ADDIS ABABA – Today is the 19th day since the start of the 2018 Russian World Cup. We have only 12 days to go to mark the end of this big global event on July 15.
So far the Russian 2018 World Cup Organizing committee has enjoyed appreciation for the good attitude of the games. The security aspect is worth praising up to now. The hospitality is commendable. In hospitality South Korea was seen as a best host nation to this day but now in the eyes of many Russia takes the lead.
In Ethiopia most of the football fans were glued to watch the events in front of their TV for the last 19 days.
Most of the matches were worthy of watching. There were also surprises in the results. One shock result was the 2-0 defeat of the global football super power Germany by the relatively outsiders South Korea. That brought the first debacle for Germany to go out of the World Cup in the early stage after 1936.
Africa suffers worst tournament since 1986
The great African footballer Didier Drogba who scored 65 goals in 104 appearances for Ivory Coast said that after the exit of Senegal African football has suffered a "big step back" and it is continent's worst World Cup showing for 32 years.
All the five Africa representatives Senegal, Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria and Tunisia had already fallen at the group stage.
The record shows that no team from Africa has advanced beyond the quarter-finals at a World Cup. However, since 1986 - when Algeria and Cameroon went out at the group stage - at least one country from the continent has made it to the knockout stage. Three African nations have reached the quarterfinals of the World Cup: Cameroon in 1990, Senegal in 2002 and Ghana in 2010.
In Russia Africans have failed even to maintain that record.
African poor results
The highly regarded Egypt lost all three Group A games in Russia, while Morocco managed just one point - against Spain - in Group B. The injury of Salah, their best footballer, was seen as the alleged reason for their defeat.
Tunisia lost their opening two Group G matches before beating Panama when both sides had already been eliminated and, although Nigeria beat Iceland, they have also exited the tournament after finishing third in Group D.
Senegal, making their first appearance at the World Cup since reaching the quarter-finalists in 2002, had taken four points from their first two Group H games after beating Poland and drawing with Japan.
Sad coincidence for Senegal
Senegal became the first team in World Cup history to go out on the fair play rule after losing to Colombia.
Senegal, commonly called the Teranga Lions, would have progressed with a draw against Colombia but they were defeated 1-0.
What was the story behind this? Japan reached the last 16 despite a 1-0 defeat by Poland, as Colombia beat Senegal by the same 1-0 score in the group's other match.
But that does not tell the whole story. Look at this fact: Japan and Senegal came into their final games level on points, goal difference and goals scored.
Were that still the case at full-time, fair play would decide which team finished highest. Senegal had five bookings in their first two games to Japan's three.
When both sides fell 1-0 down - and having been shown one yellow card apiece - Japan were on course to qualify. That worked.
After the game in Volgograd ended, Japan's players, manager and fans had to wait for about a minute to get confirmation their gamble had paid off, Senegal had not scored and they were through to face Belgium.
Importance of regulation knowledge
Japan knew a second goal by Poland, who were already eliminated, or two bookings or a red card could knock them out.
So, with about 10 minutes to go, they decided to stick rather than twist - gambling on Senegal not eliminating them by scoring an equaliser against Colombia.
In scenes reminiscent of West Germany's infamous 1-0 win over Austria in 1982, Japan and Poland saw out the game at walking pace.
Despite having attacking players such as Keisuke Honda and Shinji Kagawa on their bench, Japan brought on midfielder Makoto Hasebe, their captain, for forward Yoshinori Muto and sat deep.
They passed the ball around their defence and midfield when they had it, never crossing the halfway by more than a few yards. They let Poland - for whom this was a first win of the tournament - play in non-dangerous areas.
The crowd booed and whistled - just as they had 36 years ago when the 'Disgrace of Gijon' eliminated Algeria. Following that controversy, group stages were changed so the games finished at the same time.
Japanese players exploited the regulation at the end.
Reaction of Japan and Senegal coaches
Japan coach Akira Nishino said "it was a very tough decision". He added: "We did not go for victory but we just relied on the other match," he said. "That was slightly regrettable but I suppose at that point I didn't have any other plans.
"I am really not happy about how we played but... we wanted to go through to the round of 16 and we have, and that is the only salvation that I get."
Nishino said he passed on instructions when he sent on midfielder Hasebe - no risks and no yellow cards.
"What if we conceded another goal and it was 2-0?" he said. "We went through. Therefore perhaps it was the right decision."
"We have not qualified because we did not deserve to qualify," said Senegal boss Aliou Cisse, the former Birmingham City and Portsmouth player.
"Fair play points are one of the rules and these rules have been established in the tournament regulations. We have to respect that.
"We would have preferred to be eliminated in another way but that's the way it works and we knew that those were the regulations.
"I'm just disappointed for my team, for this generation and for these players who fight every single day for our country."
Hopes of Africa
"Africa is going to be successful one day but we need to think again how we approach these big competitions," said former Ivory Coast striker Drogba.
"What do we want to do in the next World Cup? We have the potential, we have the money to develop, but we need more than that.
"We need to have the consistency and the structure of the European teams and the South American teams.
Tunisia coach Nabil Maaloul suggested rethinking the way African football is structured.
While the North Africans won their first World Cup game in 40 years on Thursday, a 2-1 win over new boys Panama, it counted for little after defeats to England and Belgium.
Maaloul said Tunisia were just not equipped for success.
“In order to do that, we need to have more of our players in professional leagues so they can learn and grow.”
“I don’t think we have high-quality performance, we need to change our lifestyle because it is not in line with high-level football, we need to change the way we train,” he said.
“We need two more generations to reach (the top) level of performance in terms of fitness and physical strength. We are far from the required level.”
Tunisia were thrashed by Belgium 5-2 in their second match in Russia.
It is disappointing that in a sport full of African players at the highest level, there are just two African coaches at this World Cup: Aliou Cissé of Senegal and Nabil Maaloul of Tunisia. All African representatives are out. What is to be done? Good to follow the advice of the coach of Tunisia Nabil Maaloul.
With 54 member countries, Africa has only one less nation than UEFA, European football’s governing body, but Europe has the lion’s share of teams at the World Cup, 14 including host Russia.
The expanded 48-team World Cup set to be held in north America in eight years’ time will see Africa getting nine places, still far fewer than Europe’s 16 slots.
African countries used to point to the imbalance as unfair.
But this argument has been quietly abandoned as results have failed to back calls for increased representation. The continent’s performance in Russia looks unlikely to change that situation.
ALL African University Games begins in Mekele
The 9th All Africa University Games began on Sunday at Mekele stadium in the presence of thousands of people.
This continental event brought together 980 athletes from 57 universities from 18 African countries. The Ethiopian universities including the Addis Ababa University have 11 participating teams, according to the organizers.
Participants from Nigeria, Botswana, Zambia and Ghana are expected to be tough contenders.
During the opening ceremony Dr. Debretsion Gebremichael, Deputy Administrator of Tigray Region said that this is a prestige and an honour for the Mekele University to host such a big continental event for the first time in Ethiopia’s history.
“This is not simply sports competitions. It also serves as a means to create good relation among the African high education students. Ethiopia as a capital of Africa will also serve as a continental centre for intellectuals,” Dr. Debretsion said.
Besides the sports competition there will be workshop among the participating universities. In this workshop papers will be presented, the organizers said.
The organizers said that the Game is set to be concluded next Friday on July 6.
Jima Abajifar, St. George kneck and kneck
Saint George are making a perfect title defence on 51 points from 28 games after beating the visiting side Wolayita Dicha 4-0 on Sunday at the Addis Ababa stadium.
With only two games to go Jima Abajifar had also a 3-0 win over Dedebit at Nazareth same day. As both teams
succeeded in collecting the full three points, Jima Abajifar maintained the league leadership with equal 51 points from 28 games on goal difference.
The result of Jima was little expected considering their promotion to the elite league at the start of this season.
The Addis side Electric managed to collect three points with a 4-1 home win over Fasil City. Electric are now in a better position to avoid relegation.
Wolwalo Adigrat University also managed in beating Adama City.
Wubetu aspires to take national team
Wubetu Abate came to prominence after winning the Ethiopian Premier League title with Addis side Coffee. That was the only title for Coffee in the league’s 21-year history.
Wubetu who is currently in charge of Hawasa City, has shown big interest to guide the national team into the coming African Nations Cup qualifiers.
The national team is without a coach for the last six or so months after Ashenafi Bekele resigned from this national responsibility.
Coaches such as Gebremedhin Haile and Yohanes Sahile are also expected to run for this top national football position.
Recently, Ministry of Women and Children Affairs Gender Mainstreaming and Beneficiary Director Fetiya Delgeba told The Ethiopian Herald that hearing such pains of women in cervical cancer touches everyone. It is serious and sensitive issue, she adds.
“I saw the pain of cervical cancer. My best friend’s mother was affected with the disease. Unfortunately, being late to be screened her mother was taken to one private health center. But, the physicians were not able to control the disease due to its development to the third step of cancerous cells which is its severe stage. Thus, they could not refer her to overseas for further treatment. Finally, the physicians raked with only one option that is providing her with age elongation radiation treatment. Within a short period of time the woman’s situation was changed and her pain exacerbates and fasten her downcast in life.”
“Finally, the woman was dead. I had visited the woman yesterday and dead as today. I never forget that situation from my mind and do not have words to explain it”, she said.
According to her, the family did not expect her death within that short period of time. The woman’s death scared every family members and relatives.
At the beginning, the woman hides her illness and hesitates to announce her pain to her children. Thus, the disease fastens its move.
“After that inerasable occurrence I point out issues related with the worst impact of cervical cancer to my family, friends, relatives as well as colleagues and everyone I met on my ways advises women to screened for cervical cancer”, she emphasized.
Dr. Ezkiel Petros is a Gynecologist Specialist at the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE). Basically, it is a clear fact that having pre-cancer and other diseases screening and treatment tests is advisable to maintain maternal health, he said.
In Ethiopia, numerous cervical cancer patients access cancer screening and treatment services at Tikur Anbessa Hospital while most of the others prefer to visit different holly water destinations countrywide, according to him.
Currently, several cancer fighting societies are emerging in Ethiopia. They are working to mollify the pain and adversity of patients.
Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) is one of the non-governmental organizations engaged in the cancer screening, prevention and controlling as well as medical treatment mobilization activities throughout the country.
According to him, it is inevitable that any woman above 25 and having sexual intercourse will expose to cervical cancer.
For him, having treatment and knowing oneself health condition gives a satisfaction to enjoy every aspects of life.
While someone knows everything about his/her health status he/she is free to talk about his/her situation without any doubt and activates to set great visions, he said.
“To tell the truth cervical cancer is the worst disease for me. Because it is complicate to screening and treatment. First, it has no any easily identifiable symptoms. Second, it can be identified after distributed to the whole body parts. Third, its treatment is not that much satisfactory. Lastly, while you saw any person exposed to this disease you would be terrified by its high misery.”
Cancer treatment is not only a misery to the patient but also to families, friends and relatives.
In addition to these, several factors are hindering Ethiopian women from accessing pre-cancer screening and treatment.
Cultural influence, upbringing situation, shyness, fear of the disease as well as lack of awareness (information) about early warning signs of cervical cancer and where to go for screening and other related services makes women to shrink from cancer screening, he said.
The Doctor advises women to be courage and make the screening on time.
“Having pre-cancer screening is successful to show the presence and exposure to cancer above 90 percent. Thus, while cancer is identified during the screening it would be possible to start the treatment at early stage of cancer.”
Being negligent to pre-cancer screening would be considered as failure to manage own life and hesitate to be healthy and productive, he recommended.
After physicians prove any symptoms of cancer is found the distribution of the cancerous cells throughout the body would have four stages of development inside the body and its treatment system is done upon the four stages.
While, cancerous cells expansion within is at its first and second stages it is possible to detect it through operation. The third and fourth stags need treatment through radiation and chemotherapy. The first and second stages cervical cancer is up to 80-90% preventable since found at its early stage and not distributed to other parts of the body. But, still people should go ahead to take all the necessary treatment services, he emphasized.
But, at the third and fourth stages the cervical cancer is 50-60% preventable, patient's safety and continuous medical follow up is mandatory for a recovery from the disease in these stages, he recommended.
Cervical cancer is different from other types of cancer diseases in various ways. It is easily identifiable, might wait for longer period of time before changed into cancer and expanded to other parts of the body, he underlined.
Working on cervical cancer is much cost effective and is easily curable during early stages. Currently, cervical cancer treatment is also becoming manageable through vaccination, he noted.
Accordingly, smoking cigarette, drinking alcohol, practicing unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and environmental risk factors such as radiation as well as exposure to some industrial chemicals like insecticides are among the leading attributable factors for growing death due to cancer.
BY TEWODROS KASSA
The expansion of railway infras tructure is decisive to catalyze the ongoing socio-economic progress in Ethiopia while catching up with cutting-edge railway technological know-how is central to this effort.
Ethiopia announced the construction of Addis Ababa Light Railway Transit (AALRT) project in 2011. It took only four solid years for residents of Addis to see the metro project coming to completion—that was on 20 September 2015.
Currently, AALRT transports huge number of residents from one corner of the city to the other within few minutes. Literally, the east-west and north-south travels which used to take several hours due to traffic congestion have been limited to less than an hour—with its capacity of transporting an average of 350,000 travelers a day and more than 31 million travelers annually.
Surafel Hailegnaw is a teacher by profession. He lives at the southern tip of Addis, in Akaki Kaliti sub-city. Approached by The Ethiopian Herald, he says that before the commencement of AALRT, he had to leave his home before dawn. But even with that, it was hard to him to be early on his job.
This reporter met him at Piazza at 7:00, and asked what time he starts in the morning these days. It took him only half an hour to get to Piazza, and he has more relaxing time in the morning.
The main target of the light rail is serving the community rather than making profit, indicates Ethiopian Railway Corporation Public Relations Director Dereje Tefera.
The light railway is not profitable even if it secures more than 110 million Birr annually. The transport fare could have been that affordable if the company had targeted at profits.
Inaugurated over a year ago, the Ethio-Djibouti railway project is currently on a high speed and heavy load test to launch full service within few weeks. The project is awaiting confirmation of green light in performance and certification by the Chinese Railway Association Group.
Dereje emphasizes that the nation aspires to become a leading home to electric power based railway network in Africa through interconnecting with neighboring countries as well. Such effort also manifests the country’s steadfast move toward green economic development, and its contributions in promoting regional integration, he adds.
Dereje underlined that the country is not limited with expanding railway infrastructure. It gives stress to enhance local railway engineers and operators, he added.
Following this, the nation has produced competent professionals that effectively manage and masters the Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT). And this success story will be repeated at the Ethio-Djibouti railway projects which will commence full operations in the near future, Dereje noted.
Currently, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology is giving training with post graduate and doctorate level to supply the Ethiopian Railway Corporation effective human power demand.
Institute Center for Railway Engine ering Post Graduate Programme Coordinator and Lecturer Brehanu Reesom said that the center is doing its level best in supplying competent human power in the sector.
According to Brehanu, more than 370 trainees [30 Djiboutian] with post graduate programme were graduated from the center.
“The center signs partnership agreements with international, regional and national universities to diversify its area of studies and African center of excellence in railway education.”
The other huge railway projects of the nation Awash-Woldia [1.7 billion USD] and Mekelle-Woldia [1.54 billion USD] railway lines are well in progress which has seen 61 percent and 46 percent completion respectively, Dereje notes.
According to him, the country also laid a cornerstone to the construction of other railway infrastructure and searching for financial sources to launch the projects’ construction including Sebeta-Bedele, Ambo-Jimma, Modjo-Hawassa and Woldia-Woreta-via Bahirdar to Sudan. These newly started projects will be finalized within forty two months, he concludes.
BY TEWODROS KASSA
Nurturing manufacturing for the common good
History reveals that industrialization is the key to economic development. Structural transformation from traditional to modern industrial sectors improves productivity, fosters innovation, and facilitates technology diffusion and other positive spillover effects.
We all agree that, growth of the manufacturing sector within industry is essential to build national technol ogical capacity, industrial capability and create broad based job opportunity and improve income. In addition to this, the development of the manufacturing industry helps to improve the total factor productivity and competitiveness of the overall economy and its trickle down effect to up and down the supply chain. Because of existence of a number of comparative advantages in the country and to strengthen its competitiveness the incumbent had been offering multiple incentives for the growth of the manufacturing sector. Though the manufacturing sector is a way out for sustainable economic development, its growth is not without challenges.
Facing this challenges North Shewa Zone sneaking to nurture the sector for the common good. The Zone Head Girma Yeshitila told The Ethiopian Herald that : “Domestic and internat ional manufactures and industrialists that hail from China, Turkey and India have already expressed their readiness to rent sheds in our industrial park taking into considerations the incentives the State availing to the investors, and the administration's proximity to the capital.”
Despite challenges ,North Shewa Zone industry and manufacturing Sector has been showing progress and moving at right direction in-terms of creating jobs and realizing economic structure.
According to Girma the number industrial parks by the Federal Government are growing and Amhara State is also opening industrial parks at Shoa Robit and peripheral of Debre Berhan.
Debre Berhan Deputy Mayor Bedilu Wubeshet for his part said the city has 149 new emerging manufactures with capital of 17.9 billion Birr, which means the city 's economy is growing.
The administration has been working to diversify the connectivity of the city to nation rail and express ways to the capital and other major routes of export lines of the nation, he added.
Trade and Industry Market Development Bureau Head Shimeles Tibebu reiterated the industries have been creating jobs for locals and beyond.
Currently, Tulefa a small town in the administration at a distance of 65 km form Capital was once a small village now turned manufacturing destination of industries and manuf- actures of pharmaceutical and other. Learning all the opportunity companies is racing each other to this town.
As to him, learning the perfor- mances and the available opportunities for local and foreign manufacturing companies, the number of investors that is showing keen interest in doing business with the administration is steadily increasing .
“The Bureau firmly believes that the State has potential to usher many diversified industries and manufac tures so we want invite them to be part of the ongoing development. Foreign investors over 40 have engaged in manufacturing that created job for over 11,781 fellow citizens in the state.
The amazing development of Debre Berhan could be a show case that everyone could witness.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME
Ethiopia and Eritrea have historical, cultural, religious as well as linguistic similarities. They are the ones who created the ancient Kingdom of Aksum and embraced the religions of Christianity and Islam from the earliest times. Both also contributed a lot for trade modernization in the world during ancient times as they used to sell and buy various commodities across the world since time immemorial.
When comes to contemporary history, Ethiopians and Eritreans played major and irreplaceable roles in putting an end in toppling down the military junta Derg.
During 1990s, the leaders of the two countries were hailed as the new breed of Africa .This is because
they were seen as the torch-bearers of democracy and development in the continent. Plus, these two sisterly countries used to enjoy exemplary diplomatic and economic ties. But, a senseless border war was broken out between Ethiopia and Eritrea on May 5, 1998. The war lasted for two years. It was also described as the most destructive war in history of Africa at that time. The war inflicted great human and property damages on both countries.
Moreover, for almost two decades , it has made the Horn of Africa ,the most turbulent region in the world. The 18 year -standoff .was created between Ethiopia and Eritrea as well.
But now, thanks to both countries' leaders , Ethio-Eritrea landmark peace talks have begun and senior Eritrean delegation paid historic visits to Ethiopia last week. Both countries have already started successful normalization process. Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed and President Isaias Afwerki have also exchanged letters and they as well will meet soon in person.
Yes, the last 18 year of no war and no peace situation was so disastrous particularly for the people who live at both sides of these countries' borders. They have been denied the basic human right to develop one's areas and to live in peace . Besides, they have been deployed larger army to their borders worrying the relaunch of war.
Also, no one denies that the tremendous lost of economic and political opportunities between the two countries during the last two decades. That is why many have saying that if Ethiopia and Eritrea had been at peace during the last two decades ,they would have made the Horn region one of the better places to live in the world.
It is also true that it is not late for both countries to bring sustainable development and peace for their fellow citizens. So long as these countries uphold rule of law and democracy as well as work tirelessly for common interest ,their economic growth will be unstoppable,and,on the top that there will be sustainable peace in the Horn of Africa.
Moreover, they would for sure play a great role in bringing economic integration among east African countries. By doing so, they will pave the way for the realization of Agenda 2063, the Africa Union Vision of “ An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in international arena”.
Tearing the black curtains down, both countries have won peace and given a flicker of hope in ensuring democracy and development across the Horn. Plus,they have once again showed the world how they are committed to solve differences at negotiating table apart from strengthening Ethio-Eritrea people to people ties.
As history tells us From 1962 to 1993, Eritrea was ruled as a province of Ethiopia, and the two nations amicably separated after a vote in 1993. But, during 1998, War between Ethiopia and Eritrea erupted over the town of Badme, which both sides used to claim as their own until Ethiopia and Eritrea Boundary Commission (EEBC)gave its final and binding decision on April 13, 2002 . According to EEBC, Badme was rewarded to Eritrea. Ethiopia had not fully accepted the decision ,but it used to say accepted in principle and insisted on dialogue before implementation.
However, on June 5,2018, Ethiopia publicly announced that it has accepted the Algiers Peace Agreement without any preconditions and expressed its readiness to implement it.
Such surprise announcement was made by the ruling coalition, EPRDF executive committee.
Recognizing the deal is a huge step forward in bringing about a peaceful conclusion to the political fight that has rattled on for decades. Rightly, days after Ethiopia’s announcement, Eritrea’s President Isaias Afwerki noted the “positive signals” and announced he would send a delegation to “gauge current developments directly and in depth” and plan future steps. Eritrean and Ethiopian government officials held talks about a stalled peace deal for the first time since a conflict between the two countries ended almost two decades ago.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is seeking to normalize relations with neighboring Eritrea as part of a broader program of reforms he’s initiated since taking office two months ago. He has also announced plans to open up the Africa’s fastest-growing economy to foreign investors and also lifted a state of emergency imposed after the snap resignation of his predecessor, Hailemariam Desalegn, in February.
“The new developments in Ethiopia augur well for the resolution of the frozen boundary conflict and durable peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia,” Andebrhan Welde Giorgis, a former member of Eritrea’s ruling People’s Front for Democracy and Justice and now an independent analyst, said by phone from Brussels. “At the same time, the winds of change blowing in Ethiopia could also cross over and usher in a new democratic dispensation in Eritrea.” Officials including Yemane Ghebreab, an adviser to Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, and Foreign Minister Osman Saleh, arrived in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on Tuesday afternoon, Shamble Tillahun, a spokesman for the Ethiopian government communications office, said by phone from the city. Images published by the Fana Broadcasting Corp. showed the officials holding talks with Abiy.
On last Tuesday evening, Reuters quoted Eritrean Foreign Minister Osman Saleh as saying "We have opened the door of peace," after the first talks. Speaking for Ethiopia, Mr Abiy said: "Let this dispute conclude with this generation. Let the era of love and reconciliation commence." The Eritrean delegation, led by Mr Saleh, was welcomed by Mr Abiy in the capital Addis Ababa, where a red carpet was rolled out and the visitors were offered garlands of flowers. “We have tried war and found it useless,” Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed told a dinner reception at the National Palace for Eritrea’s foreign minister and others, after a day that began with draping the visitors on arrival at the Addis Ababa airport with strings of flowers. The two countries have not had diplomatic relations since a border war broke out in 1998. “We want our brothers and sisters to come here and visit us as soon as possible,” Abiy added, saying the two countries will celebrate the upcoming Sept. 11 new year together and that Ethiopian Airlines “soon” will start flights to Eritrea’s port city of Massawa. “This is the time for reconciliation and love,” the prime minister said. Now, both leaders are expected to make the peace happen soon.
The continuing crisis in both countries and concerned citizens alarmed by regional developments adjacent to the Red Sea, the destruction of Yemen and the prospects of escalating crisis and the fears of state failure, now is an important time to crystallize the best analysis on the crisis between Ethiopia and Eritrea and strategize on the most appropriate approaches towards peace, normalization and regional peace and stability. The situation demands thorough analysis of both thematic and country specific issues focused on a regional conception and coherent effort.
To what extent can an interaction and a discussion and agreement among the elite and opinion makers of and non-governmental stakeholders of both countries help to establish a consensus on core values and shared interests which in turn serve as a foundation for a new era of cooperation?
The irritating behaviors of the two leaders have been potential obstacles for the region’s economic and social integration, security and peace orders in the last 20 years. The Horn of Africa has two failed states, South Sudan and Somalia where heartbreaking human and economic crisis has been frustrated the whole Africa. The rest member states are also weak to socioeconomic progress due to the potential instability and all rounded crisis being practiced in the mainly failed states. Expectedly, if Ethiopia and Eritrea become another failed states, the whole region would have been totally devastating, where terrorism, human trafficking and drugs could play shocking roles in parts of the world.
Measured from these points of views, the peace deal between Ethiopia and Eritrea is something promising which can significantly stabilize the security and peace order, the mutual socioeconomic development of the whole region. The whole world, mainly the continent will benefit a lot from this peace deal too.
As the leading scholar of the region, Professor Medhane Taddesse usually advises ways of making peaceful coexistence, I hope his deep analysis and best solutions for this region will be taken into considerations while the two leaders negotiate on the issue. Durable peace solutions should be the ultimate result of the two leaders meetings.
Hence, the UN, AU, IGAD should be recommended highly to make the peace deal happen quickly so that we peace thirsty of the Horn of Africa should be able to breath peaceful air.
By ZERAY HAILEMARIAM
As some say if Developmental State Policy (DSP)is not put into effect properly , it is believed to be highly vulnerable to massive corruption practices . Ethiopia has been pursuing such policy over two decades. The policy has enabled the nation to register fast and sustainable economic growth while corruption has been posting a big threat to the nation becoming “the 5th estate” . How vulnerable is DSP to corruption?
For Meles Zenawi Leadership Academy Researcher Mesgna Gebretensae , DSP is by its nature characterized by strong, visionary, capable and committed leadership with strength of being central to the process of accelerated growth and social transformation of a given country.
“These would happen by enabling to form collaboration between officials and citizens and by helping the government to intervene and invest in areas there is market failure and in economic activities that private sector is not able to invest resources. This helps the government to advance sectors such as education, health, housing, social infrastructures and the likes.”
In case of Ethiopia,However, he says there are two gap areas that create possibility of corruption to the system. The first one is, in relation to the nature of DSP and administrative system of Ethiopia. While Ethiopia is a federal state and the power is devolved at different level, but DSP necessitates centralization of power and he ,thus, believes : “This by itself creates complications in administrative issue.”
“For example among the constraints to FDI, in various states of the country, the bureaucracies are incapable of meeting foreign investors demand . Plus, when some officials are found guilty of corruption, people complicate the issue with ethnic politics saying officials are arrested due to their ethnic background,” he notes. .
He also says such thing put the rule of law under question for obvious reasons.
The second one is as of scientifically believed the government intervention in the economy opens a wide door for misuse of state power and embezzlement of public assets by government officials, this plays its role in case of Ethiopia too, he adds.
According to him, “Even though the regime is committed to development, due to aforementioned and other factors, it is not equally committed to fight corruption.”
Mesgna says such problems would be solved with leaders’ strong feeling and commitment for national growth than one self benefit.
In his recent explanation to the Parliament,Prime Minister DR Abiy Ahmed says the country will gradually cease DSP and make the private sector the major player in the economy.
He also states that public resources are being exposed to extravagance due to less attention of state officials.
Premier furthermore underlines that Ethiopia is aiming to build market led capitalist economy, through encouraging private sector to overtake the economy . “ The recent moves to sell minor shares of state-owned giant companies is the extension of this idea.”
Mesgna, therefore, agrees with the premier saying developmental paradigm is transitional model either to capitalism or social democracy.
But, he warns the urgency of the following measures that need to be taken until then.
As to him, the nation needs to fight corruption fiercely reconsidering the administrative structures and putting the right man at the right position. There is also a need to ensure rule of law, he says.
Moreover, he says all stakeholders need to work on improving public attitude towards fighting corruption and making corruption shameful act of all.
BY YOSEF KETEMA
Ethiopia National Meteorology Agency (NMA) has been serving as the nation’s authoritative source of providing weather forecasts for the public, marine, and aviation and the like. When conditions warrant, it also issues warnings But,some have doubt about the reliability of its meteorological information. So how credible is the agency's weather forecasting ?
NMA Meteorological Forecast and Early Warning Directorate Director Asaminew Teshome disagrees on the notion that tends to question the capability of his agency weather forecasting in a strong manner .
“This emanates from the culture the community in using the weather information in daily life and the stakeholders' willingness to translate the information with practical actions could be one reasons.”
Of course, weather forecasting will be influenced by various elements of originating from the water bodies and the dry land,he says ,adding that they could pose unpredictable, rainfall, flood or flash flood . “ This has nothing to do with the performance of NMA. The phenomenon is always accompanied by uncertainty, what is important is here the divagation from the forecast ones.”
As to him, to build certainty in this regard, NMA has been working on human capital development with higher education and development partners. These include training the human capital in local higher education and abroad.
He ,moreover, notes that the nation has been toiling much in equipping all the Eleven Meteorological Branch Offices with high-tech weather technology with high-tech weather technology that gives impetus to analyze weather and dispatching as per their catchment areas.
Capitalizing on these modern technologies, he says NMA has restructured its nationwide branch offices aiming at reducing Disaster Risk from Natural Hazards through Modern Hydromet Services in respective administrative States.
Asaminew also says the move is helping NMA in strengthening the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to provide better climate services capable in enhancing the adaptive capacity of various parts of the nation.
Therefore, he indicates that the level of making interested practical response among the farmer , pastoral community and other beneficiaries’ institutions are progressing well nationwide.
The Agency has incorporating better climate risk management into development policies and strategies that could enhance socio-economic development and improve the well-being of fellow citizens. “We dispatch weather forecasts to pertinent stakeholders through email, letter and mass media on a daily basis .”
However, NMA General Director Sewnet Chekol says the dispatched forecasts are well channeled to the lower community , pastoral regions and areas . “If it had been so, the Ethiopia Somalia and Southern Nations,Nationalities and Peoples states would have been barred.”
To the former Water Irrigation and Energy Minister Alemayehu Tegenu ,the move of the Agency is remarkable in actualizing the forecast with the actual happening on the ground.
But, he says : “When we see on the ground, there is real shortage of meteorologists across the country.”
Jijiga Meteorological Branch Office Director Zerihun Hailemariam, argues the case in Ethiopia Somalia, the branch office has been effectively dispatching the weather forecasts beforehand to locals by mother tongue, this by itself shows how NMA meteorological service is credible and progressive.
All agree that using flood hazard maps and other tools , daily weather information can help prevent secondary disasters in environments where vulnerability and risk are high.
They further indicates that to enhance the credibility of the country's weather forecasting,it is important to create platforms that would make weather forecast tools and resources friendly to all apart from introducing latest weather technologies across the country.
BY MENGISTEAB TESHOME