. He also called on the ministry to speed up the revised proclamation ratification process.
BY YOHANES JEMANEH
ADDIS ABABA- The first Construction Industry Symposium has played crucial role in managing construction sector challenges and modernizing the sector, Construction Ministry announced.
Construction Minister Eng. Ayisha Mohammed said on the occasion that the Ministry would focus on gathering new insights on how to manage the construction sector challenges through undertaking various researches and symposiums.
The Ministry has been gathering different researches dealing with construction industry development policies and strategies, she added.
“Nine public universities, professional associations and stakeholders are participating in the research process”.
As to her, the construction sector is more sophisticated requires competent human power than other sectors. Thus, undertaking successive and profound symposiums and researches in the sector is a daily basis assignment to intensify the sector roles, she noted.
As problem driven researches are important in cultivating the construction sector, the Ministry will soon sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with higher learning institutions and stakeholders in this end, she said.
Presenting a paper on the symposium Construction Expert Dr. Eng. Wondwossen Zhekale said that ethical code of conduct in client-consultant-contractor relationships and practices is the major governing principle of the sector. Similar researches will be conducted in a way to facilitate the sector and tackle sector bottlenecks, he added.
The construction industry plays a key role in supporting the socio-economic and infrastructural development of the country, he underlined.
This symposium is helpful to promote improved and new technologies of the sector and sustain the sector’s contribution in creating huge job opportunities across the nation, he emphasized.
In the course of the symposium, seven outshined researches were recognized and acknowledged as well as they will be turned into projects then expected to be implemented practically in the near future .
BY TEWODROS KASSA
ADDIS ABABA- With a view to provide quality healthcare services ,the Ethiopian medical practitioners' pivotal roles in this regard need to be recognized and appreciated by pertinent bodies ,the Ethiopian Medical Association said.
In connection with Ethiopian Doctors Day,,the Association president Dr Gemechis Mamo, told The Ethiopian Herald that the Association was established among other purposes to build the practitioners good image and trust in the public.
Due to various reasons, most of public and patients used to have deteriorated image towards local medical professionals in the past, he said adding that this in turn has its own impact on the general outcomes of medical process as it affects negatively the patients' expectation and practitioners' job satisfaction.
He, therefore, said the association has been working on improving the aforementioned problems since its establishment.
He also said that following the deadly grenade attack on June 23,2018 at Meskel Square, the governments senior officials lauded Ethiopian medical doctors' efforts and such praising by itself has big positive impact on the success of healthcare services in the future.
Dr Gemechis said Ethiopian health practitioners need to be appreciated by all segments of the society as they are serving the public with unsatisfactory payment, poor facilities and other burdens,
It was learnt that Ethiopian Doctors Day was begun to celebrate on July 2,2018 annually for 1st time , focusing on encouraging practitioners to renew their promise to serve the people equally and fairly through upholding the principle of Medical profession.
BY YOSEF KETEMA
The release of thousands of prisoners including competing parties' members , prominent political figures and journalists as well as the recent abolition of some political organizations from the country's terrorist list are part and parcel of upholding rule of law apart from speeding up the reconciliation process and bring national consensuses, scholars so remark .
More recently a number of armed political organizations publicly announced that they have given up the armed struggle and expressed their readiness to pursue a given political ideology inside the country in a peaceful and democratic manner.
Having accepted the peace call ,Brigadier General Kemal Gelchu ,the Chairperson of the Oromo Democratic Front (ODF) , Brigadier General Hailu Gonfa from Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), One of Derg political elites Ambassador Kassa Kebede and others have recently come home .
For Bahir Dar University Laws of school Assistant Professor Misganaw Gashaw, Now Ethiopia is in rush political hour where real positions of political parties are not well framed and shaped . “ In my view,our nation deserve strong competent political parties that could balance and uphold the values of democracy and humanity at this particular juncture .”
He also notes that making the National Electorate Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) impartial , revisiting and reframing some rules and regulations related to Plotical participation are a must in a bid to embrace all competing political parties.
As to him, it is encouraging to know the incumbent's relentless efforts of widening up political landscape , but they should be framed with outlined procedures that could let institutions in charge to engage in supervising the procedural approaches and application before these competing parties resume any political activities down to respective communities.
Moreover, at this time, civic societies and political parties have to make clear their positions towards the upcoming political , economic and societal endeavors of this country, he adds.
Appreciating the ongoing political changes in the country, ADDIS ABABA University Political Science Lecture Dr. Demeke Achiso also says : “ What we are witnessing right now is that the political situation is getting swift changes . No one could be certain to predict the future of our country's politics . This is because before making any prediction ,we have to know the incumbent and the competing parties policies in details, then after, it would be fair to comment on it.”
According to him, in a developm ental, democratic and federal state like Ethiopia, enforcing accoun tab ility and the rule of law among all sectors of state power is crucial for the survival of the political system.
The ruling party, EPRDF is also accountable to the enforcement and implementation of the provisions of the constitution and other subsidiary laws of the country. “ We need to make sure that nobody is above the law,it is the call of the day.”
Almost three-quarters of a century ago, the human community proclaimed a bold and revolutionary vision of the future. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights asserted that every person on the face of the planet has certain fundamental rights. To this point all views should encircled to the point value humanity, he says
Both scholars underline that the incumbent should resume dialogue and widen the political space for each political party with a view to bringing fair and democratic participation in the national affairs.
All peace and reconciliation efforts need to be exerted without relegating the importance of rule of law in propagating development and facilitating stability, to this end the incumbent and the competing political parties should shoulder the burden to bring peace and sustainable development being clear with all programs and policies to the entire citizens.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME